Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency)

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Holborn and St Pancras
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Holborn and St Pancras in Greater London for the 2010 general election.
County Greater London
Electorate 85,243 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Keir Starmer (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from St Pancras North and Holborn & St Pancras South
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Holborn and St Pancras (/həʊbɜːn ænd sənt 'pænkɹəs/; /ənd/) is a constituency [n 1] created in 1983, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom[n 2] since 2015 by Keir Starmer of the Labour Party.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat of Holborn and St Pancras as drawn in 2010 is composed of all but a small western portion of the London Borough of Camden and extends from most of Covent Garden and Bloomsbury in the heart of the West End of London through other areas of NW1, north and in elevation terms upwards through trendy and economically diverse Camden Town to the affluent suburb of Highgate in a long strip. Gospel Oak, particularly towards Kentish Town, has high deprivation levels, but neighbouring Highgate ward in the seat drawn has low deprivation levels.

Kings Cross, St Pancras International and Euston railway termini are in the seat.[2]

During the 20th century the Bloomsbury, Holborn and Covent Garden and Highgate wards overwhelmingly elected Conservatives councillors. Since 2000 the wards forming the seat in its three revised forms have all swung against the party. The 2014-2018 local government results produced one Green Party councillor, for the Highgate ward in the seat, and the remaining 32 forming the seat (as redrawn in 2010) are members of the Labour Party.[3]

Political history

The seat has been won since 1983 by the Labour Party candidate. The majorities achieved have been varied between a relatively marginal 13.9% in 2005 (making it a lowest 150 seat for the party in that year by percentage of majority) to a landslide 47.1% in 1997. The 2015 result ranked the seat the 77th safest of the party's 232 seats (by majority percentage).[4]

Boundaries[edit]

Wards have to date been in the London Borough of Camden.

1983–1997

Bloomsbury, Brunswick, Camden, Castlehaven, Caversham, Chalk Farm, Gospel Oak, Grafton, Holborn, King’s Cross, Regent’s Park, St John's, St Pancras, and Somers Town.

1997–2010

As above, less Gospel Oak

2010–present

Wards renamed and redrawn before 2010 election. Wards selected to form the seat in 2010 were: Bloomsbury, Camden Town with Primrose Hill, Cantelowes, Gospel Oak, Haverstock, Highgate, Holborn and Covent Garden, Kentish Town, King's Cross, Regent's Park, and St Pancras and Somers Town.

The seat was created in 1983 as a primary successor to Holborn and St Pancras South, created 1950.

Summary of boundary reviews

National changes took place in 2010 to implement the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies to offset population changes among other objectives — each review addresses national malapportionment of electoral quotas, representations made and a local authority (or paired local authority) tie and does not seek to make seats marginal.[5] The seat covers the southern half of the London Borough of Camden including the bulk or all of Camden Town, King's Cross, Gospel Oak, Kentish Town and Bloomsbury.

The Boundary Commission for England recommended the year 2010 modifications — parts of Highgate ward, Gospel Oak ward, Haverstock ward and Camden Town with Primrose Hill ward were transferred from the former constituency of Hampstead and Highgate. The electorate of the new seat would have been 85,188 if it had existed at the 2005 General Election the figure has since risen further and at the 2010 general election, placing the seat in the five-highest London electorates.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The seat was held from 1983 to 2015 by Frank Dobson for Labour, who had been elected in 1979 to the predecessor seat of Holborn & St Pancras South. Dobson was the longest-serving Labour MP in London as at the date he declined to stand for re-election, 2015, which election was won in the seat by Keir Starmer.

Election Member[6] Party
1983 Frank Dobson Labour
2015 Keir Starmer Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

A sign with directions to a polling station on the edge of Hampstead Heath, Holborn and St Pancras constituency, 7 May 2015
General Election 2015: Holborn and St Pancras[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Keir Starmer 29,062 52.9 +6.8
Conservative Will Blair 12,014 21.9 +1.5
Green Natalie Bennett 7,013 12.8 +10.1
Liberal Democrat Jill Fraser 3,555 6.5 −21.4
UKIP Maxine Spencer 2,740 5.0 +3.9
CISTA Shane O'Donnell 252 0.5 N/A
Animal Welfare Vanessa Hudson 173 0.3 N/A
Socialist Equality David O'Sullivan 108 0.2 N/A
Majority 17,048 31.0 +13.1
Turnout 54,917 63.3 +0.4
Labour hold Swing +2.6
General Election 2010: Holborn and St Pancras[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Dobson 25,198 46.1 +1.0
Liberal Democrat Jo Shaw 15,256 27.9 +1.8
Conservative George Lee 11,134 20.4 −0.5
Green Natalie Bennett 1,480 2.7 −4.8
BNP Robert Carlyle 779 1.4 N/A
UKIP Max Spencer 587 1.1 N/A
Independent John Chapman 96 0.2 N/A
English Democrat Mikel Susperregi 75 0.1 N/A
Independent Iain Meek 44 0.1 N/A
Majority 9,942 17.9
Turnout 54,649 62.9 +9.7
Labour hold Swing −0.4

note that the 2010 "swings" are based on the notional result for 2005 in the new boundaries.

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Holborn and St Pancras
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Dobson 14,857 43.2 −10.7
Liberal Democrat Jill Fraser 10,070 29.3 +11.3
Conservative Margot James 6,482 18.9 +2.0
Green Adrian J. Oliver 2,798 8.1 +2.1
Rainbow Dream Ticket Rainbow George Weiss 152 0.4 +0.4
Majority 4,787 13.9
Turnout 34,359 50.4 +0.8
Labour hold Swing −11.0
General Election 2001: Holborn and St Pancras
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Dobson 16,770 53.9 −11.1
Liberal Democrat Nathaniel Jacob Green 5,595 18.0 +5.5
Conservative Roseanne Serrelli 5,258 16.9 −1.0
Green Robert Edward Whitley 1,875 6.0 N/A
Socialist Alliance Candy Udwin 971 3.1 N/A
Socialist Labour Novjot (Joti) Brar 359 1.2 N/A
UKIP Magnus Nielsen 301 1.0 N/A
Majority 11,175 35.9
Turnout 31,129 49.6 −10.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Holborn and St Pancras
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Dobson 24,707 65.0 +10.8
Conservative Julian L. Smith 6,804 17.9 −10.3
Liberal Democrat Justine McGuiness 4,758 12.5 −1.4
Referendum Julia T.G. Carr 790 2.1 N/A
Natural Law Timothy P.J. Bedding 191 0.5 +0.0
Independent Stephen Smith 173 0.5 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Brigid Conway 171 0.4 N/A
Rainbow Dream Ticket Martin Rosenthal 157 0.4 N/A
Independent Prof. Peter Rice-Evans 140 0.4 N/A
ProLife Alliance Bruno F. Quintavalle 114 0.3 N/A
Majority 17,903 47.1
Turnout 38,005 60.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Holborn and St Pancras[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Dobson 22,243 54.8 +4.1
Conservative Andrew J. McHallam 11,419 28.1 −3.0
Liberal Democrat Jennifer Horne-Roberts 5,476 13.5 −4.1
Green Paul A. Wolf-Light 959 2.4 N/A
Natural Law Mark K. Hersey 212 0.5 N/A
Socialist (GB) Richard Headicar 175 0.4 N/A
Independent Nigel Lewis 133 0.3 N/A
Majority 10,824 26.6 +7.1
Turnout 40,617 62.7 −1.6
Labour hold Swing +3.6

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Holborn and St Pancras
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Dobson 22,966 50.6 +3.1
Conservative Peter Luff 14,113 31.1 +0.4
Liberal Simon McGrath 7,994 17.6 −3.8
Red Front Michael James Gavan 300 0.7 N/A
Majority 8,853 19.5
Turnout 45,373 64.3 +4.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Holborn and St Pancras
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Dobson 20,486 47.5 N/A
Conservative A. Kerpel 13,227 30.7 N/A
Liberal W.T. Jones 9,242 21.4 N/A
Workers Revolutionary R. Price 155 0.4 N/A
Majority 7,259 16.8 N/A
Turnout 43,110 60.2 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Ordnance survey website
  3. ^ directory Londoncouncils.gov.uk. Retrieved 31-01-2017
  4. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  5. ^ Fifth Periodical Report, Boundary Commission for England, ISBN 0-10-170322-8. Contains list of boundary changes in England.
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ election result http://camden.gov.uk/ccm/content/council-and-democracy/elections-and-voting/parliamentary-election-2015-results.en 3Aug15
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ BBC News: Holborn & St Pancras
  11. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 51°32′06″N 0°08′06″W / 51.535°N 0.135°W / 51.535; -0.135