Tanjay

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Tanjay
City of Tanjay
Downtown Tanjay City
Downtown Tanjay City
Official seal of Tanjay
Seal
Nickname(s): 
City of Professionals
City of Music and Fun
City of Lights
Map of Negros Oriental with Tanjay highlighted
Map of Negros Oriental with Tanjay highlighted
Tanjay is located in Philippines
Tanjay
Tanjay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°31′N 123°10′E / 9.52°N 123.16°E / 9.52; 123.16Coordinates: 9°31′N 123°10′E / 9.52°N 123.16°E / 9.52; 123.16
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Visayas (Region VII)
ProvinceNegros Oriental
District2nd district of Negros Oriental
CityhoodApril 1, 2001
Barangays24 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorReynaldo S. Concepcion
 • Vice MayorNeil T. Salma
 • CongressmanManuel T. Sagarbarria
 • Electorate49,559 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total267.05 km2 (103.11 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total80,532
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6204
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)35
Climate typetropical climate
Income class4th city income class
Revenue (₱)480.9 million  (2016)
Native languagesCebuano
Magahat language
Tagalog
Websiteelgu.ncc.gov.ph/ecommunity/tanjay-city/

Tanjay, officially the City of Tanjay, is a 4th class city in the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 80,532 people.[3]

It was created by virtue of Republic Act 9026 otherwise known as "An act converting the Municipality of Tanjay, province of Negros Oriental into a component city to be known as the City of Tanjay". The Act was approved and signed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on March 5, 2001. This act, which is a consolidation of House Bill No. 8880 and Senate Bill No. 2256, was finally passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on February 8, 2001. Tanjay was finally proclaimed a component city on April 1, 2001 after a plebiscite was conducted for the purpose.

The city is part of the 2nd Congressional District of the Negros Oriental and is located 30 kilometers north of Dumaguete City.[4] It is bounded on the north by Bais City, on the south by the Municipality of Amlan, on the east by the Tañon Strait and west by the Municipality of Pamplona. The municipality is home to two indigenous languages, the Minagahat language and the Cebuano language as listed by the Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino.

Geography[edit]

Tanjay's land area is 27,605 hectares (68,210 acres) and is utilized for agricultural, residential, commercial, industrial, educational, forestral and other purposes. It is the only city in Negros Oriental with a very wide flat lowland, although mountainous and rolling hills are found in the hinterland barangays of Sto. Niño and Pal-ew. Rugged areas can also be found in Barangays Bahi-an and Sta. Cruz Nuevo.

Barangays[edit]

Tanjay City is politically subdivided into 24 barangays, 9 of which are located within the poblacion.

  • Azagra
  • Bahi-an
  • Luca
  • Manipis
  • Novallas
  • Obogon
  • Pal-ew
  • Poblacion I (Barangay 1 Ilaya)
  • Poblacion II (Barangay 2 Rizal and Kasagingan)
  • Poblacion III (Barangay 3 Pongtod and Dike)
  • Poblacion IV (Barangay 4 Catiao-tiao and Tambacan)
  • Poblacion V (Barangay 5 Proper Tanjay and Jose Romero St.)
  • Poblacion VI (Barangay 6 Ilaud)
  • Poblacion VII (Barangay 7 Lawton)
  • Poblacion VIII (Barangay 8 TI)
  • Poblacion IX (Barangay 9 Opao)
  • Polo
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • San Miguel
  • Santa Cruz Nuevo
  • Santa Cruz Viejo (Palanas)
  • Santo Niño (Malasbalas)
  • Tugas

Climate[edit]

Tanjay City has a moderate and pleasant climate. It is characterized by a relatively wet season from May to February and dry season from March to April. Rainfall occurs throughout the year with the heaviest volume during the months of July and August. The months of March and April are the hottest months and the coldest is December. January is the humid month while April is the least humid period. The months of November and December have the strongest wind velocities throughout the year.

History[edit]

Señor Santiago and Tanjay[edit]

The first map of the Negros Island, dated 1572 and charted by Diego Lopez de Povedano identified it as Buglas, the native reference derived from the tall cane-like grass which ranged thick and persistent over the island. Here, in much earlier times, lived men whose relics and artifacts, dating back to 200–500 AD and the 12th century Song dynasty have turned up in recent excavations were said to have ventured perhaps in the area we now know as Tampi in Amlan. Here, in 1565, Esteban Rodriguez of the Legazpi expedition, caught by storm on his way back to Cebu from Bohol, sought refuge in the eastern shore of the island and came upon squat negroid inhabitants called ata, agta, or ati.

His report upon returning to Cebu prompted Fray Andrés de Urdaneta to visit the island, landing in what is now Escalante in Negros Occidental. In the same year, Capitan Mateo de Cadiz led a small expedition which reached an area near Tanjay. Capitan Miguel de Loarca followed with a bigger expedition and force and proceeded to lay claim to what the Spaniards now call Negros. Both Diego Lopez de Povedano and Capitan Manuel de Loarca pointed to the Tanjay – Dumaguete area as the most densely populated in the eastern half of the island. Tanjay, considered the more important settlement, was made the Administrative Capital of Oriental Negros. It however, remained under the jurisdiction of the province of Cebu. It was the first archdeacon of Cebu, Fray Diego Ferreira, who sent Fray Gabriel Sanchez and other Augustinian priests to the new territory. Thus on June 11, 1580, the mission of Tanjay was founded. It became the center of religious supervision for Dumaguete, Marabago, Siaton and Manalongon.Tanjay City Information and Guide

From these few parishes along the coast, the priests administered the sacraments to the people in the hinterlands and served as mission to the wandering Malays, converting them to Christianity. Evangelization began very slowly because of the great distance over hills from one hut to another.

By 1587, the Augustinians had almost abandoned all missions in Oriental Negros due to lack of manpower. Evidence, however, points to a secular priest in charge of the Parish of Tanjay before 1602. It was in 1600 that these missions regained pastoral attention when the Jesuits were assigned in Negros. The first priest of Tanjay, Fray Diego Ferreira, was appointed in 1589. Tanjay parish, under the patronage of St. James the greater is the oldest in the Oriental coasts.

Parish of Tanjay[edit]

The Christian faith was brought to this part of Oriental Negros by the Augustinian Fathers. In the Definitorium dated June 11, 1580, it made mention of the foundation of the Parish of Tanjay, with the communities of Dumaguete, Siaton, Marabago and Manalongon. Due to the lack of personnel on the part of the Augustinian Fathers, the spiritual care of this new foundation was entrusted to the care of the Diocesan Clergy of Cebu. This is why the reason Tanjay Parish became part of the Diocese of Cebu.

Later in 1851, at the request of the Bishop of Cebu, the Augustinian Recollect Fathers took over the spiritual care of the Parish and up to the time the diocesan clergy again took over. Then when the Diocese of Jaro was erected in 1865, Tanjay as part of Negros became part of the Diocese (since the whole island was made part of the new Diocese). And then, when the Diocese of Bacolod was erected in 1933, again, Tanjay became part of this new Diocese (since Oriental Negros and Siquijor were made part of the new Diocese). And in 1955, Tanjay became part of the Diocese of Dumaguete. Up to the present, it is still part of the Diocese of Dumaguete.

From the Parish of Tanjay, came later the following parishes: Dumaguete was separated in 1620; Amlan in 1848; Siaton in 1848; Bacong (Marabago) in 1849; San Jose (Ayuquitan) in 1895. And when Dumaguete became a Diocese, again two more parishes were taken from Tanjay: Pamplona in 1960, and Sta. Cruz in 1969.

Sinulog de Tanjay[edit]

The Sinulog is purely Tanjay tradition. It is a religious devotional festive dance with a mock battle depicting the war between the Moros and the Christians in Granada, Spain in centuries past. It is based on the legend that St. James miraculously aided the Christians by riding on white horse from the heavens and slew hundreds of Moors.

Thus, the Sinulog is a religious exercise glorifying the Christians and honoring the feast day of Señor Santiago who is the patron saint of Tanjay and also of Spain.

The Sinulog was first performed in this town in 1814, under the auspices of the Catholic Church with Fr. Fernando Felix de Zuñiga (1814–1816) as Parish Priest. It then became the highlight of every fiesta celebration during the incumbencies of succeeding parish priests from the brothers Fr. Pedro Bracamonte (1816–1839; 1843–1847) and Fr. Luciano Bracamonte (1839–1842) to Fr. Jorge Gargacilla (1885–1889). Fr. Jorge Adan (1889–1898) dispensed with the Sinulog in 1897 for reasons known only to him, but then his successor Fr. Baldomero Villareal (1898–1929) revived it in 1904 until the end of his term in 1929. There was Sinulog performance for two fiestas during the term of Fr. Gregorio Santiagudo as Parish Priest in 1930-1931.

In 1932, through the initiative of group of laymen from Tabuc (now Barangay San Isidro) and Ilaud, the Sinulog was again a part of the Tanjay fiesta celebration through the years until the outbreak of the Second World War in the Pacific in 1941. The war ended in 1945 but the Sinulog came to be resumed only in 1947 and continued to be an annual fiesta spectacle until 1970 when most of the long-time devotee participants were already too old to perform, or had already died.

In the early 1970s, the Sinulog devotion was taken over by a group of elementary school children from Ilaud under Alfred Garcia, a schoolteacher and lone survivor of the old-time Sinulog team. Until the 1987 fiesta, the Sinulog had been a children's affair. Although the children's Sinulog bore the spirit of the Tanjay fiesta celebration, it was evident that they lacked the right expressive moments and authenticity of the former groups which were composed by matured men.

It is worth mentioning here in passing that because of its high historical and cultural value, the Sinulog was featured at the Folk Arts Theater in 1981. Later, in the year 1988, a significant milestone in Tanjay's Sinulog history was attained. In the spirit of love and concern – of cherishing what is really ours, and of keeping and preserving a beautiful Tanjay tradition – then Tanjay mayor Arturo S. Regalado introduced a Sinulog contest as the highlight of that year's fiesta celebration. His purpose was to revive the real Sinulog de Tanjay, and for the different participating groups to recapture the art and skill as well as the logical movements and sequence of the Sinulog in the past. It was the then mayor's aim to let the contesting groups portray the Sinulog dance and mock battle with the right grace and ability, the right logical sequence of movements, and the ability to elicit the air and spirit of festivity. Above all, he also wanted the contestants to re-live the authenticity of the Sinulog that Tanjay used to witness in the past which our forefathers proudly termed as the "Sinulog de Tanjay", the original Sinulog.

There was a short period during the tenure of the then mayor Baltazar T. Salma that the name Sinulog de Tanjay was changed to Saulog de Tanjay for reasons that they say it connoted the Sinulog de Cebu and thus had it changed to Saulog de Tanjay. After some time, the original name was preserved to reinstate the original Sinulog de Tanjay.

Choreographed street dancing with a finale is incorporated with the mock battle to make for a more artistic and colorful Sinulog. Also present is a Sinulog Merry-Making Contest in the evening of July 23. The Sinulog de Tanjay finale on July 24 is immediately followed by an endurance contest.

As it has happened in the past fiesta celebrations, the Sinulog de Tanjay constantly draws the admiration and feelings of joy and thanksgiving from the visitors as well as from the Tanjayanons themselves.

World War II[edit]

In 1942, Japanese Imperial forces arrived in Tanjay.

In 1945, Filipino soldiers of the 6th, 7th, 73rd and 75th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the 6th and 7th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary were helped by the recognized guerrillas to fight the Japanese Imperial forces to liberate Tanjay.

Post-World War II[edit]

In 1950, the barrio of Pamplona was made into a separate municipality.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Tanjay
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,894—    
1918 15,089+1.60%
1939 30,979+3.48%
1948 33,064+0.73%
1960 39,547+1.50%
1970 51,458+2.66%
1975 52,558+0.43%
1980 57,299+1.74%
1990 62,656+0.90%
1995 65,634+0.87%
2000 70,169+1.44%
2007 78,539+1.57%
2010 79,098+0.26%
2015 80,532+0.34%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

Politics[edit]

The last capitán municipal of Tanjay at the end of the Spanish regime was Don José Teves Muñoz. Prior to this, he was gobernadorcillo. Don Agapito Calumpang, who was a cabeza de barangay, was also a former gobernadorcillo of Tanjay.

Upon the arrival of the Americans and the reorganization of local political structures, Don José Teves Muñoz was appointed as presidente while Don Agapito Calumpang was appointed as vice presidente. Andres Molas was appointed as town secretary, Lucas Rodriguez as town treasurer, Pelagio Lopez as chief of police and Felix Barot as justice of the peace.

The following is a list of mayors and vice mayors of Tanjay from 1901 to the present.

No. Name Term Title Name Term Title Administration Era
1 José Muñoz 1901-1905 Presidente Municipal Agapito Calumpang 1901-1903 Vice Presidente Municipal William Howard Taft Insular Government
Luis Calumpang Muñoz 1904-1909 Vice Presidente Municipal Luke Edward Wright
2 Pelagio Lopez 1906-1909 Presidente Municipal Henry Clay Ide
James Francis Smith
3 Francisco Romero 1909-1916 Presidente Municipal Mateo Dael 1909-1912 Vice Presidente Municipal William Cameron Forbes
Gonzalo Calumpang 1912-1916 Vice Presidente Municipal
Newton W. Gilbert
Francis Burton Harrison
4 Atilano Villegas 1916-1922 Presidente Municipal Felipe Calumpang 1916-1922 Vice Presidente Municipal
Charles Yeater
Leonard Wood
5 Joaquin Villegas 1922-1931 Presidente Municipal Marcos Regalado 1922-1928 Vice Presidente Municipal
Eugene Allen Gilmore
Henry L. Stimson
Simon Reyes 1928-1934 Vice Presidente Municipal
6 Crispiniano Limbaga Sr. 1931-1942 Presidente Municipal / Municipal Mayor Eugene Allen Gilmore
Dwight F. Davis
George C. Butte
Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
Frank Murphy
(vacant) 1935-1937 Municipal Vice Mayor
Commonwealth of the Philippines
Miguel Diaz Sr. 1937-1940 Municipal Vice Mayor
Paul V. McNutt
Francis Bowes Sayre Sr.
Graciano Banogon Sr. 1940-1951 Municipal Vice Mayor
7 Ricardo Teves Sr. 1942-1946 Municipal Mayor Masaharu Homma Japanese occupation of the Philippines
Shizuichi Tanaka
Shigenori Kuroda
Tomoyuki Yamashita
Paul V. McNutt Commonwealth of the Philippines
8 Baldomero Limbaga Sr. 1946-1951 Municipal Mayor Manuel Roxas Third Republic of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino
9 Ricardo Teves Sr. 1952-1961 Municipal Mayor Julio Garcia Sr. 1952-1955 Municipal Vice Mayor
Ramon Magsaysay
Fernando Calumpang 1956-1959 Municipal Vice Mayor
Carlos P. Garcia
Gaspar Villegas 1960-1962 Municipal Vice Mayor
-- Julio Garcia Sr. 1959 Municipal Mayor (acting) Diosdado Macapagal
-- Gaspar Villegas 1962-1963 Municipal Mayor (acting) (vacant) 1962-1963 Municipal Vice Mayor
10 Ybarra Teves 1964-1980 Municipal Mayor Angel Mira 1964-1967 Municipal Vice Mayor
Ferdinand Marcos
Crisostomo Villegas 1967-1980 Municipal Vice Mayor Fourth Republic of the Philippines
11 Uldarico Ramirez 1980-1986 Municipal Mayor
Angel Mira 1980-1986
-- Rodulfo Navarro 1986-1987 Municipal Mayor (acting) (vacant) 1986-1992 Municipal Vice Mayor Corazon Aquino
-- Arturo Regalado 1987 Municipal Mayor (acting)
-- Dominador Regalado Jr. 1987-1988 Municipal Mayor (acting) Fifth Republic of the Philippines
12 Arturo Regalado 1988-1998 Municipal Mayor
Andres Gayo 1992-1995 Municipal Vice Mayor Fidel Ramos
Jovencio Bumanglag 1995-1998
13 Baltazar Salma 1998-2001 Municipal Mayor Lawrence Teves 1998-2007 Municipal Vice Mayor Joseph Estrada
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
2001-2007 City Mayor 2001-2007 City Vice Mayor
14 Lawrence Teves 2007-2016 City Mayor Nilo Tam 2007-2010 City Vice Mayor
Jose Orlino 2010-2016 City Vice Mayor Benigno Aquino III
15 Reynaldo Concepcion 2016-present City Mayor Lawrence Teves 2016-2019 (suspended) City Vice Mayor Rodrigo Duterte
Jovencio Bumanglag 2016-2019 City Vice Mayor (acting)
Neil Salma 2019-present City Vice Mayor

Tourism[edit]

Tanjay City is also known for its Tourism Program which started in the late 1980s. Through a recent Sangguniang Panglunsod Resolution, the city is now dubbed as the City of Festivals. The major tourist attractions are:

  • Children's Festival (January)
  • Festival of Hearts (February)
  • Sinulog de Tanjay (July)
  • Paaway sa Kabayo (July)
  • Pasko sa Tanjay (December)
  • Budbod Festival (December)
  • Park Cafe (Fridays)
  • Sugbaanay sa Parque (Saturdays)

There are also potential tourist attractions waiting to be debuted to the public as well:

  • Tiongson Ancestral Home (Poblacion)
  • Luparan Falls and caves (Bulon, Sta. Cruz Nuevo)
  • Rice Terraces (Canque, Pal-ew)
  • Mambulong Lakes (Pal-ew)
  • Red Land Scenic Views (Bulon, Sta. Cruz Nuevo)
  • Casa de las Dueñas, Hacienda Santa Escolástica (San José, Tanjay)
  • Boardwalk Tanjay and Mainit Hot Springs (Luca, Tanjay City)
  • Tanjay City Boulevard (Brgy. 4, Tanjay City)
  • Tanjay City River
  • Lawton Seaport and Boulevard (Brgy. 7, Tanjay City)
  • St. James The Greater Parish (Brgy. 2, Tanjay City)

Notable Tanjayanons[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province:". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Municipalities of Negros Oriental". Dumaguete. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  5. ^ "An act to convert the barrio of Pamplona, municipality of Tanjay, province of Oriental Negros, to a municipality with the same name". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  9. ^ "University Town mourns death of Dr. Emilio T. Yap". dumaguetemetropost.com. Retrieved 2017-07-13.

External links[edit]