From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Events from the year
1843 in the United Kingdom.
Incumbents [ edit ]
January — The
Quaker magazine begins publication. The Friend 6 January —
Antarctic explorer James Clark Ross discovers Snow Hill Island. 20 January —
Daniel M'Naghten shoots and kills the Prime Minister's private secretary, Edward Drummond, in Whitehall. [1 ] 4 March — M'Naghten is found not guilty of murder "by reason of insanity", giving rise to the
M'Naghten Rules on criminal responsibility, and subsequently committed to Bethlem Hospital. [1 ] 24 March —
Battle of Hyderabad: The Bombay Army led by Major General Sir Charles Napier defeats the Talpur Emirs, securing Sindh province for the British Raj. 25 March —
Marc Isambard Brunel's Thames Tunnel, the first tunnel under the River Thames, is opened. [2 ] 27 March — Decision in
, a leading Foss v Harbottle precedent in English corporate law, declares that in any action in which a wrong is alleged to have been done to a company, the proper claimant is the company itself and not individual shareholders. [3 ] 4 April —
William Wordsworth accepts the office of Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom following the death of Robert Southey on 21 March. [4 ] 4 May —
Natal proclaimed British colony. [5 ] 18 May — The
Disruption of the Church of Scotland takes place in Edinburgh. 19 July —
Isambard Kingdom Brunel's SS is launched from Great Britain Bristol. [6 ] September —
Ada Lovelace translates and expands Menabrea’s notes on Charles Babbage's analytical engine, including an algorithm for calculating a sequence of Bernoulli numbers, regarded as the world's first computer program. [7 ] [8 ] [9 ] 2 September —
newspaper first published (preliminary issue dated August). The Economist 1 October —
newspaper first published. News of the World It will survive until 2011. [2 ] 3 November–4 November — The statue of Nelson placed atop
Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London. [2 ] 13 December —
Basutoland becomes a British protectorate. [5 ] December — The world's first
Christmas cards, commissioned by Sir Henry Cole in London from the artist John Callcott Horsley, are sent. [10 ]
Undated [ edit ]
Publications [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b Moran, Richard (2004). "McNaughtan, Daniel (1802/3–1865)". . Oxford University Press Oxford Dictionary of National Biography . Retrieved . 2011-02-02 (subscription or UK public library membership required)
^ a b c Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
^ Slapper, Gary (19 June 2008). "The cases that changed Britain: 1785-1869". The Times . Retrieved . 2011-06-16
^ Pinion, F. B. (1988). A Wordsworth Chronology. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press. p. 201. ISBN 0-333-38860-7.
^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 266–267. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
^ "Royal Visit". The Bristol Mirror. 20 July 1843. pp. 1–2.
^ Fuegi, John; Francis, Jo (October–December 2003). "Lovelace & Babbage and the creation of the 1843 'notes '". IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 25 (4): 16–26. doi: 10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253887.
^ "Ada Byron, Lady Lovelace". Archived from the original on 21 July 2010 . Retrieved . 2010-07-11
^ Menabrea, L. F. (1843). "Sketch of the Analytical Engine Invented by Charles Babbage". Scientific Memoirs 3. Archived from the original on 13 September 2010 . Retrieved . 2010-10-01
^ Buday, György (1992). "The history of the Christmas card". Omnigraphics: 8.
^ Lewis, Darcy (2006). "Timeline: Oxford". TimeTravel-Britain.com . Retrieved . 2010-10-18