1963 in the United Kingdom
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|1963 in the United Kingdom:|
|1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, Television and music|
Events of the year 1963 in the United Kingdom. This year sees changes in the leadership of both principal political parties, the Profumo Affair and the rise of The Beatles as well as the launch of the long-running sci-fi series Doctor Who.
- Monarch – Elizabeth II
- Prime Minister – Harold Macmillan (Conservative) (until 18 October), Alec Douglas-Home (Conservative) (starting 18 October)
- January–April – Winter of 1963: Britain has the worst winter since 1946-1947. Low temperatures keep lying snow around until early April in some areas.
- 7 January – Granada Television first broadcasts World in Action, its influential investigative current affairs series, which will run for 35 years.
- 11 January – Musical film Summer Holiday starring Cliff Richard receives its London premiere.
- 16 January – The Macmillan government announces that a new town will be developed in Shropshire. Dawley New Town will incorporate existing communities including Dawley, Ironbridge and Madeley, and will largely be used as an overspill town for Birmingham and Wolverhampton.
- 18 January – Hugh Gaitskell, Labour Party leader, dies suddenly aged 56.
- 23 January – Double agent Kim Philby disappears from Beirut having defected to the Soviet Union.
- 29 January – Charles de Gaulle, President of France, vetos the UK's entry into the European Economic Community.
- 14 February – The Labour Party elects 46-year-old Huyton MP Harold Wilson as its new leader and Leader of the Opposition. Missing out in the leadership contest is Cardiff South East MP James Callaghan. Opinion polls are currently showing strong support for the Labour Party, with a general election due before the end of next year
- 16 February – Opinion polls indicate that Labour would oust the Conservatives, who have ruled since 1951, in a General Election.
- March – The divorce case of the Duke and Duchess of Argyll takes place.
- 15 March – Ridge v. Baldwin, a landmark case in the law of judicial review, is decided on appeal: a public official is held to be wrongfully dismissed because he had no notice of the grounds on which the decision was made and no opportunity to be heard in his own defence.
- 22 March – The Beatles release their first album, Please Please Me.
- 27 March – Chairman of British Railways Dr Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the UK's rail network. This is expected to result in the closure of more than 2,000 railway stations as well as the scrapping of some 8,000 coaches and the loss of up to 68,000 jobs.
- 6 April – Polaris Sales Agreement with the United States, leading to commencement of construction of nuclear submarine facilities at Faslane Naval Base.
- 15 April – 70,000 marchers arrive in London from Aldermarston to demonstrate against nuclear weapons.
- 24 April – Princess Alexandra of Kent marries the Hon Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey.
- May – The last servicemen are released from conscription as National Service ends.
- 2 May
- The Beatles reach number one in the singles chart for the first time with "From Me To You".
- The Duke of Edinburgh opens the Rootes Group's new car plant at the town of Linwood, Renfrewshire, for the production of its new rear-engined mini-car – the Hillman Imp – to rival BMC's Mini. It has an economical 875cc engine and is expected to be developed into luxury Singer and sporty Sunbeam variants in the near future. It is the first car to be produced in Scotland for thirty years.
- 11 May
- 15 May – Tottenham Hotspur become the first British football team to win a European trophy when a 5-1 win over Atlético Madrid in Rotterdam gives them the European Cup Winners' Cup.
- 25 May – Manchester United beat Leicester City 3-1 in the FA Cup final at Wembley Stadium with two goals from David Herd and another from Denis Law. It is United's first major trophy since eight of their players died in the Munich air disaster five years ago.
- 5 June – Profumo Affair: John Profumo, Secretary of State for War, admits to misleading Parliament and resigns over his affair with Christine Keeler.
- 8 June – Profumo Affair: Stephen Ward charged with living on immoral earnings.
- 17 June – The Profumo Affair has done the Conservative government no favours in the opinion polls, which continue to show that a Labour victory would be inevitable in a General Election.
- 1 July – Kim Philby named as the 'Third Man' in the Burgess and Maclean spy ring.
- 12 July – Pauline Reade, 16, is reported missing on her way to a dance in Gorton, Manchester, the first victim of the Moors murders.
- 31 July – Water Resources Act provides for the regulation of water abstraction, principally through the establishment of regional river authorities.
- August – Race riots in Dudley.
- 5 August – The United States, United Kingdom and Soviet Union sign a nuclear test ban treaty.
- 8 August – The Great Train Robbery takes place in Buckinghamshire.
- 20 August – The Royal Shakespeare Company introduces its performance cycle of Shakespeare's history plays under the title The War of the Roses, adapted and directed by John Barton and Peter Hall, at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon.
- 5 September – Christine Keeler is arrested for perjury. On 6 December she is sentenced to 9 months in prison.
- 7 September – Geophysicists Fred Vine and Drummond Matthews publish proof of seafloor spreading on the Atlantic Ocean floor.
- 12 September – The Beatles reach number one for the second time with the single "She Loves You" (released on 23 August).
- 17 September – RAF Fylingdales radar station on the North York Moors begins operation as part of the United States Ballistic Missile Early Warning System.
- 18 September – Rioters burn down the British embassy in Jakarta to protest against the formation of Malaysia.
- 23 September – The Robbins Report (the report of the Committee on Higher Education, chaired by Lord Robbins) is published. It recommends immediate expansion of universities, and that university places "should be available to all who were qualified for them by ability and attainment". Its conclusions are accepted by the government on 24 October.
- 25 September – The Denning Report on the Profumo affair is published.
- 26 September – Vauxhall launches the new Viva, a small family saloon similar in size to BMC's 1100 and the Ford Anglia.
- 29 September
- 10 October – Prime Minister Harold Macmillan announces his resignation after nearly seven years, at the age of 69, on the grounds of ill health.
- 17 October – In Stockholm, two British scientists (Alan Lloyd Hodgkin and Andrew Fielding Huxley) and an Australian (John Carew Eccles) are announced as winners of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane".
- 18 October – Macmillan resigns.
- 19 October – Alec Douglas Home replaces Macmillan as Prime Minister, renouncing his peerage.
- 22 October – The National Theatre Company, newly formed under artistic director Laurence Olivier, gives its first performance, with Peter O'Toole as Hamlet.
- November – Publication of Traffic in Towns, a report on urban transport planning policy produced for the Department of Transport by a team headed by Colin Buchanan.
- 18 November – The Dartford Tunnel opens.
- 22 November – C. S. Lewis, the author most famous for the Narnia books (1950–1955), dies at the age of 65 in Oxford. However, media coverage of his death (as also that of Aldous Huxley in the U.S. on the same day) is overshadowed by the assassination of American President John F. Kennnedy, news of which reaches the U.K. just after 18:30 UTC.
- 23 November
- 25 November – The Duke of Edinburgh, Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home and Leader of the Opposition Harold Wilson attend the funeral of U.S. President John F. Kennedy in Washington, D.C.
- 30 November – After an unbroken 30-week spell at the top of the UK Albums Chart, The Beatles album Please Please Me is knocked off the top of the charts by the group's latest album With the Beatles (released on 22 November).
- 12 December
- 19 December – Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom, as a constitutional monarchy under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
- 21 December – First episode of the seven-part serial The Daleks broadcast in the Doctor Who series, introducing the alien Daleks (revealed fully in the following week's episode).
- BMC's new Rover P6 luxury saloon is the first winner of the prestigious European Car of the Year award.
- S. Hille & Co market the Polypropylene stacking chair designed by Robin Day.
- The launch of the Astro or lava lamp by the founder of Mathmos, Edward Craven-Walker.
- Engineering Building at the University of Leicester is completed, the first major work by James Stirling with James Gowan, and a leading example of Brutalist architecture.
- The motorway network continues to grow with the opening of the first section of the M4 in Berkshire, the M6 between Warrington and Preston in Lancashire, and the M2 in Kent.
- Economic growth for the year reaches a postwar high of 7.5% (slightly above the previous record of 7.2% in 1959), with GDP reaching 4.3% in the second quarter of the year.
- Agatha Christie's Hercule Poirot novel The Clocks.
- Margaret Drabble's first novel A Summer Bird Cage.
- Ian Fleming's James Bond novel On Her Majesty's Secret Service.
- John Fowles' novel The Collector.
- The Group's poetry collection A Group Anthology edited by Edward Lucie-Smith and Philip Hobsbaum.
- John le Carré's novel The Spy Who Came in From the Cold.
- Alistair MacLean's thriller Ice Station Zebra.
- Bishop John A.T. Robinson's controversial religious book Honest to God.
- C. P. Snow's novel Corridors of Power.
- E. P. Thompson's social history The Making of the English Working Class.
January – April
- 3 January – Matthew Taylor, Liberal Democrat politician and MP for Truro and St Austell
- 16 January – James May, English motoring journalist and television show host
- 18 January – Ian Crook, English footballer
- 19 January
- 22 January – Huw Irranca-Davies, Welsh Labour politician and MP for Ogmore
- 26 January – Andrew Ridgeley, English musician
- 27 January – George Monbiot, British journalist and weekly columnist for The Guardian
- 10 February – Philip Glenister, actor
- 13 February – John King, English long jumper
- 17 February – Alison Hargreaves, British mountain climber (died 1995)
- 19 February – Seal, singer
- 22 February – Andrew Adonis, Baron Adonis, English journalist and politician, Secretary of State for Transport
- 11 March – Alex Kingston, English actress
- 14 March – Michael John Foster, English Labour politician and MP for Worcester
- 16 March – Jerome Flynn, British actor
- 20 March – David Thewlis, English actor
- 6 April – Andrew Weatherall, English disc jockey
- 7 April – Nick Herbert, British Conservative politician and MP for Arundel and South Downs
- 8 April – Julian Lennon, musician son of John Lennon
- 13 April – Mo Johnston, Scottish footballer
May – August
- 9 May – Barry Douglas Lamb, musician, author and preacher
- 11 May – Natasha Richardson, actress (died 2009)
- 6 June
- 23 June – Colin Montgomerie, Scottish golfer
- 25 June – George Michael, singer
- 27 June – Meera Syal, comedian, writer, singer and actress
- 3 July – Tracey Emin, artist
- 6 July – Stuart Garrard, English guitarist
- 25 July – Julian Hodgson, English chess grandmaster
- 31 July – Fatboy Slim (born Quentin Leo Cook), English musician
- 1 August – Laura Janner-Klausner, Reform rabbi
- 3 August – Tasmin Archer, English singer
- 4 August – Gary King, disc jockey
- 30 August
September – December
- 19 September
- 26 September – Lysette Anthony, English actress
- 12 October – Alan McDonald, Northern Irish footballer
- 1 November –
- 3 November - Ian Wright, English footballer and radio/TV personality
- 4 November – Lena Zavaroni, Scottish entertainer (died 1999)
- 10 November – Hugh Bonneville, actor
- 14 November - Keith Curle, English footballer, football manager and football coach
- 19 November – Jon Potter, British field hockey player
- 20 November – William Timothy Gowers, British mathematician
- 21 November – Nicollette Sheridan, English actress
- 26 November – Joe Lydon, English international Rugby League player
- 5 December – Eddie 'the Eagle' Edwards, English ski jumper
- 7 December – Mark Bowen, Welsh footballer
- 8 December - Brian McClair, Scottish footballer and football coach
- 22 December – Bryan Gunn, Scottish footballer and football coach
- 24 December – Caroline Aherne, comic television actress/writer (died 2016)
- 29 December – Dave McKean, English artist and filmmaker
- 18 January
- 22 January – Lily Montagu, pioneer of reform Judaism (died 1963)
- 16 March – William Beveridge, economist and social reformer (born 1879)
- 17 June – John Cowper Powys, writer, lecturer, and philosopher (born 1872)
- 22 August – William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, philanthropist and founder of Morris Motors (born 1877)
- 30 August – Guy Burgess, double agent (born 1911)
- 3 September – Louis MacNeice, poet and playwright (born 1907)
- 20 September – Peter Craven, English motorcycle racer (born 1934)
- 22 November
- December – Andy Kennedy, Northern Irish footballer (born 1897)
- "Telford". Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 420–421. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Labour's PMs of the past". BBC News. 30 July 2003. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- "Wilson Coming". Lewiston Daily Sun. 16 February 1963. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- Slapper, Gary (24 June 2008). "The cases that changed Britain: 1955-1971". The Times. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- "1963: Railways to be slashed by a quarter". BBC News. 27 March 1963. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- "1963". Wolverhampton: Express & Star. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- Marr, Andrew (2007). A History of Modern Britain. London: Macmillan. p. 239. ISBN 978-1-4050-0538-8.
- Vinen, Richard (2014). National Service: Conscription in Britain, 1945-1963. London: Allen Lane. p. 377. ISBN 978-1-846-14387-8.
- "The U.K. Singles Chart Number Ones". JPGR: Facts, Feats and Statistics of The Beatles. 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
- "Lost Marques: Rootes". Unique Cars and Parts. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
- "Mini Steps Backwards". Rootes-Chrysler.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
- "Everton FC History – Goodison Park 11th May 1963". bluekipper.com. 2004. Retrieved 2011-04-27.
- "1963". http://www.fa-cupfinals.co.uk/. Archived from the original on 27 April 2012. External link in
- "1963: Profumo resigns over sex scandal". BBC News. 5 June 1963. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- "1963: Ward charged over 'immoral earnings'". BBC News. 8 June 1963. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- "Macmillan Awaits Debate on Scandal". Meriden Record. Connecticut. 17 June 1963. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- Gough, Graham (2012). The Black Country Album. Stroud: The History Press. ISBN 9780752479743.
- "1963: Train robbers make off with millions". BBC News. 8 August 1963. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- "Sindy doll 'set to be a Christmas hit'". National Newswire. Press Association. 6 July 2006.
- Gillian, Lesley (22 November 2003). "The return of a living doll: The new look Sindy will cause collectors to rethink". FT Weekend - Collecting. Financial Times. p. 8.
- Sindy: Every little girl's dream come true (Vinyl back cover). Pedigree Dolls Ltd. 1963.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- Committee on Higher Education (23 September 1963), Higher education: report of the Committee appointed by the Prime Minister under the Chairmanship of Lord Robbins 1961-63, Cmnd. 2154, London: HMSO
- Excell, Jon (2 October 2007). "This week in… 1963 - The Vauxhall Viva HA". The Engineer. London. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1963". Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- "National Theatre : About the NT". Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- Hall, Peter (2007). "Buchanan, Sir Colin Douglas (1907–2001)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
- "Professor Sir Colin Buchanan". Colin Buchanan and Partners Ltd. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- "Polypropylene stacking chair – The Frederick Parker Collection". vads. London Metropolitan University. Retrieved 2010-07-12.
- Harwood, Elain (2003). England: a Guide to Post-War Listed Buildings (rev. ed.). London: Batsford. pp. 168–71. ISBN 0-7134-8818-2.
- "1963". cbrd. Retrieved 2012-06-08.