Lorain, Ohio

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City of Lorain (Lorain City)
City
Lorain harbor
Lorain harbor
Official seal of City of Lorain (Lorain City)
Seal
Location within the state of Ohio
Location within the state of Ohio
Coordinates: 41°26′54″N 82°10′8″W / 41.44833°N 82.16889°W / 41.44833; -82.16889Coordinates: 41°26′54″N 82°10′8″W / 41.44833°N 82.16889°W / 41.44833; -82.16889
Country United States
State Ohio
County Lorain
Founded 1807
Government
 • Mayor Chase M. Ritenauer (D)
 • President of Council Joel Arredondo(D)
Area[1]
 • Total 24.14 sq mi (62.52 km2)
 • Land 23.67 sq mi (61.31 km2)
 • Water 0.47 sq mi (1.22 km2)
Elevation 610 ft (186 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 64,097
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 63,707
 • Density 2,707.9/sq mi (1,045.5/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 44052-44055-44053-44054
Area code(s) 440
FIPS code 39-44856
GNIS feature ID 1077529[4]
Website http://www.cityoflorain.org

Lorain is a city in Lorain County, Ohio, United States. The municipality is located in northeastern Ohio on Lake Erie, at the mouth of the Black River, about 30 miles west of Cleveland.

As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 64,097,[5] making it Ohio's tenth largest city. Incorporated 1874 (see 'History', below).

Ford Motor Company had the Lorain Assembly Plant in the city, mostly known for assembling the Ford Econoline (E-series) van, Ford Torino and Mercury Montego, and beginning in 1975 the Ford Thunderbird and Mercury Cougar (through 1997); the plant ceased all production on December 14, 2005 because the UAW and Ford management were unable to come to terms on a new contract. The sprawling United States Steel Mill, portions recently acquired by Republic Steel, stretches for nearly 3 miles on the city's south side. These mills have operated in the city since 1895 and continue to employ thousands of local residents. Though the blast furnaces were idled in late 2008, Republic announced in December 2011 that they would be building electric arc furnaces to once again make steel in Lorain.

Geography[edit]

Lorain, part of the Cleveland–Elyria–Mentor metropolitan area, is located at 41°26′54″N 82°10′8″W / 41.44833°N 82.16889°W / 41.44833; -82.16889 (41.448241, -82.168862).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.14 square miles (62.52 km2), of which, 23.67 square miles (61.31 km2) is land and 0.47 square miles (1.22 km2) is water.[1]

The Charles Berry Bridge is located in Lorain, which is the 2nd largest bascule bridge in the world.

Name and History[edit]

  • In April 1787, Moravian missionary David Zeisberger attempted to start a Mission at the mouth of the Black River. He was driven away by hostile Delaware Indians.[7]
  • The City of Lorain originally began as the small village named "Mouth of Black River", named at that time for its exact location on the west side of the mouth of the Black River (formerly called the 'Reneshoua River' and 'La Riviere de la Cuiliere'). The village began to take form about 1820, primarily through the efforts of pioneer settler John S. Reid, and expanded by his son and sons-in-law who renamed the village "Charleston" in 1836, but it was shortly later again name-changed to simply "Black River" village.[8]
    1834 Plat Map for the village of "Mouth of Black River", from Durand survey. (click for more info).
Broadway, Lorain, Ohio (1917 Postcard)
  • By 1874, the village had grown considerably, and so was incorporated as 'Lorain', named for the County in which it is located. (Some original records for the County indicate the name had originally been chosen as "Colerain"; however, the residents who had chosen the final name "Lorain" for this County(which became independent from Huron County in 1824), had no direct connection to the Alsace-Lorraine area of France, which later historians had theorized.
  • The city eventually expanded to encompass land on the east side of the river, including land which had been previously owned and occupied in 1807 by members of the Nathan Perry family of Cleveland, Ohio. Therefore, and because the Perry family are such well-known pioneers of Cleveland, some historians have attributed that family as the first pioneers of the City of Lorain; however, the Perry family did not establish the actual original village of Mouth of Black River. Nathan Perry, Jr., who ran an Indian-trading-post shanty on the east side of the river, only did so for a couple of fair-weather seasons, but then permanently moved back to Cleveland in Fall 1808. But the much later village of "Mouth of Black River" on the opposite (west) side of the river, was established by John S. Reid, and his family. John had first arrived to the area of the Black River in 1809, and helped to clear many of the area roads through the wilderness, including the Lake Road from the Black River to the Huron River. John finally permanently moved his family to the Black River's mouth in 1811. In 1812 he ran the first U.S. post-office here from his blockhouse/tavern, and the future village of Mouth of Black River settlement then sprang up around Reid's location, and was accelerated in the 1820s due to prospects of a canal (about 1823) and early railroad (about 1833) going through it, although neither project occurred. The main commerce that kept the little village alive in its earliest years, was the grain-shipping industry, as well as being a very early shipbuilding port beginning in 1819.[9]
  • John S. Reid's son Conrad Reid, was the first mayor after the city became named 'Lorain'.

[reference sources: County records and property-deeds of Huron County and Lorain County Ohio; and History of Lorain County, Williams 1879]

Politics[edit]

Politics in the City of Lorain have traditionally been closely tied to the local Democratic Party. However, through the years Republicans occasionally have been able to win offices. Since the late 1990s Lorain has elected all Democrats to city council, but in 1999 a Republican - Craig Foltin - was elected mayor. In 2003, the voters re-elected Craig L. Foltin.

Lorain is one of the largest cities in Ohio to not have a charter. The city of Lorain functions under a Statutory government. This provides for a Mayor-Council form with until recently 3 at-large seats and 8 wards.

As of the 2008 General Election, the number of residents registered to a political party were:

  • Democrats: 16,168
  • Republicans: 2,346

The city is home to the Lorain Municipal Court, which serves the cities of Lorain and Sheffield Lake as well as Sheffield Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,595
1890 4,863 204.9%
1900 16,028 229.6%
1910 28,883 80.2%
1920 37,205 28.8%
1930 44,512 19.6%
1940 44,125 −0.9%
1950 51,202 16.0%
1960 68,932 34.6%
1970 78,185 13.4%
1980 75,416 −3.5%
1990 71,245 −5.5%
2000 68,652 −3.6%
2010 64,097 −6.6%
Est. 2012 63,707 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2012 Estimate[11]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 68,652 people, 26,434 households, and 17,975 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,858.1 people per square mile (1,103.5/km²). There were 28,231 housing units at an average density of 1,175.5/sq mi (453.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.70% White, 15.94% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.56% from other races, and 3.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.03% of the population.

There were 26,434 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,917, and the median income for a family was $39,454. Males had a median income of $34,120 versus $23,065 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,340. About 14.2% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 64,097 people, 25,529 households, and 16,368 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,707.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,045.5 /km2). There were 29,144 housing units at an average density of 1,231.3 per square mile (475.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.9% White, 17.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 8.3% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.2% of the population.

There were 25,529 households of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 21.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.9% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the city was 36.8 years. 26.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 13.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

Economy[edit]

CenturyTel of Ohio is based in Lorain.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [12] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Mercy 1,640
2 Lorain City School District 880
3 U.S. Steel 600
4 Industrias CH 490
5 City of Lorain 455
6 Camaco 300
7 Sprenger Health Care Systems 299
8 Walmart 296
9 Lake Pointe Health Center 289
10 The Nord Center 286

Culture[edit]

Over 70 different nationalities live in the Lorain area. Many were originally attracted by work in the steel mills and ship yards. Lorain is sometimes referred to as Steel City mainly because of its well-known steel mill. Downtown Lorain was devastated by a tornado in 1924 and as part of an initiative to rebuild the downtown several historic buildings were constructed, including the Lorain Palace Theatre which opened in 1928 and continues to operate today.[13] One of the highlights of the summer season is the Lorain International Festival.

Pictures[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]