Equipment of the Romanian Armed Forces
This is a list of equipment of the Romanian Armed Forces currently in service and in storage.
Vehicular Land Forces
|Main Battle Tanks|
|TR-85||Romania||Main battle tank||TR-85
|TR-580||Romania||Main battle tank||TR-580||43||Romanian produced version of the T-55.|
|T-55||Soviet Union||Main battle tank||T-55AM
|Infantry Fighting Vehicles|
|MLI-84||Romania||Infantry fighting vehicle||MLI-84
|Licensed built BMP-1 with a number of modifications. MLI-84M is the modernized version, equipped with a 25 mm Oerlikon KBA cannon and Spike missiles.|
|Armoured Personnel Carriers|
|MLVM||Romania||Armoured personnel carrier||MLVM
|76||Infantry fighting vehicle for mountainous terrain. Classified as an armoured personnel carrier by UN because of its light armour and armament. Used by the vânători de munte units.|
|TAB B33 Zimbru||Romania||Armoured personnel carrier||69||Licensed built BTR-80 with a number of modifications.|
|TAB-77||Romania||Armoured personnel carrier||TAB-77M
|161||Romanian produced version of the BTR-70 with a number of modifications.|
|TAB-71||Romania||Armoured personnel carrier||TAB-71M
|378||Licensed built BTR-60 with a number of modifications. Will be replaced by the future TBT 8×8 APV, currently in development.|
|TABC-79||Romania||Armoured personnel carrier||TAB-C
|MT-LB||Soviet Union||Armoured personnel carrier||SNAR-10 "Jaguar"
|8||Artillery/mortar locating radar.|
|Mowag Piranha||Switzerland||Armoured personnel carrier||Piranha IIIC||31||Up-armoured with armour kits from Plasan Sasa (Israel); More on order.|
|Multi-Purpose Armoured Vehicles|
|HMMWV||United States||Multi-purpose armoured vehicle||M1113
|Up-armoured M1114 is used by ISAF troops in Afghanistan.|
|URO VAMTAC||Spain||Multi-purpose armoured vehicle||S3
|Mainly used by Special Forces; S3-HD variant with light up-armour.|
|Wolf Armoured Vehicle||Israel||Multi-purpose armoured vehicle||3||Used by the Military Police.|
|Panhard PVP||France||Multi-purpose armoured vehicle||16|
|Cougar||United States||Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle||Cougar HE||108||Provided by the United States, used by the EOD troops in Afghanistan.|
|Oshkosh M-ATV||United States||Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle||M-ATV||Unknown||Provided by the United States, used by the ISAF troops in Afghanistan.|
|International MaxxPro||United States||Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle||MaxxPro Dash||60||Provided by the United States, used by the ISAF troops in Afghanistan.|
|DMT-85M1||Romania||Armored engineer vehicle||5||Armoured engineer vehicle based on the TR-85M1 chassis with a new, fixed superstructure, a 6.5t crane and a Pearson's TWMP mine clearing plough. The commander has a cupola with RWS. Five were built between 2007 and 2009.|
|TER TR-85||Romania||Armoured recovery vehicle||Unknown||Based on TR-85 chassis. Will be replaced with a version based on TR-85M1 chassis, currently in development.|
|BPZ-2||Germany||Armoured recovery vehicle||3||Delivered as offset for Gepard SPAAG by KMW|
|PMA||East Germany||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||BLG-67M||Unknown||Will be replaced with a version based on TR-85M1 chassis, currently in development. Used by military engineering units.|
|NX 7 B3||France||Trench digger||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|MFRD||France||Counter-mobility vehicle||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|AMT 125||Romania||Crane truck||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|AMT 950||Romania||Crane truck||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|Autogreder||Romania||Road grader||AG-180||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|Ł34||Poland||Wheeled loader||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|Bulldozer||Romania||Bulldozer||S.1500L.S.||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|VW Transporter||Germany||Van||SIBCRA||Unknown||Sampling and Identification of Biological, Chemical and Radiological Agents vehicle.|
|Unarmoured Multi-Purpose Vehicles|
|Chevrolet LSSV Tahoe||United States||Four-wheel drive command vehicle||13||Equipped with Harris radio equipment.|
|Land Rover Defender||United Kingdom||Four-wheel Drive Multi-Purpose Vehicle||Unknown||Used by Military Police in Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of SFOR.|
|ARO 24 Series||Romania||Four-wheel Drive Multi-Purpose Vehicle||243D
|Rocar TV||Romania||Light transport vehicle||?||Unknown||Small numbers; some in storage for sale (scrap).|
|352||The DAC 665T chassis is also used for APR-40 multiple rocket launcher, while the slightly improved APRA-40 is based on DAC 15.215 DFAEG.|
|124||chassis for weapons systems like LAROM, ATROM, as Rocket Containers Transport and Load Vehicle, to carry command posts and weather stations and various others transport duties.|
|DPM-4||Minelayer||Romania||Unknown||Towed by DAC 6×6 trucks. Used by military engineering units.|
|BP-10||Assault boat||Romania||Unknown||Paddled for silent approach or fitted with an outboard motor. Capacity: 10 soldiers|
|Zodiac MK3||Assault boat||France||Unknown||Equipped with Evinrude Etec 50 hp engine.|
|PR-71||Pontoon bridge||Romania||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|ST 140||Utility armoured motorboat||Romania||Unknown||3.5 tons, 8–10 mm armour, 140 hp engine. Used by military engineering units for maneuvering pontoons, it can also transport up to 20 soldiers.|
|MLC 240||Self-propelled barge||Romania||4||Used by military engineering units.|
|MLC 300||Ferryboat||Romania||4||Used by military engineering units.|
|M 1988||60mm||Romania||Unknown||There are also two 2001 versions: a commando version and an extended range version.|
|M 1977||82mm||Romania||1 174||Also available in 81 mm caliber.|
|M82||76mm||Romania||Unknown||Mountain howitzer used by vânători de munte units. Based on the Yugoslav M48.|
|M81||152mm||Romania||245||Licensed built after the Soviet 152 mm howitzer D-20.|
|M85||152mm||Romania||103||A variant of the M81 howitzer, with performance similar to the 2A65 "Msta-B".|
|LAROM||Multiple Rocket Launcher||Romania/ Israel||54||Based on the APRA-40 Model 1988 122C.|
|APR 40||Multiple Rocket Launcher||Romania||135||Romanian improved version of BM-21 Grad; further developed into APRA-40.|
|M 1977||100mm towed anti-tank gun||Romania||208||Upgraded with modern day and night fire control system.|
|Anti-Tank Launcher Vehicles|
|9P122 "Malyutka"||ATGM Launcher Vehicle||Soviet Union||90||12 9P122 Sagger B and 78 9P133 Sagger C|
|9P148 "Konkurs"||ATGM Launcher Vehicle||Soviet Union||48||Also capable of firing the 9K111 Fagot missile.|
|AG-7||Rocket propelled grenade||Romania||Unknown||Romanian version of RPG-7; standard anti-tank weapon at infantry squad level.|
|AG-9||73mm Recoilless rifle||Romania||Unknown||Romanian version of SPG-9; sometimes mounted on ARO 4×4 vehicles.|
|9K111 Fagot||Anti-tank missile||Soviet Union||Unknown||Acquired in the 1980s.|
|M72A5 LAW||Light anti-tank weapon||Norway||24||Bought from Nammo Raufoss AS, Norway. Used by special forces.|
|ZU-2||2×14.5mm anti-aircraft machine gun||Romania||Unknown||Romanian manufactured version. There is also a 4x14.5mm version called the MR-4, essentially a ZPU-4, but with a two-wheel carriage designed locally.|
|M 1980/88||2×30mm anti-aircraft gun||Romania||300|
|Oerlikon GDF-203||2×35mm anti-aircraft gun||Switzerland||72|
|Gepard||Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun||Germany||36||Plus 7 vehicles for spare parts.|
|2K12 Kub||surface-to-air missile system||Soviet Union||40||8 batteries.|
|9K33 OSA||surface-to-air missile system||Soviet Union||24||4 batteries of 9K33M3 "OSA-AKM" type (16 9A33B TELAR and
8 9T217 transloader vehicles).
|CA-95||surface-to-air missile system||Romania||48||Licensed built 9K31 Strela-1 (NATO designation SA-9 "Gaskin")
using a TABC-79 vehicle instead of BRDM-2.
|CA-94||MANPAD||Romania||297||Including CA-94M modernized version.|
|Pistol Md. 1933||7.62×25mm||Pistol||Romania||License-built Tokarev TT-33 pistol (1952-1972).|
|Pistol md. 1995||9×19mm||Pistol||Romania||Not to be confused with Carpati model 1995.|
|Pistol md. 2000||9×19mm||Pistol||Romania||Modernized version of Pistol md. 1995.|
|Glock 17||9×19mm||Pistol||Austria||Used by troops on deployment and several special operations units.|
|HK MP5||9×19mm||Submachine gun||Germany||Used by special forces.|
|HK UMP9||9×19mm||Submachine gun||Germany||Used by special forces.|
|Uzi||9×19mm||Submachine gun||Israel||MiniUzi used by military police.|
|PA md. 86||5.45×39mm||Assault rifle||Romania||Standard service rifle in TOs.|
|PM md. 63/65/90||7.62×39mm||Assault rifle||Romania||Romanian Navy and Army reserve.|
|HK G36||5.56×45mm||assault rifle||Germany||Used by special forces.|
|SIG 551 LB||5.56×45mm||Assault rifle||Switzerland||Used by special forces.|
|Steyr AUG||5.56×45mm||Assault rifle||Austria||Used by special forces.|
|Light Machine Guns|
|PM md. 93||5.45×39mm||Light machine gun||Romania||Romanian version of RPK-74.|
|PM md. 64||7.62×39mm||light machine gun||Romania||Romanian version of RPK, standard LMG.|
|M249 light machine gun||5.56×45mm||Light machine gun||United States||US version of FN MINIMI. Used by special forces.|
|General-Purpose Machine Guns|
|Vektor SS-77||7.62×51mm||General purpose machine gun||South Africa||SS-77 MK1|
|Mitraliera md. 66||7.62×54mmR||General purpose machine gun||Romania||Romanian version of PKM, standard GPMG.|
|M240 machine gun||7.62×51mm||General purpose machine gun||United States||Mounted use on HMMWV.|
|Heavy Machine Guns|
|Browning M2HB QCB||12.7×99mm||Heavy machine gun||United States||Mounted use; small numbers.|
|Heavy machine gun||Romania||Mainly mounted use (tanks, URO VAMTAC and Humvee), but also on tripod.|
|DMRs and Sniper Rifles|
|PSL||7.62×54mmR||Designated marksman rifle||Romania||Looks similar to the Russian SVD, but actually based on AK-47 mechanism; also available in 7.62×51mm.|
|ArmaLite AR-10 SuperSASS||7.62×51mm||Sniper rifle||United States||Used by special forces.|
|Brügger & Thomet APR||7.62×51mm||Sniper rifle||Switzerland||Used by special forces.|
|Barrett M82||12.7×99mm||Anti-materiel rifle/sniper rifle||United States||Used by special forces.|
|AG-40||40mm||Grenade launcher||Romania||P version in 40×47mm and PN version in 40×46mm NATO.|
|F-1||Defensive grenade||Soviet Union|
|RKG-3||Anti-tank grenade||Romania||RKG-3E (EM) version.|
|GMM||Multifunctional grenade||Romania||Defensive, offensive and HEAT variants.|
|MAI-75||Pressure activated blast mine||Romania||1940||For training purposes only.|
|MAI-68||Pressure activated blast mine||Romania||120+120||120 with disc and 120 without disc. For training purposes only.|
|MAI-6||Pressure activated blast mine||Romania||90||For training purposes only.|
|MAI-2||Trip wire fragmentation mine||Romania||110||For training purposes only.|
|MSS||Bounding fragmentation mine||Romania||120||For training purposes only.|
|MAT-62B||Anti-tank blast mine||Romania||Unknown|
|MAT-76||Anti-tank blast mine||Romania||Unknown|
|T-72||Main battle tank||Soviet Union||30||T-72M variant; 28 tanks (5 operational, 23 need repairs) are for sale.|
|2S1||122mm self-propelled howitzer||Soviet Union||6||In storage since 2005.|
|Md. 89||122mm self-propelled howitzer||Romania||41||2S1 turret on MLI-84 chassis. In storage since 2005.|
|M 1993||98mm mountain howitzer||Romania||148||Replaced with the M1982 120mm mortars in 2004.|
|M82||130mm towed gun||Romania||75||72 pieces for sale. Licensed built after the Chinese Type 59-1, itself a copy of the Soviet 130 mm towed field gun M1954 M-46. Romania also produced a 76mm mountain gun and a 120 mm mortar designated M82.|
|ML-20||152mm gun-howitzer||Soviet Union||14|
|F-16||United States||Fighter Aircraft||F-16 AM/BM block 15 MLU||9||12 on order from Portugal.
First 6 officially handed over on 28 September 2016 and entered service on 6 October. Another 3 arrived on 15 December 2016 and the remaining 3 will be handed over in the spring of 2017.
|MiG-21 LanceR||Soviet Union||Fighter Aircraft||MiG-21 LanceR A
MiG-21 LanceR B
MiG-21 LanceR C
|36[better source needed]||Ground attack.
|An-30||Soviet Union||Reconnaissance Aircraft||An-30||2||Aerial cartography for Treaty on Open Skies.|
|C-130||United States||Cargo/Transport Aircraft||C-130H||4||At least three in service and one retired or used for spare parts.|
|Boeing C-17 Globemaster III||United States||Strategic Transport||3 (shared)||Shared within NATO's Heavy Airlift Wing.||Heavy Airlift Wing (HAW) is part of the SAC group which includes 10 NATO nations—Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, United States—and Partnership for Peace members Sweden and Finland. They will share acquisition and operating costs for the eventual fleet of three C-17s over the nearly 30-year agreement.|
|An-26||Soviet Union||Cargo/Transport Aircraft||An-26||2|
|IAR 99||Romania||Trainer Aircraft/Reconnaissance aircraft||IAR-99
|IAR-99C used for reconnaissance and close in air support missions|
|Iak-52||Romania||Trainer Aircraft||Iak-52||12||Licensed-built Yak-52 by Aerostar.|
|IAR 316||Romania||Training Helicopter||IAR-316||6||A squadron remains operational with the training unit at Boboc.|
|IAR 330||Romania||Utility Helicopter||IAR-330 Puma L/M||35|
|Attack Helicopter||IAR-330 SOCAT||22|
|RQ-7||United States||UAV||Shadow-600||7||11 initially, 4 crashed (1 in country, 3 in Iraq).|
|Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk||United States||Reconnaissance Aircraft||Block 40||0 (shared)||5 ordered, to be delivered by 2018.|
|ScanEagle||United States||UAV||10||Used in Afghanistan|
|S-60||Soviet Union||57 mm anti-aircraft gun||CRT 1RL-35M1||250||Will be replaced with SHORAD systems. Still used for training as of 2010.|
|MIM-23||United States||surface-to-air missile||Hawk PIP-III R||224||8 batteries. To be modernized to the HAWK XXI or an equivalent standard by 2018.|
|S-75||Soviet Union||surface-to-air missile||S-75 M3 "Volhov"||6 batteries; 18 or 20 initially delivered by USSR between 1963–1967, modernized three times since then. Towed by Soviet era ZIL 131 trucks.|
|AN/FPS-117||United States||radar||AN/FPS-117E (T)
2 (+1 on order)
|3-dimensional air search radar; in service since 1998.|
|P-18||Soviet Union||radar||P-18||2-dimensional air search radar; in service since 1977; mounted on Ural-375D chassis.|
|P-37||Soviet Union||radar||P-37 Bar Lock||2D E band/F band radar; in service since 1975.|
|TPS-79|| United States
|radar||TPS-79(R)||19||3-dimensional air search radar. in service since late 2004. Towed by DAC 665 T utility truck.|
|PRV-13||Soviet Union||Radar altimeter||PRV-13||In service since 1978.|
|Frigates (3 in service)|
|Type 22||Multipurpose Frigates||F-221 Regele Ferdinand
F-222 Regina Maria
|The frigates are currently in the second phase of the modernization program.|
|Mărășești||Multipurpose Frigate||F-111 Mărășești||Romania||1992|
|Submarine (1 in service)|
|Kilo||Conventional Submarine||Delfinul||Soviet Union||1985||The submarine is not operational and is currently waiting to go through repairs and modernization, although actual official details have not been made public.|
|Corvettes (4 in service)|
|Tetal-I||Multipurpose corvettes||F-263 Vice-Amiral Eugeniu Roșca
F-260 Amiral Petre Bărbuneanu
|Tetal-II||Multipurpose corvettes||F-264 Contraamiral Eustațiu Sebastian
F-265 Contraamiral Horia Macellariu
|Missile corvettes (3 in service)|
|Zborul||Missile corvettes||F-188 Zborul
|Fast Attack Craft (3 in service)|
|Epitrop||Torpedo boats||F-202 Smeul
|Romania||Based on the Soviet Osa-class missile boat.|
|Mine Warfare (5 in service)|
|Musca||Minesweepers||F-24 Lt. Remus Lepri
F-25 Lt. Lupu Dinescu
F-29 Lt. Dimitrie Nicolescu
F-30 Slt. Alexandru Axente
|Cosar||Minelayer||F-274 Vice-Amiral Constantin Bălescu||Romania||1981|
|River monitors (3 in service)|
|Mihail Kogălniceanu||River Monitors||F-45 Mihail Kogălniceanu
F-46 Ion C. Brătianu
F-47 Lascăr Catargiu
|Gunboats (5 in service)|
|Smârdan||Armoured patrol boats||F-176 Rahova
|Patrol boats (12 in service)|
|VD 141||Patrol boats||F-142
|Romania||1980||Organized in two sections, one based at Brăila and the other one at Tulcea .|
|4K51 RUBEZH||Anti-ship mobile missile launcher (P-21/22 - P15 Termit)||Soviet Union||4||4 mobile launchers on MAZ - 543 8X8 platforms.|
|Romania||1979||Constanța is allocated to the Frigate Flotilla and Midia is used as a Navy Divers training ship.|
|Gorch Fock||Sail Training Ship||Mircea||Germany||1938|
|Venus||Navy Divers ship||Venus||Romania||N/A|
|Jupiter||Navy Divers ship||Jupiter||Romania||N/A|
|Grigore Antipa||Survey ship||Grigore Antipa||Romania||1980||Used mainly as a Navy Divers ship.|
|Project 1395||Hydrographics ship||Cpt. cdor. Alexandru Cătuneanu||Romania||1993|
|Project 1395||Sea-going Tugboat||Grozavul||Romania||1993|
|Stan Tug 1606||Sea-going Tugboat||Vârtosul
|Project 1407||Oil tanker||TMM-531||Romania||N/A|
|Project 406/3||Oil tanker||Tulcea TMM-532||Romania||1992|
|IAR 330||Romania||Maritime helicopter||Puma Naval||3||Include the SOCAT upgrade package; the Navy Pumas also have flotation gear fitted under the nose and main undercarriage fairings. Currently operated from Navy frigates for search and rescue, medevac, maritime surveillance missions and ASW.|
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