Cherkessk

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Cherkessk (English)
Черкесск (Russian)
-  City  -
City of Cherkessk.jpg
View of the city
Map of Russia - Karachay-Cherkess Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic in Russia
Cherkessk is located in Karachay-Cherkessia
Cherkessk
Cherkessk
Location of Cherkessk in the Karachay-Cherkess Republic
Coordinates: 44°13′N 42°03′E / 44.217°N 42.050°E / 44.217; 42.050Coordinates: 44°13′N 42°03′E / 44.217°N 42.050°E / 44.217; 42.050
Coat of Arms of Cherkessk (Karachay-Cherkessia).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of July 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Karachay-Cherkess Republic
Administratively subordinated to city of republic significance of Cherkessk[1]
Capital of Karachay-Cherkess Republic[1]
Administrative center of city of republic significance of Cherkessk[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2008)
Urban okrug Cherkessk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Cherkessk Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 129,069 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 127th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1825[citation needed]
Previous names Baltapashinskaya (until 1931),[citation needed]
Baltapashinsk (until 1934),[citation needed]
Sulimov (until 1937),[citation needed]
Yezhovo-Cherkessk (until 1939)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 3690XX
Dialing code(s) +7 8782[citation needed]
Official website
Cherkessk on WikiCommons

Cherkessk (Russian: Черке́сск) is the capital city of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Russia, as well as its political, economic, and cultural center. Population: 129,069 (2010 Census);[3] 116,244 (2002 Census);[6] 113,060 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

It was founded as the Cossack stanitsa of Batalpashinskaya (Баталпашинская) nearby the Russian Army outpost of the same name (built in 1804).[citation needed] The officially recognized year of founding of Batalpashinskaya and modern Cherkessk is 1825. However, the Cossack settlers of Khopyour and Kuban regiments began arriving in the newly organized stanitsa not early than spring of 1826. For some reason, the name "Batalpashinskaya" was given after Batal-Pasha, a Turkish general of Circassian origin, who was defeated in the battle that took place in the vicinity in 1790. In 1931, it was granted town status and renamed Batalpashinsk (Баталпашинск); then Sulimov (Сулимов) in 1934, then Yezhovo-Cherkessk (Ежово-Черкесск) in 1937, and finally Cherkessk in 1939.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Cherkessk is the capital of the republic.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of republic significance of Cherkessk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Cherkessk is incorporated as Cherkessk Urban Okrug.[2]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The city is inhabited by native Cherkess (Circassians), Karachays, Russians, Abaza, Nogays and minorities of Greeks and Armenians.

1989[edit]

According to the 1989 data, the population of the city included:[citation needed]

2002[edit]

In 2002, the population included:[8]

2010[edit]

In 2010, the population included:[8]

Education[edit]

Cherkessk is home to the following education institutions:

Culture[edit]

  • Drama Theater: ethnic, modern and classical plays
  • State Philharmonic: classical and ethnic orchestra performances
  • Elbrus State Ensemble: ethnic Caucasian dances, dance studio
  • Ensemble of Cossack Dance and Song: ethnic performances

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #84-RZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #41-RZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Население Карачаево-Черкессии". Ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Северо-Кавказская государственная гуманитарно-технологическая академия | СевКавГГТА". Kchgta.ru. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 

Sources[edit]

  • Народное Собрание (Парламент) Карачаево-Черкесской Республики. Закон №84-РЗ от 24 февраля 2004 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Карачаево-Черкесской Республики», в ред. Закона №34-РЗ от 5 июля 2011 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Карачаево-Черкесской Республики в связи с изменением наименования должности высшего должностного лица Карачаево-Черкесской Республики». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "День Республики", №36-37 (16431), 28 февраля 2004 г. (People's Assembly (Parliament) of the Karachay–Cherkess Republic. Law #84-RZ of February 24, 2004 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Karachay–Cherkess Republic, as amended by the Law #34-RZ of July 5, 2011 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Karachay–Cherkess Republic Due to the Change of the Title of the Top Executive Position of the Karachay–Cherkess Republic. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Народное Собрание (Парламент) Карачаево-Черкесской Республики. Закон №41-РЗ от 7 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования города Черкесска и наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №39-РЗ от 24 июня 2008 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Карачаево-Черкесской Республики». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "День Республики", №207–208 (16602), 14 декабря 2004 г. (People's Assembly (Parliament) of the Karachay–Cherkess Republic. Law #41-RZ of December 7, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Cherkessk and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status, as amended by the Law #39-RZ of June 24, 2008 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Karachay–Cherkess Republic. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]