Manoj Kumar in 2012
|Born||Harikishan Giri Goswami
24 July 1937
Abbottabad, in North-West Frontier Province, India (now in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan)
|Other names||Bharat Kumar|
|Occupation||Movie Director, Actor|
Manoj Kumar (born Harikrishna Giri Goswami on 24 July 1937) is an award-winning Indian actor and director in Bollywood. He is remembered for his films Hariyali Aur Raasta, Woh Kaun Thi?, Himalaya Ki God Mein, Do Badan, Upkar, Patthar Ke Sanam, Neel Kamal, Purab Aur Paschim, Roti Kapda Aur Makaan, and Kranti. He is known for acting in and directing films with patriotic themes, and has been given the nickname "Bharat Kumar".
In 1992, he was honoured with the Padma Shri by the Government of India. India's highest award in cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, was bestowed him in 2016.
Kumar was born in Abbottabad, a town in the North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Pakistan, then part of pre-partition India. His original name was Harikishan Giri Goswami. When he was 10, his family had to migrate from Jandhyala Sher Khan to Delhi due to the Partition. His family lived as refugees in Vijay Nagar, Kingsway Camp and later moved to Old Rajendra Nagar area of New Delhi.
After graduating from Hindu College, University of Delhi, he decided to enter the film industry.
After making a little-noticed début in Fashion in 1957, Manoj landed his first leading role in Kaanch Ki Gudia (1960) opposite Saida Khan. Piya Milan Ki Aas and Reshmi Roomal followed, setting the stage for the Vijay Bhatt-directed Hariyali Aur Raasta (1962) opposite Mala Sinha. Kumar then appeared with Sadhana in Raj Khosla's Woh Kaun Thi (1964), and reunited with Vijay Bhatt and Mala Sinha in Himalaya Ki God Mein (1965). Manoj Kumar and Raj Khosla repeated their successful Actor-Director partnership with the film Do Badan, which was remembered for many reasons including Raj Khosla's direction, Manoj Kumar and the heroine Asha Parekh's excellent display of histrionics, an outstanding musical score by Ravi, immortal songs by the lyricist Shakeel Badayuni, among others.
In the 1960s his successful films included romantic films like Honeymoon, Apna Banake Dekho, Naqli Nawab, Paththar Ke Sanam, Sajan, Sawan Ki Ghata and social films like Shaadi, Grihasti, Apne Huwe Paraye, Pehchaan, Aadmi and thrillers like Gumnaam, Anita, Woh Kaun Thi.
The patriotic hero
Kumar's image as the patriotic hero started with the 1965 film Shaheed, based on the life of Bhagat Singh, the Independence revolutionary. After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri asked him to create a film based on the popular slogan Jai Jawan Jai Kissan (hail the soldier, hail the farmer).
The result was Kumar's magnum opus and his directorial debut, Upkaar (1967). In it, he played both a soldier and a farmer. The film was also noted for the famous song Mere Desh Ki Dharti, written by Gulshan Bawra, composed by Kalyanji-Anandji and sung by Mahendra Kapoor. Upkaar was a hit and won Kumar his first Filmfare Best Director Award.
Manoj returned to patriotic themes in Purab Aur Paschim (1970), in which life in the East and West are juxtaposed. In 1972, he starred in Be-Imaan (for which he won the Filmfare Best Actor Award) and directed and starred in Shor (1972). The latter, opposite Nanda, was not a huge box office success on its release but has gained cult status over the years. It featured the memorable song Ek Pyar Ka Nagma Hai, a duet by Lata Mangeshkar and Mukesh, which was composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal and written by Santosh Anand.
In the mid-1970s Kumar starred in three hit films: Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (1974) was a social commentary featuring an all-star cast including Zeenat Aman, Shashi Kapoor and Amitabh Bachchan that won him his second Filmfare Award for Best Director; Sanyasi (1975) had Kumar and Hema Malini in the lead roles of a religious-themed comedy; and Dus Numbri (1976) also gave Kumar and Hema top billing. In 1981, Kumar reached the peak of his career when he got the opportunity to direct his idol, Dilip Kumar, as well as star in Kranti, a story about the struggle for Indian independence in the 19th century. Kranti was the last notable successful film in his career. He also starred in the hit Punjabi film Jat Punjabi.
After Kranti, Kumar's career began to decline in the 1980s as all of his subsequent films failed at the box office. In 1989, he cast Pakistani actors Mohammad Ali and Zeba in his film Clerk. He quit acting after his appearance in the 1995 film Maidan-E-Jung. He directed his son, Kunal Goswami, in the 1999 film Jai Hind which had a patriotic theme. The film was a flop and was the last film Kumar worked on. That year he was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award for a career spanning over 40 years.
His trademark hand-covering-the-face was very popular and continues to be the butt of jokes of latter day stand-up comedians. In 2007, the Shah Rukh Khan film Om Shanti Om featured the lead character pretending to be Manoj Kumar so as to sneak into a movie premiere, by holding his hand over his face. Kumar filed a lawsuit, which was settled out of court.
Like many other Bollywood stars, Kumar decided to enter politics following his retirement. Before the 2004 general election in India, it was announced that he had officially joined the ranks of the Shiv Sena.
Kumar is married to Shashi Goswami (originally from Jodhkan, Sirsa district, Haryana). He has two sons, Vishal and Kunal. Vishal tried his luck as a singer and Kunal as an actor. His brother, Rajiv Goswami, also entered the film industry, but none were able to gain a footing in Bollywood.
National Film Awards
- 1968 – National Film Award for Second Best Feature Film for Upkaar
- 2016 – Dadasaheb Phalke Award lifetime contribution to Indian cinema
- 2008 – National Kishore Kumar Award by the Government of Madhya Pradesh.
- 2010 – National Raj Kapoor Award by the Government of Maharashtra.
- 1968 – Filmfare Best Movie Award for Upkaar
- 1968 – Filmfare Best Director Award for Upkaar
- 1968 – Filmfare Best Story Award for Upkaar
- 1968 – Filmfare Best Dialogue Award for Upkaar
- 1972 – Filmfare Best Actor Award for Beimaan
- 1975 – Filmfare Best Director Award for Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
- 1999 – Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award
- 1968 – Filmfare Best Actor Award for Upkaar
- 1969 – Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award for Aadmi
- 1973 – Filmfare Best Director Award for Shor
- 1975 – Filmfare Best Movie Award for Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
- 1975 – Filmfare Best Actor Award for Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
- 1976 – Filmfare Best Actor Award for Sanyasi
- 1968 – BFJA Awards: Best Dialogue for Upkaar
- 2001 – Kalakar Awards for Lifetime Achievement
- 2008 – Star Screen Lifetime Achievement Award
- 2009 – Phalke Ratna Award by the Dadasaheb Phalke Academy.
- 2010 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the 12th Mumbai Film Festival.
- 2012 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the Apsara Film & Television Producers Guild Award.
- 2012 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the Nashik International Film Festival.
- 2012 – "Bharat Gaurav Award" in New Jersey, United States.
- 2013 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the Jagran Film Festival.
- 2008 – To honour Manoj Kumar, the Government of Madhya Pradesh decided to institute a Rs 100,000 award in his name. The state government also recommended Kumar's name for Bharat Ratna to the central government.
- 2011 – In recognition of the devotion of Manoj Kumar towards Shri Sai Baba, the Shri Saibaba Sansthan Trust in Shirdi renamed "Pimpalwadi Road" in Shirdi as "Manojkumar Goswami Road".
|Year||Film||Role||Co – Stars||Notes|
|Kaanch Ki Gudiya||Saida Khan|
|1962||Hariyali Aur Rasta||Shanker||Mala Sinha, Shashikala|
|Dr. Vidya||Ratan Chowdhury||Vyjayanthimala|
|Shaadi||Raja||Balraj Sahni, Saira Banu, Dharmendra|
|Banarsi Thug||Shyam||Vijaya Chaudhari|
|Piya Milan Ki Aas||Ameeta|
|1963||Apna Bana Ke Dekho||Asha Parekh|
|Ghar Basake Dekho||Rajshree|
|1964||Apne Huye Paraye||Mala Sinha|
|Woh Kaun Thi?||Dr Anand||Sadhana|
|Phoolon Ki Sej||Vyjayanthimala|
|1965||Shaheed||Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh|
|Himalaya Ki God Mein||Sunil Mehra||Mala Sinha|
|Poonam Ki Raat||Kumud Chhugani|
|1966||Do Badan||Vikas||Asha Parekh|
|Sawan Ki Ghata||Sharmila Tagore|
|1967||Patthar Ke Sanam||Rajesh||Waheeda Rehman, Mumtaz|
|Upkaar||Bharat||Asha Parekh, Pran, Prem Chopra, Kamini Kaushal||Winner, Filmfare Best Movie Award|
|1968||Neel Kamal||Ram||Waheeda Rehman|
|Aadmi||Dr Shekhar||Waheeda Rehman|
|1970||Purab Aur Paschim||Bharat||Saira Banu|
|Mera Naam Joker||David||Raj Kapoor|
|1972||Shor||Shankar||Nanda, Jaya Bachchan|
|Be-Imaan||Mohan||Raakhee||Winner, Filmfare Best Actor Award|
|1974||Roti Kapda Aur Makaan||Bharat||Zeenat Aman, Moushumi Chatterji||1975 – Filmfare Best Director Award for Roti Kapda Aur Makaan|
|1975||Sanyasi||Ram Rai||Hema Malini|
|1976||Dus Numbri||Arjun||Hema Malini|
|1977||Shirdi Ke Sai Baba||Doctor / Scientist||Rajendra Kumar, Hema Malini|
|Amaanat||Deepak||Sadhna, Balraj Sahni, Mehmood, Aruna Irani, Asit Sen|
|1981||Kranti||Bharat / Kranti||Dilip Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Shatrughan Sinha, Hema Malini, Parveen Babi, Nirupa Roy, Prem Chopra|
|1987||Kalyug Aur Ramayan||Pawan Putra (Shri Hanuman)||Madhavi|
|1989||Santosh||Santosh Singh||Nirupa Roy, Raakhee, Prem Chopra, Hema Malini|
|Clerk||Bharat||Ashok Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Rekha, Mohammed Ali, Shashi Kapoor, Anita Raj, Zeba, Prem Chopra|
|1995||Maidan-E-Jung||Master Dinanath||Dharmendra, Akshay Kumar, Karishma Kapoor|
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- Kumar, Anuj (2016-03-10). "Know your Bharat". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
- Vijayakar, Rajiv. "A patriot at heart". Deccan Herald. DHNS. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- Manoj Kumar. Bollywood classics. www.bollywood501.com. Archived 2 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- "The super censors". The Times of India. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- "Manoj Kumar to be honoured on Kishore Kumar`s birth anniv". zeenews.india.com. 24 July 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- "Manoj Kumar gets Raj Kapoor Award". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- "Manoj Kumar, Gowariker to get Maha film awards". indianexpress.com. 19 April 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- Manoj Kumar Awards imdb.com.
- 31st Annual BFJA Awards. Awards For The Year 1967 at the Wayback Machine (archived 8 January 2010)[dead link]. bfjaawards.com (1968)
- "Manoj Kumar felicitated with Phalke Award". oneindia.in. 5 May 2009.
- Manoj Kumar & Oliver Stone honoured at 12th Mumbai Film Festival at the Wayback Machine (archived 1 November 2010). BollywoodHungama.com (29 October 2010). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
- Manoj Kumar to be felicitated at the Apsara Awards. BollywoodHungama.com (25 January 2012). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
- Manoj Kumar to be felicitated with the Lifetime Achievement Award | Bollywood News | Hindi Movies News | News. BollywoodHungama.com (13 March 2012). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
- Manoj Kumar To Be Honoured With The Bharat Gaurav Award – Bollywood News. Movie Talkies (6 June 2012). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
- "Manoj Kumar honoured with Lifetime Achievement award". indiatoday.intoday.in. 2 October 2013.
- "Jagran Film Festival 2013: Manoj Kumar Receives Lifetime Achievement Award [Winners List+PHOTOS]". ibtimes.co.in. 30 September 2013.
- Madhya Pradesh institutes award in Manoj Kumar's name | Bollywood.com : Entertainment news, movie, music and fashion reviews. Bollywood.com (5 August 2008). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
- mobile. Thenews24x7.com.[dead link]