Vnukovo International Airport
|Vnukovo International Airport
Международный Аэропорт Внуково
|Terminal B at night|
|IATA: VKO – ICAO: UUWW
|Operator||JSC "Vnukovo Airport"|
|Elevation AMSL||209 m / 686 ft|
|Source: DAFIF, airport web site|
Vnukovo International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт Внуково; IPA: [ˈvnukəvə]) (IATA: VKO, ICAO: UUWW), is a dual runway international airport located 28 kilometres (17 mi) southwest from the centre of Moscow, Russia. It is one of three major airports serving Moscow (along with Domodedovo International Airport and Sheremetyevo International Airport). In 2010 the airport handled 9.46 million passengers, representing a 22.5% increase over 2009. It is the 4th busiest airport in Russia.
Vnukovo Airport was opened and used for military operations during the Second World War, but became a civilian facility after the war.
Vnukovo is the oldest of Moscow's operating airports. Its construction was approved by the Soviet government in 1937, since the older Khodynka Aerodrome (located much closer to the city centre, but closed by the 1980s) was becoming overloaded. Vnukovo was opened on 1 July 1941. During the Great Patriotic War it served as a military airbase; passenger services started after the war.
On 4 November 1957 the Romanian Workers' Party, comprising the most prominent politicians of Communist Romania (Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Chivu Stoica, Alexandru Moghioroş, Ştefan Voitec, Nicolae Ceauşescu, Leonte Răutu and Grigore Preoteasa), was involved in an accident at Vnukovo Airport; Preoteasa (who was Minister of Foreign Affairs at the time) was killed, as was the aircraft's crew. Several others were seriously injured.
The first passenger flights of IL-18 (Moscow to Alma-Ata on 20 April 1956) and Tu-114 (Moscow to Khabarovsk on 24 April 1961) were also made from Vnukovo Airport. In 1980, Vnukovo was expanded because of the 22nd Summer Olympic Games. In 1993, Vnukovo Airport became a joint-stock company.
A massive reconstruction and strategic development programme commenced at Vnukovo International in late 2003, following the transfer by the Federal Government of the controlling stake in the airport to the Government of Moscow.
As part of the Airport Strategic Development Plan the following projects were completed between 2003 and 2005.
- April 2004: New Terminal B was opened. The terminal currently handles international passengers, but in the future it will be converted to handle domestic flights or fulfil any other dedicated functions to be determined at a later date. The terminal's total floor space offering stands at 80,000 sq m, allowing for an annual passenger throughput capacity of four million.
- December 2010: New Terminal A was opened.
Location and capacity 
Of the three Moscow airports, Vnukovo is the highest (204m above sea level) and hence in case of fog it has frequently served as an alternative airport.
The airfield has two intersecting runways of 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) and 3,060 metres (10,040 ft) in length. Each runway is 60 metres (200 ft) wide, with 10m wide safety shoulders on each side. The joint runway capacity is 60 aircraft movements per hour.
The airport has two passenger terminals (Terminal A and Terminal B), one general aviation terminal (for charter and business flights), one cargo terminal and 60 aircraft stands.
The airport can handle a maximum number of 3,000 passengers per hour, and 4,000 people are employed there. In 2008 the airport handled almost 8 million passengers, representing a 16.7% increase over 2007.
Vnukovo Airport is equipped with a VIP hall, which is used by many political leaders and important people visiting Russia. The Russian President also uses Vnukovo's VIP facility.
The Tupolev airliner rework facility is located at the edge of the airport and major overhaul and modification programmes are carried out in several large aircraft hangars.
On the northern perimeter of the airport, the government VIP transport wing is located, operating head-of-state flights for high-ranking government officials. Thus, the airport is occasionally closed for regular flights when VIP flights arrive or depart.
Further expansion 
The prospective development programme is intended to last until the year 2015 and is aimed at transforming Vnukovo International into a highly competitive air transportation hub of international significance – one that would offer a comprehensive range of quality services to both its passengers and its tenant carriers.
A new international passenger Terminal A will have a total floor space of 250,000 sq m and passenger throughput capacity of 7,800 passengers per hour, making a total capacity of 18–20 million passengers annually. This will open up a plethora of opportunities for the tenant airlines to expand and radically improve the quality of their customer service at the airport, and ensure the introduction of international-quality service and comfort overall. The sprawling terminal building will be located on the site of the existing domestic passenger terminal and will also serve as a springboard for the subsequent development of the entire adjacent landside area both next to the terminal and further out towards Vnukovo Settlement. The oldest of the Vnukovo passenger terminals, dating back to 1941, will be demolished by the time construction of the new one goes ahead (it started to be dismantled in November 2005). The existing Domestic Terminal 2 built in the late 1970s will continue in operation until its eventual demolition during the final phase of construction and replacement with the new terminal.
The expansion plans include lengthening one of the two V-configured runways (3,000m and 3,060m long) to 3,800m and upgrading the instrument landing system from the present CAT II to CAT III. The existing taxiways are to be extended as part of the expansion and new ones will also be built, along with a brand new control tower, an extension to the cargo terminal and a multi-storey car park.
Terminal A is used both for domestic and international flights, Terminal B is used for international flights (later terminal B will be used for charter and low-cost international flights), Terminal D is used for domestic arrivals from North Caucasus only.
Airlines and destinations 
|Grizodubova Air Company||Abakan|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Istanbul–Atatürk|
Moscow city (Yugo-Zapadnaya metro station – terminus station of Sokolnicheskaya Line) can be reached by the official Mosgortrans bus lines: 611, 611s (Russian: 611с) and 611f (Russian: 611ф). One way journey costs 25 rubles (as for October 2012).
Private marshrutka line 45 also serves this direction. One way journey costs 100 rubles (as for October 2012). Due to heavy traffic in Moscow journey takes 15 minutes to 1 hour.
Several taxi services to Moscow city and suburbs are available at the airport.
Accidents and incidents 
- On 17 March 1979, Aeroflot Flight 1691 crashed 1.5 kilometres away from the runway while attempting to return to the airport.
- On 16 January 2010, UTair Aviation Boeing 737-500 VQ-BAC departed the runway on landing and was substantially damaged when the nosewheel collapsed.
- On 4 December 2010, South East Airlines Flight 372, which had departed from Vnukovo, lost power to all its engines and made an emergency landing at Domodedovo International Airport. Upon landing the plane overshot the runway resulting in a crash and the death of two of the 168 passengers and crew.
- On 29 December 2012, a Red Wings TU-204 overran the runway. The aircraft burst into flames and broke into three pieces. At least five persons were killed.
- In May 2013, some dry leased boeings 737-400 of UTair got in to accident situations such as tyre burning, break of wheels and other reasons. No dead or injured passenger. UTair promises to cancel flights of most old and many times leased fleet as early as possible.
See also 
- Airport information for UUWW at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for VKO at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- Vnukovo Airport passenger statistics for 2008
- Airport's Competitive Advantages
- Terminal A Information
- "Aigle Azur : un Nice – Moscou cet été". Air Journal. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "Georgian Airways will start flight from King David International Airport to Vnukovo Airport Moscow from 7 June". King David the Builder International Airport official facebook. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "News from Airzena!". Georgian Airways. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- "Авиакомпания "Грозный Авиа" начинает выполнение регулярных рейсов из аэропорта Внуково в Нальчик". Новости аэропорта. Аэропорт Внуково. Retrieved 3 September 2012.,
- "Lufthansa launches new flights from Vnukovo".
- "Между Винницей и Москвой наладили прямое регулярное авиасообщение". Ukrinform. 2 April 2013. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "SCHEDULED FLIGHTS TIME TIMETABLE". Motor Sich JSC Airlines. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "The regular flights time schedule". The airline "Severstal Ltd". Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- "Schedule". City pairs Schedule. JSC "TRANSAERO" Airlines. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
- "City pairs Schedule". Information and Services. JSC "TRANSAERO" Airlines. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
- "Аэропорт Внуково и авиакомпания "Трансаэро" подписали меморандум о стратегическом сотрудничестве". Aviation EXplorer. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
- "UTair launches new direct flights from Moscow to Chelyabinsk!". UTair Aviarion. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- "Российская Ютэйр начнет полеты из Москвы в Киев с 3 декабря". avianews.com by Aviation Today. 22 November 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- Демьянко, Ольга (31 October 2012). "Курский аэропорт возобновляет авиасообщение с Москвой". ЗАО «Коммерсантъ. Издательский дом». Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- Плохотниченко, Юрий (26 October 2012). "UTair меняет аэропорт в Минске". Travel.ru. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
- "UTair Launches Flights between Moscow and Nalchik". News. Utair Aviation. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "С 24 мая новый регулярный рейс: Москва – Одесса!". UTair Aviation. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Авиакомпания "Ютэйр" возобновляет рейсы Тамбов – Москва". 68news.
- "UTair launches new direct flights from Moscow to Yekaterinburg!". UTair Aviation. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- "Новый рейс! Москва – Киев (Жуляны)". UTair Aviation. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Wizz Air рассказала, когда начнет полеты из Киева в Москву и Петербург". avianews.com by Aviation Today. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- "Авиакомпания "Якутия" с 26 мая возобновит полеты в Благовещенск из Москвы". Interfax. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- Егоршева, Нина (15 February 2013). "Российские туроператоры впервые ставят чартер в Венгрию – и сразу два". RATA-news. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19790317-1%7CTupolev Tu-104B accident Mar 17 1979
- "Recent accidents / incidents worldwide". JACDEC. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
- "Two killed as plane makes emergency landing in Russia". AFP. 4 December 2010. Retrieved 4 December.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Vnukovo International Airport|
- Vnukovo International Airport official website (English) (Russian)
- Aeroexpress service (English) (Russian)
- Historical weather records for Vnukovo
- Current weather for UUWW at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for VKO at Aviation Safety Network