Bhilai

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Bhilai
भिलाई
City
Nickname(s): Steel City of India
Bhilai is located in Chhattisgarh
Bhilai
Bhilai
Coordinates: 21°13′N 81°23′E / 21.21°N 81.38°E / 21.21; 81.38Coordinates: 21°13′N 81°23′E / 21.21°N 81.38°E / 21.21; 81.38
Country India
State Chhattisgarh
District Durg
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Devendra Yadav (congress)
Elevation 297 m (974 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Rank 70
 • Metro 1,064,000
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Chhattisgarhi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 490 0xx
Vehicle registration CG-07
Website www.bhilainagarnigam.com

Bhilai is a city in the district of Durg, Chhattisgarh, in eastern central India.[1] The city is located 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of the state's capital, Raipur, on the main HowrahMumbai rail line, and National Highway 6. Bhilai is known for the Bhilai Steel Plant, the only manufacturer of rails in the country used by Indian Railways.

Etymology[edit]

It is believed that the name "BHILAI" has been coined from the Bhil tribe which originally inhabited this region and continues to dwell in the nearby forests till date. As per another story, the city adopted the name of a nearby village Bhilai Gaon. [2]

History[edit]

Not much is known about the past of this town. Bhilai was ruled by the Haihaivanshi Rajput clan in the 12th century. The Rajputs were defeated by the Bhonsle dynasty in 1740 and the city became a part of the Maratha empire. In 1853, the East India Company overthrew the Marathas in the region.

The city remained a part of the British Empire until India gained independence on August 15th, 1947.[2] Post independence, the city shot into prominence following the establishment of the Bhilai Steel Plant. The plant was constructed with aid from the Soviet Union. Work on the plant began in 1950 and was finally completed in 1959. Bhilai Steel Plant was inaugurated by the first Indian President Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Durg-Bhilainagar Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,064,077.[3] Durg-Bhilainagar Urban Agglomeration includes: Durg (M Corp.), Bhilai Nagar (M Corp.), Dumar dih (part) (OG), Bhilai Charoda (M), Jamul (M), Kumhari (M), Ahmed Nagar (Camp-02), Farid Nagar and Utai (NP).[4]

Climate[edit]

The climate is pleasant and mild in the winter (minimum temperature 10 °C, 50 °F). There are medium rains in the monsoon season. The summers are very hot and dry, with maximum temperature 42 °C (110. 2 °F), and minimum humidity.

Education[edit]

Premier Education Institution:

  1. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-Bhilai), campus started in NIT Raipur from this year
  2. CSIT, Durg
  3. Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Technology & Management
  4. Shri Shankaracharya College of Engineering and Technology
  5. Shri Shankaracharya Engineering College
  6. Chandulal Chandrakar Memorial Medical College
  7. St. Thomas College

Premier Schools in Bhilai

  1. Delhi Public School
  2. Sri Sankara Vidyalaya
  3. Shri Shankaracharya Vidyalaya
  4. Krishna Public School
  5. Maitri Vidya Niketan
  6. DAV Public School

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census van 1 maart 2001 (via archive.org)
  2. ^ a b "History of Bhilai, Historical Aspects of Bhilai, Origin of Bhilai". www.bhilaionline.in. Retrieved 2015-12-22. 
  3. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.