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Component City
City of Guihulngan
Official seal of Guihulngan
Negros Oriental map locating Guihulngan
Negros Oriental map locating Guihulngan
Guihulngan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°07′N 123°16′E / 10.117°N 123.267°E / 10.117; 123.267Coordinates: 10°07′N 123°16′E / 10.117°N 123.267°E / 10.117; 123.267
Country Philippines
Region Negros Island Region (NIR/Region XVIII)
Province Negros Oriental
Legis. district 1st district of Negros Oriental
Barangays 33
 • Mayor Guido Reyes
 • Vice Mayor Ernesto A. Reyes
 • City Council
 • Total 388.56 km2 (150.02 sq mi)
Population (2015)[3]
 • Total 95,969
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6214
Dialing code 35
Income class 5th class

Guihulngan, officially the City of Guihulngan (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Guihulngan; Filipino: Lungsod ng Guihulngan) and simply referred to as Guihulngan City, is a component city in the province of Negros Oriental in Negros Island Region of the Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 95,969 people,[3] making it the third-most populous city in Negros Oriental after the cities of Dumaguete and Bayawan. It is the only 5th-class city in the whole Negros Island Region.


Guihulngan is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.[2]

  • Bakid
  • Balogo
  • Banwague
  • Basak
  • Binobohan
  • Buenavista
  • Bulado
  • Calamba
  • Calupa-an
  • Hibaiyo
  • Hilaitan
  • Hinakpan
  • Humayhumay
  • Imelda
  • Kagawasan
  • Linantuyan
  • Luz
  • Mabunga
  • McKinley
  • Nagsaha
  • Magsaysay
  • Malusay
  • Mani-ak
  • Padre Zamora
  • Plagatasanon
  • Planas
  • Poblacion
  • Sandayao
  • Tacpao
  • Tinayunan Beach
  • Tinayunan Hill
  • Trinidad
  • Villegas


There are several versions how the city derived its name. The first, according to old tales, was attributed to a river flowing directly to the town proper from the main spring in sitio Anahaw, Barangay Nagsaha, hence the name "GUIPADULNGAN" which means the point where the river flows to an end.

The second is associated with the gruesome incident in the 19th Century when the Philippines was a colony of Spain; men and women of different ages were said to be captured, beheaded and thrown into the sea by the Moros, now known as Tañon Strait. Other accounts claim that the Moro invaders dropped a bell into the sea when they found out that it was used by the lookout to warn the townsfolk of their coming. Since that time, the place has been called "GUIHULUGAN" which means, "Place where a thing was dropped". But in the Spanish writing, "U" and "N" are similar, which is why it became commonly written and known as GUIHULNGAN.

Whether it originated as "GUIPADULNGAN" or "GUIHULNGAN", the name is indeed symbolic, as the town is “dropped” with abundant blessings from the Almighty for a significant "end".[4]



Population census of Guihulngan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 74,493 —    
1995 80,660 +1.60%
2000 84,607 +0.96%
2007 91,358 +1.10%
2010 93,675 +0.84%
2015 95,969 +0.49%
Source: National Statistics Office[13]

College and University[edit]

Negros Oriental State University - Guihulngan Campus is a state university in the province of Negros Oriental.

St. Francis College Guihulngan (SFC-G) is a private institution located in Bateria, Guihulngan, Negros Oriental. Inspired by the Charism of St. Francis of Asissi, three Franciscan friars including Brother Norbert Binder.


A huge bell with a Carabao was served as the main attraction of the city located at the side of Justice Hall along the National Highway.


Cara-Bell Festival (Every 24 May) – Legend has it that marauding pirates used to slaughter natives of the town and drop their corpses into the sea. When a bell was installed as warning device this, too, was taken down and flung offshore. The site where something dropped (guihulugan) forms the backdrop for spectacular revelry to highlight the town fiesta.


Mactan-Cebu International Airport is the closest major airport to Guihulngan, although it lies on Cebu Island just to the east. Fast ferries serve Guihulngan from Cebu. Alternatively, flights go from Cebu Airport and Manila to Dumaguete Airport, from where buses run from Dumaguete City to Guihulngan, 120 kilometres (75 mi) north.


  1. ^ "Elected Mayors – Vice-Mayors and Councilors in Negros Oriental". Retrieved 2016-05-15.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Negros Oriental". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "NEGROS ISLAND REGION (NIR)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Guihulngan - Inside Negros
  5. ^ Gallarde, Juancho (July 17, 2007). "Guihulgnan becomes sixth city of NegOr". Visayan Daily Star . Retrieved July 28, 2009. 
  6. ^ Republic Act No. 9409 of 24 March 2007 Charter of the City of Guihulngan
  7. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (First appeal) of 18 November 2008 Consolidated petitions for prohibition assailing the constitutionality of the subject Cityhood Laws and enjoining the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) and respondent municipalities from conducting plebiscites pursuant to the Cityhood Laws.
  8. ^ Napallacan, Jhunex (2008-11-21). "Cities' demotion worries DepEd execs". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  9. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (First reversal) of 21 December 2009
  10. ^ a b Republic Act No. 9009 of 24 February 2001 An Act amending section 450 of Republic Act no. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991, by increasing the average annual income requirement for a municipality or cluster of barangays to be converted into a component city.
  11. ^ a b G.R. No. 176951 et al. (Second appeal) of 15 February 2011 League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC
  12. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (Final Resolution) of 28 June 2011 Supreme Court has directed the Clerk of Court to forthwith issue the Entry of Judgment
  13. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 

External links[edit]