Events from the year
. 1895 in the United Kingdom
Incumbents [ edit ]
"Great Frost".   3 January – première of
Oscar Wilde's comedy at the An Ideal Husband Haymarket Theatre in London. 5 January -
Guy Domville, a play by Henry James has its premiere at the newly renovated St James theatre in London. 12 January – the
National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty is founded in England by Octavia Hill, Sir Robert Hunter and Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley.  25 January – first international
hockey match: Wales v. Ireland.  11 February – the lowest ever UK temperature of −27.2 °C (measured as −17 °F) is recorded at
Braemar in Aberdeenshire. (This UK Weather Record is equalled in 1982 and again in 1995.) 14 February – première of
Oscar Wilde's last play, the comedy , at The Importance of Being Earnest St. James' Theatre, London.  18 February – the
Marquess of Queensberry (father of Lord Alfred Douglas, Oscar Wilde's lover), leaves his calling card at the Albemarle Club in London, inscribed: "For Oscar Wilde, posing somdomite", i.e. a sodomite, inducing Wilde to charge him with criminal libel.  16 March – first international
hockey match played by an England team: England v. Ireland at Richmond, Surrey. England win 5–0.  29 March – the National Trust acquires, by donation, its first landholding for preservation, Dinas Oleu, above
Barmouth in Wales.  30 March –
Birt Acres films . The Oxford and Cambridge University Boat Race 3–5 April – libel case of
Wilde v Queensberry at the Old Bailey in London: Queensberry, defended by Edward Carson, is acquitted. Evidence of Wilde's homosexual relationships with young men renders him liable to criminal prosecution under the Labouchere Amendment, while the Libel Act 1843 renders him legally liable for the considerable expenses Queensberry has incurred in his defence, leaving Wilde penniless. 6 April – Oscar Wilde is arrested at the
Cadogan Hotel, London, for "unlawfully committing acts of gross indecency with certain male persons" and detained on remand in Holloway Prison. 2 May –
British South Africa Company's territory south of the Zambesi renamed ' Rhodesia'.  25 May
21 June –
Lord Rosebery resigns as Prime Minister after defeat in a vote of no confidence in the House of Commons over the supply of cordite to the army. Lord Salisbury returns to the office on 25 June.  6 July –
Hon Evelyn Ellis makes the first trip in England with an imported motor car, driving his Panhard from Micheldever railway station to his home in Datchet.  13 July–7 August –
general election is won by the Conservative Party, confirming Lord Salisbury as Prime Minister. 15 July –
Archie MacLaren scores a County Championship record innings of 424 for Lancashire against Somerset at Taunton. 10 August
29 August – the
Northern Rugby Football Union is formed at a meeting in the George Hotel, Huddersfield. This is now the governing body for the sport of Rugby League, known as the Rugby Football League. 11 September – the
FA Cup is stolen from a shop window in Birmingham; it is never recovered.  14 September –
Derby County F.C. move into the Baseball Ground, which was built five years ago to serve the town's unsuccessful baseball team.  October – the
London School of Economics holds its first classes 4 October – English golfer
Horace Rawlins, 21, wins the first U.S. Open golf tournament.  15 October – first motor show in Britain held at
Tunbridge Wells.  1 November – the last
turnpike toll-gates in the UK are removed, from Llanfairpwllgwyngyll on Anglesey. November – the
Lee–Enfield rifle is adopted as standard issue by the British Army, remaining in service until the 1960s.  December –
Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War begins. 24 December –
Kingstown Lifeboat Disaster: In Ireland, the Kingstown Life-boat capsizes on service: all fifteen crew are lost.  29 December – the
Jameson Raid: invasion of Transvaal. 
Undated [ edit ]
Publications [ edit ]
29 April –
Malcolm Sargent, conductor (died 1967) 8 May –
Lionel Whitby, haematologist, clinical pathologist, pharmacologist and army officer (died 1956) 30 May –
Maurice Tate, cricketer (died 1956) 24 July –
Robert Graves, writer (died 1985) 6 September –
Margery Perham, Africanist (died 1982) 7 September –
Brian Horrocks, general (died 1985) 31 October –
Basil Liddell Hart, military historian (died 1970) 1 November –
David Jones, artist and poet (died 1974) 1 December –
Henry Williamson, author (died 1977) 2 December –
Harriet Cohen, pianist (died 1967) 14 December – Prince Albert, later
George VI (died 1952) 30 December –
L. P. Hartley, novelist (died 1972)
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Kennedy, Maev (10 November 2000). "Toulouse-Lautrec portrait of Oscar Wilde resurfaces". . London The Guardian . Retrieved . 18 June 2012
^ "great frost of 1895". Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information. Royal Gardens, Kew (109): 5–10. 1896.
^ "The Frost of 1895". British Medical Journal. 1: 886. 1895.
^ "Our history". National Trust . Retrieved . 18 June 2012
^ a b c d e Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 322–323. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
^ a b c d Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
^ Holland, Merlin (2003). Irish Peacock & Scarlet Marquess: The Real Trial of Oscar Wilde. London: Fourth Estate. p. 300. ISBN 0-00-715418-6.
^ a b "History and Rules of Hockey". Hockey in England. England Hockey Board. Archived from the original on 14 December 2010 . Retrieved . 26 January 2011
^ "The National Trust's First Land Donation". 2000 . Retrieved . 10 November 2010
^ "Oscar Fingal O'Fflahartie Wills Wilde, Alfred Waterhouse Somerset Taylor, Sexual Offences ... 20th May 1895". The Proceedings of the Old Bailey. April 2013 . Retrieved . 2014-11-24
^ Lister, Moira (1998). Ellen Terry. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. p. 99. ISBN 0-7509-1526-9.
^ "Evelyn Ellis and the First Motor Car in England". Datchet History . Retrieved . 2015-07-14
^ "In the Beginning – 1800s". Official Website. Bolton Wanderers Football Club. 7 June 2005. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012 . Retrieved . 18 June 2012
^ "Derby County History: The Baseball Ground". beehive.thisisderbyshire.co.uk. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011.
^ Skennerton, Ian (2007). The Lee-Enfield. Gold Coast QLD: Arms & Militaria Press. ISBN 0-949749-82-6.
^ Lowth, Cormac (1995). "The Palme shipwreck and the lifeboat disaster of 1895". Blackrock Society Proceedings. 3: 94–105.
^ "Percy Sinclair Pilcher". Gazetteer for Scotland. School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh . Retrieved . 2014-04-17
^ "Percy Sinclair Pilcher (1867-1899)". Scottish Engineering Hall of Fame. 2011 . Retrieved . 2014-04-17
See also [ edit ]