Kata'ib al-Imam Ali
|Kata'ib al-Imam Ali|
كتائب الإمام عليParticipant in Iraqi Civil War (2014-present), Syrian Civil War
|Active||June 2014 – present|
Wilayat al Faqih
|Area of operations||
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
|Battles and wars|
The Imam Ali Battalions (Arabic: كتائب الإمام علي, Kata'ib al-Imam Ali) are the armed wing of the Harakat al-Iraq al-Islamiyah (Islamic Movement of Iraq) party, believed to be an Iranian proxy group. Part of the Shiite militia umbrella organization "Popular Mobilization Forces", Kata'ib al-Imam Ali is prominently involved in the Iraqi Civil War against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Kata'ib al-Imam Ali came into existence in June 2014 as the armed wing of the Harakat al-Iraq al-Islamiyah (Movement of the Islamic Iraq) party. While its emergence was linked to the large-scale Shia mobilization after the escalation of Iraq's Sunni Arab insurgency into a full-out civil war, Kata'ib al-Imam Ali is closely connected to older Iraqi Shia Islamist organizations, parties and militias, as well as to the Iranian Quds Force. The group's secretary general Shibl al-Zaydi is affiliated with the Sadrist Movement, and was at one point member of the anti-American Mahdi Army. Kata'ib al-Imam Ali also appears to enjoy the favour of Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, leader of the Popular Mobilization Forces, who has at times even personally led the group into battle. Thanks to these links, Kata'ib al-Imam Ali is well-equipped and has been able to recruit veteran militants, allowing a "meteoric growth".
Notably, Kata'ib al-Imam Ali has also attempted to rally Syriac Christians to its cause since its formation, based on a puported affinity between Shia Islam and Christians and the supposed betrayal of the Iraqi Christians by Iraqi Kurdistan in course of the Fall of Mosul. In line with these attempts, the group has formed its own, though minor, Christian unit, the "Spirit of God Jesus Son of Mary Battalions".
In 2015, Kata'ib al-Imam Ali began to send its fighters to Syria, allegedly to protect the Sayyidah Zaynab Shrine, and participated in the Second Battle of Tikrit. In early 2016, its fighters were involved in the Syrian government offensive to reconquer Palmyra and Tadmur from ISIL, and later that year, Kata'ib al-Imam Ali took part in the Battle of Mosul and the Aleppo offensive (November–December 2016).
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