Bhilai

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Bhilai
Bhilai
Nickname: 
Steel City of India
Bhilai is located in Chhattisgarh
Bhilai
Bhilai
Bhilai is located in India
Bhilai
Bhilai
Coordinates: 21°13′N 81°23′E / 21.21°N 81.38°E / 21.21; 81.38Coordinates: 21°13′N 81°23′E / 21.21°N 81.38°E / 21.21; 81.38
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DistrictDurg
Named forBhils
Government
 • TypeMunicipal corporation
 • MayorNeeraj Pal
Area
 • Metropolis357 km2 (138 sq mi)
Elevation
297 m (974 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2][3]
 • Metropolis624,700
 • Rank2nd in state, 50th in India
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
 • Metro1,064,222
 • Metro rank
50th
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
490XXX
Vehicle registrationCG-07
Websitewww.bhilainagarnigam.com

Bhilai is a city in Durg district of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh, in eastern central India. With population exceeding 1 million, it is the second-largest urban area in Chhattisgarh after Raipur. Bhilai is a major industrial city as well as an education hub of central India. The Bhilai metropolis contains three municipal corporations: Bhilai Municipal Corporation, Bhilai-Charoda Municipal Corporation and Risali Municipal Corporation.[3]

The city is home to several industries like Bhilai Steel Plant, Jaypee Cement, Orient Cement, NSPCL Bhilai Power Plant, Steel Authority of India, FSNL and ACC Cement.[5] The city is home to Indian Institute of Technology Bhilai. Jama Masjid in Bhilai is one of the largest mosques in India. The state's oldest zoo is Maitri Bagh in Bhilai.

Etymology[edit]

It is believed that the name "Bhilai" is derived from the Bhil tribe which originally inhabited this region and continues to dwell in the nearby forests until today. The Bhilai word meaning is Bhils came (Bhil= Tribe, Ai= Came).[6]

History[edit]

Bhilai was a small village and a part of the Haihaiyavansi Kingdom until 1740 when it was conquered by the Marathas.

The foundation of the modern city of Bhilai was laid in 1955 when the Indian government signed a historic agreement with the Soviet Union in Magnitogorsk to establish a steel plant near the village. The first blast furnace of the plant was commissioned in 1959 by the first president of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

In the 2011 census, Bhilai Nagar Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,064,222, of which 545,916 are males and 518,306 are females. Bhilai has an average literacy rate of 86.63%, male literacy is 92.22% and, female literacy is 80.71%.[8]

Geography[edit]

Bhilai lies at 21.21°N 81.38°E in Central India at an elevation of 297m above sea level on the banks of the Shivnath river, a tributary of the river Mahanadi. It covers an area of 341 km2 (132 sq mi).

According to the Bureau of Indian Standards, the town falls under seismic zone 2, in a scale of 2 to 5 (in order of increasing value of vulnerability to earthquakes)[9]

Climate[edit]

Owing to its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer, Bhilai has a tropical climate. There are three main seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter. The average annual temperature in Bhilai is 26.6 °C and the city receives an average rainfall of 1188 mm in a year. Summers usually last from May to June, followed by monsoons in July and August. The town receives the bulk of rainfall in July, with an average rainfall of 352mm. There is little rainfall during the winters, with November being the driest month of the year.[10]

Economy[edit]

Bhilai is home to the Bhilai Steel Plant, the first and largest Indian plant to produce steel rails. The inauguration of the first blast furnace of Bhilai Steel Plant was done by then president of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad, which was established with help from the Soviet Union in 1955.[11]

Iron ore from Rajhara, limestone from Nandini, coal from Jharia, manganese from Balaghat, electric power from the Kosa thermal power plant, and water from the Tandula Canal, all nearby, are used in the Bhilai Steel Plant to manufacture rails and structural steel. Pig iron and billets are supplied to foundries and rolling mills located at Kumhari and other sites in central India.

The number of steel rails produced by the facility till 2007 can go around the circumference of the earth 7.5 times. This is depicted on the monument at the globe square in the heart of the city. The facility underwent modernization and expansion and is amongst the leading manufacturers of iron and steel in Asia.[11]

Education[edit]

The city serves as an educational hub in the region, with a total of 59 universities and colleges, like Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bhilai, Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Rungta Group Of Institutions, St. Thomas College, Shri Shankaracharya Group of Institutions, Christian College of Engineering & Technology, Kalyan College, Sector 7, Bhilai and CSIT Engineering College.

Schools in Bhilai are run either by municipal corporations or privately by entities, trusts, and corporations. The majority of schools are affiliated with the Chhattisgarh Board of Secondary Education and the Central Board of Secondary Education.

Transport[edit]

  • Railway Stations

There are 3 railway stations in Bhilai city, Bhilai railway station, Bhilai Nagar railway station & Bhilai Power House railway station.

  • Bus

The Durg Bus Stand is a hub where you can find any bus to any place in and around Chhattisgarh as well as other parts of the country.

  • Airways

The nearest major airport is Swami Vivekananda International Airport, Raipur, which is 50km far away from here.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bhilai City" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Bhilai City Population". 21 October 2020.
  3. ^ a b Census van 1 maart 2001 (via archive.org)
  4. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  5. ^ "Industries in Bhilai, Industrial Development in Bhilai". www.bhilaionline.in. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  6. ^ "History of Bhilai, Historical Aspects of Bhilai, Origin of Bhilai". www.bhilaionline.in. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  7. ^ Katz, Alexandra; RIR, specially for (22 August 2014). "Bhilai Steel Plant: Chhattisgarh's icon of Indo-Russian cooperation". www.rbth.com. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  8. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 100,000 and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  9. ^ "Seismic Zones". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Bhilai climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Bhilai weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  11. ^ a b "After roadshow, PM Narendra Modi inaugurates modernized and expanded Bhilai Steel Plant". Zee News. 14 June 2018.