List of shtetls

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See also List of villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust

This list of shtetls and shtots (larger towns with significant pre-World War II Jewish populations) is organized by their country.

Some villages that are listed at Yad Vashem have not been included here.

Shtetls[edit]

Yiddish names are in parentheses (if different), current names are linked.

 Azerbaijan[edit]

 Belarus[edit]

 Latvia[edit]

 Lithuania[edit]

 Poland[edit]

Note: Towns formerly in the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia are marked with "(G)". Towns in formerly Russian Zagłębie Dąbrowskie (Zaglembia) are marked with "(Z)".

 Ukraine[edit]

Note: Towns formerly in the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia are marked with "(G)".

Others[edit]

Shtots[edit]

Present-day country City Yiddish name Romanized form Pre–World War II Jewish population
 Austria Vienna [6] װין Vin 166,000 [3]
 Belarus Bobruisk [7] באַברויסק Babruisk 21,558 [4]
 Belarus Brest [8] בריסק Brisk 30,000 [5]
 Belarus Minsk [9] מינסק Minsk 90,000 [6]
 Belarus Pinsk [10] פינסק Pinsk 20,200 [7]
 Belarus Vitebsk [11] וויטעבסק Vitebsk 34,400 [8]
 Czech Republic Prague [12] פּראָג Prog 56,000 [9]
 Germany Frankfurt [13] פראנקפורט Frankfurt 26,158 [10]
 Hungary Budapest [14] בודאפעסט Budapest 184,000 [11]
 Latvia Daugavpils [15] דווינסק Dvinsk 11,106 [12]
 Latvia Riga [16] ריגע Rige 43,672 [13]
 Lithuania Kaunas [17] קאָװנע Kovne 38,000 [14]
 Lithuania Vilnius [18] װילנע Vilne 55,000 [15]
 Moldova Chişinău [19] קישינעװ Kishinev 70,000 [16]
 Poland Białystok [20] ביאַליסטאָק Byalistok 40,000 [17]
 Poland Gdańsk [21] דאַנציג Dantsig
 Poland Kraków [22] קראָקע Kroke 60,000 [18]
 Poland Łódź [23] לאָדז Lodzh 223,000 [19]
 Poland Lublin [24] לובלין Lublin 40,000 [20]
 Poland Poznań [25] פּױזן Poyzn
 Poland Warsaw [26] װאַרשע Varshe 400,000 [21]
 Poland Wrocław [27] ברעסלוי Bresloy 10,309 [22]
 Romania Bucharest [28] בוקארעשט Bukaresht 100,000 [23]
 Romania Cluj-Napoca [29] קלויזענבורג Klozenberg 16,763 [24]
 Romania Iaşi [30] יאַס Yas 51,000 [25]
 Russia Kaliningrad קעניגסבערג Kenigsberg 5,500 [26]
 Russia Moscow מאָסקווע Moskve 250,000 [27]
 Russia Saint Petersburg (Leningrad in 1939) לענינגראַד Leynengradyeh 200,000 [28]
 Russia Smolensk סמאָלענסק Smolensk 3,000 [29]
 Slovakia Bratislava [31] פרעשבורג Pressburg 14,882 [30]
 Ukraine Chernivtsi [32] טשערנאָוויץ Chernowitz 50,000 [31]
 Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk קאַטערינעסלאַוו Katerineslav 100,000 [32]
 Ukraine Ivano-Frankivsk סטאַניסלאװ Stanislav 30,000 [33]
 Ukraine Kiev [33] קיִעװ Kiev 175,000 [34]
 Ukraine Kharkiv כאַרקעוו Kharkev 130,200 [35]
 Ukraine Khmelnytskyi [34] פּראָסקערעוו Proskerev 13,500 [36]
 Ukraine L'viv [35] לעמבערג Lemberg 150,000 [37]
 Ukraine Odessa [36] אַדעס Ades 180,000 [38]
 Ukraine Ternopil [37] טאַרנעפּאל Tarnepol 18,000 [39]
 Ukraine Vinnitsa [38] וויניצע Vinitse 21,812 [40]
 Ukraine Zhytomyr [39] זשיטאָמיר Zhitomir 30,000 [41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meler, Meyer (2006). Jewish Cemeteries in Latvia. Riga: Jewish Religious Community "Shamir". p. 83. ISBN 9984-19-904-5.
  2. ^ [1] Žasliai
  3. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t082/t08224.html
  4. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t009/t00933.html
  5. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t011/t01118.html
  6. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t050/t05064.html
  7. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t060/t06064.html
  8. ^ Joshua D. Zimmerman, Poles, Jews, and the politics of nationality, Univ of Wisconsin Press, 2004, ISBN 0-299-19464-7, Google Print, p.16
  9. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t062/t06241.html
  10. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t022/t02239.html
  11. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t012/t01221.html
  12. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t017/t01713.html
  13. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t065/t06521.html
  14. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t037/t03796.html
  15. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t082/t08240.html
  16. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t039/t03920.html
  17. ^ Feierstein, Daniel (2005). "The Jewish Resistance Movements in the Ghettos of Eastern Europe". In Sterling, Eric J. (ed.). Life in the Ghettos During the Holocaust. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. p. 226. ISBN 0-8156-0803-9.
  18. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t016/t01632.html
  19. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t045/t04592.html
  20. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t046/t04651.html
  21. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t083/t08360.html
  22. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t011/t01111.html
  23. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t011/t01192.html
  24. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t015/t01542.html
  25. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t031/t03158.html
  26. ^ http://data.jewishgen.org/wconnect/wc.dll?jg~jgsys~community~-2918852
  27. ^ http://www.kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Moskva/MoskvaHistory.htm
  28. ^ http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Saint_Petersburg
  29. ^ http://data.jewishgen.org/wconnect/wc.dll?jg~jgsys~community~-3006140
  30. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t010/t01065.html
  31. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t014/t01419.html
  32. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t018/t01830.html
  33. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t073/t07395.html
  34. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t039/t03900.html
  35. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t038/t03854.html
  36. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t062/t06268.html
  37. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t047/t04759.html
  38. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t056/t05686.html
  39. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t076/t07685.html
  40. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t082/t08251.html
  41. ^ http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t087/t08736.html

External links[edit]