1972 in the United Kingdom
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|1972 in the United Kingdom|
|1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, television and music|
Events from the year 1972 in the United Kingdom.
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Publications
- 4 Births
- 5 Deaths
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- 9 January – the National Union of Mineworkers held a strike ballot in which 58.8% voted in favour. Coal miners begin a strike which lasts for seven weeks, including picketing of Saltley coke depot in Birmingham.
- 20 January – unemployment exceeded 1,000,000 for the first time since the 1930s- almost double the 582,000 who were unemployed when Edward Heath's Conservative government came to power less than two years ago.
- 30 January – 'Bloody Sunday' in Northern Ireland: fourteen killed when troops open fire on demonstrators in Derry.
- 2 February – protesters burned down the British Embassy in Dublin.
- 3 – 13 February – Great Britain and Northern Ireland competed at the Winter Olympics in Sapporo, Japan, but do not win any medals.
- 9 February – a state of emergency was declared as a result of the miners' strike.
- 22 February – an Official Irish Republican Army bomb killed six people in the Aldershot Barracks bombing.
- 25 February – the miners' strike ended after seven weeks.
- March – Ford announces its new Granada model, available as a saloon, coupé or estate car, which will be built at the Dagenham plant in England as well as the Cologne plant in West Germany. It is designed to compete with the likes of the Rover P6 and Vauxhall Victor, and on the continent it will be sold as the Ford Consul.
- 21 March – Chancellor Anthony Barber announced a £1.2 billion tax reduction in the Budget.
- 26 March – the UK's last trolleybus system, in Bradford, closed.
- 30 March – The Troubles: The Parliament of Northern Ireland was suspended.
- 31 March – a CND demonstration was held protesting against the nuclear base at Aldermaston.
- 1 April – William Whitelaw was appointed as the first Northern Ireland Secretary.
- 19 April – a report into the Bloody Sunday shootings by the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Widgery, exonerated the British troops of blame because the demonstration had been illegal.
- 30 April – the Brighton Belle Pullman car train made its last journey from London to Brighton.
- 3 May
- 6 May – Leeds United won the FA Cup for the first time with a 1–0 win over last year's winners Arsenal at Wembley Stadium. The only goal is a header by Allan Clarke from a Mick Jones pass.
- 8 May – Derby County won the Football League First Division title for the first time in their history.
- 12 May – Crown Court established by the Courts Act 1971 to replace the courts of Assize and Quarter Sessions in England and Wales. Property qualifications requiring jurors to be householders are abolished.
- 17 May – Tottenham Hotspur completed a 3-2 aggregate win over Wolverhampton Wanderers at White Hart Lane to win the first UEFA Cup.
- 18 May
- Queen Elizabeth last met her uncle, Edward, Duke of Windsor, at his Paris home.
- Four troopers of the Special Air Service and Special Boat Service were parachuted onto the ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2 1,000 miles (1,600 km) across the Atlantic after a bomb threat and ransom demand which turned out to be bogus.
- 22 May – the Dominion of Ceylon became the republic of Sri Lanka.
- 24 May
- The final stretch of the M6 motorway opened between junctions 6 (Spaghetti Junction) and 7 north of Birmingham, with the fully operational motorway stretching more than 200 miles from Rugby to Carlisle, more than a decade after the first sections were opened.
- Glasgow Rangers F.C. won the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, defeating FC Dynamo Moscow 3-2 in the final at Camp Nou in Barcelona (Spain). A pitch invasion by their supporters led to the team being banned from defending the trophy the following season.
- 26 May – the state-owned travel firm Thomas Cook & Son was privatised.
- 28 May – Edward, Duke of Windsor, died of cancer in France at the age of 77, 35 years after his abdication as king.
- 30 May – Official Irish Republican Army declared a cease fire in Northern Ireland.
- 1 June – hotels and boarding houses became required to obtain certification under the Fire Precautions Act 1971.
- 3 June – a Protestant demonstration in Derry turned into a battle.
- 5 June – the funeral of The Duke of Windsor (formerly Edward VIII) is held at Windsor Castle.
- 18 June – British European Airways Flight 548 crashed near Staines and 118 people are killed, making it the UK's worst air disaster at this date. The only two survivors are both dead by the time they reach hospital.
- 23 June – the Chancellor of the Exchequer Anthony Barber announced a decision to float the Pound.
- 1 July – the first official gay pride march in London was held.
- 21 July – Bloody Friday: Nine people died and over a hundred were injured in a series of IRA explosions in Belfast city centre.
- 28 July – a strike by thousands of dockers led to the government announcing a state of emergency on 4 August.
- 31 July – The Troubles in Northern Ireland:
- Operation Motorman, 4:00 AM: British Army began to regain control of the "no-go areas" established by Irish republican paramilitaries in Belfast, Derry and Newry.
- Claudy bombing ("Bloody Monday"), 10:00 AM: Three car bombs in Claudy, County Londonderry, killed nine. It became public knowledge only in 2010 that a local Catholic priest was an IRA officer believed to be involved in the bombings but his role was covered up by the authorities.
- 6 August – Idi Amin, dictator of Uganda, announced that 50,000 Asians with British passports are to be expelled from Uganda to Britain within the next three months as they are "sabotaging the Ugandan economy".
- 9 August – the Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber musical Jesus Christ Superstar made its West End debut.
- 26 August – 10 September: Great Britain and Northern Ireland competed at the Olympics in Munich, West Germany, and win 4 gold, 5 silver and 9 bronze medals.
- 28 August – Prince William of Gloucester, a cousin of the Queen, is killed in an air crash near Wolverhampton. He was 30 years old, a bachelor and ninth in line to the throne.
- 1 September – raising of school leaving age in England and Wales to 16 for pupils leaving school at the end of the academic year began. Many temporary new buildings were erected in secondary modern and comprehensive schools to accommodate the older pupils, while some authorities raised the secondary school transfer age from 11 to 12 or 13.
- 11 September – the BBC quiz programme Mastermind was first broadcast.
- 12 September – the sinking of two British trawlers by an Icelandic gunboat triggered the second Cod War.
- 13 September – hypermarkets make their debut in the United Kingdom some twenty years after debuting in France, when French retail giant Carrefour opens a hypermarket in Caerphilly, South Wales.
- 18 September – thousands of Ugandan Asians arrived in Britain after being expelled by Idi Amin.
- 19 September – a parcel bomb killed a diplomat at the Israeli embassy in London.
- Three previously all-male Colleges of the University of Cambridge admitted women undergraduates.
- The lifting of restrictions on broadcasting hours permits extension of daytime television.
- 10 October – John Betjeman was appointed Poet Laureate.
- 13 October – bank rates were abolished and replaced with the Minimum Lending Rate.
- 16 October – the first episode of Emmerdale Farm, a soap opera set in rural Yorkshire, was aired on ITV.
- 19 October – Royce Ryton's play about the Abdication Crisis of Edward VIII, Crown Matrimonial, premiered at the Theatre Royal, Haymarket, London, for the first time includes the portrayal of a living member of the Royal Family (Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother as Duchess of York) on the legitimate stage.
- 22 October – Gordon Banks, the England national football team goalkeeper, suffered a serious eye injury in a car crash in Staffordshire.
- 23 October – Access credit cards were introduced.
- 6 November – the government introduced price and pay freezes to counter inflation.
- 18 November – England women's national football team played its first official association football match, against Scotland in Greenock, 100 years after the equivalent men's match.
- November – formation in Coventry of the PEOPLE Party, predecessor of the Green Party and the first party in Europe to promote Green politics.
- 10 December
- John Hicks was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics with Kenneth Arrow for "pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory."
- Rodney Robert Porter won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly with Gerald Edelman "for their discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies".
- Inflation falls slightly during the year to 6.4% from 8.6%.
- Marriage rates peak.
- United Reformed Church formed by merger of most of the Congregational Church in England and Wales with the Presbyterian Church of England.
- British car production peaks at more than 1.9million units, despite regular strikes and increasing foreign competition.
- Honda, the Japanese manufacturer whose motorcycles are already popular with British buyers, begins importing passenger cars to the United Kingdom, beginning only with its small Civic hatchback - one of the first medium-sized cars sold in Europe to feature this bodystyle - which competes with similar sized saloons including the Ford Escort. A larger hatchback and saloon model is due within the next four years to compete with the likes of the Ford Cortina.
- Japanese carmaker Nissan enjoys a surge in sales, with more than 30,000 cars sold in Britain this year compared to just over 6,000 in 1971.
- Richard Adams novel Watership Down.
- John Berger's novel G.
- Agatha Christie's Hercule Poirot novel Elephants Can Remember.
- Archie Cochrane's Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health Services, drawing attention to collective ignorance about the outcomes of health care.
- A Blueprint for Survival first published as a special edition of The Ecologist magazine (January).
January – March
- 23 January – Gavin Barwell, politician
- 27 January – Mark Owen, singer (Take That)
- 11 February – Steve McManaman, footballer
- 19 February – Malky Mackay, footballer
- 6 March – Terry Murphy, snooker player
- 20 March – Alexander Kapranos, singer and guitarist (Franz Ferdinand)
- 28 March – Nick Frost, actor
April – June
- 16 April – John McGuinness, motorcycle racer
- 17 April – Vicky Lupton, English racewalker
- 22 April – Sarah Patterson, actress
- 2 May – Paul Adcock, footballer
- 5 May – James Cracknell, Olympic winning rower
- 4 June – Debra Stephenson, actress
- 7 June – Curtis Robb, athlete
July – September
- 3 July – Asha Gill, British-born television host
- 6 August – Geri Halliwell, singer (Spice Girls)
- 7 August – Sarah Cawood, television presenter
- 17 August – David Ralph, Scottish field hockey forward
- 18 August – Victoria Coren Mitchell, writer, presenter and champion poker player
- 6 September – Idris Elba, actor
- 9 September – Natasha Kaplinsky, newsreader
- 21 September
October – December
- 20 October – Debbie McLeod, Scottish field hockey goalkeeper
- 29 September – Robert Webb, comedian and actor
- 2 November – Samantha Janus, actress
- 7 November – Danny Grewcock, rugby player
- 6 November – Thandie Newton, actress
- 6 December – Ewan Birney, scientist
- 12 December – Nicky Eaden, English footballer and coach
- 14 December
- 21 December – Gloria De Piero, English journalist and politician, Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities
- 29 December – Jude Law, actor
January – March
- 19 February – John Grierson, documentary film maker (born 1898)
- 29 February – Violet Trefusis, writer and socialite (born 1894)
- 13 March – Tony Ray-Jones, photographer (born 1941)
- 21 March – David McCallum, Sr., violinist and the father of David McCallum (born 1897)
- 29 March – J. Arthur Rank, industrialist and film producer (born 1888)
April – June
- 22 May
- 28 May – the Duke of Windsor (formerly Edward VIII; born 1894)
July – September
- 26 August – Francis Chichester, aviator and sailor (born 1901)
- 28 August – Prince William of Gloucester (air crash) (born 1941)
- 15 September – Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1887)
October – December
- 1 October – Louis Leakey, palaeontologist (born 1903)
- 15 October – Douglas Smith, broadcaster (year of birth unknown)
- 28 November – Havergal Brian, composer (born 1876)
- 30 November – Compton Mackenzie, novelist and Scottish nationalist (born 1883)
- 13 December – L. P. Hartley, writer (born 1895)
- 24 December – Gisela Richter, art historian (born 1882)
- Becket, Andy. When the Lights Went Out. p. 63.
- "Miners strike against government". BBC News. 9 January 1972. Archived from the original on 12 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "UK unemployment tops one million". BBC News. 20 January 1972. Archived from the original on 23 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Unemployment in the 1930s and Now". Socialist Studies. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
- "Army kills 13 in civil rights protest". BBC News. 30 January 1972. Archived from the original on 6 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 433–434. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "IRA bomb kills six at Aldershot barracks". BBC News. 22 February 1972. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Miners call off crippling coal strike". BBC News. 25 February 1972. Archived from the original on 13 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- King, Stanley (1994). Bradford Trolleybuses. Glossop: Venture. ISBN 1-898432-03-1.
- "CND begins march to Aldermaston". BBC News. 31 March 1972. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
- "'Bloody Sunday' report excuses Army". BBC News. 19 April 1972. Archived from the original on 6 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Derby Take Title". The Sydney Morning Herald. 10 May 1972. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
- Mount, Ferdinand (2004). Mind the Gap: the new class divide in Britain. London: Short Book. ISBN 1904095941.
- "European Club Football Finals (1970s)". sporting-heroes.net. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
- "M6 Junction 6". Route 6: The A6 and M6 Website. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
- "Thomas Cook packaged and sold". BBC News. 26 May 1972. Archived from the original on 5 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Official IRA declares ceasefire". BBC News. 30 May 1972. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Protestant march ends in battle". BBC News. 3 June 1972. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Duke of Windsor laid to rest". BBC News. 5 June 1972. Archived from the original on 13 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "UK's worst air crash kills 118". BBC News. 18 June 1972. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Chancellor orders pound flotation". BBC News. 23 June 1972. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Your London". Retrieved 2008-04-02.[dead link]
- CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict - 1972
- "National dock strike begins". BBC News. 28 July 1972. Archived from the original on 11 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Claudy bomb: conspiracy allowed IRA priest to go free". BBC News Northern Ireland. 24 August 2010. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- "1972: Prince William killed in plane crash". BBC News. 28 August 1972.
- "Attendance FAQs". DfES.gov.uk. 26 August 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- "Education leaving age". Politics.co.uk. 12 June 2007. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- "The Hypermarket – Gold mine or white elephant". International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management. MCB. 1 (6): 42–44. doi:10.1108/eb017761. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Expelled Ugandans arrive in UK". BBC News. 18 September 1972. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Parcel bomb attack on Israeli embassy". BBC News. 19 September 1972. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Emmerdale Farm Episode 1". 2002. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
- "Gordon Banks, englandcaps.co.uk". Archived from the original on 28 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
- "Pay and price freeze aims to curb inflation". BBC News. 6 November 1972. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Encyclopedia of Ecology and Environmental Management. John Wiley & Sons. 2009. p. 220. ISBN 978-1-4443-1324-6.
- "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1972". Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1972". Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- "Inflation: the Value of the Pound 1750-1998" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 February 2006. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
- Marr, Andrew (2007). A History of Modern Britain. London: Macmillan. p. 273. ISBN 978-1-4050-0538-8.
- United Reformed Church Act 1972.
- "30 Years Of The Honda Civic". CarPages. 23 February 2002. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
- "About the Cochrane Library". The Cochrane Library. Archived from the original on 5 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
- "About The Ecologist". The Ecologist. Retrieved 2011-01-21.