Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport

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Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport
Fort Lauderdale airport logo.jpg
IATA: FLLICAO: KFLLFAA LID: FLL
WMO: 74783
FLL is located in Florida
FLL
FLL
Location of FLL
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Broward County
Operator Broward County Aviation Department
Serves Greater Miami
Location Broward County, Florida
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 9 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 26°04′21″N 080°09′10″W / 26.07250°N 80.15278°W / 26.07250; -80.15278Coordinates: 26°04′21″N 080°09′10″W / 26.07250°N 80.15278°W / 26.07250; -80.15278
Website www.broward.org/airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10L/28R 9,000 2,743 Asphalt
10R/28L 8,000 2,438 Asphalt
Statistics
Total passengers (2013)[1] 23,559,779
Aircraft operations (2011)[1] 267,148
Based aircraft 57
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[2]

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport (IATA: FLLICAO: KFLLFAA LID: FLL) is in unincorporated Broward County, Florida between Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood and Dania Beach,[3] three miles (5 km) southwest of downtown Fort Lauderdale[2] and 21 miles (33.7 km) north of Miami. The airport is near cruise line terminals at Port Everglades and is popular among tourists bound for the Caribbean. Since the late 1990s FLL has become an intercontinental gateway, especially for charter carriers, although Miami International Airport still handles most long-haul flights.

It is the largest base for Spirit Airlines, catering mainly to the airline's international to domestic network, and is a focus city for Allegiant Air and JetBlue Airways and the headquarters of regional carrier Silver Airways. From December 2011 through November 2012, the top five air carriers by domestic market share were: JetBlue Airways at 18.21%; Southwest Airlines at 17.50%; Spirit Airlines at 16.24%; Delta Air Lines at 15.60%; and US Airways at 8.16%.[4] FLL is ranked as the 21st busiest airport (in terms of passenger traffic) in the United States, as well as the nation's 14th busiest international air gateway and one of the world's 50 busiest airports. FLL is classified by the US Federal Aviation Administration as a "major hub" facility serving commercial air traffic. In 2011 the airport processed 23,349,835 passengers[1] (4.2% more than 2010) including 3,608,922 international passengers (4.7% more than 2010) The airport surpassed 2007/2008 levels by 728,147 passengers.

History[edit]

Merle Fogg Airport opened on an abandoned 9-hole golf course on May 1, 1929. At the start of World War II, it was commissioned by the United States Navy and renamed Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale. The base was initially used for refitting civil airliners for military service before they were ferried across the Atlantic to Europe and North Africa. NAS Fort Lauderdale later became a main training base for Naval Aviators and enlisted naval air crewmen flying the TBF and TBM Avenger for the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps aboard aircraft carriers and from expeditionary airfields ashore. NAS Fort Lauderdale was the home base for Flight 19, the five TBM Avenger aircraft that disappeared in December 1945, leading in part to the notoriety of the Bermuda Triangle.

NAS Fort Lauderdale closed on October 1, 1946 and was transferred to county control, becoming Broward County International Airport.

Commercial flights to Nassau began on June 2, 1953 and domestic flights began in 1958–59: Northeast Airlines and National Airlines DC-6Bs flew nonstop to Idlewild, and Northeast flew nonstop to Washington National. In 1959 the airport opened its first permanent terminal building and assumed its current name.

The airport seen from an airliner

In 1966 the airport averaged 48 airline operations a day; in 1972 it averaged 173 a day. The Feb 1966 Official Airline Guide shows three nonstop departures to JFK and no other nonstops beyond Tampa and Orlando; five years later FLL had added nonstops to ATL, BAL, BOS, BUF, ORD, CLE, DTW, MSP, LGA, EWR, PHL and PIT. (Northeast's nonstop to LAX had already been dropped.) By 1974 the airport was served by Braniff International Airways, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, National Airlines, Northwest Orient Airlines, Shawnee Airlines and United Airlines.[5] By 1979, following deregulation, Air Florida, Bahamasair, Florida Airlines, Mackey International Airlines, Republic Airlines, Trans World Airlines and Western Airlines also served the airport.[6]

Low-cost traffic grew in the 1990s, with Southwest opening its base in 1996, Spirit in 1999, and JetBlue in 2000. Spirit made FLL a hub in 2002 and in 2003 JetBlue made FLL a focus city. US Airways also planned a hub at Fort Lauderdale in the mid-2000s as part of its reorganization strategy before its merger with America West.[7] Low-cost competition forced several major legacy airlines to cut back service to FLL, with United pulling out entirely in 2008[8] and American Airlines moving its New York and Los Angeles services to West Palm Beach in 2013.[9]

During the 2005 hurricane season FLL was affected by Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Wilma. Katrina struck as a Category 1 and caused minor damage, however the airport was closed for about a 48-hour period. However, when Hurricane Wilma made landfall in October roof damage was reported along with broken windows, damaged jetways, and destroyed canopies. The airport was closed for a period of 5 days. Hurricane Wilma was a Category 2 when its center passed to the west of FLL.

Beginning February 2007 the airport started fees to all users, including private aircraft. It is one of a handful of airports to administer fees to private pilots. A minimum charge of $10 is assessed to private aircraft which land at the airport.

The airport has been used by filmmakers numerous times, the most famous of these being scenes from Revenge of the Nerds II: Nerds in Paradise[citation needed].

Facilities[edit]

FAA diagram of FLL

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport covers 1,380 acres (558 ha) and has two runways, one of which was under construction:[2]

  • 10L/28R: 9,000 x 150 ft (2,743 x 46 m) Asphalt
  • 10R/28L: 8,000 x 150 ft (2,438 x 46 m) Concrete (Opened September 18, 2014.)[10]

In 2003 plans were started to expand the facility. Proposed improvements include an extension of runway 10R/28L,[11] construction and modifications to the airport's taxiway system to provide for increased speed, improved inter-terminal passenger movement and extensive terminal upgrades. As of April 25, 2006 the plan was being updated a second time. Complaints by nearby communities about noise, along with concerns about buyout requirements, have delayed construction that is expected to keep Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport viable through 2020.[12]

Silver Airways has its headquarters in Suite 201 of the 1100 Lee Wagener Blvd building.[13][14] When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area.[15]

Construction[edit]

Expansion of 10R/28L Runway

On June 5, 2007, Broward County commissioners voted six to three in favor of extending the southern 10R/28L runway. The proposal looks to extend the runway to 8,000 ft in order to accommodate larger aircraft and to allow airplanes to land side by side at the same time. The proposal was approved by the FAA and expansion of the south runway is now complete, with the opening of the runway in September 2014.[10] The crosswind runway (13/31) was decommissioned on May 6, 2013.[16] All four terminals, now having 57 gates, will have 97 with the completion of a new long-haul international Terminal Four and Concourse A at Terminal One. By 2020, Ft. Lauderdale–Hollywood is projected to handle 36 million passengers annually.[17]

Demolition and Reconstruction of Terminal Four

During and after the expansion of runway 10R/28L, reconstruction of Terminal Four will begin at the cost of 450 million. The H concourse will be demolished to build the new "G" concourse. In this process four new gates will be added. Concession space will be increased from 2,128 ft² to 28,000 ft² and a secure walkway will be added to connect terminals three and four.[18]

Terminals[edit]

Destinations with direct service from FLL

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport has four terminals. Terminal 1, commonly referred to as "The New Terminal," opened in stages between 2001 and 2003 and was designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum[19] and Cartaya Associates.[20] The other three terminals designed by were constructed in 1986 and designed by Reynolds, Smith & Hills as part of a $263 million construction project.[21] Terminal 4, commonly referred to as the International Terminal, was inaugurated by a Concorde visit in 1983. Since 2005, T4 has been undergoing renovations and a major expansion designed by PGAL/Zyscovich joint venture. The airport announced that Terminal 1, common known as "The New Terminal", will undergo $300 million makeover which construction is expected to begin in late 2014 and should be completed by 2017.[22]

Fort Lauderdale Hollywood Airport Terminal Map
Delta Air Lines 757-300 at T2

Terminal 1 – New Terminal[edit]

  • Terminal 1 has two concourses (B & C) and 18 gates. Southwest Airlines given greenlight for Concourse A construction.
  • United Airlines operates a United Club in Concourse C, which opened with the new Terminal in May 2001 as a Continental Airlines presidents Club.

Terminal 2 – "Delta" Terminal[edit]

  • Terminal 2 has one concourse (D) and 9 gates.
  • Delta Air Lines operates a Sky Club here – one of six clubrooms in the state of Florida.
  • This Terminal is only used by Delta, Delta Connection, Condor (seasonal), and Air Canada.

Terminal 3 – Main Terminal[edit]

  • Terminal 3 has two concourses (E & F) and 20 gates.
  • Bahamasair uses Gate E1.
  • US Airways uses Gates E3, E5 and E7.
  • American Airlines uses Gates E2 and E4.
  • Norwegian Air Shuttle uses Gate E8 & E9.
  • JetBlue Airways uses Gates E6, E10, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8, F9 and F10.
  • Spirit Airlines uses Gate F1.
  • Westjet uses Gate E10.
  • In May 2013 a food court opened in Concourse F with a Pei Wei, Jamba Juice, and a Steak 'n Shake.[23]

Terminal 4 – International Terminal[edit]

  • Terminal 4 has one concourse (H) and 7 gates. H1, H3 and H5 are closed due to the expansion of Terminal 4.
  • Note: Terminal 4 handles all non-precleared international arrivals, in addition to the departures listed in the table.
  • International arrival gates are H2, H4, H6, H7, H8, H9, and H10.
  • Commuter airlines use gate "J" which is on the lower level adjacent to recheck. Concourse H is currently being reconfigured and designed by the architectural firms of PGAL/Zyscovich joint venture. The new three-story facility renamed Concourse G will have 14 new gates, 12 of which are international/domestic capable and one arrivals area for bussing operations. New concessions and approximately 50,000 s.f. of administrative offices for the Aviation Department are being designed on the upper levels of the facility. Western Expansion began construction in 2013. An expanded Federal Inspection Services facility will also included in the new Eastern Expansion construction.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Scheduled flights[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal/Concourse
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Halifax,[24] Ottawa
2-D
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Quebec City, Toronto–Pearson 4-H
AirTran Airways
operated by Southwest Airlines
Atlanta
Seasonal: Philadelphia (all service ends December 28, 2014)
1-B
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma 1-C
Allegiant Air Asheville, Cincinnati (begins October 9, 2014), [25] Greenville (SC), Knoxville, Lexington, Plattsburgh (NY)
Seasonal: Grand Rapids
1-C
American Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Port-au-Prince 3-E
Avianca Bogotá 4-H
Azul Brazilian Airlines Campinas (begins December 1, 2014) TBA
Bahamasair Freeport, Nassau 3-E
Caribbean Airlines Kingston, Montego Bay, Port of Spain 4-H
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt 2-D
Copa Airlines Panama City 4-H
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia
Seasonal: Boston (begins December 20, 2014)
2-D
Delta Connection Raleigh–Durham
Seasonal: Cincinnati, Tallahassee
2-D
Frontier Airlines Cincinnati (begins October 28. 2014), Cleveland, Denver, St. Louis (begins January 6, 2015),[26] Trenton, Washington-Dulles 1-C
JetBlue Airways Austin, Bogotá, Boston, Cancún, Cartagena (begins October 29, 2014), Hartford, Jacksonville (begins October 29, 2014),[27] Kingston, Las Vegas (begins October 29, 2014),[28] Lima, Los Angeles, Medellín–Cordova, Montego Bay,[29] Nassau, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, Newburgh, Pittsburgh (begins October 29, 2014),[30] Port-au-Prince, Port of Spain,[31] Providence, Punta Cana,[29] Raleigh–Durham, Richmond, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, Santo Domingo, Washington–National, White Plains, Worcester
Charter: Havana
Seasonal: Buffalo
3-F
Norwegian Long Haul Copenhagen, London–Gatwick, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda 3-E
Silver Airways Andros Town, Freeport, Georgetown, Governor's Harbour, Jacksonville, Key West, Marsh Harbour, Nassau, New Bight, North Eleuthera, Orlando, Tampa
Seasonal: South Bimini, Treasure Cay
1-C
SkyBahamas Airlines Bimini, Freeport, Marsh Harbour 4-J
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Buffalo, Chicago–Midway, Dallas–Love (begins November 2, 2014), Denver, Hartford, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (ends November 1, 2014), Las Vegas, Long Island/Islip, Milwaukee (begins November 2, 2014), Nashville, New Orleans, Phoenix, Pittsburgh (resumes November 2, 2014), Providence, San Juan, St. Louis, Tampa
Seasonal: Albany, Kansas City, Manchester (NH), Milwaukee (ends November 1, 2014), Philadelphia,
1-B
Spirit Airlines Aguadilla, Armenia (Colombia), Aruba, Atlanta, Atlantic City, Baltimore, Bogotá, Boston, Cancún, Cartagena, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Guatemala City, Houston-Intercontinental, Lima, Los Angeles, Managua, Medellin–Cordova, Montego Bay, Myrtle Beach, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Niagara Falls, Orlando, Panama City, Pittsburgh-Latrobe, Plattsburgh (NY), Port-au-Prince, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador (Bahamas), San Salvador, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo, Tampa, Toluca/Mexico City
Seasonal: Kingston, Las Vegas, Minneapolis–St. Paul, Punta Cana
4-H
Sunwing Airlines Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Quebec City, Toronto–Pearson 3-E
TAME Quito (begins October 17, 2014)[32] TBA
Tortug' Air Cap-Haïtien[33] 4-J
United Airlines Chicago O'Hare, Cleveland, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco
Seasonal: Denver
1-C
US Airways Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Washington–National 3-E
Virgin America Los Angeles, San Francisco 1-C
WestJet Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Halifax, Ottawa, Quebec City, Winnipeg (begins November 1, 2014)
3-E

Charter flights[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Charter Advisors, Inc. Miami, Atlanta, Chicago–Midway, Dallas-Love, New York-JFK, Los Angeles, West Palm Beach, Orlando, Marsh Harbour, Nassau
Locair Marsh Harbour
Sky Limo Air Charter Miami, Atlanta, Chicago–Midway, Dallas-Love, New York-JFK, Los Angeles, West Palm Beach, Orlando, Marsh Harbour, Nassau

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from FLL (May 2013 – April 2014)[34]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 1,110,000 AirTran, Delta, Spirit
2 New York (LGA), New York 708,000 Delta, JetBlue, Spirit
3 Baltimore, Maryland 493,000 AirTran, Southwest, Spirit
4 New York (JFK), New York 473,000 Delta, JetBlue
5 Newark, New Jersey 458,000 JetBlue, United
6 Charlotte, NC 376,000 US Airways
7 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 365,000 American, Spirit
8 Detroit, Michigan 362,000 Delta, Spirit
9 Chicago (O'Hare), Illinois 338,000 American, Spirit, United
10 San Juan, PR 331,000 JetBlue, Spirit, Southwest

Cargo carriers[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Amerijet International San Pedro Sula
FedEx Express Indianapolis, Memphis, Dallas, Newark
IBC Airways Miami[35]
FedEx Express operated by Mountain Air Cargo Key West, Marathon
UPS Airlines Louisville

GA overcrowding reliever facility[edit]

See Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport

Ground transportation[edit]

FLL is served by Broward County Transit bus Route 1 which offers connecting service through the Central Terminal in Downtown Fort Lauderdale, and also service to Aventura, in Miami-Dade County.

Rail service between Miami and West Palm Beach is provided by Tri-Rail commuter rail service at the Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport station, accessible via a free Tri-Rail shuttle from the main terminals. The shuttle stops at 3 locations at the airport, all on the lower level: west end of terminal 1, between terminals 2 and 3, and between terminals 3 and 4. The shuttle operates 7 days a week.

The airport also offers airport parking and operates a consolidated rental car facility which can be accessed from Terminal 1 by a short walk and from the other terminals by a free shuttle bus service.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

On May 18, 1972, an Eastern Air Lines McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 had its landing gear collapse and tail section separate during landing. The aircraft then caught fire but all passengers and crew were able to safely evacuate.[36]

On July 7, 1983, Air Florida Flight 8 with 47 people on board was flying from Fort Lauderdale International Airport to Tampa International Airport. One of the passengers handed a note to one of the flight attendants, saying that he had a bomb, and telling them to fly the plane to Havana, Cuba. He revealed a small athletic bag, which he opened, and inside was an apparent explosive device. The airplane was diverted to Havana-José Martí International Airport, and the hijacker was taken into custody by Cuban authorities.[37]

On November 19, 2013, an Air Evac International Learjet 35 crashed shortly after take-off from the airport, on its way to Cozumel, Mexico, after calling mayday and during an attempt to return to the airport, possibly due to engine failure, leaving 4 persons dead.[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Monthly Stats December 2011. Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport. January 24, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c FAA Airport Master Record for FLL (Form 5010 PDF), effective September 23, 2010
  3. ^ "Zoning Map." City of Dania Beach. Retrieved on May 12, 2010.
  4. ^ "Fort Lauderdale, FL: Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International (FLL)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. May 2011. 
  5. ^ "Airlines and Aircraft Serving Fort Lauderdale Effective April 1, 1974". DepartedFlights.com. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Airlines and Aircraft Serving Fort Lauderdale Effective November 15, 1979". DepartedFlights.com. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  7. ^ Alexander, Keith (November 19, 2004). "American Fare Cuts Presage Price War". Washington Post. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  8. ^ "United Airlines to halt flights at Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach airports". Sun-Sentinel. June 25, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American Airlines Moves Flights From Fort Lauderdale To Palm Beach". exMiami. August 12, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b parsons.com - Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport Runway Expansion Project
  11. ^ Broward County – Airport[dead link]
  12. ^ Broward County – Airport[dead link]
  13. ^ "Contact Us." Silver Airways. Retrieved on May 8, 2014. "1100 Lee Wagener Blvd, Suite 201 Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33315."
  14. ^ "Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport > Business > Tenant Directory." Broward County. Retrieved on December 17, 2011. "1100 Lee Wagener Blvd. Fort Lauderdale, FL33315"
  15. ^ "Administration." Chalk's International Airlines. March 31, 2004. Retrieved on December 17, 2011. "Chalk's International Airlines 704 SW 34th Street Ft Lauderdale, Fl. 33315"
  16. ^ Adrain, Lindsay. "Decommissioning of Runway 13–31 at FLL". FABA. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  17. ^ "WSVN-TV – Local News – Broward Commissioners vote in favor of FLL runway expansion". .wsvn.com. 
  18. ^ Terminal 4. Broward.org.
  19. ^ "Meeting of January 5, 1999 Consent Agenda Board Appointments" (PDF). 
  20. ^ "Cartaya Associates – Fort Lauderdale / Hollywood International Airport Terminal No.1 (Concourses B & C)". Cartayaandassociates.com. 
  21. ^ Lasalandra, Michael (March 4, 1987). "Firm Asks For Extra Payment Architect's Work at Airport in Dispute". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved June 16, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport overhauls terminal to add more international travel". Sun Sentinel. December 10, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  23. ^ Inside Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport's major makeover – Sun Sentinel. Sun-Sentinel (April 18, 2013).
  24. ^ [1][dead link]
  25. ^ http://news.investors.com/newsfeed-thomson-reuters-one/071514-141593801-allegiant-announces-even-more-low-cost-flight-options-from-cincinnati.aspx
  26. ^ http://www.flyfrontier.com/market-launch-10-cities
  27. ^ http://online.wsj.com/article/PR-CO-20140528-904318.html
  28. ^ "JetBlue Continues to Expand Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood Presence ". Menafn.Com. July 27, 2007. 
  29. ^ a b "JetBlue Adds Nonstops to the Caribbean From Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood – Yahoo Finance". Finance.yahoo.com. October 29, 2013. 
  30. ^ "JetBlue | Investor relations | Press Releases". Investor.jetblue.com. 
  31. ^ "JetBlue to add service to Trinidad and Tobago – Yahoo News". News.yahoo.com. September 16, 2013. 
  32. ^ http://aviacioninfo.blogspot.com/2014/09/estados-unidos-nueva-ruta-de-tame-desde.html
  33. ^ "Tortug'Air". Fdmsecure.com. 
  34. ^ "Fort Lauderdale, FL: Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International (FLL)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. May 2011. 
  35. ^ http://www.ibcairways.com/media/docs/destinations.pdf
  36. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 N8961E Fort Lauderdale International Airport, FL". Aviation Safety Network. 
  37. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19830707-0
  38. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. 

External links[edit]