Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport

Coordinates: 30°14′13.6″N 120°25′55.0″E / 30.237111°N 120.431944°E / 30.237111; 120.431944
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport

杭州萧山国际机场
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorHangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport Co. Ltd.
ServesHangzhou
LocationYingbin Avenue, Xiaoshan, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Opened30 December 2000; 23 years ago (2000-12-30)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL7 m / 23 ft
Coordinates30°14′13.6″N 120°25′55.0″E / 30.237111°N 120.431944°E / 30.237111; 120.431944
Websitehzairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
HGH is located in Zhejiang
HGH
HGH
Location in Zhejiang
HGH is located in China
HGH
HGH
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,600 11,811 Concrete
06/24 3,400 11,155 Concrete
Statistics (2021)
Passengers28,163,820
Cargo (tonnes)914,063
Aircraft movements238,269
Source: [2]
Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport
Simplified Chinese杭州萧山国际机场
Traditional Chinese杭州蕭山國際機場

Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport (IATA: HGH, ICAO: ZSHC) is an international airport serving Hangzhou, a major city in the Yangtze River Delta region and the capital of East China’s Zhejiang province.[1] The airport is located on the southern shore of Qiantang River in Xiaoshan District and is 27 km (17 mi) east of downtown Hangzhou. Architecture firm Aedas designed Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport.[2]

The airport has service to destinations throughout China. International destinations are mainly in the east and southeast Asia, and points of Africa, Europe, and South Asia. The airport also serves as a focus city for Air China, China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Hainan Airlines and Xiamen Airlines.

In 2017, Hangzhou airport handled 35,570,411 passengers,[3] which ranked tenth in terms of passenger traffic in China. Additionally, the airport ranked sixth busiest in terms of cargo with 589,461.6 tonnes and was the country's ninth busiest airport by traffic movements at 271,066.

On 8 September 2022, Terminal 4 of Hangzhou airport opened.[4]

Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport has two terminals, Terminal A and Terminal B. The smaller Terminal A serves all international and regional flights while the larger Terminal B solely handles domestic traffic. The airport is located just outside the city in the Xiaoshan District with direct bus service linking the airport with Downtown Hangzhou. The ambitious expansion project will see the addition of a second runway and a third terminal which will dramatically increase capacity of the fast-growing airport that serves as a secondary hub of Air China. A new elevated airport express highway is under construction on top of the existing highway between the airport and downtown Hangzhou. The second phase of Hangzhou Metro Line 1 has a planned extension to the airport.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The airport was planned to be constructed in three phases. The first phase of construction started in July 1997, and was completed and opened for traffic on 30 December 2000. It replaced the old Hangzhou Jianqiao Airport, which was a dual-use civil and military airfield. In March 2004, the airport officially became an international airport after immigration and customs facilities were built and put into service.[1] A second runway of 3,600 meters (11,811 ft 0 in) is also under construction. Terminal extensions are also under construction as of 2012.[citation needed]

The airport was a hub of CNAC Zhejiang. After the airlines' merger with Air China, the latter inherited the Hangzhou hub.

KLM launched the first intercontinental air route out of Hangzhou, to Amsterdam, on 8 May 2010.[5]

On the evening of 9 July 2010, the airport was shut down for an hour when an unidentified flying object was detected.[6] Flights were diverted to the nearby airports in Ningbo, Zhejiang and Wuxi, Jiangsu.[7] Eighteen flights were affected. Though normal operations resumed four hours later, the incident captured the attention of the Chinese media and sparked a firestorm of speculation on the UFO's identity.[6]

Facilities[edit]

Aerial view of Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport
Terminal 2
Terminal 3
Hangzhou Xiaoshan Airport T4 Check-in area
Terminal 4
Airside lobby of Terminal 4

Phase One of the airport occupies 7,260 acres (29.4 km2) of land. It has a capacity of eight million passengers and 110,000 tons of cargo a year, and can handle aircraft as large as the Boeing 747-400. [citation needed] It has one runway which is 3,600 meters (11,811 ft 0 in) long and 45 meters (147 ft 8 in) wide. The passenger terminal can handle 3,600 passengers an hour and is 100,000 square meters (1,100,000 sq ft) in size (including an underground parking of 22,000 square meters (240,000 sq ft)). The departure level has 36 ticket counters, including 12 in the international side of the terminal. There are 2,900 seats in the departure lounge. The immigration and customs area occupies 9,500 square meters (102,000 sq ft) of terminal space.

The apron occupies 340,000 square metres of land, and there are 12 jetways and 18 departure gates.

Maintenance facilities are certified to perform B-Check on all types of aircraft and C-Check on Boeing 737 and Boeing 757 aircraft.

Phase Two of the airport expansion project began construction on 8 November 2007. It included an International Terminal, a second Domestic Terminal, and a new runway.[8] The International Terminal was completed on 3 June 2010. The terminal has 8 air bridgegates, with one gate capable of handling the Airbus A380. All international flights, including flights to Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan depart from this terminal. The original terminal handles exclusively domestic flights. All other constructions were completed and operations began on 30 December 2012.[9]

The new runway is 3,400 meters (11,154 ft 10 in) long and 60 meters (196 ft 10 in) wide, which is capable of handling the Airbus A380.[10] The new domestic terminal (T3) has 90 Check-in desks and 21 Self Check-in counters. It also adds 26 security lanes and 31 aerobridge gates.[11] All public spaces of the terminal have free WIFI services.[12] With the addition of the new passenger terminal, the airport now has a total terminal floor area of 370,000 square meters (4,000,000 sq ft) and will enable the airport to handle 8,520 passengers at peak hour and 32.5 million passengers annually.[10]

Loong Airlines has its headquarters in the Loong Air Office Building (长龙航空办公大楼; Chánglóng Hángkōng Bàngōngdàlóu) on the airport property.[13]

Ground transportation[edit]

Hangzhou Airport office building

Airport bus[edit]

There are airport bus services linking the airport to points throughout Zhejiang and cities in Jiangsu.[citation needed]

Bus services to/from downtown Hangzhou originate/terminate at the Ticketing Office on Tiyuchang Road with intermediate stops in between.[citation needed]

Rail[edit]

Xiaoshan International Airport station of the Hangzhou Metro allows passengers to transfer to Line 1, Line 7 and Line 19 which connect the airport with the city downtown.[citation needed]

Highway[edit]

The Airport is accessed by Airport Road, which connects to the Airport Expressway and is linked to downtown Hangzhou by the Xixing Bridge. The Airport Expressway also has an exit at North Shixin Road, which is linked to downtown Xiaoshan. The G92 Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway has an exit at the airport.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Guangzhou, Guiyang
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Daqing, Dubai–International,[14] Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Hohhot, Jieyang, Karamay, Korla, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Liupanshui, Nanning, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Rome–Fiumicino, Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen, Shiyan, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Ulanqab, Ürümqi, Weihai, Xi'an, Yantai, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou
Air Macau Macau
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Ankang, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Daxing, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Dunhuang, Enshi, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Jeju,[15] Kunming, Lijiang, Lisbon, Madrid, Mangshi,[16] Melbourne (begins 16 June 2024),[17] Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[18] Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Sanya, Tangshan, Ürümqi, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yichang, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Haikou
China Eastern Airlines Auckland,[19] Beijing–Daxing, Changde, Chengdu–Tianfu, Dali, Datong,[20] Golmud, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Jiamusi, Jinggangshan, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Linyi, Luzhou, Mudanjiang, Qingdao, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore,[21] Sydney,[19] Taiyuan, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xinyang, Xishuangbanna, Yan'an, Yanji, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou
China Express Airlines Baotou,[22] Changzhi, Chongqing, Shiyan, Tianshui, Xi'an
China Southern Airlines Aksu, Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Jieyang, Lanzhou, Meixian, Nanning, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Ürümqi, Wuhan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Foshan[23]
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing, Guiyang[24]
Dalian Airlines Dalian
Donghai Airlines Zhuhai[25]
Egyptair Cairo
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Harbin, Hengyang, Jinzhou, Nanyang, Qinhuangdao,[26] Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose,[27] Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Tongliao, Ürümqi, Wuhai, Xi'an, Yantai, Yichang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Hebei Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Chengde, Guiyang, Hohhot, Kunming, Mianyang, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Yibin,[28] Zhangjiakou
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Jiangxi Air Shenyang
Juneyao Air Bijie, Chifeng,[29] Guiyang, Harbin, Huai'an, Huizhou, Kunming, Linfen
Kunming Airlines Kunming, Mangshi
Loong Air Almaty,[30] Bijie, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Dazhou,[31] Enshi, Guangzhou, Handan, Harbin, Heze, Hong Kong, Huaihua, Jeju, Jingzhou,[32] Jixi,[33] Kalibo, Kuala Lumpur–International,[34] Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Luliang,[35] Osaka–Kansai, Qianjiang,[36] Quanzhou, Rizhao, Sanya, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Tumxuk, Ürümqi, Weihai, Wuhan, Wulong, Xiangyang, Xichang, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yan'an, Yantai,[33] Yinchuan, Yulin (Guangxi),[37] Yulin (Shaanxi), Zhuhai, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Lucky Air Ganzhou, Haikou,[38] Kunming, Xishuangbanna[38]
Nok Air Phuket
Okay Airways Harbin, Sanya, Shizuoka, Tianjin, Tongren, Xishuangbanna
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
Scoot Singapore
Shandong Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guilin, Qingdao, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Xiamen, Yantai, Yinchuan
Shenzhen Airlines Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Yuncheng
Sichuan Airlines Beihai,[39] Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Harbin, Jiayuguan, Jiuzhaigou,[40] Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa,[40] Lijiang,[31] Luzhou, Mianyang, Nanning, Ürümqi, Xishuangbanna, Yibin,[40] Zhaotong
Spring Airlines Jeju, Jieyang, Lanzhou, Linyi, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang
Sriwijaya Air Charter: Denpasar, Jakarta-Soekarno–Hatta
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Tianjin Airlines Chongqing, Dalian, Qingdao, Tianjin, Ürümqi, Xi'an, Yantai
Tibet Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu,[41] Dali,[42] Lhasa, Luzhou,[43] Xi'an,[41] Yibin
Urumqi Air Ürümqi
VietJet Air Da Nang, Nha Trang
Seasonal charter: Phu Quoc
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang
Seasonal: Nha Trang
West Air Chongqing
XiamenAir Beihai,[44] Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Kunming, Lanzhou, Liuzhou, Luoyang, Macau, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Ürümqi, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Maotai

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air China Cargo Liege,[45] Madrid[46]
Atlas Air Anchorage, Chicago–O’Hare
Maersk Air Cargo Billund[47]
Mas Air Mexico City[48]
SF Airlines[49] Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing,[50] Chengdu–Shuangliu, Los Angeles,[51] New York–JFK,[51] Qingdao, Shenzhen, Singapore,[52][53] Wuhan, Xi'an
Suparna Airlines Cargo Guangzhou, Manila
YTO Cargo Airlines Dhaka, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Kuala Lumpur–International, Manila,[54] Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore,[55] Ürümqi, Tashkent[54]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Project Page: Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport". Aedas.com. Archived from the original on 11 March 2013.
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External links[edit]