Imdadullah Muhajir Makki
Haji Imdadullah Muhajir Makki (1814 – 1896)[verification needed] was a South Asian Muslim Sufi scholar following the Chishti Sufism.Among his disciples led the establishment of a new sect Deobandi movement, despite the fact that he himself was a Sufi and adhered to many believe common to the Barelvi movement.
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Sufism and Tariqat
Religious work and travels
At the age of eighteen, his bay'at was accepted by Nasiruddin Naqshbandi. Later he went to study under Mianji (Noor Mohammad Jhanjhanvi), as an initiate of the Chishti-Sabiri Sufi order, but after Mianji's death he temporarily became a semi-recluse. After wandering in the wilderness for six months he was overcome by a strong urge to travel to Medina. On December 7, 1845, he arrived at Banares. From there, he departed for Arabia for Hajj and pilgrimage of the tomb of shrine of Muhammad.
After the completion of his hajj, Imadadullah remained with Ishaq Muhajir Makki and others. Shah informed him that, after his pilgrimage to Medina, he should return to India. Sayyid Qudratullah Banarasi Makki sent several of his murids to accompany him to Medina.
Freedom struggle against the British
Haji Imdadullah married for the first time when he was 48 years old. After the death of his first wife, he married a blind widow. Because she was blind, she could do limited amount of household work. So this blind wife requested him to take another wife so all household work and other needs could be met. Haji Imdadullah then married for the third time. None of his 3 wives bore him any children.
Imadadullah was of frail physical stature. In his last years, his body deteriorated to such an extent that, towards his death, it became difficult for him to even turn onto his side. He died in 1896 at the age of eighty-two.
List of Khulafa
Some of his notable khulafa were:
- Rashid Ahmad Gangohi
- Muhammad Qasim Nanotvi
- Muhammad Yaqub Nanautawi Siddiqi
- Shaikhul Hind Mufti Mahmud al-Hasan Deobandi
- Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri
- Mawlana Ashraf Ali Thanwi
In Makki's poem in Imdad ul Mushtaq regarding his teacher Noor Muhammad, he says:
تم ہو اے نور محمد خاص محبوب خدا
ہند میں ہو نائب حضرت محمد مصطفیٰ
تم مدد گار مدد،امداد کو پھر خوف کیا
عشق کی پر سن کے باتیں کانپتے ہیں دست و پا
اے شہ نور محمد،وقت ہے امداد کا
آسرا دنیا میں ہے از بس تمہاری ذات کا
This translates into English as:
You are, O Noor Muhammad, the remarkably beloved of Allah; you are the deputy of Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa pbuh in India.
You are the helper then what to worry for assistance; but hands and feet shiver when hear communications of love (‘Ishq).
O master Noor Muhammad! This is the time for assistance; the only reliance in the world is your personality.”
The following are the most renowned of his works:
- Hashiya Mathnavi Moulana Rumi: This is an annotation in Persian on the Mathnawi-i Ma’nawi by Rumi. During Imadadullah's lifetime, only two parts could be printed. The remainder was printed after his death.
- Ghiza-e-Ruh (The Nourishment of the Soul): Imadadullah wrote this book in 1264 AH. Mianji Noor Mohammad Jhanjhanvi is also discussed. It consists of 1600 verses of poetry.
- Ikleelul Quran (Tafseer Quran in Arabi). First Published in Bahraich by Taj Offcet Press formerly Aqeel Press NazirPura Bahraich
- Jihad-e-Akbar (The Greater Jihad): He composed this book in 1268 AH. It is a poetic work in Persian that he translated it into Urdu. It consists of 17 pages with 679 verses.
- Mathnavi Tuhfatul Ushshaq (Mathnavi – A Gift for Lovers): This consists of 1324 poetic verses and was compiled in 1281 AH.
- Risala Dard Ghamnak (The Treatise of Painful Sorrow): It consists of 5 pages with 175 verses.
- Irshad-e-Murshid (The Directive of the Murshid): This book deals with wadha'if, muraaqabaat, aurad, and shajaraat of the four silsilas. It was written in 1293 AH.
- Zia ul Quloob (Glitter of the Hearts): This book is in Persian. He wrote this kitab in Makkah in 1282 AH on the request of Hafiz Muhammad Yusuf, the son of Hafiz Muhammad Zamin.
- http://www.hadhrat.com/haji-imdadullah-muhajir-makki-r-a/, Profile of Haji Imdadullah, Retrieved 26 March 2017
- Scott A. Kugle, Sufis and Saints' Bodies, p 222. ISBN 0807872776
- Scott A. Kugle, Sufis and Saints' Bodies, p 223. ISBN 0807872776
- Sherali Tareen (Franklin & Marshall College Lancaster, Pennsylvania), Haji Imdadullah’s Hermeneutics of Reconciliation, p 3.
- https://ia600302.us.archive.org/35/items/HajiImdadullah2/Haji%20Imdadullah%202.pdf, Profile of Haji Imdadullah, Retrieved 26 March 2017
- Imdad ul Mushtaq. Ashraf Ali Thanvi and Mushtaq Ahmed. p. 116.
- https://islamicbookslibrary.wordpress.com/?s=Haji+Imdadullah+&submit=Search, Books written by Haji Imdadullah on Islamic Books Library website, Published 15 December 2011, Retrieved 26 March 2017