1860 in the United Kingdom
Events from the year 1860 in the United Kingdom.
- 1 January – Cray Wanderers Football Club formed in St Mary Cray, north Kent.
- 25 January – HMS Prince of Wales, a 121-gun screw-propelled first-rate ship of the line is launched at Portsmouth Dockyard.
- February – Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom recommends erection of the Palmerston Forts.
- 27 February – paddle steamer Nimrod is wrecked off St David's Head in Wales and 45 people are killed.
- March – Food and Drugs Act, 1860 prohibits the adulteration of certain foodstuffs.
- 7 March – HMS Howe, the Royal Navy’s last, largest and fastest wooden first-rate three-decker ship of the line, is launched at Pembroke Dockyard but never completed for sea service.
- 17 March – First Taranaki War between Maoris and British colonists in New Zealand begins.
- April – the last major bare-knuckle boxing match in England ends in a draw.
- 9 July – the Nightingale Training School and Home for Nurses, the first nursing school based on the ideas of Florence Nightingale, is opened at St Thomas' Hospital in London.
- 22 August – the British navy assists the troops of Giuseppe Garibaldi to cross from Sicily to the mainland of Italy.
- 30 August – the first street trams in Britain are introduced in Birkenhead.
- October – John Hanning Speke and James Augustus Grant leave Zanzibar to search for source of the Nile.
- 5 October – Austria, Britain, France, Prussia and the Ottoman Empire form a commission to investigate causes of the massacres of Maronite Christians, committed by Druzes in Lebanon earlier in the year.
- 17 October – the first professional golf tournament is held at Prestwick in Scotland, sometimes regarded as the first Open, although it is not truly open until the following year.
- 18 October – Second Opium War:
- November – the 'Temporary Home for Lost and Starving Dogs', predecessor of the Battersea Dogs and Cats Home, is established in London by Mary Tealby.
- 1 December
- 29 December – the world's first ocean-going (all) iron-hulled and armoured battleship, HMS Warrior is launched on the Thames.
- Wilkie Collins' novel The Woman in White.
- Charles Dickens's novel Great Expectations (serialisation begins).
- George Eliot's novel The Mill on the Floss.
- Thomas Love Peacock's last novel Gryll Grange (serialisation).
- Robert Smith Surtees' comic novel Plain or Ringlets? (concludes publication).
- Anthony Trollope's novel Framley Parsonage (serialisation in the new Cornhill Magazine).
- The collection of broad-church essays on Christianity Essays and Reviews.
- The Western Morning News is first published (Plymouth, 3 January).
- 6 March – Frederick George Jackson, Arctic explorer (died 1938)
- 2 May – William Bayliss, physiologist (died 1924)
- 9 May – J. M. Barrie, author (died 1937)
- 22 July – Frederick Rolfe, writer and artist (died 1913)
- 3 August – W. K. Dickson, inventor (died 1935)
- 7 August – Alan Leo, born William F. Allan, astrologer (died 1917)
- Lancelot Speed, illustrator (died 1931)
- 27 January – Thomas Brisbane, astronomer (born 1773)
- 25 March – James Braid, surgeon (born 1795)
- 12 May – Sir Charles Barry, architect (born 1795)
- 16 May – Anne Isabella Milbanke, wife of George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (born 1792)
- 3 August – Henry Wyndham, British Army General and Conservative Party politician (born 1790)
- 31 October – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, admiral (born 1775)
- 14 December – George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (born 1784)
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 281–282. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "The Open Championship – More Scottish than British". PGA Tour official website. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- Jukes, Tony. "The development of Risca". Risca Industrial History Museum & OHIHS. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- "Risca Colliery". CoalHouse. BBC. 2008. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- Moseley, Brian (May 2011). "Western Morning News". The Encyclopaedia of Plymouth History. Plymouth Data. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2015.