1863 in the United Kingdom
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|1863 English cricket season|
Events from the year 1863 in the United Kingdom.
- 8 January — Yorkshire County Cricket Club is founded at the Adelphi Hotel in Sheffield.
- 10 January — The first section of the London Underground Railway opens to the public (Paddington to Farringdon Street).
- 7 February — HMS Orpheus sinks attempting to enter Manukau Harbour in New Zealand with the loss of 189 lives.
- 25 February — William Thomson enthroned as Archbishop of York.
- 10 March — Marriage of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later Edward VII) to Princess Alexandra of Denmark (later Queen Alexandra) at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
- 27 May — Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum at Crowthorne receives its first patients.
- 4 June — The Eton Boating Song is first performed.
- 15–17 August — Bombardment of Kagoshima: Royal Navy bombards the town of Kagoshima in Japan in retribution after the Namamugi Incident of 1862.
- 20 August — Ladies' London Emancipation Society established as an abolitionist group in support of the Union (American Civil War) by Clementia Taylor at Aubrey House.
- 26 October — The Football Association is founded at the Freemasons' Tavern in Long Acre, London.
- 8 December — The Football Association laws are agreed.
- 19 December — Linoleum patented.
- 19 December — The first game is played under the new Football Association rules at Mortlake between Ebenezer Morley's Barnes Club and Richmond F.C., ending in a goalless draw.
- Before 30 March — The government rejects the Greek Assembly's choice of The Prince Alfred as the successor to the deposed Otto of Greece.
- Richard Owen publishes the first description of a fossilised bird, Archaeopteryx.
- A scarlet fever epidemic causes over 30,000 deaths.
- Chōshū Five leave Japan secretly to study at University College London, part of the ending of sakoku.
- Beginning of Second Anglo-Ashanti war.
- Charles Kingsley's children's novel The Water Babies (complete in book form).
- Henry Walter Bates's work The Naturalist on the River Amazons.
- Charles Lyell's work Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man, endorsing the views of Charles Darwin.
- Mrs Oliphant’s novel Salem Chapel, first of The Chronicles of Carlingford (in book form).
- Ouida's novel Held in Bondage.
- 17 January — David Lloyd George, Prime Minister (died 1945)
- 11 March — Andrew Stoddart, cricketer (died 1915)
- 27 March — Henry Royce, automobile pioneer (died 1933)
- 15 May — Frank Hornby, inventor, businessman and politician (died 1936)
- 17 May — C. R. Ashbee, designer (died 1942)
- 29 May — Arthur Mold, cricketer (died 1921)
- 13 June — Lady Lucy Duff Gordon, fashion designer (died 1942)
- 6 July — Reginald McKenna, Chancellor of the Exchequer 1915–1916 (died 1943)
- 21 July — C. Aubrey Smith, actor (died 1948)
- 13 September — Arthur Henderson, politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (died 1935)
- 16 October — Austen Chamberlain, statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (died 1937)
- 9 March — John Gully, sportsman and politician (born 1783)
- 14 August — Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde, soldier (born 1792)
- 24 December — William Makepeace Thackeray, novelist (born 1811)
- Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1863". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale.
- Carlyle, E. I. (2004). "Thomson, William (1819–1890)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2010-11-19.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Bragg, Melvyn (2006). 12 books that changed the world. London: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-83980-5.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 283–284. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Leavis, Q.D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.