Beijing Nanyuan Airport

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Beijing Nanyuan Airport

北京南苑机场
Nanyuan Airport Terminal.JPG
Summary
Airport typeMilitary (former public)
ServesBeijing
LocationFengtai District
Opened1910
Closed25 September 2019 (2019-09-25)
Coordinates39°47′03″N 116°23′39″E / 39.7842°N 116.3943°E / 39.7842; 116.3943Coordinates: 39°47′03″N 116°23′39″E / 39.7842°N 116.3943°E / 39.7842; 116.3943
Map
NAY is located in Beijing
NAY
NAY
Location in Beijing
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36
[citation needed]
Concrete
[citation needed]
Statistics (2018)
Passenger6,512,740
[citation needed]
Aircraft movements44,468
[citation needed]
Freight (in tonnes)25,122.2
[citation needed]

Beijing Nanyuan Airport (IATA: NAY, ICAO: ZBNY) was a military/public airport that also formerly served as the secondary airport of Beijing. Located in Fengtai District, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of the 4th Ring Road and 13 km (8.1 mi) from Tiananmen Square,[2] Nanyuan Airport was first opened in 1910, making it the oldest airport in China.[citation needed] It was the main hub of China United Airlines.[citation needed]

Nanyuan Airport ceased civil operation on 25 September 2019, after all flights were moved to the newly opened Beijing Daxing International Airport.[3]

History[edit]

The first aircraft landed in the Nanyuan area was in 1904. In July 1907, the government built rudimentary runways in Nanyuan's Yijun training ground (also known as the Wulidian soldier training ground) and used it for a light aircraft purchased from France.[4]

In August 1910, the Qing government began to establish air transportation in China, with the built of a factory in Nanyuan to experiment with manufacturing aircraft, the Nanyuan airport officially opened its regular use.[5] Nanyuan airport was the first airport in China and one of the three operational airports opened before 1910s in the world.[citation needed] After the Xinhai Revolution, Yuan Shikai, who followed suggestions from the French advisers, established the first official flying academy in China in 1913: Nanyuan Flying Academy, and purchased 10 French Caudron trainer aircraft for 300,000 silver dollars.[citation needed] After the Second Zhili-Fengtian War, the academy was closed.[citation needed] However, the more than 100 pilots that trained in the academy over 4 terms have played important roles in China's aviation history. Later on, some of them has become key persons in civil aviation.[citation needed]

During the Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese Army extended the airport, upgraded its air traffic control facilities, and changed the name to Nanyuan military camp.[citation needed] After the Surrender of Japan in 1945, Nanyuan Airport has become one of the most important airports for the Nationalist government and its air force.[citation needed] The private planes of Chiang Kai-shek and Fu Zuoyi have taken off from the Nanyuan Airport; many of Kuomintang's important military and government personnels have also boarded flights from Nanyuan. There was also an aviation accident happened at the airport in 1945.[citation needed]

During 1946 United States Marine Corps fighter squadron VMF-218 was based here.[6]

in December 1948, the People's Liberation Army took control of the airport.[citation needed] In August 1949, the first flying brigade of the People's Liberation Army Air Force was formed in here, and they participated in the People's Republic of China Founding Ceremony's flying missions.[citation needed] Since then, Nanyuan Airport has been supporting the training of air and ground forces in all of the subsequent National Day Show of Force events.[citation needed]

In 1986, China United Airlines was established as a military-owned civil airline with special authorization to use military airports.[citation needed] Becoming the first commercial airline to serve Nanyuan, it turned the airbase into its main hub.[citation needed] It has continued to operate out of the airbase despite its 2004 privatization and sale to Shanghai Airlines.[citation needed]

In 2008, Nanyuan Airport witnessed a high growth rate. The total number of passengers served increased by 80.1%, reaching 1,357,038; total freight loaded/unloaded reached 13,243 tonnes, which was a 65.6% increase from the previous year. Traffic movements also had a very strong growth rate of 72.2%, registering 12,245.[7]

Nanyuan Airport opened a new terminal in September 2013 with a designed passenger handling capacity of 6 million people.[8] The previous terminal was capable of handling 2.8 million passengers during 2011.[citation needed]

Nanyuan Airport closed after the last flight departed on 22:40 (UTC+8), 25 September 2019.[9] All civil aviation operations moved to Beijing Daxing International Airport.[10] All other operations moved to the new military airfield adjacent to Beijing Daxing International Airport.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 北京南苑机场地理位置 (in Chinese). China United Airlines. Retrieved 2018-01-07.
  2. ^ 新联航本周南苑机场首飞 重塑支线航空霸主地位 (in Chinese). 2005-10-18. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  3. ^ "再见百年南苑,南苑机场正式结束民航运营". 2019-09-25. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  4. ^ http://www.bjnews.com.cn/news/2019/09/25/629668.html
  5. ^ http://www.xinhuanet.com/local/2019-01/21/c_1124017055.htm
  6. ^ Rottman, Gordon (2002). U.S. Marine Corps World War II Order of Battle - Ground and Air Units in the Pacific War, 1939 - 1945. Greenwood Press. p. 442. ISBN 0313319065.
  7. ^ 民航机场运输业务量(排序) (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2009-03-16. Archived from the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2009-03-16.
  8. ^ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-07/06/content_15556262.htm
  9. ^ "再见百年南苑,南苑机场正式结束民航运营". 2019-09-25. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  10. ^ "百年南苑机场将关闭 北京大兴国际机场9月30日前通航-新华网". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2019-07-30.