Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan

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Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan
Ustad Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan 01.jpg
Background information
Born(1927-02-18)February 18, 1927
Jaora, Madhya Pradesh, India
Died (aged 89)
Mumbai, India
GenresHindustani classical music
Occupation(s)Sitarist, Composer, Innovator, Author
Instrumentssitar
LabelsVarious
Associated actsNikhil Banerjee, Ravi Shanker, Vilayat Khan, Julian Bream, Dave Brubeck, Zunain Khan
Websitewww.jafferkhanibaaj.com

Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan (February 18, 1927 – January 4, 2017) was an Indian sitar player. Khan received the national awards Padma Shri (1970) and Padma Bhushan (2006) and was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for 1987.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Abdul Halim was born in 1927 in Jaora (35 km away from Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh) as the son of Jaffer Khan, a versatile vocalist, sitarist and beenkar. He belonged to the Beenkar Gharana of Indore and was an All India Radio artiste since the early 1940s.[3] A few years before the Beatles met Ravi Shankar, in 1958, Khan collaborated with jazz pianist and composer Dave Brubeck. Brubeck who was in Bombay through the U.S. State Department sponsored Jazz Ambassadors Program was impressed by the improvisation in Indian music and said that the experience accompanying Halim Jaffer Khan led him to play in a different way. Brubeck says of that meeting, "We understood each other." Khan also performed with the noted English classical guitarist Julian Bream in 1963.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

Khan is known for his own style Jafferkhani Baaj.[4] He describes it as, "a synthesis of precision in technique, systematic thought"[5] with a vigorous playing style. Cultural anthropologist and reader at the University of Mumbai, Dr. Kamala Ganesh states: "His music making is full of eclectic yet deeply informed choices. He is a thinking musician but puts across his complex views with a simplicity and feeling which demarcate the articulate performer from the articulate theoretician.... In him, one gets an unmistakable sense... a syncretic tradition".[6] The Indian santoor player Shivkumar Sharma remembers of Khan's performance of the raga Chhayanat: "It was probably in 1955–56, I was relaxing in my terrace in Jammu. In the stillness of the night I heard the notes of Raga Chhayanat on the sitar emanate from my neighbor's radio. I immediately noticed that the tone of the sitar was completely different and the style of playing radically unique. I rushed to switch on my radio.... I was totally engrossed and was very curious to know who this maestro was."[7]

Khan has been credited with bringing Carnatic ragas Kirwani, Kanakangi, Latangi, Karaharapriya, Manavati, Ganamurti, and others into the sitar repertoire, rendering them through a Hindustani sensibility and in the Jafferkhani style. He was the first Hindustani musician to collaborate with Carnatic music in a performance with renowned Veena player Emani Sankara Sastry[citation needed].

Khan was also involved with Indian cinema. Music Director Khwaja Khurshid Anwar introduced him to the Hindi film industry in 1946 at the age of 17 when he played sitar in the songs of film Parwana (1947 film). He also composed and played for films like Mughal-e-Azam,[8][9] Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje (1971), Goonj Uthi Shehnai (1959), Kohinoor (1960) and collaborated with noted music directors such as Vasant Desai, C. Ramachandra, Madan Mohan and Naushad who has said, "he not only enriched film music, but his participation lent prestige to my songs."[10]

In 1976, Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan created the Halim Academy of Sitar in Mumbai, India.[citation needed]

Sitarist Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan at the Halim Academy of Sitar with Chief guest, Sarodist Amjad Ali Khan, and philanthropist and Chair of Dr. Sushilarani-Baburao Patel Trust, Neela Shinde

Death[edit]

Khan died on January 4, 2017 at his home in Mumbai, India from cardiac arrest, aged 89.[11]

Works and awards[edit]

Select awards[edit]

  • Tagore Fellow of Sangeet Natak Akademi in 2012[12]
  • Padma Bhushan (Government of India) in 2006[13]
  • Lifetime Achievement Award (Legends Of India) in 2005[14]
  • Hafiz Ali Khan Award (Haafiz Ali Khan Memorial Trust) in 1992[15]
  • Shikhar Samman (Government of Madhya Pradesh) in 1991
  • Gaurav Puraskar (Government of Maharashatra) in 1990
  • Sangeet Natak Akademi Award 1987
  • Padma Shri (Government of India) in 1970

Video[edit]

Narrated by violinist Yehudi Menuhin, Deben Bhattacharya's film Raga features a young virtuosic Halim Jaffer Khan playing raga Sindh Bhairavi.

Select discography[edit]

  • 75th Celebration Swar Sadhna (Raag Zila Kafi)
  • 70th Birthday Release (Raag Tilak Kamod, Raag Jaijaiwanti, Raag Sindhi Bhairavi)
  • Columbia (EP) (Raag Mand, Raag Ahir Bhairav)
  • Enchanting Sitar (Raag Aarabi, Raag Multani)
  • Guzra Zamana (Live in Concert- 1968) (Raag Abhogi)
  • His Master's Voice (EP) (Chakra dhun, Thumri in Deepchandi taal)
  • Immortal Series: Vol 1 (Raag Pahadi, Raag Kedar); Vol 2 (Raag Kirwani, Raag Jaunpuri)
  • Instrumental Classical: Sitar (Raag Jaijaiwanti, Raag Sindhi Bhairavi)
  • Lilting Strings (Raag Bhairavi, Raag Gaud Sarang, Raag Kamod, Raag Rageshri, Raag Shyam Kalyan, Raag Yaman Kalyan)
  • Live in Jaipur 1968
  • A Night at the Valley (Raag Kirwani, Raag Marwa, Raag Pahadi, Chakradhun, Thumri)
  • Sangeet Suman (Raag Patdeep, Raag Shyam Kedar)
  • Sitar Quintet (Raag Chandani Kedar, Raag Mazamiri, Raag Khusravani, Raag Sharavati, Raag Kalpana, Raag Miya ki Malhaar)
  • Sitar Through the Ages [Soofiyana rang, Raag Bhimpalasi, Raag Zila Kafi, Raag Farghana]
  • Sitar Ecstasy [Raag Hemavati, Raag Jaitshri, Sufiana Sama (dhun)]
  • Theme on Strings (Raag Saraswat Ranjani, Sitar Anjuman, Hulban)
  • Ustad Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan (Raag Champakali, Raag Chhaya Nat, Raag Mishra Pilu)
  • Ustad Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan (Raag Jaunpuri, Raag Rajeshwari, Raag Anand Bhairav, Thumri)
  • Ustad Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan (Raag Araj, Raag Madhyami)
  • Ustad Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan (Raag Marwa, Raag Pahadi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Padma Awards". Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
  2. ^ "SNA: List of Akademi Awardees – Instrumental – Sitar". Sangeet Natak Akademi. Archived from the original on 30 May 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
  3. ^ [1] Archived 31 January 2005 at the Wayback Machine, The Hindu, 19 July 1953.
  4. ^ Mark Slobin; Frank Kouwenhoven Co-editor, CHIME; Ruth Hellier; Carole Pegg; Gerry Farrell Ethnomusicology Forum, 1741-1920, Volume 10, Issue 2, 2001, Pages 123–132
  5. ^ Khan, Abdul Halim Jaffer. Jafferkhani Baaj: Innovation in Sitar Music. Kohinoor Printers, 2000.
  6. ^ Khan, Abdul Halim Jaffer. Jafferkhani Baaj: Innovation in Sitar Music. Kohinoor Printers, 2000
  7. ^ Khan, Abdul Halim Jaffer. Jafferkhani Baaj: Innovation in Sitar Music. Kohinoor Printers, 2000.
  8. ^ Kabir, N.M. & Akhtar, S. (2007). The Immortal Dialogue of K. Asif's Mughal-e-Azam. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  9. ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0054098/awards
  10. ^ Dhaneshwar, Amarendra. Strings Attached Archived 2 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine, "The Times of India", 19 February 2010.
  11. ^ Bella Jaisinghani (4 January 2016). "Sitar maestro Ustad Abdul Halim dead". Times of India. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  12. ^ "Sangeet Natak Akademi citation". sangeetnatak.gov.in. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Padma Awards 2006". www.outlookindia.com/. 25 January 2006. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Legends of India Lifetime Achievement Awards". Legends of India. Archived from the original on 19 March 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Haafiz Ali Khan Awards". www.sarod.com. Retrieved 29 May 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Jafferkhani Baaj: Innovation in Sitar Music. Khan, Abdul Halim Jaffer. Jafferkhani Baaj: Innovation in Sitar Music. Kohinoor Printers, 2000.

External links[edit]