(Redirected from Kalinga languages)
|Region||most parts of Kalinga, northern parts of Mountain Province, eastern parts of Abra and southern parts of Apayao, Luzon|
No estimate for Mabaka Valley
Area where the Kalinga dialect continuum is spoken according to Ethnologue
Ronald Himes (1997) divides Kalinga into 3 dialects.
- Masadiit (in Abra)
- Northern Kalinga
- South-Central Kalinga
Ethnologue reports the following locations for each of the 8 Kalinga languages. Banao Itneg is classified by Ethnologue as Kalinga rather than Itneg.
- Butbut Kalinga: spoken in Kalinga Province: Tinglayan and Butbut; Buscalan, Bugnay, Loccong, and Ngibat; Tabuk City, Lucnang, Pakak, Kataw, and Dinongsay. Also in Rizal Province: Annenang, Malapiat, Andaraya, and Bua. 15,000 speakers.
- Limos Kalinga (Limos-Liwan Kalinga, Northern Kalinga): spoken in Kalinga Province (Tabuk City, north to border) and Conner municipality, Apayao Province. 12,700 speakers.
- Lubuagan Kalinga: spoken in Kalinga Province (Lubuagan and Tabuk City). 30,000 speakers. Dialects are Guinaang, Balbalasang, Ableg-Salegseg, and Balatok-Kalinga (Balatok-Itneg).
- Mabaka Valley Kalinga (Kal-Uwan, Mabaka, Mabaka Itneg): spoken in Conner municipality, Apayao Province, as well as western Abra Province and northern Kalinga Province.
- Majukayang Kalinga (Madukayang): spoken in Tabuk City, Kalinga Province and in Paracelis municipality, Mountain Province. 1,500 speakers as of 1990.
- Southern Kalinga: spoken in Kalinga Province (Lubuagan municipality; some also in Tabuk City) and Mountain Province (13 villages of Sadanga and Sagada municipalities). 13,000 speakers. Dialects are Mallango, Sumadel, Bangad, and Tinglayan.
- Tanudan Kalinga (Lower Tanudan, Lower Tanudan Kalinga, Mangali Kalinga): spoken at the southern end of the Tanudan valley in southern Kalinga Province. 11,200 speakers as of 1998. Dialects are Minangali (Mangali), Tinaloctoc (Taluctoc), Pinangol (Pangul), Dacalan, and Lubo.
- Banao Itneg (Banao, Banaw, Itneg, Timggian, Tinguian): spoken in Kalinga Province (Balbalan and Pasil municipalities) and Abra Province (Daguioman and Malibcong municipalities). 3,500 speakers as of 2003. Dialects are Malibcong Banao, Banao Pikekj, and Gubang Itneg.
- Banao Itneg at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Masadiit Itneg at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Moyadan Itneg at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Butbut Kalinga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Limos Kalinga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Tanudan Kalinga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
(Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kalinga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Himes, Ronald S. 1997. “Reconstructions in Kalinga-itneg”. Oceanic Linguistics 36 (1). University of Hawai'i Press: 102–34.
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