Central Comprehensively Deepening Reforms Commission
|Abbreviation||Zhongyang Shen'gai Wei
|Purpose||Supra-ministerial policy coordination and consultation body on wide-ranging reforms|
|Central Committee of the Communist Party of China|
|Subsidiaries||Office of Deepening Reforms|
|This article is part of a series on the|
|Politics of the
People's Republic of China
The Central Comprehensively Deepening Reforms Commission (Chinese: 中央全面深化改革委员会; pinyin: Zhōngyāng Quánmiàn Shēnhuà Gǎigé Wěiyuánhuì), formerly known as the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms (Chinese: 中央全面深化改革领导小组; pinyin: Zhōngyāng Quánmiàn Shēnhuà Gǎigé Lǐngdǎo Xiǎozǔ) is a policy formulation and implementation body set up under the Politburo of the Communist Party of China in charge of "Comprehensively Deepening Reforms". These reforms are intended to be even more far-reaching than the previous round of comprehensive Chinese economic reforms initiated by Deng Xiaoping.
The decision to establish the group was announced at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee in November 2013, which also approved a Decision of the CPC Central Committee on Comprehensively Deepening Reforms. On 30 December 2013, the Politburo announced that the group had been formed with Xi Jinping, the Communist Party's General Secretary and China's President, as its leader (zuzhang), and Li Keqiang, Liu Yunshan, and Zhang Gaoli as deputy leaders (fuzuzhang). Its membership ranks are composed of broad stakeholders overseeing various aspects of the party and the state.
The Leading Group's main task is to determine policy guidelines for reforming the economic, political, cultural, social, ethical and party-building systems in order to address long-term reform issues, as well as to guide reform-related bodies of the CPC at central and local level, and supervise the implementation of reform plans.
According to observers, the group will have the ability to push policies past the bureaucracy and help General Secretary Xi Jinping consolidate his power over China's vast government apparatus, the State Council, usually the domain of the Premier.
The group consists entirely of officials of at least "deputy national leader" rank in the official hierarchy. Most of the group's members are also members of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China, a 25-member central decision making body. Four of the seven members of the Politburo Standing Committee are also part of the group.
In March 2018, the leading group is transformed to be the committee, which called the Central Comprehensively Deepening Reforms Commission.
The implementation of the Leading Group's policy goals is delegated to six "special groups".
- Economic system and ecological civilization reform group
- Democracy and legal system reform special group
- Cultural Reform Commission
- Social system reform special group
- Special Committee for the Reform of the Party Building System
- Discipline inspection system reform special group
- Xi Jinping (Politburo Standing Committee, Party General Secretary, State President)
- Deputy Leaders
- Not yet released publicly
- Office of Deepening Reform
- Wang Huning, Chief of the Office of Deepening Reform, Secretary-General of the Leading Group (Politburo, head of Policy Research Office)
- Mu Hong, executive deputy chief of the General Office (deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, minister-level)
- Pan Shengzhou, deputy chief of the Office of Deepening Reform (deputy director of the Central Policy Research Office)
- 习近平任中央全面深化改革领导小组组长, Xinhua News Agency, 30 December 2013.
- Xi Jinping to head leading group for overall reform in China, "Asia Today", 31 December 2013.
- Cary Huang, Xi Jinping to head reform panel, taking another role from premier, "South China Morning Post", 31 December 2013.
- "CPC releases plan on deepening reform of Party and state institutions". People's Daily Online. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- Zhang, Yunbi (2017-10-17). "chinadaily.com". China Daily. chinadaily.com. Retrieved 25 February 2018.