Toyota Caldina

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Toyota Caldina
2002-2004 Toyota Caldina GT-FOUR.jpg
Toyota Caldina GT-Four (ST246, Japan)
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Production1992–2007
Body and chassis
ClassCompact car

The Toyota Caldina (Japanese: トヨタ・カルディナ, Toyota Karudina) is an automobile manufactured by Toyota for the Japanese market and released in 1992. It replaced the Toyota Carina and Toyota Corona wagons, and was sold at both Toyota Store and Toyopet Store locations in Japan.

While the Caldina has never been officially exported by Toyota outside Japan, its All-Trac 4WD capability and large capacity have made it a popular grey import in Australia, New Zealand, Russia and many South American countries.

The Caldina was discontinued in 2007, with the Toyota Avensis wagon assuming the market position previously held by the Caldina.

First generation (T190, 1992–1997)[edit]

First generation
1992 Toyota Caldina 01.jpg
1992 Toyota Caldina
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Also called
Production1992–1997
Body and chassis
Body style
  • 5-door station wagon
  • 5-door van
LayoutFF layout, four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine
Chronology
PredecessorToyota Corona

The original Toyota Caldina was the 5-door wagon or commercial van version (1992–2002) of the four-door sedan Toyota Corona and Toyota Carina in Japan. The wagon has independent strut rear suspension while the commercial wagon has semi-independent leaf springs.

Toyota Caldina van (early model)
Toyota Caldina van (early model)

Second generation (T210, 1997–2002)[edit]

Second generation
Caldgtt2.jpg
Toyota Caldina 2.0 GT-T (ST215, Japan)
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Also calledToyota Avensis
Production1997–2002
Body and chassis
Body style5-door station wagon
LayoutFF layout, four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine
Toyota Caldina 2.0 GT-T (ST215, Japan)

Sharing a platform with Toyota Allion and Toyota Premio, the Caldina is the Japanese version of the European Toyota Avensis wagon, launched in Japan in mid-1997.

The 4WD models are coded ST215, and were also offered as Active Sports GT models with the 3S-GE engine. The top of the line GT-T came with the turbocharged 209 PS (154 kW; 206 hp) fourth generation 3S-GTE engine, and included an all-wheel drive system similar to the Toyota Celica GT-Four. The GT-T also came with optional electronic stability control (VSC, standard on Active Sports versions). The Aerial version features a large sunroof and countoured roof racks as standard. Weighing 1,640 kg (3,616 lb), the manual Caldina GT-T has a 0–100 km/h time of 7.4 seconds, with the automatic version only 0.1 seconds slower.[1] A refresh was given in 2000 with new plastic bumpers and plastic headlights. The mostly-plastic interior was also updated. In 2001, an extra lug was added to the turbo manifold to prevent the manifold from warping which had been a common issue on GT-T models.[2] Reliability of the GT-T engines proved to be a concern throughout the lifespan of the 3S powered GT-Ts, with spun main bearings and shattered oil pump gears being common issues amongst owners.[citation needed]

The facelift model 2000 Toyota Caldina 2.0 E

Engines for lesser models are the 1.8 L 7A-FE, the 2.0 L gasoline 3S-FE, and the 2.2 L diesel 3C-TE. Reliability and maintenance issues combined with relative obscurity, hampered perceived resale values of the GT-T in countries outside Japan, making the GT-T a very cheap people carrier in grey markets like Australia.[citation needed]

Third generation (T240, 2002–2007)[edit]

Third generation
2002 Toyota Caldina 02.jpg
2002 Toyota Caldina GT-Four (ST246, Japan)
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Production2002–2007
AssemblyToyota, Aichi, Japan (Tsutsumi plant)[3]
Body and chassis
Body style5-door station wagon
LayoutFF layout, four-wheel drive
RelatedToyota Allion
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length4,510 mm (177.6 in)
Width1,740 mm (68.5 in)
Height1,445 mm (56.9 in)
Curb weight
  • 1.8 X N/A FWD 1,240 kg (2,730 lb)
  • 1.8 Z N/A FWD 1,250 kg (2,760 lb)
  • 2.0 Z N/A FWD 1,290 kg (2,840 lb)
  • 2.0 ZT N/A FWD 1,310 kg (2,890 lb)
  • 2.0 Z N/A AWD 1,370 kg (3,020 lb)
  • 2.0 ZT N/A AWD 1,390 kg (3,060 lb)
  • 2.0 GT-Four Turbo AWD 1,480 kg (3,260 lb)
  • 2.0 GT-Four Turbo N-Spec AWD 1,490 kg (3,280 lb)
Chronology
SuccessorToyota Prius V
Toyota Mark X ZiO
Toyota Avensis wagon
2002 Toyota Caldina GT-Four (early model)

The all-new Caldina launched in September 2002 is a pure sports wagon and does not share body panels with Allion, Premio and Avensis. Engines for the Caldina are 1.8 L 1ZZ-FE, 2.0 L 1AZ-FSE, or 2.0 L turbo 3S-GTE. Trim levels are 1.8 X, 1.8 Z, 2.0 Z, 2.0 ZT, and 2.0 GT-Four (the latter is coded ST246). There is also an MKII Model for the years 2005-2007 with a minor refresh given to them. All models have an automatic transmission and the GT-Four only comes in a Tiptronic transmission. With the discontinuation of Celica, the Caldina was one of the sportiest Toyota models sold in Japan.

The facelift model 2005 Toyota Caldina ZT

As a tribute to Toyota's motorsports development guru and the creator of the first GT-Four, Hiromu Naruse, a special edition Caldina GT-Four was produced. The Caldina GT-Four “N” edition. (N for Naruse).

This model was equipped with several performance enhancements specified by Naruse:

  • Sport ABS
  • Improved shocks and altered spring ratings
  • Front upper strut bar
  • Torsen rear LSD
  • Recaro front seats and interior trim

Production of the third generation Caldina ended in mid-2007, without a real successor. That was also the end of both the 3S-GTE engine and the "GT-Four" name in Toyota's line-up.

The Caldina GT-Four was featured in the video games Gran Turismo 4 and 5, as well as Kaido Battle 2: Chain Reaction and Kaido Battle: Touge No Densetsu.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Toyota Caldina GT-T". 1001Moteurs. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  2. ^ "3S-GTE Generations". Faster Than Jesus. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  3. ^ "History of KANTO AUTO WORKS". Kanto-aw.co.jp. Retrieved 2010-07-16.