Kalyanji Virji Shah

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Birth nameKalyanji Virji Shah
Born(1928-06-30)30 June 1928
Kundrodi, Kutch, Gujarat
Died24 August 2000(2000-08-24) (aged 72)
GenresFilm score
Occupation(s)music director, orchestrator, conductor
Years active1954–2000

Kalyanji Virji Shah (30 June 1928 – 24 August 2000) was the Kalyanji of the Kalyanji-Anandji duo. He and his brother Anandji Virji Shah have been famous Indian film musicians, and won the 1975 Filmfare Award for Best Music Director, for Kora Kagaz.[1][2] He is a recipient of the civilian honour of Padma Shri (1992).[3]

Birth and early life[edit]

Kalyanji was born to Virji Shah, a Kutchi businessman in Kundrodi, Kutch, Gujarat, who migrated from Kutch to Mumbai to start a Kirana (provision store).[citation needed]

He and his brothers began to learn music from a music teacher, who actually knew no music but taught them in lieu of paying his bills to their father. One of their four grand parents was a folk musician of some eminence. They spent most of their formative years in the hamlet of Girgaum (a district in Mumbai) amidst Marathi and Gujarati environs — some eminent musical talent resided in the vicinity.[citation needed]

Kalyanji's breakthrough was with the theme entitled Been music from the film Nagin (1954).[4]

Kalyanji's son, Viju Shah, is also a music director.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Awards
  2. ^ "Viju Shah On Kalyanjibhai". Screen. 27 August 2004.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  4. ^ Carlo Nardi (July 2011). "The Cultural Economy of Sound: Reinventing Technology in Indian Popular Cinema". Journal on the Art of Record Production, Issue 5 Archived 15 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine, ISSN 1754-9892.

External links[edit]