Ferdinand Kittel Nagara
|• Spoken||Kannada, Tamil, English, Hindi|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Lok Sabha Constituency||Bangalore Central|
|Vidhan Sabha Constituency||Shantinagar|
|Original Planning Agency||Bangalore Civil & Military Station Municipal Commission|
Ferdinand Kittel Nagara, previously known as Austin Town, is named after Ferdinand Kittel. It is a locality of the Bangalore Cantonment, named after British the Collector and Municipal President of the Civil and Military Station, Sir. James Austin. Located in the central part of Bangalore, the suburb is known for having produced some of India's best football players, with the game being very popular. In the age of IPL, the dream of the children of Ferdinand Kittel Nagara is to be playing for the best football clubs one day. In 1998, the BBMP renamed Austin Town as F. Kittel Nagar, after an 18th-century linguist and Protestant German missionary of the Basel Mission, Rev. Ferdinand Kittel.
Ferdinand Kittel Nagara was established in 1920 by the building of a number of small cottages for the benefit of lower income groups, and rented out for a nominal sum. The Collector Austin was the encouragement for this project, and hence the suburb was named after him. These cottages were in great demand by poor Indians and Anglo Indians. The neighbouring suburbs are Agara, Neelsandra and Vannarapete, which was the localities where the labourers of the nearby brick kilns called Shoolay (now renamed as Ashok Nagar). The Sanitary works of Ferdinand Kittel Nagara was designed by W H Murphy, Executive Engineer, Municipal Council, Bangalore Civil and Military Station, after whom Murphy Town gets its name.
Football in Ferdinand Kittel Nagara
Unlike other parts of Bangalore where Cricket is popular, Football is a passion for the residents of Ferdinand Kittel Nagara. According to football coach Thyagarajan, Ferdinand Kittel Nagara is considered the birthplace of Football in Bangalore. The origins of the game can be traced to the Italian soldiers who were being held as prisoners of war during the beginning of WWI in the Bangalore Cantonment. The Italian POWs passed on the game to the natives, even though at first the natives played football bare-footed. (Some players played without boots even in the Olympics.) The very first Olympians – Anthony, Kanniah, Raman and Shanmugham – who represented the Indian Football team in the Olympic Games of 1948 and 1952, were from Ferdinand Kittel Nagara. Vajravelu and Varadarajan were from the City area, and the rest of the players were from the Bangalore Cantonment. Most of the Football enthusiasts in Ferdinand Kittel Nagara are the Tamil Community, with many of the local boys now playing for clubs in Goa and Calcutta. In the 1960s and 1970s, many of the Ferdinand Kittel Nagara boys made it the Football teams of Government and defence companies such as HMT, MEG, ITI, NGEF, HAL, BEML, BHEL, ADA, ADE, etc. Ferdinand Kittel Nagara and Murphy Town are still considered gold-mines of football talent. One of Ferdinand Kittel Nagara's legend and local hero is 95-year-old T Shanmugham, who led India to victory in Football in the 1951 Asian Games, and also was part of India's Football team for the 1952 Olympics. The Ferdinand Kittel Nagara Football Grounds is now known as Nandan Ground's after one of Indian Football's greatest goalkeeper Nandan, who was also from Ferdinand Kittel Nagara. Ferdinand Kittel Nagara is also the birthplace of other legendary football players such as Ulaganathan and former Captain Carlton Chapman.
Gowthampura one of the layouts of Ferdinand Kittel Nagara has a statue of Pelé and is considered to be supporters of Brazil, and some residents of Ferdinand Kittel Nagara who are supporters of Argentina want to raise a statue of Maradona. Almost every house in the lower-middle-class families of Ferdinand Kittel Nagara have football players.
As common to the other suburbs of the Bangalore Cantonment, Ferdinand Kittel Nagara has a large Tamil population. They trace their ancestry to the large number of Tamil soldiers, suppliers and workers who were brought into the Bangalore Civil and Military Station, by the British Army, after the fall of Tippu Sultan. Ferdinand Kittel Nagara along with other suburbs of the Bangalore Cantonment was directly under the administration of the British Madras Presidency till 1949, when it was handed over to the Mysore State.
A larger number of Anglo-Indians used to live in Ferdinand Kittel Nagara, now having migrated to Australia, the UK and Canada, their numbers have declined. The Anglo-Indian Block is now inhabited mostly by non-Anglo Indians. However, those who are left behind are still proud to call Ferdinand Kittel Nagara as Home. During the British Raj, there was a clear distinction between the Anglo Indian and Tamil sections of Ferdinand Kittel Nagara, which have now been erased, and the once posh suburbs have lost their glory as a result of poor civic maintenance. Some of the original inhabitants of Ferdinand Kittel Nagara, came from Rangoon, and at that time found the cantonment to be much quieter than the busy city of Rangoon, Burma. The Christmas time for the Anglo-Indian community means celebrating with carols and parties. Some of the Anglo-Indians who migrated abroad still visit in search of their roots.
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