Events from the year
. 1921 in the United Kingdom
Incumbents [ edit ]
January to June [ edit ]
1 January –
car tax discs introduced.  3 January – The
airships R.36 and R.37 are completed. 8 January –
Chequers becomes an official residence of the Prime Minister.  14 January –
unemployment stands at 927,000. 20 January – the
Royal Navy K-class submarine HMS sinks in the K5 English Channel with the loss of all 56 crew on board. 26 January –
Abermule train collision: seventeen people are killed when two passenger trains collide head-on in Montgomeryshire. January –
Lord Rothermere's announces formation of the Sunday Pictorial Anti-Waste League as a political party opposing excessive government expenditure.  12 February –
Winston Churchill is appointed as Colonial Secretary. 16 February –
unemployment now stands at over 1,000,000. The Government announces an increase in unemployment benefit. 5 March –
Irish War of Independence: Clonbanin Ambush – Irish Republican Army kills Brigadier General Cumming. 11 March –
Queen Mary becomes the first woman to be awarded an honorary degree by Oxford University. 16 March – The United Kingdom signs a
trade agreement with the Russian SFSR. 17 March
19 March – Irish War of Independence:
Crossbarry Ambush – British troops fail to encircle an outnumbered column of Irish Republican Army volunteers in County Cork, with at least ten British and three IRA deaths. 21 March
26 March – Shaun Spadah wins the
Grand National. 31 March – A state of emergency is declared after another coal miners'
strike is called. 3 April – Coal rationing begins.
13 April –
Lloyds Bank takes over Fox, Fowler and Company of Wellington, Somerset, the last provincial English bank to issue its own banknotes. 15 April – The national
strike, due to be declared by the ' Triple Alliance', is called off. 23 April –
Tottenham Hotspur beat Wolverhampton Wanderers 1–0 in the FA Cup Final. 26 April – Police patrol
London on motorcycles for the first time. 3 May – The province of
Northern Ireland is created within the United Kingdom under terms of the Government of Ireland Act 1920.   4 May – The IRA kill a former
Royal Irish Constabulary inspector in Glasgow. 5 May – Only thirteen paying spectators attend the
football match between Leicester City and Stockport County played at Old Trafford, the lowest attendance in The Football League's history.  7 May –
Crown Prince Hirohito of Japan arrives on an official visit. 10 May –
Ivy Williams becomes the first woman to become a member of the English Bar.  15 May – The
British Legion is founded as a voice for ex-servicemen by merger of the Comrades of the Great War, the National Association of Discharged Sailors and Soldiers, the National Federation of Discharged and Demobilized Sailors and Soldiers and the Officers' Association, under the Presidency of Earl Haig.  22 May – The United States beats the United Kingdom 9 rounds to 3 in the first
golf international between the two countries. 24 May –
Irish elections, under terms of the Government of Ireland Act 1920: In the Northern Ireland general election for the new Parliament of Northern Ireland (held by single transferable vote), Ulster Unionists win 40 out of 52 seats. The dominant-party system in Northern Ireland will last for fifty years. 25 May – Irish War of Independence: the
Irish Republican Army occupies and burns The Custom House in Dublin, the centre of local government in Ireland. Five IRA men are killed, and over eighty are captured by the British Army which surrounds the building.  1 June –
Humorist wins The Derby. For the first time the result is broadcast live by wireless. 6 June – King
George V opens Southwark Bridge in London. 7 June
10 June –
unemployment reaches 2,200,000. 12 June – Sunday postal collection and delivery is suspended.
 14 June – First London performance of
Vaughan Williams' under conductor The Lark Ascending Adrian Boult with Marie Hall as violin soloist. 15 June – 2,000,000 workers are currently involved in pay disputes.
19 June –
census in the United Kingdom. 22 June – New
Parliament of Northern Ireland, assembled at Belfast City Hall, is formally opened by King George V, making a speech (drafted by Jan Smuts) calling for reconciliation in Ireland. 24 June – The world's largest
airship, the R.38, makes its maiden flight at Bedford. 25 June – Rainfall ends a
drought, which had lasted for one hundred days. 28 June – The coal
July to December [ edit ]
2 July –
Bill Tilden and Suzanne Lenglen retain their Wimbledon titles. 7 July – General
Jan Smuts meets King George V to discuss the Irish situation. 9 July – The
Irish War of Independence comes officially to an end when a truce, coming into effect on 11 July, is agreed between British and Irish forces. 10 July –
Bloody Sunday: clashes between Catholics and Protestants in Belfast result in sixteen deaths (23 over the surrounding four-day period) and the destruction of over two hundred (mostly Catholic) homes.  12 July –
Sinn Féin representatives arrive in London for talks. 18 July –
Ulster Unionist negotiators walk out of the truce talks in London. 3 August – "
Geddes's Axe": announcement that the Prime Minister is appointing an advisory Committee on National Expenditure, made up of businessmen chaired by Sir Eric Geddes, to recommend reductions in government spending.  19 August –
unemployment falls to 1,640,600. 24 August –
R38 class airship ZR-2 explodes on her fourth test flight near Kingston upon Hull, killing 44 of the 49 Anglo-American crew on board.   27 August – The first games in the new
Football League Third Division North are played, a year after the southern section was formed. Among the new division's members are  Stockport County, Walsall, Rochdale, Chesterfield and Tranmere Rovers.  30 August – England defeat Australia, for the first time this year, in the final
Test Match. 1 September –
Poplar Rates Rebellion: led by George Lansbury, the Borough council in Poplar, London withholds collection of part of its rates, leading to six weeks’ imprisonment for thirty councillors (including six women) and hasty passage of The London Authorities (Financial Provision) Act through Parliament to equalise tax burdens between rich and poor boroughs.   7 September –
David Lloyd George summons a meeting of the Cabinet at Inverness to discuss an independent Ireland's relationship with the British Empire. 9 September –
Charlie Chaplin visits London and is met by thousands. 17 September –
Shackleton-Rowett Expedition: Ernest Shackleton sets sail on his last expedition to Antarctica.  23 September – The second female
MP enters Parliament ( Margaret Wintringham, at the Louth by-election). October – The first women are admitted to study for full
academic degrees at the University of Cambridge, but have no associated privileges.  8 October – The
steamer sinks off the coast of SS Rowan Scotland. Thirty-six people lose their lives. 11 October – The
Irish Treaty Conference opens in London.  11 November – The
British Legion holds the first official Poppy Day.  21 November – Troops are sent to restore order after rioting breaks out in East
Belfast. 22 November – At least ten people are killed in widespread shootings in Belfast.
30 November – Sir
Basil Thomson retires after forty years as the head of the Metropolitan Police Special Branch. 6 December – British and Irish negotiators sign the
Anglo-Irish Treaty in London giving independence to the Irish Free State. 10 December –
Frederick Soddy wins the Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his contributions to our knowledge of the chemistry of radioactive substances, and his investigations into the origin and nature of isotopes".  16 December –
Parliament ratifies the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
Undated [ edit ]
National Unemployed Workers' Committee Movement set up by members of the Communist Party.  Dentists Act requires the registration of anyone practicing
dentistry, making it a fully regulated profession.  The
Scottish county of Haddingtonshire is renamed East Lothian. An exceptionally dry year over England and Wales with only 629.0 millimetres (24.8 in) making it the driest year on record since 1788, and not approached since – the nearest being
1854 with 672.9 millimetres (26.5 in), 1864 with 703.3 millimetres (27.7 in), 1887 with 669.3 millimetres (26.4 in) and subsequently 1933 with 717.7 millimetres (28.3 in), 1964 with 725.5 millimetres (28.6 in) and 1973 with 739.9 millimetres (29.1 in). In  South East England the average was only 396.4 millimetres (15.6 in) with some stations recording less than 300 millimetres (11.8 in). 
Publications [ edit ]
15 January –
Frank Thornton, actor (died 2013) 1 February –
Peter Sallis, actor (died 2017) 13 March –
Cyril Poole, cricketer (died 1996) 28 March –
Dirk Bogarde, actor and author (died 1999) 29 March –
Johnny Lawrenson, English rugby league winger (died 2010) 16 April –
Peter Ustinov, actor, writer, dramatist and raconteur (died 2004) 20 April –
Peter Baker, English soldier, author, publisher and politician (died 1966) 7 May –
Asa Briggs, historian (died 2016) 18 May –
Joan Eardley, painter (died 1963) 23 May –
Humphrey Lyttelton, jazz musician and broadcaster (died 2008) 4 July – Frederick Sydney Waller, shipbuilder (died 2016)
14 July –
Leon Garfield, children's historical novelist (died 1996) 31 July –
Peter Benenson, lawyer and human rights campaigner (died 2005) 1 September –
Daphne Park, diplomat and spy (died 2010) 8 September –
Harry Secombe, entertainer (died 2001) 15 September –
Richard Gordon, author (died 2017) 21 September –
Jimmy Young, singer and radio broadcaster (died 2016) 30 September –
Deborah Kerr, actress (died 2007) 2 October –
Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury (died 2000) 11 November –
Ron Greenwood, footballer and manager (died 2006) 8 December –
Terence Morgan, actor (died 2005) 11 December –
Liz Smith, character actress (died 2016) 22 December –
John Aiken, air marshal (died 2005)
1 January –
Mary Macarthur, trade unionist (born 1880) 18 January –
Elizabeth Anne Finn, writer (born 1825) 27 February –
Schofield Haigh, cricketer (born 1871) 22 March –
E. W. Hornung, author (born 1866) 27 April –
Arthur Mold, cricketer (born 1863) 2 September –
Henry Austin Dobson, poet (born 1840) 7 September –
Alfred William Rich, watercolour painter (born 1856) 23 October –
John Boyd Dunlop, inventor (born 1840) 10 December –
George Ashlin, architect (born 1837) 11 December –
Hardinge Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury, lawyer, Lord Chancellor (born 1823)
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d e Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
^ Boothroyd, David (2001). Politico's Guide to the History of British Political Parties. London: Politico's Publishing. p. 15. ISBN 1-902301-59-5.
^ Statutory Rules & Orders published by authority, 1921, No. 533
^ Jackson, Alvin (2004). Home Rule – An Irish History. Oxford University Press. p. 198.
^ It is estimated that between 1,000 and 2,000 people actually attended the match; Manchester United and Derby County had played immediately beforehand, and some of the spectators for that match had stayed on to watch the Stockport match for free. However, only thirteen people paid at the gate to watch the Stockport match by itself, staged here because bottom-of the-League Stockport's home ground had been closed due to earlier crowd trouble. "Two grounds have doubled up on staging League matches on the same day". footballsite.co.uk . Retrieved . 2012-05-08
^ "May 10, 1922, in History". BrainyHistory . Retrieved . 2012-12-05
^ "Our history". Royal British Legion . Retrieved . 2011-02-09
^ Foy, Michael T. Michael Collins's Intelligence War. pp. 214–218. ISBN 0-7509-4267-3.
^ "Parades and Marches – Chronology 2: Historical Dates and Events". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN) . Retrieved . 2010-01-28
^ McDonald, Andrew (1989). "The Geddes Committee and the Formulation of Public Expenditure Policy, 1921–1922". The Historical Journal. 32: 643–74. doi: 10.1017/s0018246x00012462. JSTOR 2639537.
^ Driggs, Laurence La Tourette (7 September 1921). "The Fall of the Airship". . New York. The Outlook 129: 14–15 . Retrieved . 2009-07-30
^ Smith, Alfred Emanuel (21 September 1921). "Lessons of the ZR-2". The Outlook. New York. 129: 80, 82 . Retrieved . 2009-07-30
^ Bishop, Peter (2010-08-19). "History". TheCowsheds.co.uk . Retrieved . 2014-02-18
^ "Results : Saturday 27th August 1921". statto.com . Retrieved . 2014-02-18
^ Branson, Noreen (1979). Poplarism, 1919–1925: George Lansbury and the councillors' revolt. Lawrence and Wishart.
^ Booth, Janine (2009). Guilty and Proud of it – Poplar's Rebel Councillors and Guardians 1919–1925. Merlin Press. ISBN 978-0-85036-694-5.
^ "Shackleton Returns to Europe". South-Pole.com. Archived from the original on 11 August 2007 . Retrieved . 2007-08-19
^ "Fact sheet: Women at Cambridge: A Chronology". University of Cambridge. 2010. Archived from the original on 7 November 2007 . Retrieved . 2010-09-13
^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 490–491. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
^ The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1921.
^ The History Today Companion to British History. London: Collins & Brown. 1995. pp. 538–9. ISBN 1-85585-178-4.
^ "History of Dental Surgery in Edinburgh". Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh . Retrieved . 2011-01-14
^ a b Hadley Centre. "Monthly England & Wales precipitation". Meteorological Office . Retrieved . 2014-02-18
^ Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
External links [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]