|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2011)|
|Founded||28 January 1992|
|Commenced operations||31 May 1992|
|Frequent-flyer program||Uz Air Plus|
|Company slogan||National airline of Uzbekistan|
|Parent company||Government of Uzbekistan|
OJSC National Air Company Uzbekistan Airways, operating as Uzbekistan Airways (Uzbek: Ўзбекистон Ҳаво Йўллари, O‛zbekiston Havo Yo‛llari; Russian: Узбекские Авиалинии), is the national airline of Uzbekistan, headquartered in Tashkent. From its hub in Tashkent International Airport, the airline serves a number of domestic destinations; the company also flies international services to Asia, Europe and North America.
Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Uzbek President Islam Karimov in 1992 authorised the creation of Uzbekistan Airways. The carrier was established on 28 January 1992, and took over the operations of the Uzbekistan division of Aeroflot on 31 May 1992. The airline's maiden flight was from Tashkent to London.
Domestic flights used Russian-built aircraft that formerly belonged to Aeroflot. When international routes became top priority, Airbus planes were leased, starting in 1993.
Uzbekistan Airways serves almost 50 domestic and international destinations, from Tashkent International Airport. The airline owns 11 airports, five of which have international status.
Uzbekistan Airways Technics provides technical services for Il-76, Il-62, An-2 and Yak-42 aircraft, and aircraft engines Аn-25, Тa-6А and Тa-8, also A, B, C, D and IL checks on the Boeing 767, Boeing 757, Airbus 310, Airbus 320 and RJ-85.
At April 2000Airbus A310-300s, three Antonov An-12s, one Antonov An-24, 18 Antonov An-24Bs, three Antonov An-24RVs, three Boein 757-200s, two Boeing 767-300ERs, three BAE Systems Avro RJ85s, four Ilyushin Il-114s, two Ilyushin Il-62s, six Ilyushin Il-62Ms, ten Ilyushin Il-76Ts, nine Ilyushin Il-86s, 15 Tupolev Tu-154Bs, two Tupolev Tu-154Ms and 19 Yakovlev Yak-40s. Destinations served at the time included Almaty, Amsterdam, Andizhan, Ashgabat, Athens, Baku, Bangkok, Beijing, Bishkek, Bukhara, Chelyabinsk, Delhi, Dhaka, Ekaterinburg, Fergana, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Jeddah, Karshi, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Kuala Lumpur, London, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow, Namangan, New York, Novosibirsk, Nukus, Omsk, Paris, Riyadh, Rostov, Samara, Samarkand, Seoul, Sharjah, Simferopol, St. Petersburg, Tashkent, Tel Aviv, Termez, Tyumen, Ufa, and Urgench., the airline had 16,296 employees. At this time, the fleet comprised three
Since its formation, Uzbekistan Airways has mainly aimed its passenger service at Western Europe and other international locations. Most flights to international locations operate from Tashkent, although regional international services do exist.
The carrier is not part of any partnerships or alliances, but negotiations are under way to join SkyTeam, according to reports from the Uzbek government; however, no official announcement has been made so far either by the airline or the alliance. Uzbekistan Airways' candidacy is being sponsored by Korean Air.
Uzbekistan Airways has code share agreements with the following airlines:
Both the Boeing 757-200 and the Boeing 767-300ER entered the fleet in late 1996; the airline took delivery of these aircraft as part of an order placed in October 1995. Still in operation, both types are powered with Pratt & Whitney engines.
In mid-2007, the carrier ordered six Airbus A320s; by that time the fleet was 55 strong, comprising 10 different aircraft models; the Russian-built Yak-40 was among them. Also in mid-2007, the airline ordered two Boeing 787-8s, with a contract for the engines with General Electric worth US$70 million. In late 2008, the company ordered four Boeing 767-300ERs in a US$597 million deal, and the A320 order was boosted to ten aircraft. The airline took delivery of its first A320 in July 2010 ; the type started operations servicing the Tashkent–Baku route. The first of four Boeing 767-300ERs ordered in 2008 was delivered in February 2012 , in coincidence with the carrier's 20th anniversary. Also in 2012, the airline retired the An-24 from active service. It was informed in May 2013 that the Islamic Development Bank signed a deal for US$270 million with the Government of Uzbekistan that will be partly (US$170 million) used to finance the acquisition of two Boeing aircraft, yet the type involved was not disclosed.
|Airbus A320-200||10||—||—||—||12||138||150||One aircraft operating for the Government of Uzbekistan|
|Avro RJ85||3||—||—||Unknown||One aircraft operating for the Government of Uzbekistan|
|Boeing 757–200||6||—||—||—||28||156||184||One aircraft operating for the Government of Uzbekistan|
|Boeing 767-300ER||9||—||—||10||40||157||207||One aircraft operating for the Government of Uzbekistan;
two aircraft to be converted into freighters.
|Ilyushin Il-114-100||7||—||—||—||—||54||54||One aircraft stored|
Uzbekistan Airways also operated the following aircraft all through its history:
- Airbus A310-300
- Antonov An-12B
- Antonov An-24B
- Antonov An-24RV
- Antonov An-72
- Ilyushin Il-62
- Ilyushin Il-62M
- Ilyushin Il-76TD
- Ilyushin Il-86
- Tupolev Tu-154B
- Tupolev Tu-154M
- Yakovlev Yak-40
Accidents and incidents
According to the Aviation Safety Network, as of January 2013[update] the airline experienced eight accidents and incidents throughout its history, totalling 54 reported fatalities; only those involving fatalities and hull-losses are listed below.
|Date||Location||Aircraft||Tail number||Fate||Fatalities||Description of the event||Refs|
|17 June 1995||Nukus||An-2R||UK-33058||W/O||Unknown||Crashed 43 km (27 mi) away from the city under undisclosed circumstances.|||
|26 August 1999||Turtkul||Yak-40||UK-87848||W/O||2/33||The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled Tashkent–Turtkul passenger service when struck power lines, gear-up, after a second go-around at Turtkul Airport. It belly landed, and slid for some 130 m (430 ft), before coming to rest close to an embankment.|||
|13 January 2004||Tashkent||Yak-40||UK-87985||W/O||37/37||The airplane was completing a domestic scheduled Termez–Tashkent passenger service as Flight 1154 when it landed more than 250 m (820 ft) past the runway threshold at Tashkent Airport. The aircraft continued its run, the right wing struck a concrete building, moments later the left wing was lost, and hit a concrete wall that caused the airframe to break up, eventually coming to rest into a ditch and catching fire.|||
|19 October 2006||Aranchi||An-2TP||UK-70152||W/O||15/15||Crashed amid bad weather, on approach to the Aranchi airfield, while operating a military training flight.|||
|August 2009||Zarafshan||An-24RV||UK-46658||W/O||0||Premature retraction of the undercarriage during the takeoff run at Zarafshan Airport.|||
- "Uzbekistan Airways to put its A310s, Avro ARJ-85s up for sale". ch-aviation GmbH. 7 June 2013. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013.
- "Uzbekistan Airways – About Us". Uzbekistan Airways. Retrieved 27 September 2011. "Address: 41 A. Temur street, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 100060"
- "World Airline Directory – Uzbekistan Airways". Flight International 157 (4721): 107. 28 March 2000 – 3 April 2000. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013.
- "SubFleets for: Uzbekistan Airways". AeroTransport Data Bank. 20 May 2013. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013.
- "Uzbekistan Airways increases transportation volumes". The Governmental portal of the Republic of Uzbekistan. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2012.[dead link]
- "Boeing Orders and Deliveries – Customer Reports". Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- "Commercial Aircraft Directory—ILYUSHIN – IL-114" (PDF). Flight International: 53. 25 August 1999 – 31 August 1999. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- "Uzbekistan Airways takes first production Il-114 turboprop". Flightglobal. Flight International. 12 August 1998. Archived from the original on 13 November 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- Karp, Aaron (29 June 2007). "Airbus signs China A320 FAL agreement". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011. "Separately, Uzbekistan Airways ordered six A320s as part of its fleet rationalization. It operates a mixed fleet of 55 aircraft spread over 10 different types from the 767-300ER to the Yak-40 but is rebuilding its fleet around 787s and A320s."
- "Other News – 10/11/2007". 12 October 2007. Archived from the original on 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- Straus, Brian (10 November 2008). "Marsans, Uzbekistan firm aircraft orders". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012. "Uzbekistan finalized its order for four 767-300ERs worth $597 million at list prices, Boeing said."
- "Uzbekistan Orders Four 767s" (Press release). Boeing. 7 November 2008. Archived from the original on 10 May 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- "Uzbekistan Airways orders four A320s". Air Transport World. 18 December 2008. Archived from the original on 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (4 November 2008). "Uzbekistan Airways to take four more 767s and A320s". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 10 May 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- "Aircraft News". Air Transport World. 19 July 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2011. "Uzbekistan Airways received its first A320, configured in a two-class cabin layout seating 150 passengers, 12 in business and 138 in economy. It is the first of 10 A320s ordered directly from Airbus as part of the carrier’s strategic fleet modernization program. The A320 will make its first commercial flight today from Tashkent to Baku."
- "Boeing Delivers Uzbekistan Airways 767-300ER as Airline Marks 20th Anniversary" (Press release). Boeing. 8 February 2012. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- "News". ch-aviation GmbH. 18 February 2012. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013.
- "IDB gives Uzbekistan USD 270 mln". Jeddah: Kuwait News Agency. 29 May 2013. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013.
- "Uzbekistan Airways operates its last A310-300 flight". ch-aviation. Archived from the original on 8 August 2013.
- "Uzbekistan Airways Fleet". ch-aviation GmbH. Archived from the original on 1 May 2014.
- Hofmann, Kurt (1 May 2014). "Uzbekistan Airways expands freighter fleet". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 1 May 2014.
- "Uzbekistan Airways accident record". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- Accident description for UK-33058 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 18 October 2011.
- Accident description for UK-87848 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 30 September 2011.
- "Uzbek Yak-40 crashes in Tashkent". Flightglobal. Flight International. 20 January 2004. Archived from the original on 8 August 2013.
- Accident description for UK-87985 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 September 2011.
- Accident description for UK-70152 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 6 November 2011.
- Stringer, Robin (19 October 2006). "Uzbekistan Airways Plane Crashes on Military Flight, Killing 15". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 18 September 2013.
- Accident description for UK-46658 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 6 November 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Uzbekistan Airways.|
- (English)/(Russian)/(Uzbek) Uzbekistan Airways official website