From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chicken tikka jalfrezi.jpg
Chicken tikka jalfrezi, pilaf rice, and cucumber raita
Alternative names Zalfrezi (Sylheti)
Type Curry
Course Main
Place of origin India
Serving temperature hot
Main ingredients Meat, seafood, or vegetables, green chillies, often cream
Cookbook: Jalfrezi  Media: Jalfrezi

Jalfrezi (also jhal frezi, zalfrezi, jaffrazi, and many other alternative spellings) is a type of Indian Chinese cuisine that involves frying marinated pieces of meat, fish or vegetables in oil and spices to produce a dry, thick sauce. As the dish includes green chillies, a jalfrezi can range in heat from medium to very hot.[1] Typically those eating jalfrezi cool it down by consuming cream, yoghurt or other foods that help aleviate the heat.[2] Other main ingredients include bell peppers, onions, cabbage, and tomatoes.[3]

History of the dish[edit]

Jalfrezi recipes originally appeared in cookbooks of the British Raj as a way of using up leftovers by frying them in chilli and onion.[4] This English language usage derived from the colloquial Bengali word jhālpharezī: in Bengali, jhāl means spicy food; in Urdu/Persian, parhezī means suitable for a diet.[5] In Shetland, jalfrezi is often confused with vindaloo due to the paucity of ingredient availability.[citation needed] In South Asia, chicken jalfrezi is considered an Indian Chinese or Pakistani Chinese dish, with a mix of Chinese and South Asian cooking techniques used in its preparation.[3][6][7][8]


In a survey in 2011, Jalfrezi was rated the most popular dish in UK Indian and Nepalese restaurants.[9]


  1. ^ Jalfrezi, www.eatanddrink.co.uk
  2. ^ [1], www.thesecretyumiverse.wonderhowto.com
  3. ^ a b Jalfrezi, www.indiacurry.com
  4. ^ Collingham, Lizzie (2006). Curry: A Tale of Cooks and Conquerors. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-19-988381-3. 
  5. ^ "jalfrezi". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  6. ^ http://www.ainycooks.com/chicken-jalfrezi-with-simple-fried-rice/ CHICKEN JALFREZI WITH SIMPLE FRIED RICE
  7. ^ http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2h378b
  8. ^ http://www.khanapakana.com/recipe/2d82909e-9370-4ddc-b709-00206af70845/chicken-jalfrezi Chicken Jalfrezi
  9. ^ "Tikka masala out, jalfrezi is UK’s No. 1 dish". The Times of India. July 23, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011.