|Bhilai - Durg
Bhilai nagar Railway Station
|• Mayor||shrimati nirmala yadav (congress)|
|Elevation||452 m (1,483 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Chhattisgarhi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Bhilai (Hindi: भिलाई) is a city in the Durg district of Chhattisgarh, in eastern central India. As of 2001, it had a population of 556,366. The city is located 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of the capital Raipur, on the main Howrah–Mumbai rail line, and National Highway 6. Bhilai is famous for the Bhilai Steel Plant, which is the largest steel plant in India and known for being the only manufacturer of rails in the country used by Indian Railways.
In the 2011 census Durg-Bhilainagar Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,064,077. Durg-Bhilainagar Urban Agglomeration includes: Durg (M Corp.), Bhilai Nagar (M Corp.), Dumar dih (part) (OG), Bhilai Charoda (M), Jamul (M), Kumhari (M), Ahmed Nagar (Camp-02), Farid Nagar and Utai (NP).
The climate is pleasant and mild in the winter (minimum temperature 10 °C, 50 °F). There are medium rains in the monsoon season. The summers are very hot and dry, with maximum temperature 48 °C (118.4 °F), and minimum humidity.
The town of Bhilai Nagar is the second best planned township in India, which has won Prime Minister's Trophy for ten times for green environment. Bhilai Nagar is divided into 10 sectors and various other areas. Bhilai is part of the new towns set up in independent India to enhance modernization, productivity, development. Other new SAIL or Steel Authority of India towns include Rourkela, Bokaro, Durgapur. New Towns and cities built in independent India include Bhubaneshwar, Chandigarh, etc. Bhilai has been listed as one of the top three best planned cities in India. The steel township campus is managed by in house town planning department. Bhilai Nagar has a municipal corporation which name is Nagar Palik Nigam, Bhilai. Bhilai has three road spines or arterial roads which bind the town. In the centre is the `Central Avenue'. In the north is the `Six Tree Avenue'(GARRAGE ROAD). In the South is the `Forest Avenue'(). The central avenue, starting from the Ispat Bhawan-Bhilai Steel plant to Jawahar Lal Nehru Main Hospital, divides the city into two-halves. Each sector is approximately 1 to 2.25 km2, spatially by planning standards one of the biggest station in Chhattisgarh.
Bhilai is known for its pre-graduate education aimed at preparation for entrance examinations for engineering.[clarification needed] The local educational system was built by the Bhilai Steel Plant for the children of their employees, which attracted students from all over India. Starting in late 1950s, the first Higher Secondary School was opened in Sector 1 (which still stands today), followed by Bhilai Vidyalaya in Sector 2 and the Higher Secondary School in Sector 7. The Sector 7 School has supported instruction in both English (through Cambridge Board) and in Hindi. Recognizing that most of the employees were going to be engineers or work in some other technical field, the plant management attempted to attract the best teachers in the country.
With the increasing population over the last 50 years, the populace as well as the education system has become somewhat diversified. Many business and English-coaching classes have flourished in the city.
Higher education was initiated as night college in 1963 at Bhilai Vidyalaya, Sector 2 by then vice principal of school Mr T.S. Thakur as Kalyan College, affiliated to then Pandit Ravishankar Shukla University, Sagar, having Arts, Commerce, Science, Education faculties and has been granted autonomous status by the UGC and B++ status. Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University was formed in the year 2004 by (Act number 25 of 2004) by the Chhattisgarh State Assembly for engineering education. Some leading and esteemed engineering institutes in Bhilai, which have been assigned and run under the supervision of CSVTU are: BIT-Durg,Rungta College of Engineering & Technology, MP Christian College of Engineering & Technology,Shri Shankaracharya College of Engineering and Technology, Shri Shankaracharya Engineering College, Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Technology and Management,Shri Shankracharya Institute of Engineering and Technology, RSR-Rungta College of Engineering & Technology, CSIT, M. J. College of IT, CIMT, Bhilai IT College,CCMMC,GDRCET, Parthivi college of engineering and management.
All major festivals are celebrated in a scale similar to their region of origin. Like the Durga Puja celebrations of Bhilai are in tune with that in Bengal. The same can be said about Maharashtra's Ganesh Chaturthi, Andhra's Ugadi, Tamil Nadu's Pongal, Jagganath Puri's Rath Yatra. The population of Sikh's in the region is high, and the Sikh festivals like the Guru Nanak Dev ji's Guruparab, Guru Gobind Singh's Guruparab, Baisakhi (The Birth of Khalsa), Shaheedi Gurparab of Guru Arjan Dev and Guru Teg Bahadur is celebrated with a great passion by all the people irrespective of their religion. If Sikhs visit there, they go to the satsang (a place where all of them get together for praying and singing God's name) house. That place is known for praying for many people in Bhilai and some areas of Punjab.
The township has a Jawaharlal Nehru Hospital and Research Centre with specialised units like Critical Care Unit, Intensive Coronary Care Unit, Haemodialysis Unit, Nuclear Medicine Laboratory, etc. The Child Care Unit of Jawaharlal Nehru Hospital and Research Centre has been recognised as a Baby Friendly Hospital by UNICEF. The Blood Bank of Jawaharlal Nehru Hospital and Research Centre has been given the status of Regional Training Centre by Government of India. It is the only blood bank in the state of Chhattisgarh, which gives training to blood bank officers and technicians in Chhattisgarh.
Notable people from Bhilai
- Anurag Basu, movie director
- Rajesh Chauhan, former Indian cricketer
- Omkar Das Manikpuri, Indian stage and film actor
- Teejan Bai, exponent of Pandavani
- Amit Sana, Runner up in Indian Idol 1.
- Mohammad Aeltemesh, Advocate Supreme Court of India
- Anupama Bhagwat, sitar player
- Rockey Pandit, Indian abacist
- Census van 1 maart 2001 (via archive.org)
- Sail Home Page (Section: Bhilai Steel Plant)
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.