List of residences of presidents of the United States

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Official residences (such as the White House, Camp David, Blair House, or the former President's House in Philadelphia) are not the only residences of presidents of the United States. Listed below are the private residences of the various presidents of the United States.

Private homes of the presidents[edit]

Mount Vernon, George Washington's Fairfax County, Virginia plantation home
Monticello, Thomas Jefferson's Albemarle County, Virginia plantation home; appears on the back of the U.S. nickel
The Kennedy Compound, John F. Kennedy's Hyannis Port, Massachusetts home
La Casa Pacifica, Richard Nixon's San Clemente, California home
Walker's Point, George H. W. Bush's Kennebunkport, Maine home

This is a list of homes where presidents resided with their families before or after their term of office.

Order President Location
1 George Washington Mount Vernon, Mount Vernon, Virginia
2 John Adams Peacefield, Quincy, Massachusetts
3 Thomas Jefferson Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia, Poplar Forest
4 James Madison Montpelier, Orange, Virginia
5 James Monroe Ash Lawn-Highland, Charlottesville, Virginia
Oak Hill, Leesburg, Virginia
6 John Quincy Adams Peacefield, Quincy, Massachusetts
7 Andrew Jackson The Hermitage, Nashville, Tennessee
8 Martin Van Buren Lindenwald, Kinderhook, New York
9 William Henry Harrison Grouseland, Berkeley Plantation,
Charles City County, Virginia, Vincennes, Indiana
10 John Tyler Sherwood Forest Plantation, Charles City County, Virginia
11 James K. Polk James K. Polk Home, Columbia, Tennessee
Polk Place, Nashville, Tennessee (demolished)
12 Zachary Taylor Springfield Plantation, Louisville, Kentucky
13 Millard Fillmore Fillmore House, East Aurora, New York
14 Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce Homestead, Hillsborough, New Hampshire
Pierce Manse, Concord, New Hampshire
15 James Buchanan Wheatland, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
16 Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Home, Springfield, Illinois
17 Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson Home, Greeneville, Tennessee
18 Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S. Grant Home, Galena, Illinois
Grant's Farm, St. Louis, Missouri
19 Rutherford B. Hayes Spiegel Grove, Fremont, Ohio
20 James A. Garfield Lawnfield, Mentor, Ohio
21 Chester A. Arthur Chester A. Arthur Home, New York, New York
22/24 Grover Cleveland Westland Mansion, Princeton, New Jersey
23 Benjamin Harrison Benjamin Harrison Home, Indianapolis, Indiana
25 William McKinley William McKinley Home, Canton, Ohio
26 Theodore Roosevelt Sagamore Hill, Cove Neck, New York
27 William Howard Taft Taft House, Cincinnati, Ohio
28 Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson House, Washington, D.C.

Augusta, Georgia

29 Warren G. Harding Warren G. Harding House, Marion, Ohio
30 Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge House, Northampton, Massachusetts
Coolidge Homestead, Plymouth Notch, Vermont
31 Herbert Hoover Forest Hills, Washington, D.C.
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site, West Branch, Iowa
Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House, Stanford, California
Waldorf Astoria New York, Manhattan, New York
32 Franklin D. Roosevelt Springwood, Hyde Park, New York
Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia
33 Harry S. Truman Truman Home, Independence, Missouri
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower Farm, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
35 John F. Kennedy Kennedy Compound, Hyannis Port, Massachusetts

Wexford, Marshall, Virginia

36 Lyndon B. Johnson LBJ Ranch, Stonewall, Texas
37 Richard Nixon La Casa Pacifica, San Clemente, California
38 Gerald Ford Gerald R. Ford Jr. House, Alexandria, Virginia
39 Jimmy Carter 209 Woodland Drive, Plains, Georgia
40 Ronald Reagan Rancho del Cielo, Santa Barbara, California
41 George H. W. Bush Walker's Point, Kennebunkport, Maine
42 Bill Clinton Bill Clinton Birthplace, Hope, Arkansas
Chappaqua, New York
Washington, D.C.
43 George W. Bush Preston Hollow, Dallas, Texas
44 Barack Obama Hyde Park, Chicago, Illinois
Washington, D.C.
45 Donald Trump Trump Tower, New York City, New York
Mar-a-Lago, Palm Beach, Florida
See Residences of Donald Trump
46 Joe Biden Greenville, Delaware

Presidential vacation homes[edit]

During their term of office, many presidents have owned or leased vacation homes in various parts of the country, which are often called by journalists the "Western White House", "Summer White House", or "Winter White House", depending on location or season.

Summer White House[edit]

A "Summer White House" is typically the name given to the summer vacation residence of the sitting president of the United States aside from Camp David, the mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, used as a country retreat and for high-alert protection of presidents and their guests.

Years President Property name Location
1789–1797 George Washington Mount Vernon Alexandria, Virginia
1793–1794 George Washington Deshler-Morris House Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1805–1808 Thomas Jefferson Poplar Forest Forest, Virginia
1853–1857 Franklin Pierce 48 Central Street[1] Andover, Massachusetts[2]
1857–1860 James Buchanan Bedford Springs Hotel Bedford, Pennsylvania
1862–1864 Abraham Lincoln Cottage at the Soldiers' Home Washington, D.C.
1869–1876 Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S. Grant Cottage[3] Long Branch, New Jersey
1877–1881 Rutherford B. Hayes Spiegel Grove Fremont, Ohio
1886–1888 Grover Cleveland Oak View Upon Red Top[4] Washington, D.C.
1887–1888 Grover Cleveland Wateridge Marion, Massachusetts
1889–1892 Benjamin Harrison Congress Hall Cape May, New Jersey
1893–1896 Grover Cleveland Gray Gables Bourne, Massachusetts
1893–1896 Grover Cleveland Woodley[4] Washington, D.C.
1897, 1899 William McKinley Hotel Champlain Plattsburgh, New York
1901–1908 Theodore Roosevelt Sagamore Hill Cove Neck, New York
1909–1910 William Howard Taft Stetson Cottage Beverly, Massachusetts
1911–1912 William Howard Taft Parramatta Beverly, Massachusetts
1913–1915 Woodrow Wilson Harlakenden Cornish, New Hampshire
1916 Woodrow Wilson Shadow Lawn West Long Branch, New Jersey
1924 Calvin Coolidge Coolidge Homestead Plymouth Notch, Vermont
1925 Calvin Coolidge White Court Swampscott, Massachusetts
1926 Calvin Coolidge White Pine Camp Paul Smiths, New York
1927 Calvin Coolidge Custer State Park Custer County, South Dakota (Black Hills)
1928 Calvin Coolidge Cedar Island Lodge Brule, Wisconsin
1929–1932 Herbert Hoover Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House Palo Alto, California
1933–1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt Roosevelt Campobello International Park Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada
1933–1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt Little White House Warm Springs, Georgia
1933–1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt Springwood Hyde Park, New York
1953–1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower Lowry Air Force Base Denver, Colorado
1956–1960 Dwight D. Eisenhower Commandant's Residence, Fort Adams Newport, Rhode Island
1961–1963 John F. Kennedy Hammersmith Farm Newport, Rhode Island
1961–1963 John F. Kennedy Kennedy Compound Hyannis Port, Massachusetts
1964–1968 Lyndon B. Johnson LBJ Ranch Gillespie County, Texas
1969–1974 Richard Nixon Florida White House Key Biscayne, Florida
1969–1974 Richard Nixon La Casa Pacifica San Clemente, California
1974–1977 Gerald Ford Bass Residence Vail, Colorado
1974–1977 Gerald Ford Firestone Residence Palm Springs, California
1977–1980 Jimmy Carter 209 Woodland Drive Plains, Georgia
1981–1988 Ronald Reagan Rancho del Cielo Santa Barbara, California
1989–1992 George H. W. Bush Walker's Point Estate Kennebunkport, Maine
1998–1999 Bill Clinton Georgica Pond East Hampton, New York
2001–2008 George W. Bush Prairie Chapel Ranch Crawford, Texas
2009–2012 Barack Obama Blue Heron Farm Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts
2013 Barack Obama Chilmark House[5] Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts
2017–2020 Donald Trump Trump National Golf Club Bedminster[6] Bedminster, New Jersey

Winter White House[edit]

A "Winter White House" is typically the name given to the winter vacation residence of the standing president of the United States aside from Camp David, the mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, used as a country retreat and for high-alert protection of the president and his guests.

Although Harry Truman and John F. Kennedy had spent significant time in Florida (Harry Truman having spent time there in the summer), Richard Nixon's Florida White House was the first that reporters called the "Winter White House".[7]

Years President Property name Location
1912–1913 Woodrow Wilson Beaulieu (John M. Ayer Estate, Dixie White House)[8] Pass Christian, Mississippi
1921-1923[a] Warren G. Harding John Ringling Estate Bird Key, Florida
1923–1929 Calvin Coolidge Howard E. Coffin Estate Sapelo Island, Georgia
1933–1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt Little White House Warm Springs, Georgia
1945–1953 Harry S. Truman Harry S. Truman Little White House[7] Key West, Florida
1953–1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower Cabin, Augusta National Golf Club Augusta, Georgia
1961–1963 John F. Kennedy La Querida[9] Palm Beach, Florida
1969–1974 Richard Nixon Florida White House Key Biscayne, Florida
2009–2017 Barack Obama Plantation Estate[10] Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii
2017–2021 Donald Trump Mar-a-Lago[7] Palm Beach, Florida

Western/Southern White House[edit]

President George W. Bush speaks to the press from his Crawford, Texas ranch on Sunday August 28, 2005. The logo in the background was created by the Bush Administration in August 2001, and it was displayed at press briefings during Bush's stays at his ranch in Crawford. The sign reads:

The Western/Southern White House is a term applied to additional residences of the president of the United States.

Examples include:

Other secondary "White Houses"[edit]

The first governmental spending on property improvements of private presidential residences was at Dwight Eisenhower's Gettysburg farm, where the Secret Service added three guard posts to a fence.[14] Federal law now allows the president to designate a residence outside of the White House as his temporary offices,[15][16] so that federal money can be used to provide required facilities.[17]


  1. ^ Harding died before he could vacation in Bird Key.


  1. ^ "Welcome to the Andover Historic Preservation Web Site". Andover Preservation Commission.
  2. ^ "'Summer White House' of President Franklin Pierce - place with historical importance". Wikimapia.
  3. ^ Null, Druscilla J. (1984). "Ulysses S. Grant Cottage, 995 Ocean Avenue, Long Branch, Monmouth County, NJ" (PDF). Historic American Buildings Survey. HABS NJ-884.
  4. ^ a b "Frances Cleveland Biography". National First Ladies' Library.
  5. ^ "Martha's Vineyard once enjoyed by the Obamas is for sale". July 2015.
  6. ^ Holson, Laura M. (June 3, 2017). "At the 'Summer White House,' You Are Never Far From a Trump Photo". The New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  7. ^ a b c Caputo, Marc. "Trump dubs Mar-a-Lago the new 'Winter White House'". Politico.
  8. ^ "Dixie White House".
  9. ^ Hofheinz, Darrell (June 19, 2020). "Former Kennedy estate sells for $70 million in Palm Beach, deed shows". The Florida Times-Union (USA Today Network). Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  10. ^ Rachel Ross (January 18, 2017). "Want to Live Like the President? Barack Obama's Winter White House is Up for Rent". Honolulu Magazine. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
  11. ^ "Nixon's Western White House For Sale". Orange County Register.
  12. ^ "About the Ranch". Young America's Foundation.
  13. ^ "Texas Research Trip". The Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies. Retrieved August 9, 2006.
  14. ^ Damon, Allan L. (June 1974). "Presidential Expenses". American Heritage Magazine. Vol. 25, no. 4. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  15. ^ 31 C.F.R. 408.2(c)
  16. ^
  17. ^ "Reagan Designates Ranch a 'Western White House'". Around the Nation. The New York Times. Associate Press. February 5, 1981. p. A10.

External links[edit]