Alabama's 1st congressional district

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Coordinates: 30°59′13.3″N 87°56′14.34″W / 30.987028°N 87.9373167°W / 30.987028; -87.9373167

Alabama's 1st congressional district
Alabama US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Alabama's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Bradley Byrne (RFairhope)
Area 7,182 sq mi (18,600 km2)
Distribution
  • 66.82[1]% urban
  • 33.18% rural
Population (2016) 704,457[2]
Median income $47,083
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVI R+15[3]

Alabama's 1st congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It includes the counties of Washington, Mobile, Baldwin, Escambia and Monroe counties. It also includes part of Clarke County. The largest city in the district is Mobile.

It is currently represented by Republican Bradley Byrne, a former Alabama State Senator who was elected to finish the term of 10-year incumbent Jo Bonner, who vacated the seat on August 2, 2013 to become vice chancellor for the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa.

Character[edit]

Mobile, Alabama is the focus of this district, which extends north along the Tombigee and Alabama rivers. Timber production remains the biggest source of contributions to the local economy, however recently gulf coast condominium developments in Baldwin county represent new economic possibilities.

Politically, this area was one of the first in Alabama to shake off its Democratic roots. It was one of five districts to swing Republican in 1964, when Barry Goldwater swept the state; the GOP has held the district in every House election since then. However, conservative Democrats continued to hold most state and local offices well into the 1990s.

It supported George W. Bush with 64% in 2004, and 60% in 2000. In 2008, John McCain received 61.01% of the vote in the district while 38.38% supported Barack Obama.

The 1st traditionally gives its congressmen very long tenures in Washington. Only six men have held it in the last century.

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 60 - 38%
2004 President Bush 64 - 35%
2008 President McCain 61 - 39%
2012 President Romney 62 - 37%
2016 President Trump 64 - 34%

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral History District Map
District created March 4, 1823 AL-1 18-22.png
Gabrielmoore.jpg Gabriel Moore Jacksonian
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
First elected in 1822
Re-elected in 1824
Re-elected in 1826
Redistricted from the At-large district
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
Clement Comer Clay.jpg Clement C. Clay Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
First Elected in 1828
Re-elected in 1830
Re-elected in 1832
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1833 –

March 3, 1835

AL-1 23-26.png
Governor Reuben Chapman.jpg Reuben Chapman Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
First elected in 1834
Re-elected in 1836
Re-elected in 1838
Redistricted to the At-large district
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
March 3, 1841 –
March 4, 1843
District inactive
James Dellet.jpg James Dellet Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Elected in 1842
[Data unknown/missing.]
AL-1 28-33.png
No image.svg Edmund S. Dargan Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Elected in 1844
[Data unknown/missing.]
JohnGayle.jpg John Gayle Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Elected in 1846
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg William J. Alston Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1848
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg John Bragg Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Elected in 1850
[Data unknown/missing.]
Philip Phillips.jpg Philip Phillips Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Elected in 1852
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg Percy Walker American March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Elected in 1854
[Data unknown/missing.]
AL-1 34-36.png
No image.svg James Adams Stallworth Democratic March 4, 1857 –
January 12, 1861
Elected in 1856
Withdrew
January 12, 1861 –
July 22, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction
Francis William Kellogg - Brady-Handy.jpg Francis William Kellogg Republican July 22, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing.] AL-1 40-42.png
AEBuck.jpg Alfred Eliab Buck Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
Elected in 1868
[Data unknown/missing.]
Benjamin S. Turner - Brady-Handy.jpg Benjamin S. Turner Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Elected in 1870
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg Frederick George Bromberg Liberal Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1872
[Data unknown/missing.]
AL-1 43-44.png
Jeremiah Haralson - Brady-Handy.jpg Jeremiah Haralson Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
Elected in 1874
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg James T. Jones Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
Elected in 1876
[Data unknown/missing.]
AL-1 45-72.png
No image.svg Thomas H. Herndon Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 28, 1883
First elected in 1878
Re-elected in 1880
Died
Vacant March 28, 1883 –
December 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg James T. Jones Democratic December 3, 1883 –
March 3, 1889
First elected to finish Herndon's term.
Re-elected in 1886
[Data unknown/missing.]
Richard Henry Clarke.jpeg Richard Henry Clarke Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1897
First Elected in 1888
Re-elected in 1890
Re-elected in 1892
Re-elected in 1894
[Data unknown/missing.]
George W. Taylor 1902.jpg George W. Taylor Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1915
First-elected in 1896
Re-elected in 1898
Re-elected in 1900
Re-elected in 1902
Re-elected in 1904
Re-elected in 1906
Re-elected in 1908
Re-elected in 1910
Re-elected in 1912
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg Oscar Lee Gray Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
First elected in 1914
Re-elected in 1916
[Data unknown/missing.]
John McDuffie2.jpg John McDuffie Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1933
First elected in 1918
Re-elected in 1920
Re-elected in 1922
Re-elected in 1924
Re-elected in 1926
Re-elected in 1928
Re-elected in 1930
Re-elected in 1932
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
March 4, 1933 –
March 2, 1935
AL-1 73-87.png
Vacant March 2, 1935 –
July 30, 1935
[Data unknown/missing.]
Frank W. Boykin (Alabama Congressman).jpg Frank W. Boykin Democratic July 30, 1935 –
January 3, 1963
First elected to finish McDuffie's term.
Re-elected in 1936
Re-elected in 1938
Re-elected in 1940
Re-elected in 1942
Re-elected in 1944
Re-elected in 1946
Re-elected in 1948
Re-elected in 1950
Re-elected in 1952
Re-elected in 1954
Re-elected in 1956
Re-elected in 1958
Re-elected in 1960
Re-elected in 1962
Lost re-election for the at-large seat
January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
District inactive, all representatives elected at-large
Jack Edwards (Congressman).jpg Jack Edwards Republican January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
First elected in 1964
Retired, endorsed Sonny Callahan as successor
[Data unknown/missing.]
AL-1 89-92.png
January 3, 1973 –

January 3, 1985

AL-1 93-102.png
Sonnycallahan.jpg Sonny Callahan Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1993
First elected in 1984
Retired
[Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
AL-1 103-107.png
Rep. Jo Bonner.jpg Jo Bonner Republican January 3, 2003 –
August 2, 2013
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become vice-chancellor in University of Alabama System[4]
AL-1 108-115.png
Vacant August 2, 2013 –
December 17, 2013
Rep Bradley Byrne.jpg Bradley Byrne Republican December 17, 2013 –
present
First elected to finish Bonner's term.

Recent Candidates[edit]

Republican candidates[edit]

Democratic candidates[edit]

Libertarian candidates[edit]

  • Dick Coffee - third place candidate in 2002

Recent election results in congressional races[edit]

2002[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner 108,102 61%
Democratic Judy Belk 67,507 38%
Libertarian Richard "Dick" Coffee 2,957 1%
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner* 161,067 63% Increase 2.62%
Democratic Judy Belk 93,938 37% Decrease 0.97%
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner* 112,944 68% Increase 5.00%
Democratic Vivian Beckerle 52,770 32% Decrease 5.00%
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner* 210,660 98% Increase 30.14%
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner* 129,063 83% Decrease 15.72%
Constitution David M. Walter 26,357 17% Increase 16.87%
Republican hold

2012[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner* 196,073 100%
Republican hold

2013 (Special)[edit]

A special election was held following the resignation of Jo Bonner (R) on August 2, 2013 to become vice chancellor for the University of Alabama.[5] Primary elections were held on September 24. A runoff in the Republican primary took place on November 5 and the general election was pushed back to December 17.[6] Republican Bradley Byrne won the election by a wide margin in the strongly conservative district.[7]

2014[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Bradley Byrne* 103,320 68% Decrease 31.68%
Democratic Burton LeFlore 47,913 32% Increase 31.68%
Republican hold

2016[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bradley Byrne* 208,083 96%
No party Write-ins 7,810 4%
Total votes 215,893 100%
Turnout {{{votes}}}
Republican hold

Living former Members[edit]

As of April 2015, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 1st congressional district who are currently living at this time. The most recent representative to die was Frank W. Boykin (1935-1963) on March 12, 1969.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Jack Edwards 1965–1985 (1928-09-20) September 20, 1928 (age 89)
Sonny Callahan 1985–2003 (1932-09-11) September 11, 1932 (age 85)
Jo Bonner 2003–2013 (1959-11-19) November 19, 1959 (age 58)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]