|• Mayor||Dwain Dungen|
|• Total||2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)|
|• Land||2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||203 ft (62 m)|
|• Density||1,387.5/sq mi (535.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1333156|
Columbus is a city in Colorado County, Texas, United States, a part of the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area, 74 miles (119 km) west of Houston. The population was 4,180 as of the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Colorado County. The town's motto, coined by James Harbert Wooten, Jr., M.D., is "City of Live Oaks and Live Folks".
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10 km2), all land.
Columbus was established in 1837. The area was first populated in 1821 on the legendary site of Montezuma's Indian village. In 1822, land grants were issued to members of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred, who included Benjamin Beason (originally spelled Beeson). Beason arrived in 1821, received his land grant in 1822, and settled on the Colorado River with his wife Elizabeth "Betsy" and family. By late December 1821, colonists Robert H. Kuykendall with his brother Joseph, and Daniel Gilleland arrived in the area of present-day Columbus. In 1822, Benjamin Beason began operating a ferry across the Colorado River, and the settlement became known as Beason's Ferry or Beason's Crossing. Beason also established a gristmill, gin and a sawmill, and his wife operated a boarding house.
Beason's Crossing became part of Austin's colony in 1822, when the colony was divided into two districts by the Mexican governor José F. Trespalacios. The Mexican government granted the rights to establish a town and locals elected town officials. John J. Tumlinson, Sr. was elected alcalde, with Robert Kuykendall captain and Moses Morrison lieutenant. Tumlinson's land adjoined Beason's land, making up present-day Columbus. Tumlinson was killed by the Indians in 1823. In 1834, after the Tumlinson children inherited the estate, they sold land to William Dewees, who was married to Benjamin Beason's daughter, Lydia. Dewees's land grant was near the site of present-day Glidden, Texas.
By 1836, Beason's Ferry Crossing was home to over twenty-five families. During the fight for Texas Independence, Sam Houston and his men camped along the banks of the Colorado River near Beason's Crossing. Following the Battle of the Alamo, Santa Anna's army headed for San Jacinto and Houston ordered that Beason's Crossing be burned during the Runaway Scrape. Beason's Crossing was officially renamed Columbus after the population returned. Some speculate that it was named in honor of residents from Columbus, Ohio, while others believe the town was named after Christopher Columbus.
The town of Columbus was platted again in 1837, and the Dewees family gave land for a new school and possibly a courthouse. By 1837, the town had been re-established with two public houses, two stores and half a dozen small dwellings. 
In 1890, 2,199 people lived in Columbus. In 1900, there were 1,824 residents.
At the 2000 census, there were 3,916 people, 1,497 households and 946 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,387.5 inhabitants per square mile (535.7 /km2). There were 1,750 housing units at an average density of 620.1 per square mile (239.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.55% White, 19.94% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 10.52% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.62% of the population.
There were 1,497 households of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.04.
23.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 24.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.
The median household income was $29,175 and the median family income was $40,197. Males had a median income of $30,104 vcompared with $19,077 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,822. About 15.5% of families and 20.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.7% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over.
Notable people from Columbus
- Donna Campbell - former resident; member of the Texas Senate and an emergency room physician in New Braunfels
- Tanya McQueen - interior designer for Extreme Makeover: Home Edition
- Doug Rau - former Major League Baseball pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers
- Aaron Schobel - NFL Defensive End with the Buffalo Bills
- Bo Schobel - defensive end with the Arizona Cardinals
- Matt Schobel - tight end with the Philadelphia Eagles
- (All three Schobels were outstanding football players at TCU)
- Hal Smith - former Major League catcher and third baseman during 1955-1964
- James Truchard - co-founder of National Instruments
- William D. Lacey - a signatory of the Texas Declaration of Independence
The City of Columbus is served by the Columbus Independent School District. The district includes:
The Columbus Cardinal mascot was named by James Harbert Wooten, Jr., M.D.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Colorado County Chronicles", "Handbook of Texas", "Journals of Sam Houston", "Daughters of the Republic of Texas", "Austin's Old Three Hundred", accessed October 17, 2012.
- Don Allon Hinton, "COLUMBUS, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hgc12), accessed May 31, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
- "John W. Gonzalez, "Campbell, Wentworth in dogfight of a runoff for Senate"". San Antonio Express News. July 22, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
- "TanyaMcQueen.com". Retrieved January 6, 2007.
- Baseball Almanac. "Hal Smith Baseball Stats". Retrieved January 6, 2007.
- National Instruments Corporation. "Dr. James Truchard".
- city-data.com. "Columbus, Texas (TX) Detailed Profile". Retrieved January 6, 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Columbus, Texas.|
|Wikisource has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about Columbus, Texas.|
- City of Columbus
- Columbus Convention and Visitors Bureau
- Columbus Independent School District
- Saint Anthony School
- Texas Bible Institute