2020 coronavirus pandemic in Guatemala

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Guatemala
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationGuatemala
First outbreakWuhan, China
Index caseGuatemala City
Arrival date13 March 2020
(3 weeks and 6 days)
Confirmed cases87[1]
Suspected cases11500
Recovered15[1]
Deaths
3[1]
Total ILI cases70
Official website
www.mspas.gob.gt
Suspected cases have not been confirmed as being due to this strain by laboratory tests, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached Guatemala in March 2020.

Background[edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[2][3]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[4][5] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[6][4]

Timeline[edit]

On 13 March 2020, the first case in Guatemala, a Guatemalan man who traveled from Italy to Guatemala, was confirmed.[7] The man arrived in Villa Nueva, a suburb of Guatemala City, along with two of his family members and five Salvadorans on an Aeroméxico flight.[citation needed]

Two days prior to the country's first case, the Guatemalan government banned entry to citizens of all European countries, Iran, China and South Korea, which was put into effect on 12 March.[8]

On 13 March 2020, the Guatemalan government extended its travel restrictions to travelers from the US and Canada.[9] Starting on 16 March, no travelers coming from these countries will be allowed to enter Guatemala, until March 31 (15 day quarantine is in place as of March 16).[citation needed]

On 15 March 2020, the Guatemalan government confirmed its second case and the first COVID-19 death in the country. an 85-year-old man who arrived from Madrid with his family nine days earlier.[10] The same day, the Guatemalan government cancels all public events and prohibits aglomerations of more than 100 people. All public and private schools and universities are to be closed for at least three weeks. Holy Week celebrations are also cancelled.[11]

On March 21, 2020, the Guatemalan President Alejandro Giammattei alongside its Vice-President and the Council Of Ministry declared a nationwide curfew and a global travel ban, in an effort to tackle the coronavirus pandemic and prevent the spreading of the virus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Coronavirus" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud Pública (Guatemala).
  2. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  6. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Coronavirus: Alejandro Giammattei confirma el primer caso de covid-19 en Guatemala". Prensa Libre (in Spanish). 13 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Guatemala to ban entry of Europeans, Chinese, others to keep out coronavirus". National Post. Reuters. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Guatemala Bans Arrivals From U.S., Canada to Fight Corona-virus". U.S. News. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Ministerio de Salud Publica: Comunicado No. 36" (in Spanish). March 2020.
  11. ^ "Ministerio de Salud Publica: Comunicado No. 33" (in Spanish). March 2020.