1979 in the United Kingdom
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|1979 in the United Kingdom:|
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Events from the year 1979 in the United Kingdom.
- Monarch – Elizabeth II
- Prime Minister – James Callaghan (Labour) (until 4 May), Margaret Thatcher (Conservative) (starting 4 May)
- 1 January - French carmaker Peugeot completes its takeover of the European division of financially troubled American carmaker Chrysler, which was agreed last year and includes the British operations of the former Rootes Group.
- 5 January – Lorry drivers go on strike, causing new shortages of heating oil and fresh food.
- 10 January – Prime Minister James Callaghan returns from an international summit to a Britain in a state of industrial unrest. The Sun newspaper reports his comments with a famous headline: "Crisis? What Crisis?"
- 15 January – Rail workers begin a 24-hour strike.
- 22 January – Tens of thousands of public-workers strike in the beginning of what becomes known as the "Winter of Discontent".
- 1 February – Grave-diggers call off a strike in Liverpool which has delayed dozens of burials.
- 2 February – Sid Vicious, the former Sex Pistols guitarist, is found dead in New York after apparently suffocating on his own vomit as a result of a heroin overdose. 21-year-old London-born Vicious (real name John Simon Ritchie) is on bail for the second degree murder of his girlfriend Nancy Spungen, who was found stabbed to death in a hotel room on 12 October last year.
- 9 February – Trevor Francis signs for Nottingham Forest in British football's first £1 million deal.
- 12 February – Over 1,000 schools close due to the heating oil shortage caused by the lorry drivers' strike.
- 14 February – "Saint Valentine's Day Concordat" between Trades Union Congress and Government, The Economy, the Government, and Trade Union Responsibilities, marks an end to the "Winter of Discontent".
- 15 February – Opinion polls show the Conservatives up to 20 points ahead of Labour, whose popularity has slumped due to the Winter of Discontent.
- 22 February – Saint Lucia becomes independent of the United Kingdom.
- 1 March
- Scottish devolution referendum: Scotland votes by a majority of 77,437 for a Scottish Assembly, which is not implemented due to a condition that at least 40% of the electorate must support the proposal.
- Welsh devolution referendum: Wales votes against devolution.
- Conservative candidate David Waddington retains the seat for his party in the Clitheroe by-election.
- National Health Service workers in the West Midlands threaten to go on strike in their bid to win a nine per cent pay rise.
- 17 March – Nottingham Forest beat Southampton 3-2 at Wembley Stadium to win the Football League Cup for the second year running.
- 18 March – An explosion at the Golborne colliery in Golborne, Greater Manchester, kills three men.
- 22 March – Sir Richard Sykes, ambassador to the Netherlands, is shot dead by a Provisional Irish Republican Army member in The Hague.
- 28 March – James Callaghan's government loses a motion of confidence by one vote, forcing a General Election.
- 29 March – James Callaghan announces that the General Election will be held on 3 May. All of the major opinion polls point towards a Conservative win which would make Margaret Thatcher the first female Prime Minister of Britain.
- 30 March – Airey Neave, World War Two veteran and Conservative Northern Ireland spokesman, is killed by an Irish National Liberation Army bomb in the House of Commons car park.
- 31 March – The Royal Navy withdraws from Malta.
- April – Statistics show that the economy shrank by 0.8% in the first quarter of the year, largely due to the Winter Of Discontent, sparking fears that Britain could soon be faced with its second recession in four years.
- 4 April – Josephine Whitaker, a 19-year-old bank worker, is murdered in Halifax; police believe that she is the 11th woman to be murdered by the Yorkshire Ripper.
- 7 April – The last RT type buses run in London, on route 62.
- 23 April – Anti-Nazi League protestor Blair Peach is fatally injured after being struck on the head probably by a member of the Metropolitan Police's Special Patrol Group.
- 1 May – The London Underground Jubilee line is inaugurated.
- 4 May – The Conservatives win the General Election by a 43-seat majority and Margaret Thatcher becomes the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Liberal Party leader Jeremy Thorpe is the most notable MP to lose his seat in the election. Despite being 67 years old and having lost the first General Election he has contested, James Callaghan is expected to stay on as leader of a Labour Party now in opposition after five years in government. Among the new members of parliament is John Major, 36-year-old MP for Huntingdon.
- 8 May – Former Liberal Party leader and MP Jeremy Thorpe goes on trial at the Old Bailey charged with attempted murder.
- 9 May – Liverpool win the Football League First Division title for the 12th time.
- 12 May – Arsenal defeat Manchester United 3-2 in the FA Cup final at Wembley Stadium, with Alan Sunderland scoring a last gasp winner in response to two United goals inside the last five minutes which had seen the scores level at 2-2.
- 15 May – Government abolishes the Prices Commission.
- 21 May
- 24 May – Thorpe Park at Chertsey in Surrey is opened; it becomes one of the top three most popular theme parks in the country.
- 25 May – Price of milk increases more than 10% to 15 pence a pint.
- 30 May – Nottingham Forest F.C. defeat Malmö FF, the Swedish football league champions, 1-0 in the European Cup final at Olympiastadion, Munich. The only goal of the game is scored by Trevor Francis.
- 7 June – European Parliament election, the first direct election to the European Parliament; the turnout in Britain is low at 32%. The Conservatives have the most MEPs at 60, while Labour only have 17. The Liberals gain a 12.6% share of the vote but not a single MEP, while the Scottish National Party, Democratic Unionist Party, Social Democratic and Labour Party and Official Ulster Unionist Party all gain an MEP each.
- 12 June – The new Conservative government's first budget sees chancellor Geoffrey Howe cut the standard tax rate by 3p and slashing the top rate from 83% to 60%.
- 18 June – Neil Kinnock, 37-year-old Labour MP for Islwyn in South Wales, becomes shadow education spokesman.
- 22 June – Former Liberal Party leader Jeremy Thorpe is cleared in court of the allegations of attempted murder which ruined his career.
- 5 July – The Queen attends the millennium celebrations of the Isle of Man's Parliament, Tynwald.
- 12 July – Kiribati (formerly Gilbert Islands) becomes independent of the United Kingdom.
- 17 July – The athlete Sebastian Coe sets a record time for running a mile, completing it in 3 minutes 48.95 seconds.
- 23 July – The government announces £4 billion worth of public spending cuts.
- 1 August – Following the recent takeover of Chrysler's European division by French carmaker Peugeot, the historic Talbot marque is revived for the range of cars previously sold in Britain as Chryslers, also taking over from the Simca brand in France.
- 9 August – A nudist beach is established in Brighton.
- 10 August–23 October – The entire ITV network in the UK is shut down by a technicians' strike (Channel Television remains unaffected).
- 14 August
- 24 August – The Ford Cortina receives a major facelift.
- 27 August
- Lord Mountbatten of Burma and two 15-year-olds, his nephew and a boatboy, are assassinated by a Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb while holidaying in the Republic of Ireland, the Dowager Lady Brabourne dying the following day in hospital of injuries received. Lord Mountbatten was a retired admiral, statesman, cousin to the Queen and an uncle of The Duke of Edinburgh.
- Warrenpoint ambush: eighteen British soldiers killed in Northern Ireland by IRA bombs.
- 30 August – Two men are arrested in Dublin and charged with the murder of Lord Mountbatten and the three other victims of the bombing.
- 2 September – Police discover a woman's body in an alleyway near Bradford city centre. The woman, 20-year-old student Barbara Leach, is believed to be the 12th victim of the mysterious Yorkshire Ripper mass murderer.
- 5 September
- 8 September – Wolverhampton Wanderers set a new national transfer record by paying just under £1,500,000 for Aston Villa and Scotland striker Andy Gray.
- 10 September – British Leyland announces that production of MG cars will finish in the autumn of next year, in a move which will see the Abingdon plant closed.
- 14 September – The government announces plans to regenerate the London Docklands with housing and commercial developments.
- 21 September – A Royal Air Force Harrier jet crashes into a house in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire killing two men and a boy.
- 25 September – Margaret Thatcher opens the new Central Milton Keynes Shopping Centre, the largest indoor shopping centre in Britain, after its final phase is completed six years after development of the huge complex first began.
- October – Statistics show a 2.3% contraction in the economy for the third quarter of the year, sparking fresh fears of another recession.
- 11 October – Godfrey Hounsfield wins the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly with Allan McLeod Cormack "for the development of computer assisted tomography".
- 23 October – All remaining foreign exchange controls abolished.
- 27 October – Saint Vincent and the Grenadines gains independence.
- 28 October – Chairman Hua Guofeng becomes the first Chinese leader to visit Britain.
- 30 October – Martin Webster of the National Front is found guilty of inciting racial hatred.
- November – British Leyland chief executive Michael Edwardes wins the overwhelming backing of more than 100,000 of the carmaker's employees for his restructuring plans, which over the next few years will result in the closure of several plants and the loss of some 25,000 jobs.
- 1 November – The government announces £3.5 billion in public spending cuts and an increase in prescription charges.
- 5 November – The two men accused of murdering Lord Mountbatten and three others go on trial in Dublin.
- 9 November – Four men are found guilty over the killing of paperboy Carl Bridgewater, who was shot dead at a farmhouse in the Staffordshire countryside 14 months ago. James Robinson and Vincent Hickey receive life sentences with a recommended minimum of 25 years for murder, Michael Hickey (also guilty of murder) receives an indefinite custodial sentence, while Patrick Molloy is guilty of manslaughter and jailed for 12 years.
- 11 November – Last episode of the first series of the sitcom To the Manor Born on BBC1 receives 23.95 million viewers, the all-time highest figure for a recorded programme in the UK.
- 13 November
- 14 November – Vauxhall launches its first-ever front-wheel drive car - the Astra range of hatchbacks and estates - to compete in the growing family hatchback sector. It replaces the traditional rear-wheel drive Viva saloon, which had been produced in three incarnations since 1963. Initial production of the Astra will take place at the Opel factory in West Germany, with production set to be transferred to Britain by 1981.
- 15 November
- Minimum Lending Rate reaches an all-time high of 17%.
- Art historian and former Surveyor of the Queen's Pictures Anthony Blunt's role as the "fourth man" of the 'Cambridge Five' double agents for the Soviet NKVD during World War II is revealed by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in the House of Commons; she gives further details on 21 November.
- 21 November – Six months after winning the General Election, the Conservatives are five points behind Labour (who have a 45% share of the vote) in an MORI opinion poll.
- 23 November – In Dublin, Ireland, Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
- 4 December – The Hastie Fire in Hull leads to the deaths of 3 boys and begins the hunt for Bruce George Peter Lee, the UK's most prolific killer.
- 7 December – Lord Soames appointed as the transitional governor of Rhodesia to oversee its move to independence.
- 10 December
- 14 December
- Doubts are raised over the convictions of the four men in the Carl Bridgewater case after Hubert Vincent Spencer is charged with murdering 70-year-old farmer Hubert Wilkes at a farmhouse less than half a mile away from the one where Carl Bridgewater was murdered.
- The Clash release post-punk album London Calling.
- 20 December – The government publishes the Housing Bill which will give council house tenants the right to buy their homes from the following year. More than 5 million households in the United Kingdom currently occupy council houses.
- Inflation rises to 13.4%.
- The largest number of working days lost through strike action since 1926.
- Dame Josephine Barnes becomes first woman president of the British Medical Association.
- The first J D Wetherspoon pub is established by Tim Martin in the London Borough of Haringey.
- The band Spandau Ballet begin to play under this name.
- Scottish Gaelic service Radio nan Eilean established in Stornoway.
- New plant species, Senecio eboracensis, the York groundsel, is discovered.
- A record of more than 1.7 million new cars are sold in the United Kingdom this year, with the best selling car, the Ford Cortina, selling more than 190,000 units. Ford Motor Company enjoys the largest share of the new car market, following in second place by British Leyland, the former Chrysler Europe brands (now owned by Peugeot) in third place, and Vauxhall in fourth place. Foreign brands including Datsun, Renault and Volkswagen also prove popular.
- Douglas Adams' novel The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
- J. G. Ballard's novel The Unlimited Dream Company.
- Penelope Fitzgerald's novel Offshore.
- William Golding's novel Darkness Visible.
- V. S. Naipaul's novel A Bend in the River.
- 27 October – First issue (dated December 1979) of Viz comic published in Newcastle upon Tyne.
- 20 January – Will Young, singer and winner of Pop Idol (series 1)
- 27 January – Rosamund Pike, actress
- 2 March – Jocelyn Jee Esien, black British comedian and actress
- 12 March – Pete Doherty, singer and guitarist (The Libertines and Babyshambles)
- 10 April – Sophie Ellis-Bextor, singer
- 21 April – James McAvoy, actor
- 12 May – Robert Key, cricketer and sportscaster
- 15 May – Rachel Walker, field hockey player
- 25 May – Jonny Wilkinson, rugby union player
- 12 June – Jamie Harding, actor
- 19 June – Graeme Ballard, Paralympic sprinter
- 29 June – Abs Breen, English singer (5ive)
- 25 July – Allister Carter, snooker player
- 26 July – Johnson Beharry, war hero
- 30 July – Graeme McDowell, golfer
- 5 August – David Healy, footballer
- 20 August – Jamie Cullum, singer
- 23 August – Ritchie Neville, English singer (5ive)
- 14 September – Stuart Fielden, rugby league player
- 28 September – Annika Reeder, gymnast
- 4 October – Stefan Booth, actor
- 23 October – Adam Blair, entrepreneur
- 8 November – Aaron Hughes, footballer
- 22 November – Scott Robinson, English singer (5ive)
- 29 November – Simon Amstell, comedian and television presenter
- 1 December – Lisa Wooding, field-hockey player
- 3 December – Daniel Bedingfield, pop singer and songwriter
- 14 December – Michael Owen, footballer
- 17 December – Charlotte Edwards, cricketer
- 24 December – Lucilla Wright, field-hockey player
- 16 January – Peter Butterworth, actor and comedian (born 1919)
- 2 February – Sid Vicious (real name John Simon Ritchie), musician (Sex Pistols) (drug overdose) (born 1957)
- 14 February – Reginald Maudling, politician (born 1917)
- 19 March – Richard Beckinsale, actor (born 1947)
- 23 March – Ted Anderson, footballer (born 1911)
- 24 March – Sir Jack Cohen, founder of the Tesco retail chain (born 1898)
- 30 March – Airey Neave, politician (assassinated) (born 1916)
- 8 June – Norman Hartnell, fashion designer (born 1901)
- 16 July – Alfred Deller, countertenor (born 1912)
- 8 August – Nicholas Monsarrat, novelist (born 1910)
- 11 August – J. G. Farrell, novelist (born 1935)
- 27 August – Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, last Viceroy of India (assassinated) (born 1900)
- 29 August – Ivon Hitchens, painter (born 1893)
- 27 September:
- 10 October – Dr Christopher Evans, psychologist and computer scientist (born 1931)
- 13 October – Rebecca Helferich Clarke, composer and violist (born 1886)
- 30 October – Barnes Wallis, aeronautical engineer (born 1887)
- 8 November – Edward Ardizzone, painter, printmaker and author (born 1900)
- 23 November – Merle Oberon, actress (born 1911)
- 30 November – Joyce Grenfell, actress, comedian and singer-songwriter (born 1910)
- "'No chaos here' declares Callaghan". BBC News. 10 January 1979. Archived from the original on 5 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Public sector strike paralyses country". BBC News. 22 January 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Forest break football transfer record". BBC News. 9 February 1979. Archived from the original on 29 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Marr, Andrew (2007). A History of Modern Britain. London: Macmillan. p. 376. ISBN 978-1-4050-0538-8.
- Barker, Geoffrey (27 February 1979). "PM desperate to save Labour". The Age. Melbourne. p. 7. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Those were the days
- "Three die in Golborne mine blast". BBC News. 18 March 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "British ambassador assassinated in Holland". BBC News. 22 March 1979. Archived from the original on 4 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Early election as Callaghan defeated". BBC News. 28 March 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Car bomb kills Airey Neave". BBC News. 30 March 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Blair Peach killed by police at 1979 protest, Met report finds". theguardian.com. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- "Jubilee line facts, Transport for London website". Archived from the original on 12 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Election victory for Margaret Thatcher". BBC News. 4 May 1979. Archived from the original on 19 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "John Major". John Major. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- "Liverpool's 11th title". The Sydney Morning Herald. 11 May 1979. p. 24. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
- "1979 FA Cup Final". BBC Sport. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 442–443. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Price of milk shoots up". BBC News. 25 May 1979. Archived from the original on 19 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "European Parliament elections: 1979 to 1994" (PDF). House of Commons. 2 June 1999. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- "Thorpe cleared of murder charges". BBC News. 22 June 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Queen oversees Manx millennium". BBC News. 5 July 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "The world car that wasn't". Rootes-Chrysler.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
- "Brighton bares all". BBC News. 9 August 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Freak storm hits yacht race". BBC News. 14 August 1979. Archived from the original on 1 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Disgraced ex-MP released from jail". BBC News. 14 August 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Caven, James (24 August 1979). "It's a £50m new-look". Evening Times. Glasgow. Retrieved 2011-09-22.
- "IRA bomb kills Lord Mountbatten". BBC News. 27 August 1979. Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Soldiers die in Warrenpoint massacre". BBC News. 27 August 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Ripper suspected of 12th murder". BBC News. 2 September 1979. Archived from the original on 1 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Mountbatten buried after final parade". BBC News. 5 September 1979. Archived from the original on 1 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Buchanan signs on for a Danish manager". Glasgow: The Herald. 8 September 1979. Retrieved 2011-09-22.
- "Harrier crash kills three". BBC News. 21 September 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "The architectural secrets of Milton Keynes". How We Built Britain. BBC Beds Herts & Bucks. June 2007. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1979". Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "CIA Factbook entry for Saint Vincent and the Grenadines". Archived from the original on 13 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Chairman Hua arrives in London". BBC News. 28 October 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Our Century 1976-2000
- "Paperboy's killers convicted". BBC News. 9 November 1979. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
- "Britain's Most Watched TV – the 1980s". British Film Institute. 4 September 2006. Archived from the original on 6 January 2007. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
- "Times returns after year-long dispute". BBC News. 13 November 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Changes in Bank Rate" (PDF). Bank of England. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- Tendler, Stewart; Bradley, Ian (16 November 1979). "Professor Blunt named as spy". The Times (60476). London. p. 1.
- Mr. Anthony Blunt. Hansard HC Deb (21 November 1979) 974/402-520.
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- "Lord Soames to govern Rhodesia". BBC News. 7 December 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1979". Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Daredevil Kidd's 80ft river jump". BBC News. 10 December 1979. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Council tenants will have 'right to buy'". BBC News. 20 December 1979. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Inflation Great Britain 1979". Inflation.eu. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
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- "Refurb for Tim Martin's first outlet". Property News. Morning Advertiser. Retrieved 2011-01-21.
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