Kermit, Texas

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Kermit, Texas
City
City of Kermit
Nickname(s): K-Town
Location of Kermit, Texas
Location of Kermit, Texas
Winkler County Kermit.svg
Coordinates: 31°51′21″N 103°5′39″W / 31.85583°N 103.09417°W / 31.85583; -103.09417Coordinates: 31°51′21″N 103°5′39″W / 31.85583°N 103.09417°W / 31.85583; -103.09417
Country United States
State Texas
County Winkler
Incorporated 1938
Government
 • Mayor Ken Mays[1]
 • City Manager Pete Kampfer[2]
 • City Secretary Gloria Saenz[3]
 • Chief of Police Jamie Dutton[4]
Area
 • Total 2.5 sq mi (6.5 km2)
 • Land 2.5 sq mi (6.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,861 ft (872 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 5,714
 • Density 2,288.3/sq mi (883.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 79745
Area code(s) 432
FIPS code 48-39004[5]
GNIS feature ID 1360598[6]
Website www.kermittexas.us

Kermit is a city in and the county seat of Winkler County, Texas, United States.[7] The population was 5,708 at the 2010 census.[8] The city was named for Kermit Roosevelt after a visit by his father Theodore Roosevelt to the county.

History[edit]

Old Winkler County Courthouse in Kermit, ca. 1910[9]

Establishment[edit]

Kermit began as a convenient supply center for the scattered ranches of the area. Kermit became the seat of Winkler County when the county was organized in 1910. The first public school and the post office opened the same year. The town's namesake, Kermit Roosevelt, once visited the T Bar Ranch in northern Winkler County to hunt antelope a few months before the town was named. In 1916, the county suffered a drought. Many homesteaders and ranchers were forced to leave. In 1924 only Ern Baird's family remained in the town. Only one student attended school in the county for five months of 1924. Only three houses and the courthouse were in use by 1926.

Discovery of oil[edit]

On July 16, 1926, however, oil was discovered in Hendrick oilfield, near Kermit, and the town experienced a boom. In 1927, a population of 1,000 was reported; by 1929 that number increased to 1,500. On March 4, 1929, the Texas-New Mexico Railway reached the town.

Great Depression and incorporation[edit]

The Great Depression had little effect on the city throughout much of the 1930s; however, the population declined drastically in the early 1930s, but both population and business figures rose at the end of the 1930s, when 2,700 residents and 180 businesses were listed. On February 15, 1938, residents voted to incorporate. During the 1940s, the oil boom caused real estate prices to double. Housing was scarce, and some people lived in tents. A bank was opened by 1945. The grade school had to be enlarged, and a hospital was built.

Oil boom days[edit]

In the 1950s the town continued to grow; housing additions were built. By 1960, the city had a population of 10,465 and 260 businesses, and additional growth estimated to be over 12,000 during the decade. Flooding became a problem because of the flat terrain, therefore new crown streets were constructed to solve the flooding problem, and more housing additions were built. The town moved the last working wooden derrick in the Permian Basin from Loving County to Pioneer Park in Kermit in 1966 as a symbol of the importance of the oil industry to the economy of Kermit and Winkler County. In the 1970s and 1980s, the population of Kermit bounced between 8,500 and 6,912, and the number of businesses moved between 200 and 116. Improvements were made in city services, and more housing additions were built. The 1990 United States census set the population of Kermit at 6,875.

Geography[edit]

Kermit is located at 31°51′21″N 103°5′39″W / 31.85583°N 103.09417°W / 31.85583; -103.09417 (31.855762, -103.094173)[10]. The city is located in a semi-arid region of the Permian Basin.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (6.5 km²), all land.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2010 census, there were 5,690 people residing in the city. At the 2000 census[5], there were 5,714 people, 2,097 households and 1,585 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,288.3 per square mile (882.5/km²). There were 2,592 housing units at an average density of 1,038.0 per square mile (400.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.65% White, 2.05% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 22.52% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 47.83% of the population.

There were 2,097 households, of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.18.

Age distribution was 29.9% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median household income was $38,825, as opposed to $29,143 in 2000, and the median family income was $31,690. Males had a median income of $29,596 versus $18,380 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,949. About 15.7% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.8% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Libraries[edit]

  • Winkler County Library

Schools[edit]

The City of Kermit is served by the Kermit Independent School District.[11] Kermit Independent School District was established in 1928, in a consolidation of two area school districts.[12] The district now contains three campuses: Kermit Elementary (grades K–5), Kermit Junior High (grades 6–8), and Kermit High School (grades 9–12).

Newspapers[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Kermit is the home town of NBC drama Heroes character Meredith Gordon as seen in the season one episode "The Fix". Amelia and Sam's stay house in Supernatural.

Climate[edit]

This area has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kermit has a mild desert climate, abbreviated "Bwh" on climate maps.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Kermit Website Retrieved 2013-08-09
  2. ^ City of Kermit Website Retrieved 2013-08-09
  3. ^ City of Kermit Website Retrieved 2013-08-09
  4. ^ City of Kermit Website Retrieved 2013-08-09
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ American Fact Finder Retrieved 2011-02-26
  9. ^ Wylene Kirk, "Early Post Offices and Towns in the Permian Basin Area", Texas Permian Historical Annual 1 (August 1961). Roger M. and Diana Davids Olien, Oil Booms (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1982). A History of Winkler County (Kermit, Texas: Winkler County Historical Commission, 1984). Julia Cauble Smith. Retrieved 2009-12-21
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Kermit ISD Website
  12. ^ February 4, 1954 Article found in Winkler County News. Written by Ida Belle Riggins Retrieved 2011-02-27
  13. ^ Texas Rodeo Hall of Fame Retrieved 2011-2-22
  14. ^ The Internet Movie Database Retrieved 2011-2-21
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Kermit, Texas

External links[edit]