Baikal International Airport

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Baikal International Airport

Аэропорт Байкал
Ulan-Ude Baikal Airport logo.png
Baikal International Airport, Ulan-Ude.png
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerRussian Federation
LocationUlan-Ude, Russia
Hub for
Focus city for
Coordinates51°48′27″N 107°26′25″E / 51.80750°N 107.44028°E / 51.80750; 107.44028Coordinates: 51°48′27″N 107°26′25″E / 51.80750°N 107.44028°E / 51.80750; 107.44028
UUD is located in Republic of Buryatia
Location of airport in Republic of Buryatia
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08/26 2,997 9,833 Concrete
08L/26R 2,042 6,700 Under Cons
Source: DAFIF,[5][6] airport website[7]

Baikal International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт "Байкал", Mezhdunarodnyy aeroport "Baykal"), formerly Ulan-Ude Airport (Russian: Аэропорт Улан-Удэ, Aeroport Ulan-Ude) (IATA: UUD, ICAO: UIUU) is an international airport located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) west of Ulan-Ude, Russia. The airport includes a single terminal with customs and border control facilities. With capacity of 400 passengers per hour, in 2013 the airport served 300,564 passengers on 19 scheduled international and domestic destinations. The airport is named after nearby Lake Baikal.



In 1925, the Ulan-Ude Airport began its first passenger service with the first aircraft traveling from Moscow to Beijing, with pilots Volkovoyinov and Polyakov participating in it. On 1 August 1926, the first flights started: Ulan-Ude – Ulan-Bator; in addition, the airport was a place for technical landing for flights like: Irkutsk – Chita and Moscow – Vladivostok.


In 1931, the construction of the first air terminal began, where in 1935 the construction finished. From 1966 the airport began to accept Antonov An-24 and Tupolev Tu-104. In 1971, there was a new runway constructed which optimized the airport to accept bigger aircraft like Ilyushin Il-18 from Moscow, where in 1980–1981 the runway was made longer by 800 metres, and it was opened by accepting the first Tupolev Tu-154.


In 1983, the first terminal stopped working, due to the opening of the new one and from September until October, the airport was accepting the transit flights from and to Chita, due to its closing, because of the runway re-construction. In 1988 and 1989, the airport started to serve a number of transit flights, including the international (Moscow – Pyongyang, including Air Koryo; Moscow – Ulan-Bator), shifted from Irkutsk, due to runway re-construction. That situation led to a huge optimization of the airport, where every day the airport accepted 70 flights, which 30 of them were served by Tupolev Tu-154. In 1990, the airport transferred 800 thousand passengers in a year.


Until 2011, the airport was serving the flights from Irkutsk and Chita when these airports had issues with construction or weather. Unfortunately, there were no international flights anymore until 2011.[8][9]


Airport's hall before reconstruction, that began in 2011.

In 2006 the airport underwent an overhaul of its runway, costing RUR 330 million (US$10 million). In 2007 the airport underwent renovation of its taxiways and parking areas, at a cost of RUR 230 million.[citation needed]


In March 2011, the renovation of the external terminal complex began, after when "Metropol" bought the airport. The reconstruction finished in August 2011. Till now in the airport are in process small reconstructions inside the terminal complex. The last renovation was expanding the second floor and making it a boarding zone, in addition the zone of check-up and passport check moved to the second floor. Also, the arrival and departure exits and entrances are now in different locations.


In September 2014 it was announced that the government of Russian Federation, which owns the airport infrastructure, decided to build a new runway, with a cost of $157 million, parallel to the current. The latter will become a taxiway.

The runway commenced its service at night of 12 December 2018, with a flight of S7 Airlines to Beijing.[10]

On September 2017, the airport was sold by "Metropol" to "Novaport". Novaport allowed the airport to get the status of open sky, moreover, the airport will allow more ambitious plans, like construction of a new passenger terminal.[11] Currently, due to unlimited status of open sky, international airlines such as Air China, China Eastern Airlines, Lucky Air, MIAT Mongolian Airlines and Spring Airlines are interested in starting flights to Ulan Ude.[12] Moreover, Russian flag carrier Aeroflot, announced that it will resume the flights to Ulan-Ude in 2018 or 2019, the plans are delaying due to FIFA-2018, also the airline explained the reason of exiting from this route, by low-quality runway.[13]

On 7 December, the Buryatia governor Aleksei Tsydenov announced that by the end of 2018, the construction of the new terminal will commence. The land for construction is being found, currently, the project is being created, therefore, the final amount will be calculated for the construction financing.[14][15] The first stage will be the full reconstruction of the current terminal, and then by 2022, the new terminal will be constructed. The construction of the new terminal began on 28 April 2018, and is meant to be finished in 2,5 years.[16]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Angara Airlines Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo,[17] Nizhneangarsk, Taksimo[18]
Ayana Krasnoyarsk-Cheremshanka, Kyzyl, Nizhneangarsk[19]
Hunnu Air Ulaanbaatar[20]
Seasonal: Hailar, Manzhouli[21]
IrAero Blagoveshensk, Irkutsk, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Novosibirsk, Vladivostok[22]
Seasonal: Ulaanbaatar
NordStar Chita,[23] Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo
Pobeda Moscow-Vnukovo[24]
S7 Airlines Beijing–Capital, Irkutsk (begins 2 June 2019),[25] Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk
SiLA Irkutsk[26]
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo
Yakutia Airlines Yakutsk
Seasonal: Khabarovsk, Seoul-Incheon


Buses No. 28, #55 and No. 77 reach the airport only by a call of a passenger and then they reach the final stop at Sokol. Moreover, the taxi service is available by booking at a kiosk at the airport's exit. Aeroexpress (not train service) shuttle bus service is available to Ulan-Ude square.


Annual Traffic[edit]

Annual Passenger Traffic

Year Passengers % Change
2010 167,126 Increase
2011 187,770 Increase +12,4
2012 267,502 Increase +42,5
2013 300,654 Increase +12,4
2014 312,794 Increase +4,04
2016 242,955 Decrease −22,3
2017 269,700 Increase +11,0
2018 376,774 Increase +39,7

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes at Baikal International Airport (by number of passengers) 2018[27]
Rank City Region Country Airports Airlines Number of passengers
1 Moscow Moscow Moscow / Moscow Oblast Moscow Oblast  Russia Domodedovo & Vnukovo Airports Globus Airlines, Pobeda, S7 Airlines, Ural Airlines 223,713
2 Irkutsk Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk Oblast  Russia International Airport Irkutsk Angara Airlines, IrAero, RusLine 32,765
3 Novosibirsk Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk Oblast  Russia Novosibirsk Tolmachevo Airport IrAero, S7 Airlines 26,532
4 Beijing  People's Republic of China Beijing Capital International Airport S7 Airlines 15,316
5 Khabarovsk Khabarovsk Krai Khabarovsk Krai  Russia Khabarovsk Novy Airport IrAero, Yakutia Airlines 12,797
6 Yakutsk Sakha Republic Republic of Yakutia  Russia Yakutsk Airport Yakutia Airlines 10,708

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 10 October 2018, Flight 414, operated by a Sukhoi Superjet 100 RA-89011, rode out from a runway on landing at Yakutsk from Ulan-Ude. During the subsequent landing, the behind chassis of the aircraft were broken.[28] No one was killed in the crash, but four people were hospitalised.[29]


  1. ^ ""Новапорт" купил аэропорт Улан-Удэ". 5 September 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Авиакомпания "Ангара" начала выполнять рейсы на север Бурятии". 22 February 2016. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Авиакомпания "РусЛайн" начинает базироваться в Улан-Удэ и запускает новый рейс в Иркутск". airportbaikal. 27 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Hunnu Air откроет авиарейс из Улан-Удэ в Манчжурию". 20 May 2018.
  5. ^ Airport information for UIUU at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  6. ^ Airport information for UUD at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  7. ^ Lake Baikal Airport, official site
  8. ^ ru:Байкал (аэропорт)[better source needed]
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Первый самолет взлетел с новой полосы в аэропорту Улан-Удэ". 12 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Режим открытого неба в Улан-Удэ сделали бессрочным". 2 November 2017.
  13. ^ ""Аэрофлот" намерен возобновить полёты из Москвы в аэропорт "Байкал". Но не скоро". 21 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Новый терминал в аэропорту Улан-Удэ начнут строить в 2018 году". 7 December 2017.
  15. ^ "В аэропорту Улан-Удэ построят новый терминал в 2018 году". 8 December 2017.
  16. ^ "В столице Бурятии началось строительство нового терминала аэропорта". RIA Novosti. 28 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Рейс из Улан-Удэ до Красноярска открывает авиакомпания "Ангара» Полная версия:". gazeta-n1. 18 January 2019. line feed character in |title= at position 64 (help); External link in |title= (help)
  18. ^ "Авиакомпания "Ангара" начала выполнять рейсы на север Бурятии". 22 February 2016. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  19. ^ "Новый рейс на Дальний Восток". 2 August 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  20. ^ Liu, Jim (15 June 2017). "Hunnu Air adds new Russian routes in June 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  21. ^ "Hunnu Air откроет авиарейс из Улан-Удэ в Манчжурию". 20 May 2018.
  22. ^ "В аэропорту "Байкал" открывается новый рейс во Владивосток". airportbaikal. 16 February 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  23. ^ "Авиакомпания Nord Star открывает рейс Красноярск – Улан-Удэ – Чита". 23 November 2017.
  24. ^ Liu, Jim (26 July 2017). "Pobeda adds new Moscow routes in 4Q17". Routesonline. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  25. ^ "S7 Airlines начинает полеты из Иркутска в Улан-Удэ". s7. S7 Airlines. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  26. ^ "Аэропорт "Байкал" в Бурятии обретет "Силу"". MK Ulan-Ude. 29 December 2018.
  27. ^ "Аэропорт Чита подвел итоги 2016 года". Baikal-Daily. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  28. ^ "Yakutia Superjet damaged in Yakutsk landing excursion". Flightglobal. 10 October 2018.
  29. ^ "". 10 October 2018. External link in |title= (help)

External links[edit]

Media related to Baikal International Airport at Wikimedia Commons