Litchfield, Connecticut

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Litchfield, Connecticut
Town
Official seal of Litchfield, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°44′50″N 73°11′23″W / 41.74722°N 73.18972°W / 41.74722; -73.18972Coordinates: 41°44′50″N 73°11′23″W / 41.74722°N 73.18972°W / 41.74722; -73.18972
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA None
Region Litchfield Hills
Incorporated 1719[1]
Government
 • Type Selectman-town meeting
 • First selectman Leo Paul, Jr. (R)
 • Selectmen Paul J. Parsons (R)
Jonathan E. Torrant (R)
Diane Knox (D)
Jeffrey J. Zullo (D)
Area
 • Total 56.8 sq mi (147.1 km2)
 • Land 56.1 sq mi (145.2 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
Elevation 495 ft (151 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 8,466
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 1,213
 • Density 200/sq mi (60/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06750, 06759
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-43370
GNIS feature ID 0213452
Website www.townoflitchfield.org/Pages/index

Litchfield is a town in and former county seat of Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States.[4] The population was 8,466 at the 2010 census. The boroughs of Bantam and Litchfield are located within the town. There are also three unincorporated villages: East Litchfield, Milton, and Northfield.

Geography[edit]

Located southwest of Torrington, Litchfield also includes part of Bantam Lake. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 56.8 square miles (147.1 km²), of which, 56.1 square miles (145.2 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²) of it (1.3%) is water.

Litchfield is about 95 mi (153 km) from Central Park in New York, about 50 mi (80 km) from the Hudson River valley, and about 40 mi (64 km) from the nearest sea coast, on Long Island Sound.

Principal communities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 20,342
1800 4,285 −78.9%
1810 4,639 8.3%
1820 4,610 −0.6%
1830 4,456 −3.3%
1840 4,038 −9.4%
1850 3,953 −2.1%
1860 3,200 −19.0%
1870 3,113 −2.7%
1880 3,410 9.5%
1890 3,304 −3.1%
1900 3,214 −2.7%
1910 3,005 −6.5%
1920 3,180 5.8%
1930 3,574 12.4%
1940 4,029 12.7%
1950 4,964 23.2%
1960 6,264 26.2%
1970 7,399 18.1%
1980 7,605 2.8%
1990 8,365 10.0%
2000 8,316 −0.6%
2010 8,466 1.8%
Est. 2016 1,213 [3] −85.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 8,316 people, 3,310 households, and 2,303 families residing in the town. The population density was 148.4 people per square mile (57.3/km²). There were 3,629 housing units at an average density of 64.7 per square mile (25.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.99% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.

There were 3,310 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,418, and the median income for a family was $70,594. Males had a median income of $50,284 versus $31,787 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,096. About 2.8% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 25, 2005[7]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Republican 2,044 90 2,134 33.59%
Democratic 1,384 67 1,451 22.84%
Unaffiliated 2,596 165 2,761 43.45%
Minor Parties 8 0 8 0.13%
Total 6,032 322 6,354 100%

Transportation[edit]

Route 202 is the main east-west road connecting Bantam and Litchfield center to the city of Torrington. Route 63 runs north-south through the town center. The Route 8 expressway runs along the town line with Harwinton. It can be accessed from the town center via Route 118. The town is also served by buses from the Northwestern Connecticut Transit District connecting to the city of Torrington. The Shepaug Valley Railroad opened a Litchfield terminal in 1872, but passenger service ended in 1930 and freight service in 1948.[8]

Notable people[edit]

On the National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Ethan Allen birthplace in Litchfield
  • Capt. William Bull Tavern — CT 202 (added July 30, 1983)
  • Henry B. Bissell House — 202 Maple St. (added October 7, 1990)
  • J. Howard Catlin House — 14 Knife Shop Rd. (added September 6, 1993) (Since demolished)
  • Litchfield Historic District — Roughly both sides of North and South Sts. between Gallows Lane and Prospect St. (added December 24, 1968)
  • Milton Historic District (added March 14, 1978)
  • Northfield Knife Company Site (added May 8, 1997)
  • Oliver Wolcott House — South St. (added December 11, 1971)
  • Rye House — 122–132 Old Mount Tom Rd. (added September 10, 2000)
  • Tapping Reeve House and Law School — South St. (added November 15, 1966)
  • Topsmead — 25 and 46 Chase Rd. (added December 19, 1993)

See also[edit]

Litchfield County Jail, 1907

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Litchfield Connecticut". City-Data.com. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 25, 2005" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 23, 2006. Retrieved October 2, 2006. 
  8. ^ Alfred S. Dillistin (June 1949). "Shepaug Epic". The Lure of the Litchfield Hills. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  9. ^ "ADAMS, Andrew, (1736–1797)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Isabella Beecher Hooker". Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  11. ^ Skinner, Charles. "Bell Casting in Troy". Meneeley Bell Online Museum. Retrieved July 12, 2013. 
  12. ^ "HOLMES, Uriel, (1764–1827)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Madeleine L'Engle". IMDb. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  14. ^ "MINER, Phineas, (1777–1839)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  15. ^ "PHELPS, Samuel Shethar, (1793–1855)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  16. ^ Austin M. Purves, Jr.
  17. ^ "Susan Saint James". Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Biography, Richard Skinner". The Ledger: A Database of Students of the Litchfield Law School and the Litchfield Female Academy. Litchfield, CT: Litchfield Historical Society. 2010. Retrieved July 8, 2017. 
  19. ^ *Johnson, Crisfield (1878). History of Washington Co., New York. Everts & Ensign: Philadelphia, PA. 
  20. ^ "TALLMADGE, Benjamin, (1754–1835)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Connecticut Governor Oliver Wolcott Jr.publisher=National Governors Association". Retrieved November 4, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Carley, Rachel. Litchfield: The Making of a New England Town (Litchfield: Litchfield Historical Society, 2011). 303 pp.

External links[edit]