The New York Times Building

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This article is about The New York Times headquarters building since 2007. For other uses, see New York Times Building (disambiguation).
The New York Times Building
New York Times Building.jpg
General information
Type Office, retail
Location 620 Eighth Avenue
New York, New York
10018
USA
Coordinates 40°45′23″N 73°59′24″W / 40.75639°N 73.99000°W / 40.75639; -73.99000Coordinates: 40°45′23″N 73°59′24″W / 40.75639°N 73.99000°W / 40.75639; -73.99000
Construction started 2003
Completed 2007
Cost $850 million[1]
Owner The New York Times Company (58% owner) and Forest City Ratner Companies (42% owner)
Management Forest City Ratner Companies
Height
Architectural 1,046 ft (319 m)[2]
Roof 748 ft (228 m)
Top floor 721 ft (220 m)[2]
Technical details
Floor count 52[2]
Floor area 1,540,000 sq ft (143,000 m2)
Lifts/elevators 32[2] (24 passenger, 8 service)
Design and construction
Architect Renzo Piano Building Workshop, FXFOWLE Architects
Developer Forest City Ratner Companies
Structural engineer Thornton Tomasetti
Main contractor AMEC Construction Management
References
[2][3]
Height comparison of New York City buildings, with The New York Times Building first from right

The New York Times Building is a skyscraper on the west side of Midtown Manhattan that was completed in 2007. Its chief tenant is The New York Times Company, publisher of The New York Times as well as the International New York Times, and other newspapers. Construction was a joint venture of The New York Times Company, Forest City Ratner Companies—the New York subsidiary of Forest City Enterprises, the Cleveland-based real estate firm redeveloping the Brooklyn Atlantic rail yards—and ING Real Estate.

Previous locations[edit]

The original newspaper headquarters in 1851 were at 113 Nassau Street, in a little building that stood until fairly recently, then up the street a few years later at 138 Nassau Street. In 1858, the Times then moved to a five-story edifice at 41 Park Row; thirty years later, partially in response to a new tower erected by the competing Tribune, it commissioned a new 13-story building at the same site, one that remains in use by Pace University. In 1904, again partially in response to the Herald Square headquarters of another competitor, the paper moved to perhaps its most famous location, the Times Tower, altering the name of the surrounding area from Longacre Square to Times Square. The slender tower was so constricted in space that the paper outgrew it within a decade and, in 1913, moved into the Times Annex, 229 West 43rd Street, where it remained for almost a century.[4]

Planning and development[edit]

The building under construction in September 2006.

The project was announced on December 13, 2001, entailing the erection of a 52-story tower on the east side of Eighth Avenue between 40th and 41st Street across from the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey Bus Terminal. The project, in conjunction with the Hearst Tower, represents the further westward expansion of Midtown along Eighth Avenue, a corridor that had seen no construction following the completion in 1989 of One Worldwide Plaza. In addition, the new building—called by many New Yorkers "The New Times Tower"—keeps the paper in the Times Square area, which was named after the paper following its move to the original Times Tower on 42nd Street in 1904. (The New York Times Company subsequently relocated to nearby 229 West 43rd Street in 1913.)

The site for the building was obtained by the Empire State Development Corporation (ESDC) through eminent domain. With a mandate to acquire and redevelop blighted properties in Times Square, ten existing buildings were condemned by the ESDC and purchased from owners who in some cases did not want to sell, asserting that the area was no longer blighted (thanks in part to the earlier efforts of the ESDC). The ESDC, however, prevailed in the courts.[5][6] Once the 80,000-square-foot (7,400 m2) site was assembled, it was leased to The New York Times Company and Forest City Ratner for $85.6 million over 99 years (considerably below market value). [7] Additionally, The New York Times Company received $26.1 million in tax breaks.[8]

Design[edit]

The New York Times Building at night, rear view

The tower was designed by Renzo Piano Building Workshop and FXFOWLE Architects, with Gensler providing interior design. The lighting design for the building's nighttime identity was designed by the Office for Visual Interaction Inc.[9] The tower rises 748 feet (228 m) from the street to its roof, with the exterior curtain wall extending 92 feet (28 m) higher to 840 feet (260 m), and a mast rising to 1,046 feet (319 m). As of 2008, the building is tied with the Chrysler Building as the fourth tallest building in New York City, due to the unfinished One World Trade Center exceeding their height. The tower is also the seventh tallest building in the United States. As of 2010, the tower remained the fourth tallest building in New York City.

The steel-framed building, cruciform in plan, utilizes a screen of 1 58" (41.3 mm) ceramic rods mounted on the exterior of the glass curtain wall on the east, west and south facades. The rod spacing increases from the base to the top, providing greater transparency as the building rises. The steel framing and bracing is exposed at the four corner "notches" of the building.[10]

Sustainability[edit]

The new building is promoted as a green structure, though it is not LEED certified. The design incorporates many features for increased energy efficiency. The curtain wall, fully glazed with low-e glass, maximizes natural light within the building while the ceramic-rod screen helps block direct sunlight and reduce cooling loads. Mechanized shades controlled by sensors reduce glare, while more than 18,000 individually dimmable fluorescent fixtures supplement natural light, providing a real energy savings of 30 percent.[11][12]

A natural gas cogeneration plant provides 40 percent of the electrical power to The New York Times Company' space within the building, with the waste heat used for heating and cooling. Floors occupied by The New York Times Company utilize a raised floor system that allows for underfloor air distribution, which requires less cooling than a conventional ducted system. The building also incorporates free-air cooling, bringing in outside air when it is cooler than the interior space, which saves additional energy.[11] In excess of 95% of the structural steel was recycled. The building, like many in midtown Manhattan, has no on-site parking, with most employees arriving by public transit. Since December 2007, building management has provided an indoor parking area for 20 bicycles.[13] The story of the tower's construction is showcased at the Liberty Science Center's exhibition "Skyscraper! Achievement and Impact".

Climbers[edit]

Alain Robert climbing The New York Times Building on June 5, 2008

In the summer of 2008, three men illegally climbed the external facade of The New York Times Building within a month of each other, with the first two on the same day. The three climbers were not associated with one another.

On June 5, 2008, a professional climber, Alain Robert, dubbed "The French Spiderman," climbed the north side of The New York Times Building. He was able to scale the building from first floor all the way to the roof. During his climb, Robert attached a fluorescent green neon sign to the building that read "Global warming kills more people than a 9/11 every week". Robert also wore a t-shirt promoting the website "The Solution is Simple".[14] Robert was met on the roof by the NYPD emergency service unit team where he was put in a harness to ensure he did not fall and placed under arrest. Later that day, a second climber[15] scaled the western face of the building. He also was arrested for climbing the building facade after reaching the roof. The climber, 32-year-old Brooklyn resident Renaldo Clarke, was wearing a T-shirt with the words "Malaria No More" written on it.[16]

The third climber was David Malone, 29, from Connecticut, who also scaled the west side of the building on July 9, 2008. Unlike the two previous climbers, Malone did not attempt to make it to the roof. He hung a banner around the fifth floor upon the first "T" of The New York Times sign, that had a picture of Osama Bin Laden holding Bush like a puppet—"Bin Laden's Plan" (the title of his book and Web site). He then climbed higher, stopping at the 11th floor, and remained hanging on the building for four hours before being arrested. Malone said he was protesting Al Qaeda's "crusader baiting", and "intentional provocation of the U.S."[17][18] On Saturday March 24, 2012 a homeless man was caught climbing the building. He made it to the 5th floor before getting stuck, and was eventually arrested.[19]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.emporis.com/building/newyorktimestower-newyorkcity-ny-usa
  2. ^ a b c d e "New York Times Tower - The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 
  3. ^ The New York Times Building at SkyscraperPage
  4. ^ David Dunlap, "150th Anniversary: 1851-2001; Six Buildings That Share One Story," in the New York Times, 11 November 2001.
  5. ^ Dunlap, David W. (2001-10-25). "Blight to Some Is Home to Others; Concern Over Displacement by a New Times Building". New York Times 
  6. ^ Moses, Paul (2002-06-17). "The Paper of Wreckage". The Village Voice 
  7. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2001/02/28/nyregion/deal-reached-to-acquire-land-for-the-times-s-headquarters.html?pagewanted=print&src=pm
  8. ^ Bagli, Charles V. (2001-02-28). "Deal Reached to Acquire Land for The Times's Headquarters". The New York Times. 
  9. ^ Office for Visual Interaction Inc.
  10. ^ "A statement in steel: The New York Times Building". GoStructural.com. 2004-06-15. Retrieved 2007-11-29 
  11. ^ a b "The New York Times Company Enters The 21st Century With A New Technologically Advanced And Environmentally Sensitive Headquarters" (Press release). The New York Times Company. November 19, 2007. 
  12. ^ "The New York Times Building: Designing for Energy Efficiency Through Daylighting Research". Science Beat. 2004-02-17. Retrieved 2007-11-29 
  13. ^ "New York Times Employees Say Renzo Forgot the Bike Parking". 2007-12-06. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  14. ^ Nicholson, Marcy (2008-06-05). "French 'Spiderman' scales New York Times building". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-06-05. 
  15. ^ "2nd Man Climbs West Side Building in Copycat Stunt". New York Post. 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2009-09-04. [dead link]
  16. ^ Roberts, Georgett (2008-06-08). "Spidey 2: No Fear At All Times". New York Post. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  17. ^ Cruz, Wil; Coffey, Jill (2008-07-08). "Times climb - again! Man scales paper's headquarters to protest Al Qaeda". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  18. ^ yahoo.com, Man climbs up The New York Times' headquarters[dead link]
  19. ^ "Man busted for climbing up New York Times building". NY Daily News. 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-03-24. 

External links[edit]