Alabama's 1st congressional district

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Coordinates: 30°59′13.3″N 87°56′14.34″W / 30.987028°N 87.9373167°W / 30.987028; -87.9373167

Alabama's 1st congressional district
Alabama US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Alabama's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. RepresentativeBradley Byrne (RFairhope)
Area7,182 sq mi (18,600 km2)
Distribution
  • 66.82[1]% urban
  • 33.18% rural
Population (2016)704,457[2]
Median income$47,083
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVIR+15[3]

Alabama's 1st congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It includes the counties of Washington, Mobile, Baldwin, Escambia and Monroe counties. It also includes part of Clarke County. The largest city in the district is Mobile.

It is currently represented by Republican Bradley Byrne, a former Alabama State Senator who was elected to finish the term of 10-year incumbent Jo Bonner, who vacated the seat on August 2, 2013 to become vice chancellor for the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa.

Character[edit]

Mobile, Alabama is the focus of this district, which extends north along the Tombigee and Alabama rivers. Timber production remains the biggest source of contributions to the local economy, however recently gulf coast condominium developments in Baldwin county represent new economic possibilities.

Politically, this area was one of the first in Alabama to shake off its Democratic roots. It was one of five districts to swing Republican in 1964, when Barry Goldwater swept the state; the GOP has held the district in every House election since then. However, conservative Democrats continued to hold most state and local offices well into the 1990s.

It supported George W. Bush with 64% in 2004, and 60% in 2000. In 2008, John McCain received 61.01% of the vote in the district while 38.38% supported Barack Obama.

The 1st traditionally gives its congressmen very long tenures in Washington. Only six men have held it in the last century.

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 60 - 38%
2004 President Bush 64 - 35%
2008 President McCain 61 - 39%
2012 President Romney 62 - 37%
2016 President Trump 64 - 34%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years Congress Electoral History District Map
District created March 4, 1823 AL-1 18-22.png
Gabrielmoore.jpg
Gabriel Moore
Jacksonian
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Redistricted from the at-large district.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
19th
20th
Clement Comer Clay.jpg
Clement C. Clay
Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Elected in 1829.
Re-elected in 1831.
Re-elected in 1833.
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835 23rd AL-1 23-26.png
Governor Reuben Chapman.jpg
Reuben Chapman
Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th Elected in 1835.
Re-elected in 1837.
Re-elected in 1839.
Redistricted to the at-large district.
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25th
26th
March 3, 1841 –
March 4, 1843
27th District inactive
James Dellet.jpg
James Dellet
Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1843.
[Data unknown/missing.]
AL-1 28-33.png
No image.svg
Edmund S. Dargan
Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th Elected in 1845.
[Data unknown/missing.]
JohnGayle.jpg
John Gayle
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th Elected in 1847.
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
William J. Alston
Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31st Elected in 1849.
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
John Bragg
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1851.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Philip Phillips.jpg
Philip Phillips
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1853.
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
Percy Walker
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1855.
[Data unknown/missing.]
AL-1 34-36.png
No image.svg
James Adams Stallworth
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
January 12, 1861
35th
36th
Elected in 1857.
Re-elected in 1859.
Withdrew.
January 12, 1861 –
July 22, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction
Francis William Kellogg - Brady-Handy.jpg
Francis William Kellogg
Republican July 22, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
40th Elected to finish term in 1868. AL-1 40-42.png
AEBuck.jpg
Alfred Eliab Buck
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
41st Elected in 1868.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Benjamin S. Turner - Brady-Handy.jpg
Benjamin S. Turner
Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
Frederick George Bromberg
Liberal Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
[Data unknown/missing.]
AL-1 43-44.png
Jeremiah Haralson - Brady-Handy.jpg
Jeremiah Haralson
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected in 1874.
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
James T. Jones
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th Elected in 1876.
[Data unknown/missing.]
AL-1 45-72.png
No image.svg
Thomas H. Herndon
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 28, 1883
46th
47th
48th
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Died
Vacant March 28, 1883 –
December 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
James T. Jones
Democratic December 3, 1883 –
March 3, 1889
48th
49th
50th
Elected to finish Herndon's term.
Re-elected in 1886.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Richard Henry Clarke.jpeg
Richard Henry Clarke
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1897
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
Elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
[Data unknown/missing.]
George W. Taylor 1902.jpg
George W. Taylor
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1915
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
First-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
Oscar Lee Gray
Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
64th
65th
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John McDuffie2.jpg
John McDuffie
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1933
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
March 4, 1933 –
March 2, 1935
73rd
74th
AL-1 73-87.png
Vacant March 2, 1935 –
July 30, 1935
[Data unknown/missing.]
Frank W. Boykin (Alabama Congressman).jpg
Frank W. Boykin
Democratic July 30, 1935 –
January 3, 1963
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected to finish McDuffie's term.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Lost re-election for the at-large seat
January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
88th District inactive, all representatives elected at-large
Jack Edwards (Congressman).jpg
Jack Edwards
Republican January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Retired, endorsed Sonny Callahan as successor
[Data unknown/missing.]
AL-1 89-92.png
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1985
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
AL-1 93-102.png
Sonnycallahan.jpg
Sonny Callahan
Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1993
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Retired.
[Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
AL-1 103-107.png
Rep. Jo Bonner.jpg
Jo Bonner
Republican January 3, 2003 –
August 2, 2013
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Resigned to become vice-chancellor in University of Alabama System.[4]
AL-1 108-115.png
Vacant August 2, 2013 –
December 17, 2013
Rep Bradley Byrne.jpg
Bradley Byrne
Republican December 17, 2013 –
present
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected to finish Bonner's term.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.

Recent Candidates[edit]

Republican candidates[edit]

Democratic candidates[edit]

Libertarian candidates[edit]

  • Dick Coffee - third place candidate in 2002

Recent election results in congressional races[edit]

2002[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner 108,102 61.0%
Democratic Judy Belk 67,507 38.0%
Libertarian Richard "Dick" Coffee 2,957 1.0%
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner (Incumbent) 161,067 63.0% Increase 2.62%
Democratic Judy Belk 93,938 37.0% Decrease 0.97%
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner (Incumbent) 112,944 68.0% Increase 5.00%
Democratic Vivian Beckerle 52,770 32.0% Decrease 5.00%
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner (Incumbent) 210,660 98.0% Increase 30.14%
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner (Incumbent) 129,063 83.0% Decrease 15.72%
Constitution David M. Walter 26,357 17.0% Increase 16.87%
Republican hold

2012[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner (Incumbent) 196,073 100.0%
Republican hold

2013 (Special)[edit]

A special election was held following the resignation of Jo Bonner (R) on August 2, 2013 to become vice chancellor for the University of Alabama.[5] Primary elections were held on September 24. A runoff in the Republican primary took place on November 5 and the general election was pushed back to December 17.[6] Republican Bradley Byrne won the election by a wide margin in the strongly conservative district.[7]

2014[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Bradley Byrne (Incumbent) 103,320 68.0% Decrease 31.68%
Democratic Burton LeFlore 47,913 32.0% Increase 31.68%
Republican hold

2016[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bradley Byrne (Incumbent) 208,083 96.0%
No party Write-ins 7,810 4.0%
Total votes 215,893 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

Living former Members[edit]

As of April 2015, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 1st congressional district who are currently living at this time. The most recent representative to die was Frank W. Boykin (1935-1963) on March 12, 1969.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Jack Edwards 1965–1985 (1928-09-20) September 20, 1928 (age 90)
Sonny Callahan 1985–2003 (1932-09-11) September 11, 1932 (age 86)
Jo Bonner 2003–2013 (1959-11-19) November 19, 1959 (age 59)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=01&cd=01
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ http://www.politico.com/story/2013/05/jo-bonner-retirement-reports-91833.html
  5. ^ "LIVE: Rep. Jo Bonner talks about his resignation from Congress; new job at UA". Blog.al.com. May 23, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
  6. ^ "9 Republicans, 2 Democrats qualify for AL-01 congressional race". Blog.al.com. August 6, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  7. ^ Sullivan, Sean (December 17, 2013). "Republican Bradley Byrne wins Alabama special election". The Washington Post. Washington, DC. Retrieved December 18, 2013.

External links[edit]