1935 in the United Kingdom
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|1935 in the United Kingdom:|
|1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, Television and music|
- Monarch - George V
- Prime Minister - Ramsay MacDonald (national coalition) (until 7 June), Stanley Baldwin (national coalition) (starting 7 June)
- 1 January - Ramblers' Association founded.
- 26 February - In Daventry, Robert Watson-Watt first demonstrates the use of radar.
- 12 March - Speed limit in built-up areas reduced to 30 m.p.h.
- 18 March - Britain protests at Germany's introduction of conscription
- April - Reflective cat's-eyes first used on British roads.
- 6 May - Silver Jubilee celebrations for King George V.
- 14 May - Northamptonshire gains (over Somerset at Taunton by 48 runs) what proves to be their last victory for 99 matches, easily a record in the County Championship. Their next Championship win will not be until 29 May 1939.
- 19 May - Canonization of Sir Thomas More by Pope Pius XI.
- 22 May - The government announces plans to triple the size of the Royal Air Force in the next two years, partly in response to German re-armament.
- 31 May - The driving test becomes compulsory.
- June - Alfred Hitchcock's film of The 39 Steps released in the UK.
- 7 June - Ramsay MacDonald retires; Stanley Baldwin takes over as Prime Minister.
- 18 June - Anglo-German Naval Agreement: Britain agrees to a German navy equal to 35% of her own naval tonnage.
- 12 July - Rioting breaks out in Belfast following Orange parades; by the end of August eight Protestants and five Catholics have been killed, hundreds injured and over 2,000 homes destroyed (almost all Catholic).
- 13 July - Official completion of the London County Council's Becontree estate in East London, the largest housing estate in the world, consisting of some 27,000 new council houses which are home to more than 100,000 people. The first families had moved to the estate, which straddles the borders of Dagenham, Barking and Ilford, in 1921.
- 29 July - T. E. Lawrence's Seven Pillars of Wisdom is first published in an edition for general circulation, two months after his death resulting from a motorcycle accident.
- 30 July - Allen Lane founds Penguin Books to publish the first mass market paperbacks in Britain.
- 18 August - Last service held in Mardale church in the Lake District prior to the village's flooding to create Manchester Corporation's Haweswater Reservoir.
- 3 September - Malcolm Campbell sets a new land speed record of 484.620 km per hour (301.129 mph) at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah, driving the Campbell-Railton Blue Bird.
- 12 September - An underground explosion at North Gawber (Lidgett) colliery, Barnsley, South Yorkshire, kills nineteen.
- 30 September - The London and North Eastern Railway begins to run the Silver Jubilee train between London King's Cross and Newcastle upon Tyne, Britain's first streamliner, using Nigel Gresley's LNER Class A4 steam locomotives.
- October - First steel produced from new works at Corby.
- 8 October - Clement Attlee is appointed as interim leader of the Labour Party in succession to George Lansbury who has resigned due to a wish to maintain his Christian pacifist principles.
- 4 November - Opening of Hornsey Town Hall, London, designed by Reginald Uren, the first major UK building in the International style.
- 6 November - Maiden flight of the Royal Air Force's Hawker Hurricane fighter aircraft.
- 14 November - In the General Election, Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin is returned to office at the head of a National Government led by the Conservative Party with a large but reduced majority.
- 26 November
- 10 December
- 12 December - Opening of The De La Warr Pavilion at Bexhill on Sea in East Sussex, designed by Erich Mendelsohn and Serge Chermayeff in the International style.
- 18 December - Samuel Hoare resigns as foreign secretary; replaced by Anthony Eden.
- Rowntree's of York produce their first Chocolate Crisp bars, which will in 1937 be renamed Kit Kat.
- Bede sanctified by the Catholic Church.
- Leicestershire County Cricket Club appoints Ewart Astill as their captain for the season, the first professional cricketer to lead any county on a regular basis since the 19th century.
- Bahram wins the English Triple Crown by finishing first in the Epsom Derby, 2,000 Guineas and St Leger.
- Birmingham city council becomes the first local authority to complete 10,000 council houses. Prime minister Neville Chamberlain opens the city's 10,000th council house on the Weoley Castle estate.
- Enid Bagnold's novel National Velvet.
- Agatha Christie's Hercule Poirot novels Three Act Tragedy and Death in the Clouds.
- Graham Greene's novel England Made Me.
- Georgette Heyer's Regency romance Regency Buck.
- Christopher Isherwood's novel Mr Norris Changes Trains.
- John Masefield's novel The Box of Delights.
- George Orwell's novel A Clergyman's Daughter.
- Marion Richardson's teaching guides Writing and Writing Patterns.
- Caroline Spurgeon's study Shakespeare's Imagery, and what it tells us.
- P. G. Wodehouse's short story collection Blandings Castle and Elsewhere.
- 4 January - Audrey Wise, politician (died 2000)
- 18 January - Jon Stallworthy, poet (died 2014)
- 24 January - Eric Ashton, English rugby league footballer (died 2008)
- 25 January - J. G. Farrell, novelist (died 1979)
- 27 January
- 28 January - David Lodge, novelist
- 5 February - Alex Harvey, Scottish rock musician (died 1982)
- 17 February - Christina Pickles, actress
- 13 March - David Nobbs, comic writer (died 2015)
- 23 March - Barry Cryer, comedian
- 28 March - Michael Parkinson, journalist and television presenter
- 19 April - Dudley Moore, actor, comedian and musician (died 2002)
- 25 April - April Ashley, model
- 8 May - Jack Charlton, footballer
- 10 May - Terrance Dicks, television writer
- 11 May - Chris Perrins, English biologist, ornithologist and academic
- 17 May - Dennis Potter, writer (died 1994)
- 1 June - Norman Foster, architect and designer
- 2 June - Roger Brierley, actor (died 2005)
- 5 June - Anne Pashley, track and field sprinter
- 18 June - John Spencer, snooker player (died 2006)
- 19 June - Derren Nesbitt, actor
- 9 July - Michael Williams, actor (died 2001)
- 11 July - Oliver Napier, politician (died 2011)
- 15 July - William G. Stewart, television producer and presenter
- 16 July - James Bolam, actor
- 27 July - Billy McCullough, footballer
- 28 July - Simon Dee, television presenter (died 2009)
- 13 August - Rod Hull, entertainer (died 1999)
- 29 September - Bruce Tulloh, long-distance runner
- 1 October - Julie Andrews, born Julia Wells, singer and actress
- 9 October - Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
- 13 November - George Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury
- 14 November - Michael Busselle, photographer and author (d. 2006)
- 27 November - Verity Lambert, television producer (died 2007)
- 10 December - Terry Allcock, footballer and cricketer
- 14 December - Anthony Wilden, author and social theorist, noted translator of Jaques Lacan
- 7 February - Lewis Grassic Gibbon, Scottish-born writer; peritonitis (born 1901)
- 15 February - Basil Hall Chamberlain, Japanologist (born 1850)
- 16 March - John James Rickard Macleod, Scottish physician and physiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (born 1876)
- 27 March - Francis Rattenbury, architect; murdered (born 1867)
- 5 April - Basil Champneys, architect (born 1842)
- 20 April - Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, fashion designer (born 1863)
- 18 May - T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia"), soldier; motorcycle accident (born 1888)
- 6 June - George Grossmith, Jr., musical comedy performer and producer (born 1874)
- 21 August - John Hartley, tennis player, double winner of Wimbledon (born 1849)
- 28 September - W. K. Dickson, cinematographic pioneer (born 1860)
- 29 September - Winifred Holtby, novelist; Bright's disease (born 1898)
- 20 October - Arthur Henderson, Scottish-born politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (born 1863)
- 20 November - John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, admiral (born 1859)
- 3 December - Princess Victoria, daughter of King Edward VII (born 1868)
- 10 December - Sir John Carden, 6th Baronet, tank and vehicle designer (born 1892))
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 379–380. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Stewart, A. T. Q. (1981). Edward Carson. Gill’s Irish Lives. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
- "Parades and Marches - Chronology 2: Historical Dates and Events". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 2011-02-22.
- "Becontree Housing Estate". London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. Retrieved 2013-04-23.
- Berry, Geoffrey (1984). Mardale Revisited: the story of Haweswater. Kendal: Westmorland Gazette. pp. 15–17.
- "North Gawber (Lidgett), Barnsley, Yorkshire, 12th September 1935" (PDF). cmhrc.co.uk. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Leaders of the Labour Party". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- Scrooge at the Internet Movie Database
- "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1935 - James Chadwick". Retrieved 2008-01-29.
- "Modernist". Building Opinions. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
- "Modernist style". De La Warr Pavilion. Archived from the original on 11 August 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
- "Modern movement". De La Warr Pavilion. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
- "De La Warr Pavilion Sussex by Mendelsohn and Chermayeff". Retrieved 22 September 2010.
- Campbell, J. (2004). "Bede (673/4–735)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (revised May 2008 ed.). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-01-20. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Swanton, E. W.; Woodcock, John, eds. (1980). Barclay's World of Cricket (2nd ed.). London: Collins. p. 397. ISBN 0-00-216349-7.
- "Top Tips: Top team tackling anti-social youths". Birmingham Mail. 29 September 2011. Retrieved 2013-04-05.