The airport is located in the Mārupe municipality 5.4 NM (10.0 km; 6.2 mi) west of Riga and is a state-owned joint-stock company, with the owner of all shares being the government of Latvia. The holder of the state capital share is Latvia's Ministry of Transport. In 2014, the airport served 4,814,073 passengers, a 0.4% increase on 2013. The airport handled 32,984 tonnes of cargo in 2014.
The airport was built in 1973 as an alternative to Spilve Airport, which had become outdated.
Renovation and modernization of the airport was completed in 2001, coinciding with the 800th anniversary of the founding of the city.
In 2006, the new north terminal extension was opened. The airport has three terminals: A & C for non-Schengen, and B for Schengen departures. Arrivals 1, in terminal A, handles the Schengen arrivals, while Arrivals 2, in terminal C, handles the non-Schengen arrivals. A maintenance, repair and overhaul facility was opened in the autumn of 2006, to be run as a joint venture between two local companies: Concors and SR-Technik. The airport has ILS CAT II.
Bus route #22, operated by Rīgas Satiksme, runs between Riga city centre and the airport.
airBaltic in cooperation with Radisson Hotel Latvia offers a shuttle bus service – Airport Express. The bus operates between Riga airport and the Radisson Hotel Latvia, (in the city centre).
There are international bus connections from the airport to cities in Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Germany, Russia and Belarus. Additional information on bus routes and schedules may be found at the airport information centre.
Groups visiting Latvia for the purpose of entertainment have partybuses at their disposal.