Dwarka, Delhi

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Dwarka Sub City
Dwarka
Neighbourhood
Aerial view of Dwarka
Aerial view of Dwarka
Dwarka Sub City is located in Delhi
Dwarka Sub City
Dwarka Sub City
Location in India
Coordinates: 28°35′4.278″N 77°02′57.044″E / 28.58452167°N 77.04917889°E / 28.58452167; 77.04917889Coordinates: 28°35′4.278″N 77°02′57.044″E / 28.58452167°N 77.04917889°E / 28.58452167; 77.04917889
Country India
State Delhi
District South West Delhi
Government
 • Body Delhi Development Authority
Area
 • Total 56.48 km2 (21.81 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,100,000
 • Density 19,000/km2 (50,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 110075, 110077, 110078
Nearest city Gurgaon
Lok Sabha constituency West Delhi
Vidhan Sabha constituency Dwarka/Matiyala (Different Sectors falls in different constituency)
Civic agency Delhi Development Authority

Dwarka [1] is a neighbourhood of Delhi[2] and is located in the district of South West Delhi in India.[2] The Subcity is located extremely near to Indira Gandhi International Airport and serves as the administrative headquarters of South West Delhi.

Dwarka is organised into Cooperative Group Housing Societies. It is one of the most sought-after residential areas in the city.[3][4] It has the largest rooftop solar plant in Union Territory of Delhi.[5][6]

In January 2017, Cabinet of India approved Dwarka to be second Diplomatic Enclave[7][8] for 39 countries on 34 hectares,[9] after Chanakyapuri.[9][10][11] In 2016, Cabinet of India chaired by PM Narendra Modi has approved 89.72 hectares of land for Exhibition-cum Convention centre[12][13] for 26,000 crore (US$4.1 billion).[14]

Dwarka is being developed as a smart city under Delhi Development Authority's ‘smart sub-city’ project.[15][16]

History[edit]

Dwarka Baoli is a stepwell constructed for the residents of Loharehri village by the Sultans of the Lodi Dynasty in the early 16th century.
Dwarka - Residential Area - Aerial View
Aerial photograph of Dwarka Sub City
Aerial View of Dwarka Residential Area.

It is named after the legendary Dwaraka Kingdom. It is a short distance away from Gurugram which is a major hub for large corporations in the country and about 10 km away from Indira Gandhi International Airport. With the opening up of the Airport Express Line,[17] the travel time from the Dwarka Sector 21 Metro station to Airport is expected to be about 3 minutes.

Some parts of modern-day Dwarka historically came under the colony of Pappankalan, which are now developed under the 'Urban Expansion Projects' of the Delhi Development Authority.[18]

A small baoli, discovered five years ago in Dwarka, has been restored and could become a tourist attraction. An elaborate conservation project by the India National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (Intach) for the Lodi-era baoli was completed recently. Dwarka Baoli (also known as Loharehri Baoli) is a historical stepwell recently discovered in Dwarka Sub City, in south west New Delhi, India. It was constructed for the residents of Loharehri village by the Sultans of the Lodi Dynasty in the early 16th century. Dwarka now stands where the Loharehri village once stood.

Cityscape[edit]

Parks[edit]

Delhi Development Authority is currently planning to establish a theme-based park, to be spread over 200 acres in sector 20.[19]

Culture[edit]

Sports[edit]

Delhi Development Authority is planning to create an 18 hole state-of-the-art golf course over an area of 173 acres in Sector 24.[20][21][22][23]

Location[edit]

  • The sub-city is located in South-West Delhi in the vicinity of Gurgaon and international airport.
  • It is bounded by NH-8, Outer Ring Road, Najafgarh Road, Pankha Road Near Dabri Mor, and the Rewari railway line.
  • West End, Uttam Nagar, Vasant Kunj, Vikas Puri, Najafgarh, Bijwasan, Palam vihar, Vasant Vihar, Janakpuri residential areas and Delhi cantonment are the other major surrounding areas in south/west west Delhi.
  • It is at a short distance from Gurgaon.
  • Dwarka is the largest residential suburb in Asia, with a total of 1718 residential enclaves, and a net population of 1,100,000.

Currently Dwarka Sub-City (Sector 1 to 29) is divided into 5 MCD Wards: 135- Kakraula, 136- Matiala, 141- Bijwasan, 145- Palam, and 147- Mahavir Enclave. Dwarka is divided into three Assembly Constituencies i.e. AC-34 Matiala, AC-36 Bijwasan, AC-37 Palam. Also, Dwarka is divided into two Parliamentary constituencies i.e. West Delhi and South Delhi. The area of Dwarka Sub-city as per DDA record is 5648 Hectares. The density of population is around 160-200 per H A. Road length in Dwarka is 396 km.

Social issues[edit]

Sanitation[edit]

The irregularity in transportation of garbage[24] and the South Delhi Municipal Corporation failing to clean Dwarka,[25] has recently caused the city to face a severe sanitation crisis.[24] The Delhi High Court has been looking into the issue of lack of sanitation and cleaning in Dwarka since 2014.[26][27] Civic agencies such as DDA and the municipal corporation have blamed Dwarka filth on ‘lack of civic sense’.[28]

Crime[edit]

Due to lack of streetlights and limited police patrolling (although there are now many traffic cops at major intersections),[29] empty roads and absence of security guards in most colonies, there have been reported incidents of petty street crimes.[30]

Transportation[edit]

Dwarka sector 21 metro station
A Metro Station in Dwarka
Metro Stations in Dwarka
  • Dwarka has a robust and well connected road network built to modern specifications to each of its sectors and adjoining areas.
  • The sub city is well connected by metro rail with the city centre and other major parts of the city by MRTS. There are a total of 8 metro stations in Dwarka.
  • Connected to Indira Gandhi International Airport Terminal 3 via Sector 21 Station interchange with the Airport Express Line.
  • The sub city is now connected through metro rail to Noida (UP) and Anand Vihar and Ghaziabad (Vaishali Station)
  • The sub city will be connected to the mother city by 4 major roads from all directions.
  • If entering from the north, a 45 meter wide road connecting Pankha Road partly by covering Palam drain. Work was completed and the road was opened for the public in 2007.
  • If entering from the west, a 60 meter wide road connecting Najafgarh Road is constructed.
  • If entering from the east, a 45 meter wide road through Cantonment area with a fly-over near Palam. The fly over and road were opened for the public in 2006.
  • If entering from the southeast, go through a 60 meter wide road from NH-8 (with a rail underpass). The road was already constructed.
  • An Airport metro line known as the Delhi Airport Metro Express connects Dwarka to the Indira Gandhi International Airport and terminates at New Delhi metro station from where one can go to New Delhi railway station
  • Dwarka is expected to be connected to Gurgaon by metro in the near future due to its close proximity to the NCR town.

Cultural hub[edit]

Dwarka sub-city is emerging as a cultural hub of the south-west Delhi. Most notable among the cultural centres in Dwarka is the Rukmini Dwarkadhish Temple, also known as the ISKCON temple. This temple in the Sector 13 is a centre of worship, intellectual deliberations and social interactions.[citation needed]

Mixed land use concept[edit]

DDA has implemented the unique concept of Mixed Land Use (MLU) in Dwarka. Most of the DDA housing clusters in Dwarka have commercial buildings in close proximity. In many sectors, approximately 80% of a plot is used for residential flats and the rest 20% for commercial purpose. This unique MLU concept provides lots of convenience to the occupants of Dwarka DDA flats, as they get the facility of shopping, dining and purchasing grocery in close proximity.[citation needed]

Social infrastructure[edit]

Radisson Blu Hotel New Delhi Dwarka
Welcom Hotel in Dwarka
Radisson Blu Hotel and Welcom Hotel in Dwarka

The sub-city has been planned for an environment of convenience which contains essential facilities and services at different levels mainly health, education, hotel, safety and security, cultural, and communication etc.

In reality however, the social infrastructure of Dwarka may at best be considered average. The key areas of concern in this regard include the poor levels of sanitation (especially garbage disposal), dismal condition of internal roads and footpaths, and a very low level of police (including Traffic Police) presence.

The most striking aspect is the absence of an entertainment infrastructure in the sub city. Currently there is no Multiplex or aesthetically appealing entertainment complex to cater to the present residing population. A city center has been planned, and construction is in final stages.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

NSIT Campus - One of the top engineering colleges in India
ERA Business School Building Sector -9, Dwarka

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Dwarka is home to many primary and secondary schools along with engineering and law institutes like Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology,Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College[31][32][33], Times Institute of Management & Engineering Studies, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management and National Law University, Delhi.

Universities and Colleges[edit]

Faculty of Law, University of Delhi is planning a new campus[34] in Dwarka and will be building hostels for students and residential quarters for staff members.[34]

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprstha University, Delhi State Government's only University has its main campus located in Dwarka Sector 16-C. The campus houses University School of Law and Legal studies, one of the top law colleges in the country. The university has around 120 affiliated colleges located in the NCR.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "When Dwarka was Pappankalan...". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Dwarka fastest-growing residential hub". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  3. ^ "Dwarka could be your next dream destination". The Hindu. 
  4. ^ "Sub-cities to act as counter-magnets". The Times Of India. 
  5. ^ "Delhi's largest solar plant at Dwarka Sector 21 Metro station". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Dwarka Sector-21 metro station goes green, platform lit up with solar power". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "Cabinet approves transfer of land in Sector 24, Dwarka, New Delhi from DDA to L&DO for the proposed Second Diplomatic Enclave". Prime Minister of India. Retrieved 4 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Govt approves transfer of land for Second Diplomatic Enclave". Retrieved 4 January 2017. 
  9. ^ a b "Dwarka diplomatic enclave to be modelled on Shanti Path". Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "Second diplomatic enclave: DDA says ready to allot land". Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "DDA-MEA stalemate over enclave at Dwarka". Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "World class State-of-the-Art Exhibition-cum Convention Centre in Dwarka, New Delhi". Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "Government of India gives nod to world-class exhibition centre". Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  14. ^ "Biggest Expo Centre in Asia all set to come up in Dwarka; the numbers are truly massive". The Financial Express (India). Retrieved 29 August 2017. 
  15. ^ "DDA to turn Dwarka into smart sub-city". Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  16. ^ "DDA puts smart sub-cities project on fast track". Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  17. ^ "Airport Express line: Another Star in Dwarka's Success". Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  18. ^ "Urban Extension Projects". Delhi Development Authority. Archived from the original on 21 March 2007. 
  19. ^ "DDA plans ‘iconic park’ in Dwarka". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 December 2016. 
  20. ^ "DDA plans Dwarka golf course, 100 new gyms". The Asian Age. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  21. ^ "DDA plans country’s longest golf course at Dwarka Sector-24". The Indian Express. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  22. ^ "Dwarka to get golf course soon". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  23. ^ "Coming: 18-hole golf course in Dwarka". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  24. ^ a b "Waste Land - Swachh flops, roads turn bins in Dwarka". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
  25. ^ "Can’t even clean Dwarka, and we speak of Swachh Bharat". The Indian Express. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
  26. ^ "Garbage in Dwarka: HC issues notices to DDA, SDMC, Delhi Police". The Indian Express. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
  27. ^ "Unhappy public will beat you up: HC warns officials". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
  28. ^ "Agencies blame Dwarka filth on ‘lack of civic sense’". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
  29. ^ "Garbage, pollution add to Dwarka’s woes". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
  30. ^ "Dark & deserted: Dwarka haven for petty criminals". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
  31. ^ http://dducollegedu.ac.in/
  32. ^ http://dubeat.com/2016/06/dduc-to-shift-to-new-dwarka-campus-by-mid-june/
  33. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/Deen-Dayal-Upadhyaya-College-gets-a-new-campus/article14502907.ece
  34. ^ a b "Delhi University to buy DDA flats, build hostels". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 

External links[edit]