|Bhilai - Durg
|• Mayor||shrimati nirmala yadav (congress)|
|Elevation||452 m (1,483 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Chhattisgarhi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Bhilai (Hindi: भिलाई) is a city in the Durg district of Chhattisgarh, in eastern central India. As of 2001, it had a population of 556,366. The city is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of the capital Raipur, on the main Howrah–Mumbai rail line, and National Highway 6. Bhilai is famous for the Bhilai Steel Plant, which is the largest steel plant in India and known for being the only manufacturer of rails in the country used by Indian Railways.
In the 2011 census Durg-Bhilainagar Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,064,077. Durg-Bhilainagar Urban Agglomeration includes: Durg (M Corp.), Bhilai Nagar (M Corp.), Dumar dih (part) (OG), Bhilai Charoda (M), Jamul (M), Kumhari (M), and Utai (NP).
The climate is pleasant and mild in the winter (minimum temperature 10 °C, 50 °F). There are medium rains in the monsoon season. The summers are very hot and dry, with maximum temperature 48 °C (118.4 °F), and minimum humidity.
There are seven railway stations within the Bhilai region:
- Bhilai (Bhilai 3)
- Bhilai Power House/:
- Bhilai Nagar
- Dev baloda charoda
- Maroda (Durg-dallirajhara rail line)
- The railway station at Durg is widely used for all national trains, as it has major train stoppages along the Howrah-Mumbai line.
Shared diesel-run three-wheelers, called "tempos" in local parlance, ply along select routes in this remote area and serve as a reliable and convenient local public transport.
The town of Bhilai Nagar is a planned township which has won Prime Minister's Trophy for ten times for green environment. Bhilai Nagar is divided into 10 sectors and various other areas. Bhilai is part of the new towns set up in independent India to enhance modernization, productivity, development. Other new SAIL or Steel Authority of India towns include Rourkela, Bokaro, Durgapur. New Towns and cities built in independent India include Bhubaneshwar, Chandigarh, etc. Bhilai has been listed as one of the top three best planned cities in India. The steel township campus is managed by in house town planning department. Bhilai Nagar has a municipal corporation which name is Nagar Palik Nigam, Bhilai. Bhilai has three road spines or arterial roads which bind the town. In the centre is the `Central Avenue'. In the north is the `Six Tree Avenue'(GARRAGE ROAD). In the South is the `Forest Avenue'(). The central avenue, starting from the Ispat Bhawan-Bhilai Steel plant to Jawahar Lal Nehru Main Hospital, divides the city into two-halves. Each sector is approximately 1 to 2.25 km2, spatially by planning standards one of the biggest station in Chhattisgarh.
Bhilai is known for its pre-graduate education aimed at preparation for entrance examinations for engineering.[clarification needed] The local educational system was built by the Bhilai Steel Plant for the children of their employees, which attracted students from all over India. Starting in late 1950s, the first Higher Secondary School was opened in Sector 1 (which still stands today), followed by Bhilai Vidyalaya in Sector 2 and the Higher Secondary School in Sector 7. The Sector 7 School has supported instruction in both English (through Cambridge Board) and in Hindi. Recognizing that most of the employees were going to be engineers or work in some other technical field, the plant management attempted to attract the best teachers in the country.
With the increasing population over the last 50 years, the populace as well as the education system has become somewhat diversified. Many business and English-coaching classes have flourished in the city. Bhilai is also famous for its schools. Ashish Bhattacharya, a student of St. Thomas College, Bhilai topped the college for three consecutive years (2005-2008). It is considered among best places in India for studying higher and senior secondary levels. Some of these are: Indu I.T school,Sri Sankara vidyalaya, Delhi Public School, Risali, Delhi Public School Durg, Mar Gregorious Memorial (MGM) senior secondary school sector 6, English Medium Middle School Sector-2,EMMS-4,EMMS-6,EMMS-10, D.A.V. Public School, Senior Secondary School (S.S.S) Sector 10, Bhilai Nair Samajam school sector-8, S.S.S Sector 4, S.S.S Sector 6, S.S.S Sector 7, Bhilai Vidyalaya, Krishna Public School, St. Xavier's High School, Angle Valley School Hudco, Saraswati Shishu Mandir sector 4 and Kailash Nagar, Nalanda school, jyoti eng med hr .sec school charoda,shiva public school,kendriya vidyalaya etc.
IIT and AIEEE toppers have been produced by this city. educational center after Kota, but unlike Kota most of its students are of the city.
Higher education was initiated as night college in 1963 at Bhilai Vidyalaya, Sector 2 by then vice principal of school Mr T.S. Thakur as Kalyan College, affiliated to then Pandit Ravishankar Shukla University, Sagar, having Arts, Commerce, Science, Education faculties and has been granted autonomous status by the UGC and B++ status. Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University was formed in the year 2004 by (Act number 25 of 2004) by the Chhattisgarh State Assembly for engineering education. Some leading and esteemed engineering institutes in Bhilai, which have been assigned and run under the supervision of CSVTU are: BIT-Durg,Rungta College of Engineering & Technology, MP Christian College of Engineering & Technology, Shri Shankaracharya College of Engineering and Technology, Shri Shankaracharya Engineering College, Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Technology and Management,Shri Shankracharya Institute of Engineering and Technology, RSR-Rungta College of Engineering & Technology, CSIT, CIMT, Bhilai IT College,CCMMC,GDRCET, Parthivi college of engineering and management.
All major festivals are celebrated in a scale similar to their region of origin. Like the Durga Puja celebrations of Bhilai are in tune with that in Bengal. The same can be said about Maharashtra's Ganesh Chaturthi, Andhra's Ugadi, Tamil Nadu's Pongal, Jagganath Puri's Rath Yatra. The population of Sikh's in the region is high, and the Sikh festivals like the Guru Nanak Dev ji's Guruparab, Guru Gobind Singh's Guruparab, Baisakhi (The Birth of Khalsa), Shaheedi Gurparab of Guru Arjan Dev and Guru Teg Bahadur is celebrated with a great passion by all the people irrespective of their religion. If Sikhs visit there, they go to the satsang (a place where all of them get together for praying and singing God's name) house. That place is known for praying for many people in Bhilai and some areas of Punjab. Bhilai also boasts of high levels of linguistic and religious unity, which has been the hallmark of its culture since its inception.
The main reason obviously lies in the fact that before the establishment of Bhilai Steel Plant (BSP), with collaboration from Russian counterparts, it was an agricultural area with small villages like AmdiGaon (now AmdiNagar-HUDCO) and many others. But the setting up of BSP made a call all over India to make a rush and henceforth bring the multi-ethnicity with them. This steel city is often called "Mini India" because of the multi-province, multi-religion population.
Places of Interest
- Industrial Area It's important place of Bhilai around fifty thousand people coming here
for several jobs.work done at bhilai is mainly fabrication of steel, machnining of steel.wire drums forwires, the products of bhilai steel plants are mainly steel plate structures and wire road etc., other big and establisd units are bhilai engg corporation,simplex engg, beekay engg, mudhar engg& automation etc.
- The Maitri Bagh- A zoo and a park established by the Bhilai Steel Plant. Right next to Maitri Bagh are two huge man-made water lakes. One is used to supply water to the township. The other is used for the Steel Plant's applications. Right across Maitri Bagh is Bhilai Water Works, a facility used to provide clean water to the Bhilai Township. Maitri Bagh literally means the "friendship garden" and was established as a symbol of India-USSR friendship.
- Civic Center - Started as a shopping center consisting of two rows of shops and stores arranged in an L-shape, initially it had tata (textiles) on one end and bata (shoes) on the other end. This was the only hub for lots of social activities, entertainment and shopping for a long time before Bhilai expanded beyond its boundaries when shopping complex like Gangotri & Akash Ganga started in Supela in the late 1980s. Lots of changes happened after that in the Civic Center and nearby area. The L-shape Civic Center had a children's garden with a toy-train which used to be open on every 14 November on Children's Day. The toy-train is no longer there, and garden is decorated to teach traffic-sign and signals to children. There was also a dome supermarket which is now used for art-exhibitions. To the east of the Civic Center, there is an open place with stage, which is known as 'Open-Air-Theatre' and used for various cultural activities including musical nights. Right next to the Civic Center is Kala Mandir theater, used for various purposes. Initially it was a movie theater known as Chitra Mandir. For a long time, this was the only air-conditioned movie theater in the area for entertainment of Bhilaians. But in nineties with television and cable TV popularity, demand and use of this theater reduced, and management decided to close the movie theater. The theater was then converted to a multi-purpose community center and named as Kala Mandir. South of Kala Mandir is a huge field used for Ramleela and Dashehara (Dasara) festivals. In this field, there used to be a high rock stage which was constructed to welcome Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru in 1962. The new Civic Center started its operation in the 1980s, an became a major IT hub in Bhilai. This is a new commercial complex and also has a movie theater - Geet Talkies which is under reconstruction now.
- Kali Bari in Sector 6
- Dominos, situated in Nehru Nagar. Lots of people come in here for enjoyment with family and/or friends. It is almost full on Wednesdays.*'
- KFC', now open in Surya Vihar, under TI Mall, Nehru Nagar. It's a new place for attraction to the people & has becoming a sensitive place in hyper restaurant segment for the new taste.
- Surya Tresure Mall situated in Smriti Nagar,opposite Apollo BSR hospital.
- Pantaloons in surya treasure island mall.
- PVR in surya treasure island mall.
- The Chocolate story in Civic centre.
- Hari raj in Civic centre.
Bhilai is a city where almost all the sports like cricket, football,handball, basketball,athletics,karate,judo,throw ball etc. are played and enjoyed by youth.
Notable people from Bhilai
- Anurag Basu, movie director
- Rajesh Chauhan, former Indian cricketer.
- Omkar Das Manikpuri, Indian stage and film actor (Acted in Peepli Live as Natha).
- Teejan Bai, An exponent of Pandavani, a traditional performing art form. Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan Awardee.
- Amit Sana, Runner up in Indian Idol 1.
- Mohammad Aeltemesh, Advocate Supreme Court of India.
- Anupama Bhagwat, sitar player
- JM Nelson, PadamShree awarded famous Sculptor.
- Iqbal Ahmed, Guitarist
- Saba Anjum, Indian woman's Hockey Captain
- Census van 1 maart 2001 (via archive.org)
- Sail Home Page (Section: Bhilai Steel Plant)
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.