List of tafsir works

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The following is a list of tafsir works. Tafsir is a body of commentary and explication, aimed at explaining the meanings of the Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam. Tafsir works can broadly be categorized by its affiliated Islamic schools and branches and the era it was published, classic or modern. Modern tafsirs listed here are the work of later than the 20th century.

Classic Arabic[edit]

Sunni[edit]

  • Tafsir al-Tabari ("The Al-Tabari Interpretation") by Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (224–310 AH; 839–923 AD). Available online.[1]
  • Ahkam al-Qur'an ('The Commands of the Quran') by Al-Jaṣṣās (d. 370 AH/981 CE). Based on the legal rulings of the Hanafi school of Islamic law. This was published in three volumes and remains popular amongst the Hanafis of India, the Middle East and Turkey.
  • Tafsir al-Thalabi by Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Tha'labi (died 427 AH/1035 CE). Also known as al-Tafsir al-Kabir ('The Great Commentary').
  • Ma'alim al-Tanzil by Hasan bin Mas'ud al-Baghawi (died 510 AH/1116 CE) also known widely as Tafsir al-Baghawi - A popular tafsir amongst Sunni Muslims, it relies heavily on the Tafsir of al-Tha'labi, whilst placing more emphasis on hadith.
  • Al-Kashshaaf ('The Revealer') by Al-Zamakhshari (d. 539 AH/1144 CE). Al-Zamakhshari belonged to the Mu'tazili school of theology, but nevertheless this commentary has been popular among scholars down the years, and is usually printed along with Sunni commentaries, pointing out what they consider to be mistakes, made because of the author's Mu'tazili beliefs.
  • Ahkam al-Qur'an by Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi (d.543 AH/1148 CE). The author is also known as 'Qadi ibn al-Arabi' (ibn Arabi, the judge) to distinguish him from the famous Sufi Ibn Arabi. He was a jurist from Andalusia (Muslim Spain) His interpretation has been published in three volumes and contains commentary on the legal rulings of the Qur'an according to the Maliki school.
  • Al-Muharrar al-Wajiz Fī Tafsir al-Kitab al-Aziz ('The Concise Record of the Exegesis of the Noble Book'), commonly known as Tafsir ibn 'Atiyyah after its author, Ibn Atiyyah (d. 541 or 546AH), a Maliki judge from al-Andalus. This Qur'anic commentary is popular in North Africa.
  • Zaadu-l-Maseer fee Ilmu-t-Tafseer by the Hanbali polymath Abu'l-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi (d. 597AH).
  • Mafatih Al-Ghayb ("The Keys to Unseen") by Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149-1209 CE/606 AH). also known as Tafsir al-Kabir ('The Great Exegesis')
  • Al-Jami' li-Ahkam al-Qur'an ("The collection of Qur'anic Injunctions") by al-Qurtubi (1214-1273 CE/671 AH) by the famous Maliki jurist of Cordoba, in Andalusia. This ten-volume tafsir is a commentary on the Qur'anic verses dealing with legal issues. Although the author was a Maliki, he also presents the legal opinions of other major schools of Islamic jurisprudence; thus it is popular with jurists from all of the schools of Islamic law. One volume of this tafsir has been translated into English by Aisha Bewley. Available online.[2]
  • Anwar al-Tanzil by Abdullah bin Umar al-Baidawi (d. 685 AH/1286 CE), also famous as Tafsir al-Baidawi - a shortened version of Al-Kashshaf, with Mu'tazili references altered; printed in two volumes.[3] In Turkey it is often published with marginal notes by a Turkish scholar called 'al-Qunawi' in seven volumes.
  • Al-Bahr al-Muhit by Abu Hayyan al-Gharnati (d. 745 AH/1344 CE) is a linguistic commentary on the Qur'an primarily from the standpoint of Arabic grammar and rhetoric.
  • Tafsir ibn Kathir ("The Ibn Kathir Interpretation") by Ibn Kathir (1301-1373 CE/ 747 AH). A summary of the earlier interpretation by al-Tabari. Available online.[4]
  • Tafsir al-Jalalayn ('The Commentary of the Two Jalals') by Jalaluddin al-Mahalli (in 1459), and was subsequently completed, in the same style, by his student, the famous Shafi'i scholar Al-Suyuti (d. 911 AH/1505 CE), who completed it in 1505. This commentary is very popular with Muslims all over the world due to its simplicity. It has also been translated completely by Feras Hamza.[5]
  • Dur al-Manthur ('The Threaded Pearl Concerning Commentary Based on Traditions'), also by Al-Suyuti. This commentary, in Arabic, concentrates on the narratives that have been transmitted relating to each verse and subject in the Qur'an. It has been published in six volumes.
  • Irshad al 'Aql as-Salim ila Mazaya al-Qur'an al-Karim by Abdul Su'sud Al-Imadi (d.951 AH/1505 CE). Also known as Tafsir Abi Sa'ud.
  • Roohu-l-Ma'aanee fee Tafseer Al-Qur'aana-l-'Azeem wa Sabb'a-l-Mathaanee ('The Spirit of Meanings on the Exegesis of the Sublime Qur'an) by Mahmud Alusi al-Hanafi (d.1270 AH/1854 CE).

Sufi

  • Ruh al-Bayan by Ismail Hakki Bursevi (1653-1725 CE).[6] A ten-volume Arabic work by the founder of the Hakkiyye Jelveti Sufi Order from Turkey.
  • Al-Bahr al-Madeed fi Tafseer al-Qur'an al-Majeed ('The Immense Ocean') by Ahmad ibn Ajiba (1747-1809 CE), generally known as Tafsir ibn Ajibah - an 6/8 volume work by a Moroccan Sheikh of the Darqarwi branch of the Shadhili Order of Sufism.

Other schools and branches[edit]

Modern Tafsīrs[edit]

  • Tafsir al-Mizan by Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei (1904-1981). By Allama Tabataba'I, explanation of Quranic verses with the help of other relevant verses. English version is available as well.
  • Tibyan ul-Quran by Ghulam Rasul Sa'idi widely acknowledged as one of the leading scholars of the Muslim World, he has written a twelve volume commentary of the Qur'an that is written in a scholarly manner and includes references to many classical works of Islam (as well as some modern).
  • Tafsir E Ashrafi by Shaykh al-Islām Sayad Muhammad Madani Ashrafi Jilani has written a 10 volume Tafsir and its received acclaim by all leading scholars to be the best Urdu Tafsir of this time. It has been specifically been praised for being easy to understand, simple yet effective at the same time.
  • Tafsir al-Manar by Rashid Rida (1865-1935). 12 volumes of tafsir written in concise and straightforward languages that is accessible to both mufassir and non-mufassir alike.[9] It served as his avenue for propagating his thoughts on Islamic Modernism.[10]
  • Tafhim-ul-Quran by Abul A'la Maududi; 06 volumes of tafsir written in 30 years. Available online.[11]
  • Fi Zilal al-Quran ('In the Shade of the Quran') by Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966). Many praise it as a modern commentary, but at the same time, many critics including some Sunni scholars say that Qutb had little Islamic knowledge, and wrote his commentary according to his own opinion. It has also been attacked for not following the style of classical commentaries.
  • Tafsir ('A Thematic Commentary on the Qur'an') by Mohammed al-Ghazali (1917–1996), a contemporary Egyptian scholar not to be confused with Imam al-Ghazali. This commentary tries to explore the themes that weave through the entire Qur'an as well as the main theme of each chapter.
  • Risale-i Nur by Said Nursî (1878-1960) written mainly in Turkish, is a large work, with four main volumes. It consists of extensive exegesis of certain verses and explanation of the fundamentals of how to approach the Qur'an. It especially explains the verses that 21st Century people need most. In other words, it studies the verses about the six articles of belief of Islam such as believing in God and the day of judgment. It also gives logical answers to the questions asked by Atheists. This work is written in a more accessible style to the general public and is translated into 52 languages.[12][13][14]
  • Tafsir Al-Jufrie Baina Tafwidh Wa Ta'wil by Al-Habib Muhammad Ridwan Al-Jufrie.
  • Tafsir Al-shaarawi by Muhammad Metwali Alsharawi (1911–1998), a famous Egyptian scholar.
  • Tafsir Shobar (19th century) by Seyyed Abdullah Alavi Hosseini Mosavi.
  • Tafsir al-Tahrir wa'l-Tanwir (1984) by Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur. Notable of its emphasis on the rhetorical aspect of the Qur'an.
  • Tayseer al-Kareem ar-Rahman fee Tafseer Kalaam al-Mannaan (1344AH/1926CE) by Abdul Rahman ibn Nasir as-Sa'dee (1889–1956) which is easy to understand, avoid of redundancies, and only contains opposing views when they are strong and necessary.[15] Available online.[16]
  • Tafsir Ziya' al-Qur'an by Justice Diya al-'Ummah Hadhrat Shaykh Mawlana Mufti Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari (Arabic: شیخ محمد کرم شاہ الأزهري), Sitara-e-Imtiaz, (1918–1998) was an eminent Sheykh (Spiritual Master) of tariqa Chistiyya and an Islamic (Sunni) scholar from Pakistan.
  • "Tafseer Siraat ul jinaan صراط الجنان ", (2017 ) This tafseer is written by Dawateislami with efforts of Mufti Abu saaleh Qaasim Attari. This tafseer work writing work is completed in 4 years and publish in other 4 years.

Tafsirs written in languages other than Arabic[edit]

Bengali[edit]

Sunni

Other Sects

English[edit]

  • The Study Qur'an - authored by an editorial collective led by noted Islamic philosopher Seyyed Hossein Nasr, published in 2015 by HarperCollins. This work seeks to highlight the depth and diversity of interpretations that exist within traditional Islam, drawing on 40 major classical commentaries from a wide range of orientations, including both Sunni and Shi'a viewpoints, the Maturidi, Ashari, Mutazili and Athari schools of Islamic theology, as well as Sufi interpretations; but excluding modern reformist and fundamentalist views. Has been hailed by academics as "an unparalleled reference work" in the field of Islamic studies.[19]
  • The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary (1937) by British-Indian Dawoodi Bohra Shia scholar Abdullah Yusuf Ali. Ali undertook this work at a time when the Qur'an had yet never been properly presented in English from a Muslim perspective and only non-Muslim translations were available, which were sometimes overly unsympathetic. It has become one of the most widely used English editions of the Qur'an due to the quality of the translation and its use of extensive footnotes.[20] In the 1980's, the book has been appropriated by the Saudi religious establishment and edited to better fit the country's Wahhabi/Salafist perspective. This latter version is today widely distributed as the "Amana Edition".
  • The Message of the Qur'an by Muhammad Asad, 1980. The translation is often seen as the most elegant and perhaps the most textually accurate rendition available in English. The commentary has been described as neo-Mutazilite in its approach, drawing heavily on classical commentaries such as Zamakhshari's and on the works of modernist reformers like Muhammad Abduh.
  • Tafhim-ul-Quran by Abul A'la Maududi. One of the popular modern exegeses translated from Urdu by Zafar Ishaq Ansari. Tafhim is a combination of orthodox and modernist interpretation and has influenced modern Islamic thought very deeply. Available online.[11]
  • Tafsir al-Mizan by Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei (1904-1981). By Allama Tabataba'i, explaining Quranic verses with the help of other relevant verses. View in English.
  • Tafsir (Exegesis) of the Holy Quran - Tafsir Al-Nooruddin[21][22] Modern English Tafsir by Allamah Nooruddin, Abdul Mannan Omar, and Mrs. Amatul Rahman Omar, the first woman to translate the Quran into English.[23]
  • Tafsir Ishraq Al-Ma'ani by Syed Iqbal Zaheer.
  • Israr-ut-Tanzeel by Ameer Muhammad Akram Awan.[24]
  • Translation and Tafsir by Prof.Dr.S.M.Afzal Rahman

English Translations of the Commentaries written by the Deobandi Scholars[edit]

Gujarati[edit]

Bahasa Indonesia[edit]

Malay[edit]

Malayalam[edit]

  • A commentary by Muhammad Amani Maulavi in four volumes.
  • Parisudha Quran Malayala Paribasha by Cheriyamundam Abdul Hameed Madani and Kunji Muhammad Parappoor. King Fahad quran printing press accepted this single volume translation as an authorized one for their distribution.
  • Translation of Thafheemul Quraan by Sayyid Abul Aala Maududi in six volumes. This is the translation of Urdu tafsir of Maududi.
  • Translation of Fee Dilalil Quraan by Shaheed Sayyid Qutub
  • Vishudha Quran Vivarthanam by Dr. Bahauddeen Muhammad Nadwi (VC of Darul Huda Islamic University) published on 1 January 2015

Pashto[edit]

  • Kashaful Qur'an by Hafiz Mohmmad Idris Toru in Two Volumes. Volume 1 contains 15 parts which was published in 1959 and volume 2 published after his death in 1965.
  • Tafseer Darmungwi translation is done by mulana of village darmung or Darbang situated near peshawer.
  • Tafseer ul-Qur'an karim AHSAN UL KALAM, by Abu Zakariya Abdus Salam Rustami Sahhib from Peshawar.

Persian[edit]

Sunni[edit]

Other schools and branches[edit]

Punjabi[edit]

  • Rubb Deeyan Gullaan (Punjabi/Urdu) by Ameer Muhammad Akram Awan

Sindhi[edit]

  • Tafsir Al-Maqam Al-Mahmud by Ubaidullah Sindhi.
  • Tafsir Surah Saba by Ghulam Mustafa Qasmi.
  • Ahsan Ul Bayan by Allama Muhammad Idrees Dahiri in 9 volumes.
  • A commentary by Akhund Aziz Ullah Muaa'alawi.
  • Badee Ut Tafaseer by Shaikh Arab Wal Ajam Allama Abu Muhammad Badee ud Din Shah Rashdi in 11 volumes up to chapter Ibrahim.
  • Tafsir by Maulana Abdul Wahab Chachar
  • Tafsir Miftah Rushd by Maulana Nizamani
  • Tafsir Kausar attributed to Shah Mardan Shah I, Pir Pagaro
  • Tafsir Tanveerul Eemaan by Maulana Naurangzado

Urdu[edit]

Sunni[edit]

Other schools and branches[edit]

Turkish[edit]

  • Risale-i Nur Külliyatı by Bediüzzaman Said Nursi. Published in 13 volumes, it remains one of the most popular commentaries in Turkish.[29]
  • Elmalılı Tefsir by Elmalılı Muhammed Hamdi Yazır. Published in 10 volumes, it remains one of the most popular commentaries in Turkish.[30]
  • Büyük Kur'an Tefsiri by Konyalı M.Vehbi. A voluminous commentary written in simple Turkish. Its original title was Hulasatül Beyan fi Tefsiril Kuran.[31]
  • Kur'ân-ı Kerîm'in Türkçe Meâl-i Âlisi ve Tefsiri by Ömer Nasuhi Bilmen. An eight-volume commentary, written in the first half of the twentieth century. The language used is Ottoman Turkish, which might be difficult for modern Turks to understand.[32]
  • Ruhu’l-Furkan Tefsiri by Mahmut Ustaosmanoğlu. It is not completed yet and is expected to be finished with 57 volumes.[33]

Uzbek[edit]

  • Tafsir-i Hilal by Mufti Muhammad-Sadiq Muhammad Yusuf.Published in 2003 in 6 volumes.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Tafsir al-Tabari". 
  2. ^ "Tafsir al-Qurtubi". 
  3. ^ "al-Baydawi's "Anwar al-Tanzil wa Asrar al-Ta'wil" with Frontispiece". World Digital Library. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Tafsir ibn Kathir". 
  5. ^ "Altafsir.com – Tafsir Al-Jalalayn - تفسير الجلالين." Altafsir.com – Tafsir Al-Jalalayn - تفسير الجلالين. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 June 2013.
  6. ^ http://www.beshara.org/principles/talks-and-articles/lectures-and-talks/BurseviShortCRyan.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Ahmad Al-Saiid Zaki Hemeidah, Repentance as a Legal Concept, pg. 26. Master's thesis for the University of Arizona's Department of Near Eastern Studies, 2011.
  8. ^ Hussein Abdul-Raof, Theological Approaches to Qur'anic Exegesis: A Practical Comparative-Contrastive Analysis, pg. 282. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge, 2012.
  9. ^ تفسير المنار قود ريدر اطلع عليه في 22 أغسطس 2015
  10. ^ Mir, Mustansir. (1995). "Tafsīr". In John L. Esposito. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  11. ^ a b "Tafhim-ul-Quran". 
  12. ^ Risale-i Nur hakkında herşey burada
  13. ^ Risale-i Nur hakkında herşey burada
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ Introduction to Tafseer al-Sa`dee by Shaikh al-`Uthaymeen
  16. ^ "'Tayseer al-Kareem". 
  17. ^ "Ma'ariful Qur'an". 
  18. ^ "Tafheemul Qur'an". 
  19. ^ "The Study Qur'an - HarperCollins Publishers".  line feed character in |title= at position 19 (help)
  20. ^ Mohammed, Khaleel (2005). "Assessing English Translations of the Qur'an". Middle East Quarterly. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  21. ^ "Available on Amazon: Exegesis of The Holy Quran -- by Allamah Nooruddin, Abdul Mannan Omar, Mrs. Amatul Rahman Omar". Noor Foundation International, Inc. 
  22. ^ "Online Version at www.tafsirs.com: Tafsir (Exegesis) of The Holy Quran -- by Allamah Nooruddin, Abdul Mannan Omar, Mrs. Amatul Rahman Omar". Noor Foundation International, Inc; 1st edition, 2015. 
  23. ^ [2] First Woman to Translate Qur'an into English
  24. ^ "Israr-ut-Tanzeel". 
  25. ^ "Tafseer-e-Usmani". 
  26. ^ "Ma'ariful Qur'an". 
  27. ^ https://sites.google.com/site/myquranpak
  28. ^ Kannada
  29. ^ Risale-i Nur hakkında herşey burada
  30. ^ Kur'An-I Kerim, Elmalili Tefsiri
  31. ^ http://www.darulkitap.com/indir/buyuk-kuran-tefsiri-konyali-m.vehbi-ucdal.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  32. ^ http://www.harunyahya.org/Makaleler/omer_nasuhi_bilmen.html
  33. ^ tr:Mahmut Ustaosmanoğlu

External links[edit]