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Native toNepal
RegionDoti (Sudurpashchim Pradesh) and Karnali Pradesh
Native speakers
790,000 in Nepal (2011 census)[1]
Devanagari script (Nepali alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-3dty
A woman from the Achham district of Nepal discusses cooking mutton and fish in the Achhami dialect.

Doteli, or Dotyali (डोटेली) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 800,000 people, most of whom live in Nepal. It is a dialect of Khas, which is an ancient form of the modern Nepali language, and is written in the Devanagari script. It has official status in Nepal as per Part 1, Section 6 of the Constitution of Nepal 2072 (2015).[2] There are four main dialects of Doteli, namely Baitadeli, Bajhangi Nepali, Darchuli and Doteli.[3] The mutual intelligibility between these dialects is high and all dialects of Doteli are able to share language-based materials.

Terms used for language name by district[3]
District Terms used for language name
Kailali Baitadeli, Bajhangi, Nepali
Kanchanpur Baitadeli Nepali, Nepali
Doti Dotyali, Doteli
Dadeldhura Dotyali, Dadeldhuri
Baitadi Baitadi, Baitadeli, Dotyali
Darchula Darchuleli, Dotyali
Bajhang Bajhangi Bajhangi Nepali, Nepali

Origin and history[edit]

According to Rahul Sankrityayan Doteli or Dotyali is a dialect of the Kumaoni language which was brought to Doti by a section of the Katyuri dynasty of Kumaon, which had ruled over Doti until 1790.The Doti kingdom was formed after the Katyuri kingdom broke up into eight different princely states.[4] In Nepal, Doteli is considered a Nepali dialect. However, local intellectuals and people of Doti, those who speak Doteli, are increasingly demanding their language to be recognized as one of the national languages of Nepal.


  1. ^ Doteli at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Constitution Bill of Nepal 2072
  3. ^ a b A Sociolinguistic Study of Dotyali. LinSuN Central Department of linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal and SIL International, 2014
  4. ^ "T.R. Vaidya - ADVANCED HISTORY OF NEPAL". 2005-02-09. Archived from the original on 2005-02-09. Retrieved 2020-01-08.

External links[edit]