Conservative Democrat

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In American politics, a conservative Democrat is a member of the Democratic Party with conservative political views, or with views that are fiscally or socially conservative compared to the positions taken by the Democratic Party. Traditionally, conservative Democratic elected officials are disproportionately found within conservative regions like Southern states, rural areas, and the Midwest.[1]

History[edit]

In 1988, Joe Lieberman defeated Republican U.S. Senate incumbent Lowell Weicker of Connecticut by running to the right of Weicker and receiving the endorsements of the Moral Majority and the National Rifle Association. Colorado governor Richard Lamm, and former Minnesota Senator and presidential candidate Eugene McCarthy both took up immigration reduction as an issue.[2]

Arthur Schlesinger Jr., known during the 1950s and 1960s as a champion of "Vital Center" ideology and the policies of Harry S. Truman and John F. Kennedy, wrote a 1992 book entitled The Disuniting of America that was critical of multiculturalism.[3]

During the 2004 election, several high-profile conservative writers endorsed the Presidential campaign of John Kerry, arguing that the Bush Administration was pursuing policies which were anything but conservative. Among the most notable of these endorsements came from Andrew Sullivan and Paul Craig Roberts. A series of editorials in Pat Buchanan's The American Conservative magazine made a conservative case for several candidates, with Scott McConnell formally endorsing Kerry,[4] and Justin Raimondo giving the nod to independent Ralph Nader.[5]

During the 2006 midterm elections, the Democratic Party ran moderates and even a few conservative Democrats for at-risk Republican seats.[6]

In South Carolina in 2008, the Democratic candidate for United States Senator was Bob Conley, a traditionalist Catholic and a former activist for the presidential candidacy of Ron Paul. Conley failed in his bid to defeat Republican Lindsey Graham, receiving 42.4 percent of the vote.[7]

In his 2010 campaign for reelection, Walter Minnick, the U.S. Representative for Idaho's 1st congressional district, was endorsed by Tea Party Express, an extremely rare occurrence for a Democrat.[8][9] Minnick was the only Democrat to receive a 100% rating from the Club for Growth, an organization that typically supports conservative Republicans.[10] Minnick ultimately lost to Raúl Labrador, a conservative Republican, in the general election.[citation needed]

Also in 2010, Travis Childers, the U.S. Representative for Mississippi's 1st congressional district, was endorsed by the National Right to Life Committee[11] and the National Rifle Association[12] in his reelection campaign. Childers lost to conservative Republican Alan Nunnelee.[citation needed]

In 2015, The New York Times asserted that the party as a whole had shifted to the left.[13]

Blue Dog Coalition[edit]

The Blue Dog Coalition was formed in 1995[14][15][16] during the 104th Congress to give members from the Democratic Party representing conservative-leaning districts a unified voice after the Democrats' loss of Congress in the U.S. Congressional election of 1994 Republican Revolution.[17]

The term "Blue Dog Democrat" is credited to Texas Democratic Representative Pete Geren (who later joined the Bush Administration). Geren opined that the members had been "choked blue" by Democrats on the left.[18] It is related to the political term "Yellow Dog Democrat", a reference to Southern Democrats said to be so loyal they would even vote for a yellow dog before they would vote for any Republican. The term is also a reference to the "Blue Dog" paintings of Cajun artist George Rodrigue of Lafayette, Louisiana as the original members of the coalition would regularly meet in the offices of Louisiana representatives Billy Tauzin and Jimmy Hayes, both of whom later joined the Republican Party—both also had Rodrigue's paintings on their walls.[19][20]

The Blue Dog Coalition "advocates for fiscal responsibility, a strong national defense and bipartisan consensus rather than conflict with Republicans". It acts as a check on legislation that its members perceive to be too far to the right or to the left on the political spectrum.[21]

The Blue Dog Coalition is often involved in searching for a compromise between liberal and conservative positions. While the coalition is fiscally conservative, its ideology has changed over the years. In the early years of the caucus, its members "courted National Rifle Association endorsements [and] opposed legalized abortion and gay rights".[22] As of 2014, there was no mention of social issues in the official Blue Dog materials.[23]

Ideology and polls[edit]

According to a 2015 poll from the Pew Research Center, 54% of conservative and moderate Democrats supported same-sex marriage in 2015. This figure represented an increase of 22% from a decade earlier.[24]

A 2015 Gallup poll found that 19% of Democrats identified themselves as conservative, a decline of 6% from 2000.[25] In 2018, Gallup's ideology polling found that 35% of Democrats self-identified as moderate and 13% identified as conservative; 50% of Democratic respondents described their ideology as liberal.[26]

Democrats described as conservatives[edit]

Former officeholders[edit]

Presidents[edit]

U.S. Senators[edit]

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Current officeholders[edit]

U.S. Senators[edit]

  • Joe Manchin, United States Senator from West Virginia and former Governor of West Virginia.[38]

U.S. Governors[edit]

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NW, 1615 L. St; Washington, Suite 800; Inquiries, DC 20036 USA202-419-4300 | Main202-419-4349 | Fax202-419-4372 | Media. "Political ideology among adults in the Midwest - Religion in America: U.S. Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics | Pew Research Center". Retrieved 2019-06-05.
  2. ^ A Colony of the World: The United States Today. Eugene J. McCarthy. Hippocrene Books (1992).
  3. ^ The Disuniting of America. Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Norton Press (1992).
  4. ^ McConnell, Scott (November 8, 2004). "Kerry's the One | The American Conservative". Amconmag.com. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  5. ^ Raimondo, Justin (November 8, 2004). "Old Right Nader | The American Conservative". Amconmag.com. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  6. ^ Hook, Janet (October 26, 2006). "A right kind of Democrat". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 14, 2009. Retrieved September 1, 2013. See also: Dewan, Shaila; Kornblut, Anne E. (October 30, 2006). "In Key House Races, Democrats Run to the Right". The New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2006.
  7. ^ "South Carolina – Election Results 2008". Elections.nytimes.com. December 9, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  8. ^ Stein, Sam (April 15, 2010). "Walt Minnick Tea Party Endorsement: Minnick Campaign Accepts". Huffington Post.
  9. ^ "Walt Minnick: The Tea Party's 'token Democrat'?". Theweek.com. April 22, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  10. ^ Cadei, Emily (August 13, 2009). "Minnick Earns Perfect Score on 'RePork Card'". CQ Politics. Archived from the original on August 16, 2009. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  11. ^ "Miss. Right to Life Grades The Candidates". Majorityinms.com. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  12. ^ West, Phil. "Travis Childers receives NRA endorsement". Commercialappeal.com. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  13. ^ "Have Democrats Pulled Too Far Left?". The New York Times. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  14. ^ Dumain, Emma; Dumain, Emma (May 12, 2015). "20 Years In, Blue Dogs Not Ready to Roll Over" – via www.rollcall.com.
  15. ^ "History - Blue Dog Coalition". BlueDogCaucus-Schrader.house.gov/. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  16. ^ "History, Blue Dog Coalition". House.gov. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
  17. ^ Naftali Bendavid (July 28, 2009). "'Blue Dog' Democrats Hold Health-Care Overhaul at Bay". The Wall Street Journal.
  18. ^ "Wordcraft Archives, November 2004". Wordcraft.infopop.cc. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  19. ^ Suddath, Claire (July 28, 2009). "A Brief History of Blue Dog Democrats". Time. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
  20. ^ Safire, William (April 23, 1995). "On Language; Blue Dog Demo". New York Times. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
  21. ^ Weiner, Mark (February 1, 2019). "Anthony Brindisi to co-chair Blue Dogs, caucus of moderate House Democrats". syracuse.com.
  22. ^ "Shutdown, health care, budget: How moderate House Democrats will influence the party". mcclatchydc.
  23. ^ Parton, Heather Digby. "Bye-bye, blue dog "Democrats": What the end of conservative Dems means for America". Salon. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
  24. ^ "Changing Views of Same-Sex Marriage | Pew Research Center". People-press.org. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  25. ^ Newport, Frank. "U.S. Liberals at Record 24%, but Still Trail Conservatives". Gallup.com. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  26. ^ Inc., Gallup,. "Conservative Lead in U.S. Ideology Is Down to Single Digits". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 6, 2018.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  27. ^ Chaffin, Tom (October 3, 2012). "Mitt Romney: The Second Coming of James K. Polk?". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  28. ^ Busick, Sean (October 14, 2013). "Franklin Pierce, Forgotten Conservative". Nomocracy In Politics. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  29. ^ "Reconstruction: Radicalism versus Conservatism". Impeach-andrewjohnson.com. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  30. ^ Michael Lind (February 8, 2011). "How Reaganism actually started with Carter". Salon.com. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  31. ^ Grant Schulte. "Ben Nelson Retiring Ahead Of 2012 Election". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  32. ^ "2004: PRESIDENTIAL PROSPECTS -- Joseph I. Lieberman; Trying Out the Perilous Leap From No. 2 to No. 1". The New York Times. December 24, 2002. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  33. ^ Eisele, Albert. "Jessamyn Conrad: political daughter, political author (with political future?)". MINNPOST. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  34. ^ Chafets, Zev. "CHAFETS". Newsweek. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  35. ^ Walsh, Deirdre (November 14, 2014). "No more white Southern Democrats in Congress". Cnn.com. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  36. ^ https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/weekly-standard/the-boren-identity
  37. ^ https://www.latimes.com/politics/la-xpm-2011-jul-25-la-pn-mike-ross-20110725-story.html
  38. ^ Kennedy, Robert F. (September 30, 2014). "Joe Manchin boosts fellow red-state Dems". Politico. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  39. ^ Litten, Kevin. "Conservative Democrats Hope John Bel Edwards' victory means New Direction for State Party". NOLA.com. NOLA Media Group. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  40. ^ Pugh, Tony. "Is Sanford Bishop a lock for a 13th term in his Georgia district?". Retrieved April 14, 2016.
  41. ^ https://www.duluthnewstribune.com/news/government-and-politics/2734178-Rep.-Peterson-says-GOP-is-dreaming-if-they-think-he-plans-to-retire

External links[edit]