Vnukovo International Airport

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Vnukovo International Airport
Международный Аэропорт Внуково
VKO new logo.png
Airport, Ramp JP7551641.jpg
IATA: VKOICAO: UUWW
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator JSC "Vnukovo Airport"
Serves Moscow
Location Moscow, Russia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 209 m / 686 ft
Coordinates 55°35′46″N 37°16′03″E / 55.59611°N 37.26750°E / 55.59611; 37.26750Coordinates: 55°35′46″N 37°16′03″E / 55.59611°N 37.26750°E / 55.59611; 37.26750
Website www.vnukovo.ru
Map
VKO is located in Moscow
VKO
VKO
Location in Moscow
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,000 9,842 Concrete
01/19 3,060 10,039 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 11,175,100
Aircraft movements 163,600
Source: DAFIF,[1][2] airport web site[3]

Vnukovo International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт Внуково; IPA: [ˈvnukəvə]) (IATA: VKOICAO: UUWW), is a dual runway international airport located 28 kilometres (17 mi) southwest from the centre of Moscow, Russia. This is one of the three major airports that serves Moscow, along with the Domodedovo International Airport and the Sheremetyevo International Airport. In 2013, the airport handled 11.18 million passengers, representing an increase of 15% compared to the previous year. [3] It is the 4th-busiest airport in Russia and post-Soviet states.

Vnukovo Airport was opened and used for military operations during the Second World War, but became a civilian facility after the war.

History[edit]

US president Ronald Reagan at Vnukovo in 1988

Vnukovo is Moscow's oldest operating airport. Its construction was approved by the Soviet government in 1937, because the older Khodynka Aerodrome (located much closer to the city centre, but closed by the 1980s) was becoming overloaded. Vnukovo was opened on 1 July 1941. During the Great Patriotic War, it was used as a military airbase; passenger services started after the war.

On 15 September 1956, the Tupolev Tu-104 jetliner made its first passenger flight from Moscow Vnukovo to Irkutsk via Omsk.

On 4 November 1957, a plane carrying Romanian Workers' Party officials, including the most prominent politicians of Communist Romania (Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Chivu Stoica, Alexandru Moghioroş, Ştefan Voitec, Nicolae Ceauşescu, Leonte Răutu, and Grigore Preoteasa), was involved in an accident at Vnukovo Airport. Preoteasa, who was Minister of Foreign Affairs at the time, was killed, as was the aircraft's crew. Several others were seriously injured.

The first passenger flights of the IL-18 (Moscow to Alma-Ata on 20 April 1956) and Tu-114 (Moscow to Khabarovsk on 24 April 1961) were also made from Vnukovo Airport. In 1980, Vnukovo was expanded because of the 22nd Summer Olympic Games. In 1993, Vnukovo Airport became a joint-stock company.

Vnukovo Airport being renovated, August 2008

A massive reconstruction and strategic development programme commenced at Vnukovo International in late 2003, following the transfer by the Federal Government of the controlling stake in the airport to the Government of Moscow.

As part of the Airport Strategic Development Plan, the following projects were completed between 2003 and 2005:

  • April 2004: New Terminal B was opened. The terminal currently handles international passengers. But in the future, it will be converted to handle domestic flights or to fulfill any other dedicated functions to be determined at a later date. The terminal's total floor space offering stands at 80,000 sq m, allowing for an annual passenger throughput capacity of four million.
  • December 2010: New Terminal A was opened.

Vnukovo is Europe’s busiest airport for international flights by larger private planes.[4]

Location and capacity[edit]

Of the three Moscow airports, Vnukovo is the highest (204 m above sea level). Hence, in case of fog, it has frequently served as an alternative airport.[5]

The airfield has two intersecting runways of 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) and 3,060 metres (10,040 ft) in length. Each runway is 60 metres (200 ft) wide, with 10 m wide safety shoulders on each side. The joint runway capacity is 60 aircraft movements per hour.

The airport has two passenger terminals (Terminal A and Terminal B), one general aviation terminal (for charter and business flights), one cargo terminal, and 60 aircraft stands.

The airport can handle a maximum of 10,100 passengers per hour,[6] and 4,000 people are employed there. In 2013, the airport handled almost 11.18 million passengers, representing a 15.3% increase compared to 2012.[3] In February 2014 the airport handled 722,500 passengers, an increase of 23.8% compared to February 2013, partly attributed to expansion by UTair Aviation and Transaero Airlines.[7]

Vnukovo Airport is equipped with a VIP hall, which is used by many political leaders and important people visiting Russia. The Russian President also uses Vnukovo's VIP facility.

The Tupolev airliner rework facility is located at the edge of the airport, and major overhaul and modification programmes are carried out in several large aircraft hangars.

On the northern perimeter of the airport, the government VIP transport wing is located, operating head-of-state flights for high-ranking government officials. Thus, the airport is occasionally closed for regular flights when VIP flights arrive or depart.

Further expansion[edit]

The prospective development programme is intended to last until the year 2015, and is aimed at transforming Vnukovo International into a highly competitive air transportation hub of international significance – one that would offer a comprehensive range of quality services to both its passengers and its tenant carriers.

A new international passenger Terminal A will have a total floor space of 250,000 sq. m and passenger throughput capacity of 7,800 passengers per hour, making a total capacity of 18–20 million passengers annually.[8] This will open up a plethora of opportunities for the tenant airlines to expand and radically improve the quality of their customer service at the airport, and ensure the introduction of international-quality service and comfort overall. The sprawling terminal building will be located on the site of the existing domestic passenger terminal, and will also serve as a springboard for the subsequent development of the entire adjacent landside area both next to the terminal and further out towards Vnukovo Settlement. The oldest of the Vnukovo passenger terminals, dating back to 1941, will be demolished by the time construction of the new one goes ahead (it started to be dismantled in November 2005). The existing Domestic Terminal 2, built in the late 1970s, will continue in operation until its eventual demolition during the final phase of construction and replacement with the new terminal.

The expansion plans include lengthening one of the two V-configured runways (3,000 m and 3,060 m long) to 3,800 m and upgrading the instrument landing system from the present CAT II to CAT III. The existing taxiways are to be extended as part of the expansion and new ones will also be built, along with a brand new control tower, an extension to the cargo terminal, and a multistory car park.

Terminals[edit]

Terminal A is used both for domestic and international flights, Terminal B is used for international flights (later, terminal B will be used for charter and low-cost international flights), and Terminal D is used for domestic arrivals from North Caucasus only.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Lufthansa Airbus A321 taxiing at Vnukovo International Airport
I-Fly Airbus A330-300 taxiing at Vnukovo International Airport
Yakutia Airlines Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Vnukovo International Airport
Germanwings Airbus A319 landing at Vnukovo International Airport
Turkish Airlines Airbus A321 taxiing at Vnukovo International Airport
UTair Aviation Boeing 737-500 takeoff from Vnukovo International Airport
Transaero Boeing 737-800 landing at Vnukovo International Airport

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg A
Aigle Azur Paris–Orly (ends 26 October 2014)[9] A
Air Armenia Yerevan A
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Burgas,[10] Varna[10] B
Bluebird Airways Charter: Heraklion B
flydubai Dubai–International[11] A
Gazpromavia Barnaul, Beloyarsky, Krasnodar, Makhachkala, Irkutsk, Nadym, Novy Urengoy, Saint Petersburg, Sovetsky, Tyumen, Ukhta, Vorkuta, Yekaterinburg A
Gazpromavia Nukus B
Georgian Airways Kutaisi,[12] Tbilisi[13] A
Germanwings Berlin–Tegel,[10] Cologne/Bonn,[14] Düsseldorf (begins 26 October 2014)[15] B
Grozny Avia Grozny* A
Hamburg Airways Charter: Braunschweig B
I-Fly Charter: Antalya, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Burgas, Colombo, Dubai–International, Hurghada, Istanbul–Atatürk, Phuket, Rimini, Salzburg, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife–South, Verona B
Lufthansa Düsseldorf (ends 25 October 2014), Frankfurt A
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini A
Motor Sich Airlines Zaporizhia[16] B
Nordwind Airlines Charter: Hurghada,[17] Sharm el-Sheikh[17] B
Red Wings Airlines Makhachkala*[10] A
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets[18] A
Syrian Air Latakia B
Transaero Airlines Aktau, Almaty, Astana, Atyrau, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Bukhara, Cancún, Donetsk (suspended),[19] Dubai–International,[20] Frankfurt, Gorno-Altaysk (begins 26 October 2014),[21] Irkutsk, Karagandy, Istanbul–Atatürk, Khabarovsk, Kokshetau, Kostanay, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Kiev–Zhulyany, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lyon, Malé, Miami, Milan–Malpensa,[22] New York–JFK, Nizhnevartovsk,[23] Norilsk, Novosibirsk, Novy Urengoy, Odessa, Omsk, Paris–Orly, Paphos, Phuket, Riga, Rimini, Rome–Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Shymkent, Sochi, Saint Petersburg, Tashkent, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion,[22] Tomsk,[24] Toronto–Pearson, Ufa, Varadero,[25] Venice–Marco Polo, Vienna, Vladivostok, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan[26]
Seasonal: Denpasar/Bali, Dubrovnik, Faro, Montego Bay, Heraklion, Ibiza, Mahé, Mauritius, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sanya (begins 26 October 2014),[27] Split, Taipei–Taoyuan[28]
A
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul–Atatürk A
UTair Aviation Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Baku, Barnaul,[29] Belgorod, Bratislava, Brno, Chelyabinsk, Donetsk (suspended),[30] Dresden, Hanover, Hévíz–Balaton,[31] Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Khanty-Mansiysk, Kogalym, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Kurgan, Magnitogorsk, Makhachkala,* Mineralnye Vody, Minsk–National, Murmansk, Nalchik,* Naryan-Mar, Nazran, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Novosibirsk, Noyabrsk, Nyagan, Omsk, Perm, Riga, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Sochi, Stavropol, Surgut, Syktyvkar, Tallinn, Tashkent, Thessaloniki, Tomsk, Tyumen, Ufa, Ulyanovsk–Baratayevka, Usinsk, Vilnius, Vladikavkaz,* Volgograd, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan,[32] Yoshkar-Ola
Seasonal: Anapa, Beloyarsky,[32] Denpasar, Gelendzhik, Phuket, Simferopol
A
UTair Aviation Bukhara, Dushanbe, Fergana, Ganja, Lankaran,[32] Nakhchivan, Samarkand B
UTair Aviation
operated by UTair-Express
Kazan, Kirov, Kursk, Nizhny Novgorod, Tambov, Ulyanovsk–Baratayevka, Vilnius, Voronezh A
UTair Aviation
operated by UTair-Ukraine
Kiev–Zhulyany, Lviv A
Vologda Aviation Enterprise Vologda A
Wizz Air Budapest B
Wizz Air
operated by Wizz Air Ukraine
Kiev–Zhulyany[33] B
Yakutia Airlines Anadyr, Blagoveshchensk,[34] Bratsk, Krasnodar, Magadan, Makhachkala,* Neryungri, Pevek, Simferopol,[35] Sochi, Tiksi,[36] Yakutsk
Seasonal: Ulan-Ude
A
Yakutia Airlines Seasonal charter: Barcelona, Turin, Verona B

^* – Domestic flights from North Caucasus arrive to Terminal D

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ATRAN Cologne/Bonn
Grizodubova Air Company Abakan
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn

Transport links[edit]

Rail[edit]

Vnukovo Aeroexpress station

Aeroexpress direct line connects Vnukovo Airport and Kiyevsky Rail Terminal in Moscow city centre. One-way journey costs 400 rubles[37] (as of January 2014). The journey takes 35 minutes.

Bus[edit]

Moscow city (Yugo-Zapadnaya metro station – terminus station of Sokolnicheskaya Line) can be reached by the official Mosgortrans bus lines: 611, 611s (Russian: 611с) and 611f (Russian: 611ф). One-way journey costs 25 rubles (as of October 2012).
Private marshrutka line 45 also serves this direction. One-way journey costs 100 rubles (as of October 2012). Due to heavy traffic in Moscow, journey takes 15 minutes to 1 hour.

Taxi[edit]

Several taxi services to Moscow city and suburbs are available at the airport.

Other facilities[edit]

Previously Vnukovo Airlines had its head office at the airport.[38]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 3 January 1976, Aeroflot Flight 2003, a Tupolev Tu-124, crashed 7 km (4.3 mi) west of Vnukovo Airport after both artificial horizons failed in IMC.
  • On 17 March 1979, Aeroflot Flight 1691 crashed 1.5 kilometres away from the runway while attempting to return to the airport.[39]
  • On 16 January 2010, UTair Aviation Boeing 737-500 VQ-BAC departed the runway on landing and was substantially damaged when the nosewheel collapsed.[40]
  • On 4 December 2010, South East Airlines Flight 372, which had departed from Vnukovo, lost power to all of its engines and made an emergency landing at Domodedovo International Airport. Upon landing, the plane overshot the runway, resulting in a crash and the death of two of the 168 passengers and crew.[41]
  • On 29 December 2012, a Red Wings TU-204 overran the runway. The aircraft burst into flames and broke into three pieces. At least five people were killed.[42]
  • In May 2013, some dry leased Boeing 737-400s of UTair ran into accident situations such as tyre burning and breaking of wheels. No passengers were killed or injured. UTair promises to cancel flights of most old and many times leased fleet as early as possible.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for UUWW at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for VKO at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ a b c "Vnukovo Airport passenger statistics for 2013". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  4. ^ http://www.economist.com/news/business/21582511-how-sell-more-stuff-those-who-want-nothing-posters-plutocrats Advertising to the super-rich: Posters for plutocrats
  5. ^ Airport's Competitive Advantages
  6. ^ "vnukovo.ru – Facts and figures". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Growth at Vnukovo". Airliner World: 12. May 2014. 
  8. ^ Terminal A Information
  9. ^ "France's Aigle Azur to axe Moscow flights later this month". News (ch-aviation GmbH). ch-aviation. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Сезонное расписание рейсов". ОАО «Международный Аэропорт «Внуково». Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  11. ^ L, J (12 May 2014). "flydubai Adds Moscow Service from late-Sep 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "Georgian Airways will start flight from King David International Airport to Vnukovo Airport Moscow from 7 June". King David the Builder International Airport official facebook. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "News from Airzena!". Georgian Airways. Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  14. ^ "Timetable". Germanwings. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  15. ^ "Pressearchiv von Germanwings - Unternehmen". germanwings.com. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "SCHEDULED FLIGHTS TIME TIMETABLE". Motor Sich JSC Airlines. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "Аэропорт Внуково приветствует нового перевозчика — авиакомпанию Nord Wind Airlines". PJSC Vnukovo Airport. Retrieved 17 October 2013. 
  18. ^ "The regular flights time schedule". The airline "Severstal Ltd". Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  19. ^ "Notice for passengers". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  20. ^ L, J (20 August 2013). "Transaero to Start Dubai Service from late-September 2013". Routesonline / Routes. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  21. ^ "«Трансаэро» в конце октября откроет рейс Москва - Горно-Алтайск". ПолитСибРу. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Аэропорт Внуково и авиакомпания "Трансаэро" подписали меморандум о стратегическом сотрудничестве". Aviation EXplorer. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  23. ^ "Авиакомпания «Трансаэро» начинает полеты по маршрутам Москва – Нижневартовск– Москва, Москва – Тайпэй – Москва". JSC "TRANSAERO" Airlines. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  24. ^ "City pairs Schedule". JSC "TRANSAERO" Airlines. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  25. ^ L, J (21 February 2014). "Transaero Moves Moscow – Varadero Service to Vnukovo Airport from late-May 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  26. ^ ""Трансаэро" открывает второй ежедневный рейс между Москвой и Ереваном из аэропорта Внуково". Aviation Explorer. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  27. ^ L, J (4 July 2014). "Transaero Increases Capacity to Sanya in W14". Airline Route. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  28. ^ L, J (7 April 2014). "Transaero Plans to Resume Taipei Service July – Sep 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  29. ^ "Авиакомпания "ЮТэйр" открыла продажу билетов на рейсы из Барнаула в московский аэропорт Внуково". Новости компании. Авиапредприятие «Алтай». Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  30. ^ "Notice for passengers". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  31. ^ "Schedule". UTair Aviation. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  32. ^ a b c L, J (2 April 2014). "UTair S14 Planned New Routes". Airline Route. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  33. ^ L, J (1 August 2014). "WizzAir to Start Kiev – Moscow Service from late-Sep 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  34. ^ "Авиакомпания "Якутия" с 26 мая возобновит полеты в Благовещенск из Москвы". Interfax. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  35. ^ "Yakutia to Start Simferopol Operation from May 2014". Airline Route. 21 April 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  36. ^ "Возобновляется рейс Тикси – Москва". Yakutian-Sakha information agency. 16 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  37. ^ "Vnukovo". Aeroexpress. 
  38. ^ Accident Investigation Board Norway (2 November 1999). "Report on the Accident to Vnukovo Airline's Tupolev Tu-154M RA 85621 Near Svalbard Airport Longyear, Norway on 29 August 1996". Retrieved 21 August 2014.  p. 4/121. "Owner: Vnukovo Airlines 1st Ulitsa Relsovaya 12 Vnukovo Airport Moscow, 103027, Russia"
  39. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19790317-1%7CTupolev Tu-104B accident Mar 17 1979
  40. ^ "Recent accidents / incidents worldwide". JACDEC. Retrieved 17 January 2010. 
  41. ^ "Two killed as plane makes emergency landing in Russia". AFP. 4 December 2010. Retrieved 4 December.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  42. ^ "Four dead as passenger jet crashes into highway outside Moscow (PHOTOS, VIDEO)". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 

External links[edit]