Toyota Alphard

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Toyota Alphard
Toyota Alphard 350 V6 (III) – Frontansicht, 2. April 2018, Hongkong.jpg
Toyota Alphard 350 V6 (GGH30W, Hong Kong)
Also called
  • Toyota Vellfire (2008–present)
  • Lexus LM (2019–present)
Body and chassis
Body style5-door van
PredecessorToyota Grand HiAce/Granvia (XH10)

The Toyota Alphard (Japanese: トヨタ・アルファード, Toyota Arufādo) is a minivan produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota since 2002. It is available as a seven- or eight-seater with petrol and hybrid engine options. Hybrid variants have been available since 2003 and it incorporates Toyota's Hybrid Synergy Drive technology. The vehicle was named after Alphard,[1] the brightest star in the constellation Hydra.

The Alphard is marketed as a luxury van and is primarily made for the Japanese market, but is also sold in Bangladesh,[2] Belarus,[2] Russia,[3] The Middle East,[citation needed] Greater China[2] and Southeast Asia.


Since the second generation Alphard, the model was split into Alphard and Vellfire model names separately. The Alphard was meant to stand out for luxurious and elegant and Vellfire was more modern and sporty intended. The Vellfire name was derived from "velvet" and "fire" to emphasize the vehicle's "smooth" and "passionate" characteristics. Both model names bear similar front and rear facia however the grill design, headlamps and tail lamps are different.


The full-size Alphard Hybrid MPV qualifies as an Ultra-Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV), achieving emission levels 75% lower than the Japanese government's year 2000 benchmark. The 2.4-litre petrol engine has been developed specifically for use in Toyota's Hybrid Synergy Drive technology and features a high-expansion ratio cycle that raises efficiency and reduces friction.

The Alphard Hybrid uses "by-wire" technology that monitors brake pedal pressure and vehicle speed in order to calculate the optimum hydraulic pressure. By-wire works with the E-Four AWD system to maximize the collection of kinetic energy from braking for conversion into electric power.

The Alphard Hybrid can generate up to 1,500 watts and is equipped with 100-volt AC power outlets, to power external appliances such as laptops and emergency lights.

First generation (AH10; 2002)[edit]

First generation (AH10)[4]
Toyota Alphard (first generation) (front, white), Serdang.jpg
Toyota Alphard V MZ (pre-facelift, Malaysia)
AssemblyJapan: Inabe, Mie (Toyota Auto Body)[5]
Body and chassis
PlatformToyota K platform
RelatedToyota Previa (XR30, XR40)
Wheelbase2,900 mm (110 in)
Length4,840 mm (191 in)
Width1,805 mm (71.1 in)
Height1,935 mm (76.2 in)
Curb weight1,790 kg (3,950 lb)

The Alphard was launched by Toyota in May 2002[6][1] to compete against the Nissan Elgrand and Honda Elysion. The Alphard is Toyota's best selling MPV in Japan. The Alphard was facelifted in 2005 with new design of rear lamp and use of 16" and 17" alumunium alloy wheels. A hybrid version was also added to the lineup. For model year 2007, on Japanese models only, G-BOOK, a subscription telematics service, was offered as an option. The Alphard is also the first Japanese market minivan to feature a laser-guided Adaptive Cruise Control, although only as an option on V6 variants.

Actor Jean Reno appeared on Japanese TV commercials for the Toyota Alphard.

In 2006, a Royal Lounge Alphard was introduced.[7] It is a luxurious, four-seat version of the Alphard and exclusive to "Toyopet Store" Japanese dealerships. Its traditional competitor from Nissan is the Elgrand.

Model code Engine Remarks
ANH10 2.4 I4 FWD
ANH15 2.4 I4 AWD
ATH10 2.4 I4 hybrid
MNH10 3.0 V6 FWD
MNH15 3.0 V6 AWD


Second generation (AH20; 2008)[edit]

Second generation (AH20)[4]
2008 Toyota H20 Alphard 01.JPG
2008 Toyota Alphard 350G (GGH20W; pre-facelift, Japan)
Also calledToyota Vellfire
AssemblyJapan: Inabe, Mie (Toyota Auto Body)[5][8]
Body and chassis
PlatformToyota New MC platform
RelatedToyota Previa (XR50)
Wheelbase2,950 mm (116 in)
Length4,840 mm (191 in)
Width1,830 mm (72 in)
Height1,905 mm (75.0 in)
Curb weight1,910–2,070 kg (4,210–4,560 lb)

In May 2008, the Alphard was redesigned with a more modern exterior and a more luxurious interior. For this generation, a new sub-model, Toyota Vellfire (Japanese: トヨタ・ヴェルファイア, Toyota Verufaia) was introduced. According to Toyota's press release, the Alphard is described as having an "elegant and sophisticated" design while the Vellfire emphasizes on "strength and strong individuality." Both models are sold via separate distribution channels, with the Alphard sold by Toyota's Toyopet dealership chain, while the Vellfire is sold at Toyota's youth oriented NETZ Store dealership chain.

Variants of the Alphard/Vellfire include:

  • 240/350X (8 Seater)
  • 240S
  • 240 Hybrid
  • 350S “C Package”
  • 240/350G
  • 350G “L Package”
  • 350G "Premium Seat Package" (Since September 2011)
  • Royal Lounge

The second generation Alphard was launched in the Philippines on 3 August 2010.[9]

Alphard 240/350X[edit]

The 240/350X variants of the Alphard are the lowest trim levels of the Alphard. It is only offered with eight seats. Standard equipment includes 16-inch steel rims, Xenon projector headlights, 2-DIN stereo, passenger-side power sliding door (driver's side optional) and fabric bench seats for the middle row.

Alphard 240S[edit]

Only comes with seven seats with second row individual seats with ottomans. Leather seats are optional. Standard equipment includes 17-inch alloy rims, dual power sliding doors, cruise control, LED soft ambient lighting, dual front parking sensors, rear power sliding sunroof, Tri-zone automatic climate control (individual controls for the rear), 7-inch display with satellite navigation (G-BOOK optional), eight speakers and a rear-seat entertainment system with roof-mounted 10-inch Blu-ray player.

Alphard 240 Hybrid[edit]

Same equipment and options list with the 240S. Comes with Toyota's E-four AWD system. Additional options are power tailgate and a coolbox (located between driver's seat and front passenger seat).

Alphard 240/350G[edit]

The highest available trim level for the 2.4 engine. Standard equipment includes leather seats, power tailgate, G-BOOK telematics system, Adaptive Front-lighting System (AFS), NANOE-G air purifier, 8-way powered driver's seat (with three-person memory) and 6-way powered passenger's seat with ottoman.

Alphard 350G “L Package”[edit]

A more luxurious version of the Alphard 350G. Adds on second row “captain’s” seats with powered reclinable ottomans, 18-speaker home theatre surround sound system, 360 degree surround view camera, automatic parking, and an optional Pre-crash active safety system, consisting of dynamic radar cruise control, lane departure warning, lane keep assist and autonomous emergency braking.

Alphard 350G "Premium Seat Package"[edit]

Same level of equipment with the 350G “L Package”, but adds on its optional equipment as standard. The only change is the second row, which adds on four-way powered heated and ventilated seats, two-person memory, picnic tables and curtains for extra privacy.

Alphard Royal Lounge[edit]

This is the top-of-the-line variant. It has no third row seats, only seating four, and the rear seats have a massage function. It features a small divider between the rear passengers and the front seats, like in a limousine. It has larger and plusher seats compared to the Executive Lounge and they are positioned all the way back into where the third row previously was for more legroom. Instead of a roof-mounted Blu-ray player, the Royal Lounge has a 23-inch television mounted on the divider between the front and rear passengers. The television retracts into the divider when not in use.


JNCAP has rated the Alphard a full six stars for occupant crash safety and outstanding safety features. Safety features such as Anti-lock Braking System, Electronic Brakeforce Distribution, Brake Assist, Vehicle Stability Control and seven airbags (Dual front, Driver & passenger side airbags, Driver's knee and curtain airbags) are standard across all variants. Higher end variants offer a first-in-class Pre-Crash system as an option (Only for Japanese models). Features include a radar-guided Adaptive Cruise Control, Lane Departure Warning with Lane Keep Assist and Pre-collision Warning with Semi-Autonomous Emergency Braking, which only helps apply a moderate amount of brake pressure, and does not completely stop the vehicle.[10][11]


A facelift model was announced by Toyota on 27 September 2011, with sales in Japan started from 1 November 2011. Also introduced a hybrid version of both the Alphard and Vellfire.[12]


Third generation (AH30; 2015)[edit]

Third generation (AH30)
2016 Toyota Alphard 2.5 G van (AGH30R; 12-22-2018), South Tangerang.jpg
2016 Toyota Alphard 2.5 G van (AGH30R; pre-facelift, Indonesia)
Also called
  • Toyota Vellfire
  • Lexus LM[13]
AssemblyJapan: Japan: Inabe, Mie (Toyota Auto Body)[5]
Body and chassis
PlatformToyota New MC platform
  • 6-speed ATF U660E (2GR-FE)
  • 7-speed super CVT-i (2.5 i4)
  • 8-speed ATF UA80E (2GR-FKS)
  • e-CVT (2.5 Hybrid)
Wheelbase3,000 mm (118.1 in)
Length4,915–4,935 mm (193.5–194.3 in)
5,040 mm (198.4 in) (Lexus LM)
Width1,850 mm (72.8 in)
Height1,880–1,950 mm (74.0–76.8 in)
1,945 mm (76.6 in) (Lexus LM)
Curb weight1,920–2,220 kg (4,230–4,890 lb)

Toyota released the third generation Alphard on 26 January 2015 with a new look and new features such as a new 2.5-litre petrol engine, 2.5-litre petrol hybrid engine. A new top-of-the-line Executive Lounge grade was added for both Alphard and Vellfire. The third generation Alphard is available in Japan and some Asian markets with Brunei, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Hong Kong are being the first markets outside Japan to receive this all-new model and recently the all-new Alphard was introduced in Russia, the model's primary and so far only European market, but only with the 3.5 L V6 engine. The V6 model is also available in other left hand drive markets, like China for example.[14]

The third generation features a very large grille similar to the S210 series Crown. The length has grown longer by 60 mm, the width by 20 mm and the wheelbase has grown longer by 50 mm but the height is shorter by 10 mm compared to the previous generation. The Alphard faces competition from large MPVs such as the Nissan Elgrand and the fifth generation international market Honda Odyssey.[15] Large audio manufacturers like Alpine Electronics and JBL, also manufacture navigation and audio/visual accessories specifically for the Alphard.[16]


The facelifted third generation Alphard and second generation Vellfire were unveiled on 25 December 2017 and released on 8 January 2018. Most of the changes are only to the exterior and powertrain, whereas interior equipment remains largely similar with minor changes. New square taillights replace the horizontal ones on the Vellfire, mimicking the design of the previous generation's taillights. The Alphard gets slimmer LED headlights and a larger grille up front. Both models get sequential LED turn signals as standard. Also new is an updated V6 engine, the 2GR-FKS that replaces the outgoing 2GR-FE. Output has increased to 300 PS (221 kW) and 362 N⋅m (267 lbf⋅ft). A Direct-Shift 8-speed automatic replaces the 6-speed Super ECT that is only found in V6-powered variants. The debut of the second generation Toyota Safety Sense system is launched with the facelifted Alphard and Vellfire, which are now standard equipment across all variants.[citation needed]

On 1 May 2020, the Alphard and Vellfire became available at all Toyota dealership sales channels in Japan (Toyota Store, Toyopet Store, Corolla Store and Netz), as the Netz logo emblem on the Vellfire’s front grille was replaced by the Toyota logo emblem.


Lexus LM[edit]

The Lexus-badged limousine version of the third generation Alphard, called the Lexus LM, was unveiled on 16 April 2019 at the 18th Shanghai International Automobile Industry Exhibition.[13] The LM designation stands for "Luxury Mover". The LM is slightly longer than the Alphard it is based on, measuring at 5040mm long. The LM features newer and stronger structural components, along with additional soundproofing elements such as dual-pane windows. There are 2 seating configurations, a 7-seater configuration that is based on the Alphard Executive Lounge variant, and a 4-seater configuration, that is based on the Alphard Royal Lounge variant. 2 engine options are available, a 2.5 2AR-FXE hybrid 4-cylinder in the LM300h, and a 3.5 2GR-FKS V6 in the LM350. The LM features a new suspension setup featuring Swing Valve technology. [17]

See also[edit]

  • Refine M6 - First Chinese-made Alphard clone in 2013.
  • Joylong iFly - Second Chinese-made Alphard clone in 2014.
  • Yema Spica - Third Chinese-made Alphard clone in 2015.


  1. ^ a b "75 Years of TOYOTA | Vehicle Lineage Chart | Data: Origin of a car's name". Toyota. 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Brindusescu, Gabriel (30 December 2013). "Toyota Alphard Gets Matte Grey Wrap in Hong Kong". autoevolution. Romania. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Toyota Alphard Minivan Now Sold in Russia". 25 October 2011. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
  4. ^ a b Automobil Revue, catalogue edition 2007, p. 490.
  5. ^ a b c Suzuki, Masato (26 January 2015). "新型トヨタ・アルファード/ヴェルファイア発売" [All-new Toyota Alphard/Vellfire launched]. Car Graphic. WebCG. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  6. ^ "75 Years of TOYOTA | Vehicle Lineage | In-depth Vehicle Information, Specification". Toyota. 2012.
  7. ^ Nunez, Alex (4 July 2006). "Toyota Alphard Royal Lounge offers jetlike luxury". Autoblog. US. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Affiliates (Toyota wholly-owned subsidiaries)-Toyota Auto Body Co., Ltd". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  9. ^ Patrick Everett Tadeo (2 August 2010). "Toyota Motor Philippines launches new Alphard minivan". Top Gear Philippines. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
  10. ^ "Model change Toyota Alphard" (Press release). Japan: Toyota. 12 May 2008. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  11. ^ "Alphard and Vellfire Facelift, Hybrid added". 19 October 2011. Archived from the original on 22 October 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  12. ^ "Minor changes to Alphard and Vellfire, plus hybrid models added" (Press release). Japan: Toyota. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  13. ^ a b "2020 Lexus LM upgrades Toyota Alphard from Business to First class". Auto News. The Philippines. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  14. ^ "【图】埃尔法 2018款 改款 3.5L 豪华版报价_图片_丰田_汽车之家". Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  15. ^ Toyota Alphard and Vellfire 2015 model officially launched Bangkok Post, 26 January 2015
  16. ^ "Toyota Alphard and Vellfire". Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  17. ^ "LEXUS LM: A LUXURIOUSLY CRAFTED MOBILE SPACE". Lexus (GB) PLC. 15 July 2019. Retrieved 3 November 2019.

External links[edit]