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Events from the year 1807 in the United Kingdom.
- 1 January - The island of Curaçao is captured by Admiral Charles Brisbane.
- 28 January - Pall Mall, London becomes the first street with gas lighting in a demonstration by Frederick Albert Winsor.
- 3 February - Napoleonic Wars and Anglo-Spanish War – Battle of Montevideo: The British Army captures Montevideo from the Spanish Empire as part of the British invasions of the Río de la Plata.
- 18 February - The Royal Navy gun-brig Snipe runs aground 60 yards (55 m) off Great Yarmouth in a storm, with around 200 people drowned, inspiring Captain Manby to invent the Manby Mortar.
- 23 February - Around forty people are killed in a crush attending a public hanging in London.
- 25 March
- 31 March - Duke of Portland asked to form a government following the collapse of the Ministry of all the Talents.
- 4 May–9 June - The Duke of Portland wins the general election.
- 31 May - Primitive Methodism originates in an All Day of Prayer at Mow Cop in North Staffordshire.
- June - First Ascot Gold Cup held.
- 22 June - Chesapeake-Leopard Affair: Royal Navy warship HMS Leopard attacks and boards the United States Navy frigate USS Chesapeake off Norfolk, Virginia, seeking deserters.
- 5 July - Disastrous attack on Buenos Aires.
- 7–9 July - Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia. Napoleon and Emperor Alexander I of Russia ally together against the British.
- 13 July - With the death at Frascati of Cardinal Henry Benedict Stuart, the last Stuart claimant to the throne, the movement of Jacobitism comes to an effective end.
- 2–7 September - Battle of Copenhagen: The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent the Dano-Norwegian navy from surrendering to Napoleon. One-third of the city is destroyed and two thousand citizens killed.
- September - Anglo-Russian War: Russia declares war on the United Kingdom.
- 13 November - Geological Society founded in London.
- 20 November - Sinking of the Rochdale and the Prince of Wales: The British troopships Rochdale (brig) and Prince of Wales (packet ship) sink in a storm in Dublin Bay with around 400 drowned.
- 22 December - The U.S. Congress passes the Embargo Act in response to the Orders in Council.
- 29 December - The Royal Navy ship of the line HMS Anson runs aground on Loe Bar, Cornwall, with around sixty people drowned, inspiring Henry Trengrouse to invent a rocket apparatus for saving life from shipwrecks.