Ravindra Jain

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Ravindra Jain
RavindraJain.jpg
Ravindra Jain in 2015
Background information
Native name रवींद्र जैन
Born (1944-02-28)28 February 1944
Aligarh
Died 9 October 2015(2015-10-09) (aged 71)
Nagpur, India
Genres Indian classical music and Playback singing
Occupation(s) Composer, music director, lyricist
Instruments Harmonium
Years active 1971 – 2015
Labels R.J. Series
Website www.ravindrajaingroup.com

Ravindra Jain (28 February 1944 – 9 October 2015) was a blind Indian music composer and lyricist from Aligarh.[1] He won the Filmfare Best Music Director Award. His first film, Kanch Aur Heera, was released on 31 July 1972.[2]

Early life[edit]

Ravindra Jain was born blind to Sanskrit scholar and Ayurvedacharya, Pandit Indramani Jain and mother Kiran Jain. Jain and his family are from Aligarh. He follows Jainism.[3]

Jain started singing at a very young age, reciting Jain bhajans and poetry by famous Jain poets such as Pandit Dyanantraiji, Pandit Budhjanji, etc. at nearby Jain temples. It was Ravindra Jain's parents that first decided to teach him music. Jain received basic training under Pandit G.L. Jain, Pandit Janardhan Sharma, and Pandit Nathu Ram. Jain's entry into films was in 1960 in Calcutta. Ten years later, Prathibhushan Bhattacharya took Jain to Mumbai where Jain composed for his film Kranthi and Balidaan. In January 1972, Jain started his film career as a composer with his first film song being recorded in Mohd. Rafi's voice—a song that remains unreleased to this day.[4]

Career[edit]

Jain started his career in the early 1970s, composing for films such as Saudagar (1973 film), Chor Machaye Shor (1974), Geet Gaata Chal (1975), Chitchor (1976), Dulhan Wahi Jo Piya Man Bhaaye (1977), Paheli (1977) and Ankhiyon Ke Jharokhon Se (1978). Nadiya ke paar (1982). Along with composing music, he also wrote the lyrics for many of his songs. Ravindra Jain's father died during the recording sessions of the film Saudagar, however, Jain did not leave the studio until the recordings were finalised giving utmost importance to his work.[citation needed]

Singing and music career[edit]

One of his songs is Ankhiyon Ke Jharokhon Se from the film of same name. Raj Kapoor, made him compose many songs in movies such as Ram Teri Ganga Maili, Do Jasoos and later Henna (film), directed by Randhir Kapoor. B.R.Chopra gave him projects like Pati Patni Aur Woh (1978) and Insaf Ka Tarazu (1980) whereas Hrishikesh Mukherjee asked him to compose music for Kotwaal Saab (1977).

Ravindra Jain also composed for a few non-Hindi films including Sujatha, Sukham Sukhakaram, Aakashathinte Niram (Malayalam); Mhaara Peehar Saasra, Kunba (Haryanvi); Chadi Jawani Budhe Nu (Punjabi); Gomti ni Shakhe, Shree Krishna Sharnam Mamah (Gujarati); Ganga se Naata ba Hamaar, Ganga Maiya Bhar de Achalwa Hamaar, Gaon Desh, Gaon aaja Pardesi, Nadiya ke teer, Piya Milan ki aas, Laagi aisi Lagan, and Jalsa ghar ki devi (Bhojpuri); Harishchandra Shaibya, Dristi (unreleased), Phoolan devi, Bhaalobeshe Radha, Ananya, Bhanga Gara, Punorutthaan, Sesh Aghat, and Pati Param Guru (Bengali); Brahmarishi Vishwamitra (Telugu); Pardesi Chadhei jaa debi Sarva Bhuteshu (Oriya), and Educated Binani (Rajasthani).

During the 1980s and 1990s, Ravindra Jain widely composed for movies including Navaratri, Gopal Krishna, Jai Karoli Maa, Har Har Gange, Durgaa Maa, Badrinath Dham, Solah Shukrawar, Raja Harishchandra, Bolo he Chakradhari, Brahmarishi Vishwamitra in Telugu, Shanivrat Mahima and Jai Shakumbhari Maa.

In 2008, Ravindra Jain composed music for director Gufi Paintal's debut film Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu with upcoming composer Surya RajKamal.

Association with Rajshri Productions[edit]

Jain also rendered beautiful music to many of Rajshri Productions' features starting in the 1975 with the film Geet Gata Chal starring Sarika and Sachin Pilgaonkar and continued till 2011.He composed music for Tapasya(1976), Chitchor (1976), Ankhiyon Ke Jharokhon Se(1978), Abodh (1984). He was chosen to compose for Rajshri Productions's Ankhiyon Ke Jharokhon Se sequel Jaana Pehchana (2011) and upcoming Satish Kaushik-directed biopic Tansen. He composed music for projects in 2012 which included Baromas and Barbareek- Sheesh Danee Mahayoddha based on Barbarika.In 2006, he composed music for the Hindi film Vivah directed by Sooraj R. Barjatya and its spin-off sequel Ek Vivaah Aisa Bhi directed by Kaushik Ghatak, both of which were produced by Rajshri Productions.

Association with Yesudas[edit]

Jain is credited for bringing south Indian singing sensation Dr. K. J. Yesudas to Hindi movies, in singing in many of his movies in the 1970s and 1980s. Together they gifted some memorable songs like 'Oo goriya re' (Naiyya), 'Beeti hui raat ki' (Ayyash), and 'Gori tera gaon' (Chitchor). It is said that Jain was so enthralled by Yesudas's voice, if he ever received his vision, Yesudas would be the first person he would want to see. Jain has worked on songs after his liaison with Yesudas, but he has failed to attain the pinnacle of glory he achieved with the master singer during the 1970s. Jain has described Yesudas as the 'Voice of India'[5]

Association with Mohd Rafi[edit]

Ravindra Jain had a long association with Mohd Rafi. Most of the songs composed by Jain were immensely popular. Among many, songs from movies such as, Aatish, Ghar Ki Laai, Dada, Habani, Akhri Kasam, Daku Aur Mahatma, Maha Badmaash, Raam Bhorose, Raeszada, Fakira, Kalicharan, Do Jasoos and Toofan. Until Mohammed Rafi's death in 1980, Ravindra Jain got him to sing "Tu Hi Wo Haseena Hai", for the film Khwab, starring Mithun Chakborty and Ranjeeta. The song had a sequence of low, medium and high pitch. It was considered to be one of the most difficult songs a singer could sing. Besides "Tu Hi Woh Haseen Hai", the Jain - Rafi combo gave us the beautiful - "O Meri Ladli Pyari Behna" from Aatish, pictureised on Jeetendra and Nirupa Roy.

Ravindra Jain described Mohd Rafi as a par excellent playback singer for Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow. He had quoted, "There won't be a singer like him in years to come."

Association with Kishore Kumar[edit]

Ravindra Jain had a very long association with Kishore Kumar. Some of the popular films in which Jain composed and made Kishore Kumar sing the songs include Chor Machaye Shor(1974), Salaakhen (1975), Deewangee(1976), Fakira(1976) all four which had Shashi Kapoor as the lead male actor, Rakhee Gulzar starrer Tapasya, Manjula Vijayakumar starrer Ek Gaon Ki Kahani (1975), Sanjeev Kumar starrers like Pati Patni Aur Woh (1978) and Daasi (1981), Rajshri productions like Geet Gaata Chal (1975), Asrani production Hum Nahi Sudhrenge in 1980, Randhir Kapoor starrer Ram Bharose (1977), Jeetendra starrer Hum Tere Aashiq Hain (1979), Arun Govil starrer Sasuraal (1984).

Private albums[edit]

Hindi

In the 1980s, Jain composed for Asha Bhosle's private album Om Namo Shivay featuring eight bhajans based on Lord Shiva. In 1990s, an album called Guru Vandana was released featuring songs on gurus (teachers) and saints and disciples. In 1991 Jain wrote and co-produced with the singer Hemlata the cassette album Sahaj Dhara dedicated to Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi. Album Timeless Mahatma based on Gandhi's teachings was released in 2011 and was featured in an Indian exhibit in South Africa. In 2014, Jain launched albums Kashi Pushpanjali and Mission BodhGaya. In 2014, Jain released Sampoorna Ramayan—a musical version of the story with simple Hindi lyrics sung by famous Bollywood singers. In September 2016, Anup Jalota released Jain's last recording of bhajans titled Chahe Ram Bhajo, Chahe Shyam Bhajo and Jain's mother-in-law's bhajan album Japle Japle Prabhu ka naam at his residence.

Malayalam

In 1989, Ravindra Jain composed the music under Dr. K. J. Yesudas's production house Tharangini Audios for the Malayalam album Aavanippoochendu. He did the musical score of the Malayalam film Sujatha [1977].[6][7]

Jain Albums

Ravindra Jain has written and composed many popular Jain bhajans. Some of the memorable songs remain fresh even to this day. Some of his notable songs are Mastakabhishek (1982), first sung at the occasion of Mahamastakabhisheka of Lord Bahubali statue in Shravanabelagola (Karnataka); Bahubali Bhagwaan ki Aarti Utaaro Milke (1982); and Jai Jinendra bolo. Later, Jain worked on bhajan albums for famous Jain pilgrimage centres in India in conjunction with Akshay Jain of Gwalior, son of a renowned North Indian poet and lyricist. In 2014, Jain released album Atma Ajar Amar Hai based on Jain philosophy and teachings in collaboration with Professor Kanti V. Mardia and Pavan Mardia.

Ghazals

Jain composed music for ghazals as well, for example, in singer Suresh Wadkar's album The Morning Sun (1980s), Kahaani Baant lein (2016), Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's live recording of Qadam Milakar Chalna Hoga: Svarna Jayanti Sangeet Sandhya and singer Parveen Khan's album Kinaara (2012).

Television career[edit]

Ravindra Jain also composed music for many television serials, mainly under the banner of Sagar Films, throughout the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s (decade). Ravindra Jain provided bhajans and songs for many of Ramanand Sagar's popular TV serials, beginning with Dada Dadi ki Kahaniyaan, then moving on to one of the two Indian epics Ramayan and its follow up Luv Kush. Along with two South Indian composers, K.V. Mahadevan and K. Pukazhenti, Ravindra Jain composed 2 to 3 semi-classical songs for later episodes of Bollywood actress Hema Malini's TV Serial Noopur and the complete soundtrack for the show Women of India- Urvashi. Hema Malini continued collaborating with Ravindra Jain as composer for her dance ballets--Mahalakshmi, Durga, Ramayan, Savitri, Draupadi, and Radha Krishna. The only ballets Jain didn't compose for Malini were Nritya Malika and Meera which was composed by Shelley Dutta and Krishna Balram which was composed by Ashit Desai. Actress Jaya Prada also utilized Jain's compositions for her 2005 ballet Amrapali.

Jain continued his collaboration with Ramanand Sagar in TV serials such as Shri Krishna, Alif Laila, Itihaas ki Prem Kahaniyaan based on historical love stories of India, Tilism-E-Hoshruba, Jai Ganga Maiya, Jai Mahalaxmi, Shree Brahma Vishnu Mahesh, Sai Baba, Jai Maa Durga, and Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan (for which an original soundtrack was released). In 2000, DD National roped in the composer for the mythological/fantasy-based series Sangeet Dhara which showcased the history of music in the world. Ravindra Jain also provided excellent music for producer/director Sanjay Khan on serials Jai Hanuman and Maha Kavya Mahabharat also called Sanjay Khan's Mahabharat. In 2008, Jain composed for Sagar Arts's remake of Ramayan (with an original soundtrack release), Mahima Shani Dev ki on NDTV Imagine, and Dheeraj Kumar's serial Jai Maa Vaishno Devi on Channel 9X. In 2009, Jain composed the title song for Sagar Arts's new TV serial on Colors (India TV channel) called Sarvopari Shree Swaminarayan Bhagwan. Next, Jain composed for the currently airing religious series Bharat ke Mahaan Sant. In July 2011, Jain composed for the first few episodes of Imagine TV's new mythological series Dwarkadheesh - Bhagwaan Shree Krishn, based on the Hindu god Krishna's adult life. He continued composing music for Zee TV's Shobha Somnath Ki along with composer Surya RajKamal and Kumar Gautam's directorial venture Sankat Mochan Hanuman which started airing on 1 November 2011 on DD National. In 2012, he composed for Mahuaa TV's religious production Surya Puran and for the first few episodes of Zee TV's Ramayan- Jeevan ka Adhaar.

Jain has been featured as I Mahaguru in the Indian music reality show Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Challenge 2009, a judge on Indian music reality show Performer, and today devotes his time composing and participating in Kavi Sammelans, Mushairaas, and various literary, cultural, social, political, and religious activities.

For his collection of shayaris titled Ujaalon Ka Silsila in Urdu, Jain was presented with the Sahitya Award (Uttar Pradesh Hindi-Urdu Sahitya Award Committee) in Lucknow on 6 June 1997 by Romesh Bhandari, Governor of Uttar Pradesh. Ravindra Jain has also received many other prestigious awards such as Raaseshwar, Sur Singer, Filmfare Award, Swami Haridas Award, Youth National Award, Ashirwad, Adhar Shila, Uptron, Priyadarshini Award, Jaycees, Lions, Indigo '90, Rotary, Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards, Uttar Pradesh Film Patrakar Sangh Award, Sangeet Gyaneshwar Award, Almost Faqir, Sangeet Samrat, and other honours by many national, international, socio-cultural and film institutions.

Personal life and death[edit]

Ravindra Jain met his mother-in-law, Nirmala Jain, in Delhi while attending a promotion event for the film Saudagar. Soon after, Nirmala Jain's daughter, Divya Jain, insisted upon only marrying Ravindra Jain or nobody else. Her wish later got fulfilled and they have a son named Aayushman Jain.[1]

Jain died on 9 October 2015 at the age of 71 in a hospital in Nagpur due to multiple organ failure.[8][9]

Filmography as composer[edit]

Films[edit]

TV Series[edit]

  • Ramayan (1987)
  • Ramayan (2008)
  • Ramayan- Jeevan ka Aadhaar (2014)
  • Sangeet Dhara
  • Shri Krishna
  • Women of India- Amrapali
  • Women of India- Urvashi
  • Noopur
  • Alif Laila
  • Itihaas ki Prem Kahaniyaan
  • Tilism-e-Hoshruba
  • Jai Mahalaxmi
  • Shree Brahma Vishnu Mahesh
  • Jai Ganga Maiya
  • Sai Baba
  • Mahima Shani Dev ki
  • Jai Maa Durga
  • Jai Maa Vaishno Devi
  • Dharti ka veer Yoddha Prithviraj Chauhan
  • Sanjeev Khan's Jai Hanuman
  • Sanjeev Khan's Mahabharat (Maha Kavya Mahabharat)
  • Shobha Somnath ki
  • Bharat ke Mahaan sant
  • Sarvopari Shree Bhagwaan Swaminarayan
  • Dwarkadheesh Shree Bhagwaan Krishn
  • Surya Puran (Bhojpuri)
  • Sankat Mochan Hanuman
  • Ranbheri

Discography as composer[edit]

  • Aatma ajar amar hai
  • Aavanippochendu
  • Aaye Gangaram Prabhu
  • Anupam Teerth Ayodhya Nagri
  • Aqeeda
  • Arpan
  • Awadhpati shri Ram ki jai Brijpati shri Shyam ki jai
  • Ayodhya Ram lala ka Dhaam Chalo Darshan ko Jaana hai
  • Badrinath Kedarnath Gangotri Yamunotri
  • Bahubali Bhagwaan ka Mastabhishek
  • Bhaalo sur aar Bhaalo Katha
  • Bhajnanjali- suno re Ram Kahani
  • Bhaktambar Strotra
  • Bhakti Ras
  • Chaahe Ram Bhajo Chaahe Shyam Bhajo
  • Chintamani Paras Namoh Namoh
  • Chokher Jaler dam dilo na keu
  • Dharti ka veer Yoddha Prithviraj Chauhan (tv series)
  • Eh Vidhi Mangal Aarti kije
  • Guru Vandana
  • Hare Krishna Hare Ram
  • Jai Bahubali
  • Jai Ganesh deva
  • Jai Gomtesh Jai Bahubali
  • Jai jai Shree Hanuman
  • Jai jai Shiv Shankar
  • Jai jai Shree Krishna Vol 1 & 2
  • Jai jai Shree Ram Vol 1 & 2
  • Jai Jinendra bolo
  • Jan jan ke Mahavir
  • Jai Padmavati Mata
  • Japle Japle Prabhuji ka naam
  • Jisne Sai Tilak Lagaya
  • Kahaani Baant lein
  • Kashi Pushpanjali
  • Kinara
  • Lal Mandir mein deep Jalaao
  • Leela teri tu hi Jaane
  • Maane na Maana
  • Maata ka Jagrata
  • Mangal Bhawan Amangal Haari
  • Mahadev Devadhidev
  • Meera
  • Mere Mehboob mere Watan
  • The Morning Sun
  • Naani bai ro Maayro
  • Namo Shree Ganesha
  • Om namo Shivaay
  • Padmavati Mata
  • Paras re teri Kathin Dagariya
  • Prabhu Patit Pawan
  • Ramayan 2008 (tv series)
  • Ravindra Jain hits- Jain Bhajan
  • Ravindra Jain hits- Mahavir Bhajan
  • Sai Choupaiyaa
  • Sahaj Dhara Vol 1 & 2
  • Sampoorna Geeta
  • Sampoorna Sunderkand
  • Shirdiwale meri Bigdi bana de
  • Shiv Choupaiyaa
  • Shiv Manas Pooja
  • Shri Krishna Govind hare Murari
  • Shri Krishna Mahasankirtan
  • Shri Ram & Hanuman Bhajans
  • Shri Ram (Ram dhun)
  • Shri 1008 Chintamani Parshwanath Bhagwan Kachner- Pujan
  • Surbarnali Haimanti Shukla
  • Timeless Mahatma

Awards and nominations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Site Under Construction". www.ptinews.com.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Ravindra Jain - The Blind Legend Of Indian Music". indiaopines.com. 10 October 2015.
  3. ^ TNN (9 April 2015). "Jains steal the show with 7 Padmas". The Times of India. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  4. ^ "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Ludhiana Stories". Tribuneindia.com. 17 September 2000. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  5. ^ "Metro Plus Bangalore : The raga of friendship". The Hindu. 10 April 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  6. ^ "മലയാളസംഗീതം.ഇന്ഫോ - MSI MalayalaSangeethamm.Info MSIDB.org". Malayalasangeetham.info. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  7. ^ http://malayalasangeetham.info/php/displayProfile.php?category=musician&artist=Ravindra%20Jain
  8. ^ Pandya, Haresh (10 October 2015). "Ravindra Jain, Bollywood Film Composer, Dies at 71" – via NYTimes.com.
  9. ^ Avijit Ghosh. "Multi-tasking musician Ravindra Jain passes away - Times of India". indiatimes.com.
  10. ^ "Padma Awards 2015". Press Information Bureau. Archived from the original on 26 January 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015.

External links[edit]

Ravindra Jain on IMDb