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Events from the year
1930 in the United Kingdom.
Incumbents [ edit ]
1 February -
publishes its first The Times crossword. [1 ] March -
Fitness organisation the Women's League of Health and Beauty set up by Mary Bagot Stack; by 1939 it will have over 100,000 members. [2 ] 1 April -
Poor law unions and workhouses abolished under the Local Government Act 1929, responsibility for public assistance transferring to local authorities and workhouses becoming hospitals or public assistance institutions under their control. 22 April - The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the
London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding. 30 April - First section of the 132
kV AC National Grid, the Central Scotland Electricity Scheme, is switched on in Edinburgh. [3 ] 5 May - An explosion on the eleventh floor of Bibby's oil cake mill in
Liverpool leaves five dead and almost one hundred injured. 5–24 May -
Yorkshire-born Amy Johnson becomes the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (11,000 miles to landing at Darwin). [4 ] 28 May - The
BBC Symphony Orchestra is formed as a permanent full-scale ensemble under the directorship of Adrian Boult. It gives its first concert on 22 October at the Queen's Hall, London. [5 ] 5 July - The
Seventh Lambeth Conference of Anglican bishops opens. This conference condones the use of birth control in limited circumstances, a move away from the Christian views on contraception expressed by the Sixth Conference a decade earlier. 14 July - Transmission by the
BBC of the first experimental television play, . The Man With the Flower in His Mouth [4 ] 29 July - British
airship R100 sets out for a successful 78-hour passage to Canada. 7 August - Two million people are unemployed.
16 August - The
first British Empire Games are held in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. [4 ] 29 August - Remaining inhabitants of the island of
St Kilda, Scotland, are voluntarily evacuated to the mainland. [6 ] 24 September - First performance of
Noël Coward's comedy at the Private Lives Phoenix Theatre (London) featuring Coward, Gertrude Lawrence and Laurence Olivier in the cast. [4 ] 1 October - 14 miners are killed in an explosion in a
coal pit near Cannock, Staffordshire. [7 ] 5 October - British airship
R101 crashes in France en route to India on its maiden voyage. [4 ] 6–10 October - Annual
Labour Party Conference (at Llandudno), the first chaired by a woman, Susan Lawrence, M.P. [8 ] Oswald Mosley unsuccessfully attempts to persuade it to adopt the 'Mosley Memorandum' on tackling unemployment. 20 October - British White Paper demands restrictions on
Jewish immigration into Mandatory Palestine. [1 ] 12 November -
First Round Table Conference on the future status of India opens in London. [1 ] 25 November - Cecil George Paine, a
pathologist at the Sheffield Royal Infirmary, achieves the first recorded cure (of an eye infection) using penicillin. [9 ] December -
Youth Hostels Association opens its first hostel, at Pennant Hall near Llanrwst in North Wales. [10 ] 20 December -
- a landmark case in R v Betts and Ridley English criminal law which establishes that to be convicted of a crime, it is not necessary for an accessory actually to be present when the offence is carried out. [11 ] 24 December - In
London, inventor Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his device to project pictures to the clouds.
Undated [ edit ]
Unemployment averages more than 18% in Britain. Housing Act provides government subsidy for
slum clearance, and construction of further new council houses as replacements. [12 ] [13 ] Start of local authorities' assisted wiring scheme to encourage people to connect their homes to the public electricity supply.
[14 ] Poor Prisoners' Defence Act provides for limited extension of
Rosemary Bank is discovered approximately 120 km west of Scotland by survey vessel HMS Rosemary.
Philco produces the first of its "Baby grand" designs of radio of which it will sell two million. [15 ]
Publications [ edit ]
26 January -
John Straffen, serial killer (died 2007) 13 February -
Ronald Stretton, track cyclist (died 2012) 7 March -
Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, photographer and filmmaker 8 April -
Dorothy Tutin, actress (died 2001) 17 April -
Chris Barber, jazz trombonist 9 May -
Joan Sims, actress (died 2001) 7 June -
Michael Baughen, bishop and hymn-writer 8 June -
Michael Codron, producer and manager 27 July -
Shirley Williams, Baroness Williams of Crosby, co-founder of the Social Democratic Party 8 August -
Barry Unsworth, novelist (died 2012) 13 August -
Bernard Manning, comedian (died 2007) 17 August -
Ted Hughes, poet (died 1998) 21 August - Princess Margaret Rose, later
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (died 2002) 25 August -
Sean Connery, actor 28 August -
Windsor Davies, actor 10 October -
Harold Pinter, playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (died 2008) 28 October -
Bernie Ecclestone, auto racing tycoon 14 November
15 November -
J. G. Ballard, writer (died 2009) 22 November -
Peter Hall, theatre director 1 December -
Kenneth Box, track and field sprinter 4 December -
Ronnie Corbett, comedian 27 December -
Wilfrid Sheed, English-born American writer (died 2011)
19 January -
Frank P. Ramsey, mathematician (born 1903) 2 March -
D. H. Lawrence, writer (born 1885) 19 March -
Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (born 1848) 21 April -
Robert Bridges, poet (born 1844) 25 May -
Randall Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1848) 7 July -
Arthur Conan Doyle, author (born 1859) 29 August -
William Archibald Spooner, scholar, Anglican priest and metathesist (born 1844) 4 November -
Evelyn Colyer, tennis player (born 1902) 27 November -
Johnny Tyldesley, cricketer (born 1873)
References [ edit ]
^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 372–373. ISBN 978-0-7126-5616-0.
^ "The Fitness League History". Fitness League . Retrieved . 2011-01-10
^ Shaw, Alan (29 September 2005). "Kelvin to Weir, and on to GB SYS 2005" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh . Retrieved . 2011-01-10
^ a b c d e Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 978-0-14-102715-9.
^ Boult, Adrian (1973). My Own Trumpet. London: Hamish Hamilton. p. 99. ISBN 0241024455.
^ "St Kilda". National Trust for Scotland. Archived from the original on 31 August 2010 . Retrieved . 2010-09-10
^ "Miners die in pit explosion". Wolverhampton: Express & Star . Retrieved . 2012-08-13
^ "The Labour Party Conference". (45636) (London). 6 October 1930. p. 11. The Times
^ Wainwright, M.; Swan, H.T. (1986). "C.G. Paine and the earliest surviving clinical records of penicillin therapy". Medical History 30: 42–56. doi: 10.1017/S0025727300045026. PMC 1139580. PMID 3511336 . Retrieved . 2010-03-15
^ Coburn, Oliver (1950). Youth Hostel Story. London: National Council of Social Service.
^ Slapper, Gary (23 June 2008). "The cases that changed Britain: 1917-1954". The Times (London) . Retrieved . 31 March 2009
^ The History Today Companion to British History. London: Collins & Brown. 1995. p. 391. ISBN 978-1-85585-178-8.
^ Biscoe, John. "History of public supply in the UK". Engineering Timelines . Retrieved . 2010-10-12
^ Mahon, Morgan E. (1990). A Flick of the Switch 1930–1950. Antiques Electronics Supply. p. 116.
See also [ edit ]