Baikal International Airport
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|Baikal International Airport
|IATA: UUD – ICAO: UIUU|
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Operator||JSC "International Airport Ulan-Ude"|
Baikal International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт «Байкал», Mezhdunarodnyy aeroport «Baykal»), formerly Ulan-Ude Airport (Russian: Аэропорт Улан-Удэ, Aeroport Ulan-Ude) (IATA: UUD, ICAO: UIUU) is an international airport located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) west of Ulan-Ude, Russia. The airport includes a single terminal with customs and border control facilities. With capacity of 400 passengers per hour, in 2013 the airport served 300,564 passengers on 19 scheduled international and domestic destinations.
The airport is named after nearby Lake Baikal.
In 1925, the Ulan-Ude Airport began its first passenger service with the first aircraft traveling from Moscow to Beijing, with pilots Volkovoyinov and Polyakov participating in it. On 1 August 1926, the first flights started: Ulan-Ude – Ulan-Bator; in addition, the airport was a place for technical landing for flights like: Irkutsk - Chita and Moscow – Vladivostok.
In 1931, the construction of the first air terminal began, where in 1935 the construction finished. From 1966 the airport began to accept Antonov An-24 and Tupolev Tu-104. In 1971, there was a new runway constructed which optimized the airport to accept bigger aircraft like Ilyushin Il-18 from Moscow, where in 1980–1981 the runway was made longer by 800 metres, and it was opened by accepting the first Tupolev Tu-154.
In 1983, the first terminal stopped working, due to the opening of the new one and from September until October, the airport was accepting the transit flights from and to Chita, due to its closing, because of the runway re-construction. In 1988 and 1989, the airport started to serve a number of transit flights, including the international (Moscow – Pyongyang, including Air Koryo; Moscow – Ulan-Bator), shifted from Irkutsk, due to runway re-construction. That situation led to a huge optimization of the airport, where every day the airport accepted 70 flights, which 30 of them were served by Tupolev Tu-154. In 1990, the airport transferred 800 thousand passengers in a year.
Until 2011, the airport was serving the flights from Irkutsk and Chita when these airports had issues with construction or weather. Unfortunately, there were no international flights anymore until 2011.[better source needed]
2006–today and reconstruction
In 2006 the airport underwent an overhaul of its runway, costing RUR 330 million (USD 10 million). In 2007 the airport underwent renovation of its taxiways and parking areas, at a cost of RUR 230 million. In March 2011, the renovation of the external terminal complex began, which finished in August 2011. Till now in the airport are in process small reconstructions inside the terminal complex. The last renovation was expanding the second floor and making it a boarding zone, in addition the zone of check-up and passport check moved to the second floor. Also, the arrival and departure exits and entrances are now in different locations. In September 2014 it was announced that the government of Russian Federation which owns airport infrastructure decided to build a new runway parallel to the current. The latter will become a taxiway. The construction is due in 2017 with a cost of $157 million.
Airlines and destinations
|Rank||City||Region||Country||Airports||Airlines||Number of passengers|
|1||Moscow||Moscow/Moscow Oblast||Russia||Domodedovo, Sheremetyevo, Vnukovo||Aeroflot, Globus Airlines, S7 Airlines, Transaero, Ural Airlines, Yakutia Airlines||185,3|
|2||Irkutsk||Irkutsk Oblast||Russia||International Airport Irkutsk||Bural, IrAero, PANH||12,3|
|3||Novosibirsk||Novosibirsk Oblast||Russia||Novosibirsk Tolmachevo Airport||IrAero, S7 Airlines||11,3|
|4||Chita||Zabaykalsky Krai||Russia||Kadala Airport||NordStar Airlines||10,3|
|5||Krasnoyarsk||Krasnoyarsk Krai||Russia||Yemelyanovo Airport||IrAero, NordStar Airlines||10,3|
Incidents and accidents
- In 1971 an Ulan-Ude (Mukhino)-based An-24 has crash-landed on Bogorodsky island near the city. It was a training flight with one idle engine; the crash was caused by flight engineer who has switched off the second engine by mistake. Crewmen had got wounds; the plane has partially burnt down.
- In 1989 a Tu-134 crashed on landing at Ulan-Ude (Mukhino) on a delivery flight from near-by Vostochny airport. The aircraft lost a wing and was then destroyed by fire. The crew escaped through a window. The crash was caused by pilot error; in conditions of low visibility the captain landed the plane 300m to the left of the runway.
- Airport information for UIUU at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for UUD at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
- Lake Baikal Airport, official site
- ru:Байкал (аэропорт)
- "Расписание полётов из Улан-Удэ". Airport Baikal. 3 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- ""В аэропорту "Байкал" впервые открывается новое сообщение с Магаданом"". Airport Baikal. 3 May 2014.
- ""ИрАэро" с 8 августа начнет выполнение рейса по маршруту Улан-Удэ - Маньчжурия". Interfax-Russia.ru. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
- "В аэропорту "Байкал" открывается новый рейс во Владивосток". airportbaikal.ru. 16 February 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
- ""Уральские авиалинии" с 28 мая открывают регулярное сообщение с Бурятией". Interfax. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- "Пассажиропоток международного аэропорта "Байкал" превысил 300 тысяч человек". Baikalfinans.com. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
Media related to Baikal International Airport at Wikimedia Commons